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Grenada
  • Introduction :: GRENADA

  • Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time.
  • Geography :: GRENADA

  • Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
    12 07 N, 61 40 W
    Central America and the Caribbean
    total: 344 sq km
    land: 344 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 207
    twice the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    121 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
    volcanic in origin with central mountains
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
    timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
    arable land: 8.82%
    permanent crops: 20.59%
    other: 70.59% (2012 est.)
    2.19 sq km (2003)
    NA
    lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
    NA
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
  • People and Society :: GRENADA

  • noun: Grenadian(s)
    adjective: Grenadian
    black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
    English (official), French patois
    Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
    110,152 (July 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    0-14 years: 24.5% (male 13,954/female 13,057)
    15-24 years: 16.5% (male 9,075/female 9,155)
    25-54 years: 40.3% (male 22,765/female 21,628)
    55-64 years: 9.2% (male 5,214/female 4,927)
    65 years and over: 9.4% (male 4,739/female 5,638) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 50.9%
    youth dependency ratio: 40.2%
    elderly dependency ratio: 10.7%
    potential support ratio: 9.3% (2014 est.)
    total: 29.9 years
    male: 29.8 years
    female: 29.9 years (2014 est.)
    0.5% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 155
    16.3 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    8.04 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    -3.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    urban population: 35.6% of total population (2014)
    rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    SAINT GEORGE'S (capital) 38,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.1 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
    24 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    total: 10.5 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 9.82 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 11.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    total population: 73.8 years
    male: 71.24 years
    female: 76.62 years (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    2.09 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    6.4% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    0.66 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
    3.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
    improved:
    urban: 99% of population
    rural: 95.3% of population
    total: 96.8% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 1% of population
    rural: 4.7% of population
    total: 3.2% of population (2012 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 97.5% of population
    rural: 98.3% of population
    total: 98% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 2.5% of population
    rural: 1.7% of population
    total: 2% of population (2012 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    22.5% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 78
    3.9% of GDP (2003)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    total: 16 years
    male: 15 years
    female: 16 years (2009)
  • Government :: GRENADA

  • conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Grenada
    parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
    name: Saint George's
    geographic coordinates: 12 03 N, 61 45 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petite Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
    7 February 1974 (from the UK)
    Independence Day, 7 February (1974)
    previous 1967; latest presented 19 December 1973, came into operation 7 February 1974, some provisions suspended 1979; amended 1991 (Constitutional Judicature Act, 1991 - restored provisions suspended in 1979), 1992 (2008)
    common law based on English model
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)
    head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
    elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
    description: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 10 on the advice of the prime minister and 3 on the advice of the opposition party leader; members serve 5-year terms) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)
    elections: last held on 19 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
    election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NNP 59%, NDC 41%; seats by party - NNP 15
    highest court(s): Supreme Court of Grenada (consists of the High Court with 3 justices and a 2-tier Court of Appeal with NA justices); note - the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Grenada; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states
    judge selection and term of office: justice selection and tenure NA
    subordinate courts: magistrates' courts; Court of Magisterial Appeals
    Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Wilfred HAYES]
    National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]
    New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]
    Committee for Human Rights in Grenada or CHRG
    New Jewel Movement Support Group
    The British Grenada Friendship Society
    The New Jewel 19 Committee
    ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
    chief of mission: Ambassador Ethelstan A. FRIDAY (since 3 September 2013)
    chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561
    FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468
    consulate(s) general: New York
    chief of mission: the US does not have an embassy in Grenada; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada
    embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George's
    mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's
    telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1177
    FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820
    a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars stand for the seven administrative divisions, with the central star denoting the capital, St. George; yellow represents the sun and the warmth of the people, green stands for vegetation and agriculture, and red symbolizes harmony, unity, and courage
    Grenada dove, Bougainvillea flower; national colors: red, yellow, green
    name: "Hail Grenada"
    lyrics/music: Irva Merle BAPTISTE/Louis Arnold MASANTO
    note: adopted 1974
  • Economy :: GRENADA

  • Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector - particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation - which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public debt-to-GDP is about 110%, leaving the MITCHELL administration limited room to engage in public investments and social spending. MITCHELL in 2013 announced a structural adjustment program that includes a plan to increase tax revenue. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and higher education - especially in medicine - have contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth remained stagnant in 2010-14 after a sizable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown's effects on tourism and remittances. Gross national saving – and wealth – has been declining since 2010.
    $1.248 billion (2014 est.)
    $1.234 billion (2013 est.)
    $1.216 billion (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2014 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 199
    $839 million (2014 est.)
    1.1% (2014 est.)
    1.5% (2013 est.)
    -1.8% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    $11,800 (2014 est.)
    $11,600 (2013 est.)
    $11,600 (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 121
    2% of GDP (2014 est.)
    2.5% of GDP (2013 est.)
    -1.9% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    household consumption: 91.8%
    government consumption: 15.9%
    investment in fixed capital: 16.8%
    investment in inventories: 0%
    exports of goods and services: 22%
    imports of goods and services: -46.5%
    (2014 est.)
    agriculture: 5.9%
    industry: 11%
    services: 83.2% (2014 est.)
    bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables
    food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
    -2% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    59,900 (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    agriculture: 11%
    industry: 20%
    services: 69% (2008 est.)
    33.5% (2013)
    25% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    38% (2008)
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $168.6 million
    expenditures: $203 million (2012 est.)
    20.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    -4.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    110% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    calendar year
    2.2% (2014 est.)
    0% (2013 est.)
    6.5% (31 December 2009)
    6.5% (31 December 2008)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    9.6% (31 December 2014 est.)
    9.28% (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    $148.9 million (31 December 2014 est.)
    $141.1 million (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    $728.9 million (31 December 2014 est.)
    $718 million (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    $686.1 million (31 December 2014 est.)
    $668.7 million (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 162
    $NA
    -$214.4 million (2013 est.)
    -$214.4 million (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 92
    $40.5 million (2012 est.)
    $40.5 million (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    nutmeg, bananas, cocoa, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
    Nigeria 40%, St. Lucia 10.3%, Antigua and Barbuda 7%, US 6.4%, St. Kitts and Nevis 6.3%, Dominica 6.2%, Malaysia 5.9% (2013)
    $297 million (2012 est.)
    $297 million (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel
    Trinidad and Tobago 43.5%, US 20.4% (2013)
    $679 million (2013 est.)
    $538 million (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
    2.7 (2014 est.)
    2.7 (2013 est.)
    2.7 (2012 est.)
    2.7 (2011 est.)
    2.7 (2010 est.)
  • Energy :: GRENADA

  • 196 million kWh (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    180 million kWh (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    50,700 kW (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    98.6% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 53
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    1.4% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 178
    0 bbl (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
    2,590 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    2,004 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 179
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 105
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
    431,300 Mt (2012 est.)
  • Communications :: GRENADA

  • 28,500 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 177
    128,000 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    general assessment: automatic, island-wide telephone system
    domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links
    international: country code - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad (2009)
    the Grenada Broadcasting Network, jointly owned by the government and the Caribbean Communications Network of Trinidad and Tobago, operates a TV station and 2 radio stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; a dozen private radio stations also broadcast (2007)
    AM 2, FM 12, shortwave 0 (2009)
    2 (2009)
    .gd
    80 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    25,000 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 182
  • Transportation :: GRENADA

  • 3 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    total: 3
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    under 914 m: 1 (2013)
    total: 1,127 km
    paved: 687 km
    unpaved: 440 km (2001)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    major seaport(s): Saint George's
  • Military :: GRENADA

  • no regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2010)
    males age 16-49: 27,468 (2010 est.)
    males age 16-49: 22,596
    females age 16-49: 22,588 (2010 est.)
    male: 995
    female: 1,002 (2010 est.)
  • Transnational Issues :: GRENADA

  • none
    small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US
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