Main Content

North America :: Clipperton Island Print
Page last updated on August 03, 2020
View 1 photos of
  • Introduction :: Clipperton Island
  • Background field listing
    This isolated atoll was named for John CLIPPERTON, an English pirate who was rumored to have made it his hideout early in the 18th century. Annexed by France in 1855 and claimed by the US, it was seized by Mexico in 1897. Arbitration eventually awarded the island to France in 1931, which took possession in 1935.
  • Geography :: Clipperton Island
  • Location field listing
    Middle America, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,120 km southwest of Mexico
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    10 17 N, 109 13 W
    Map references field listing
    Political Map of the World
    Area field listing
    total: 6 sq km
    land: 6 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 248
    Area - comparative field listing
    about 12 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    11.1 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Climate field listing
    tropical; humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees Celsius, wet season (May to October)
    Terrain field listing
    coral atoll
    Elevation field listing
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Rocher Clipperton 29 m
    Natural resources field listing
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 0% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 0% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
    forest: 0% (2011 est.)
    other: 100% (2011 est.)
    Natural hazards field listing
    subject to tropical storms and hurricanes from May to October
    Environment - current issues field listing
    no natural resources, guano deposits depleted; the ring-shaped atoll encloses a stagnant fresh-water lagoon
    Geography - note field listing
    the atoll reef is approximately 12 km (7.5 mi) in circumference; an attempt to colonize the atoll in the early 20th century ended in disaster and was abandoned in 1917
  • People and Society :: Clipperton Island
  • Population field listing
  • Government :: Clipperton Island
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Clipperton Island
    local long form: none
    local short form: Ile Clipperton
    former: sometimes referred to as Ile de la Passion or Atoll Clipperton
    etymology: named after an 18th-century English pirate who supposedly used the island as a base
    Dependency status field listing
    possession of France; administered directly by the Minister of Overseas France
    Flag description field listing
    the flag of France is used
  • Economy :: Clipperton Island
  • Economy - overview field listing
    Although 115 species of fish have been identified in the territorial waters of Clipperton Island, tuna fishing is the only economically viable species.
  • Military and Security :: Clipperton Island
  • Military - note field listing
    defense is the responsibility of France
  • Transportation :: Clipperton Island
  • Roadways field listing
    Ports and terminals field listing
    none; offshore anchorage only
  • Transnational Issues :: Clipperton Island
  • Disputes - international field listing