Europe :: JERSEY
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  • Introduction :: JERSEY

  • Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. The Bailiwick of Jersey is a British Crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the EU. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
  • Geography :: JERSEY

  • Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France
    49 15 N, 2 10 W
    total: 116 sq km
    land: 116 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 225
    about two-thirds the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    70 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
    temperate; mild winters and cool summers
    gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast
    mean elevation: NA
    elevation extremes: lowest point: English Channel 0 m
    highest point: Les Platons 136 m
    arable land
    agricultural land: 66%
    arable land 66%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
    forest: 0%
    other: 34% (2011 est.)
    fairly even distribution; no notable trends
    very large tidal variation can be hazardous to navigation
    habitat and species depletion due to human encroachment; water pollution; improper solid waste disposal
    largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier
  • People and Society :: JERSEY

  • 98,840 (July 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    noun: Channel Islander(s)
    adjective: Channel Islander
    Jersey 46.4%, British 32.7%, Portuguese/Madeiran 8.2%, Polish 3.3%, Irish, French, and other white 7.1%, other 2.4% (2011 est.)
    English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
    Protestant (Anglican, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian), Roman Catholic
    0-14 years: 16.23% (male 8,300/female 7,740)
    15-24 years: 13.91% (male 7,094/female 6,658)
    25-54 years: 40.99% (male 20,318/female 20,200)
    55-64 years: 12.53% (male 6,042/female 6,339)
    65 years and over: 16.34% (male 6,879/female 9,270) (2017 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 47.1
    youth dependency ratio: 21.6
    elderly dependency ratio: 25.4
    potential support ratio: 3.9
    note: data represent the Guernsey and Jersey (2015 est.)
    total: 38 years
    male: 36 years
    female: 40.7 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    0.78% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    12.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    fairly even distribution; no notable trends
    urban population: 31.7% of total population (2017)
    rate of urbanization: 0.86% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    note: data are for Guernsey and Jersey
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
    total: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    total population: 81.9 years
    male: 79.5 years
    female: 84.6 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    1.66 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 176
  • Government :: JERSEY

  • conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
    conventional short form: Jersey
    etymology: the name is of Old Norse origin, but the meaning of the root "Jer(s)" is uncertain; the "-ey" ending means "island"
    British crown dependency
    parliamentary democracy (Assembly of the States of Jersey); a Crown dependency of the UK
    name: Saint Helier
    geographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 W
    time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 12 parishes; Grouville, Saint Brelade, Saint Clement, Saint Helier, Saint John, Saint Lawrence, Saint Martin, Saint Mary, Saint Ouen, Saint Peter, Saint Saviour, and Trinity
    none (British crown dependency)
    Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
    history: unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
    amendments: proposed by a government minister to the Assembly of the States of Jersey, by an Assembly member, or by an elected parish head; passage requires several Assembly readings, a majority vote by the Assembly, review by the UK Ministry of Justice, and approval by the British monarch (Royal Assent) (2016)
    the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; local statutes
    see United Kingdom
    16 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Stephen DALTON (since 13 March 2017) 2017
    head of government: Chief Minister Ian GORST (since 18 November 2011); Bailiff William BAILHACHE (since 29 January 2015)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed individually by the states
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; Council of Ministers, including the chief minister, indirectly elected by the Assembly of States; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch
    description: unicameral Assembly of the States of Jersey (49 elected members; 8 senators to serve 4-year terms, and 29 deputies and 12 connetables, or heads of parishes, to serve 4-year terms; 5 non-voting members appointed by the monarch include the bailiff, lieutenant governor, dean of Jersey, attorney general, and the solicitor general)
    elections: last held on 15 October 2014 (next to be held in May 2018)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 49
    highest court(s): Jersey Court of Appeal (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, and 12 judges); Royal Court (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, 6 commissioners and lay people referred to as jurats, and is organized into Heritage, Family, Probate, and Samedi Divisions); appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committe of the Priviy Council in London
    judge selection and term of office: Jersey Court of Appeal bailiffs and judges appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; bailiffs and judges appointed for extent of good behavior; Royal Court bailiffs appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; commissioners appointed by the bailiff; jurats appointed by the Electoral College; bailiffs and commissioners appointed for extent of good behavior; jurats appointed until retirement at age 72
    subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Youth Court; Petty Debts Court; Parish Hall Enquires (a process of preliminary investigation into youth and minor adult offenses to determine need for presentation before a court)
    one registered party: Reform Jersey [Sam MEZEC]
    note: most senators and deputies sit as independents
    Institute of Directors, Jersey branch (provides business support)
    Jersey Hospitality Association or JHa [Fiona KERLEY] (trade association)
    Jersey Rights Association [David ROTHERHAM] (human rights)
    La Societe Jersiaise (education and conservation group)
    Progress Jersey [Daren O'TOOLE, Gino RISOLI] (human rights)
    Royal Jersey Agriculture and Horticultural Society or RJA&HS (development and management of the Jersey breed of cattle)
    Save Jersey's Heritage (protects heritage through building preservation)
    none (British Crown dependency)
    none (British Crown dependency)
    white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag; in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield with three lions in yellow; according to tradition, the ships of Jersey - in an attempt to differentiate themselves from English ships flying the horizontal cross of St. George - rotated the cross to the "X" (saltire) configuration; because this arrangement still resembled the Irish cross of St. Patrick, the yellow Plantagenet crown and Jersey coat of arms were added
    Jersey cow; national colors: red, white
    name: "Isle de Siez Nous" (Island Home)
    lyrics/music: Gerard LE FEUVRE
    note: adopted 2008; serves as a local anthem; as a British Crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
  • Economy :: JERSEY

  • Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2010, the financial services sector accounted for about 50% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Tourism accounts for one-quarter of GDP. Living standards come close to those of the UK. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey with the result that an electronics industry has developed, displacing more traditional industries. All raw material and energy requirements are imported as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. In October 2014, Jersey signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion.
    $5.08 billion (2015 est.)
    $4.98 billion (2014)
    note: data are in 2015 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 175
    $4.524 billion (FY12/13 est.)
    2% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 155
    $49,500 (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    agriculture: 2%
    industry: 2%
    services: 96% (2010)
    potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products
    tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics
    53,380 (June 2012)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    4% (2015 est.)
    1.7% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $829 million
    expenditures: $851 million (2005)
    18.3% of GDP (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    -0.5% of GDP (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    1 April - 31 March
    3.7% (2006)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    light industrial and electrical goods, dairy cattle, foodstuffs, textiles, flowers
    machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals
    Jersey pounds (JEP) per US dollar
    0.7836 (2017)
    0.738 (2016)
    0.738 (2015)
    0.6542 (2012)
    0.6391 (2011 est.)
  • Energy :: JERSEY

  • electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
  • Communications :: JERSEY

  • total subscriptions: 55,938
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 58 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    total: 122,668
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 119 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    general assessment: modern system with broadband access
    domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available
    international: country code - 44; submarine cable connectivity to Guernsey, the UK, and France (2015)
    multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey; satellite packages available; BBC Radio Jersey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)
    total: 58,000
    percent of population: 59.6% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 197
  • Transportation :: JERSEY

  • number of registered air carriers: 2 (registered in UK)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 11 (registered in UK) (2015)
    1 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 223
    total: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2017)
    total: 576 km (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    major seaport(s): Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier
  • Military and Security :: JERSEY

  • defense is the responsibility of the UK
  • Transnational Issues :: JERSEY

  • none