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Europe :: LITHUANIA
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LITHUANIA
  • Introduction :: LITHUANIA

  • Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004. In January 2014, Lithuania assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term; in January 2015, Lithuania joined the euro zone.
  • Geography :: LITHUANIA

  • Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia, west of Belarus
    56 00 N, 24 00 E
    Europe
    total: 65,300 sq km
    land: 62,680 sq km
    water: 2,620 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 123
    slightly larger than West Virginia
    Area comparison map:
    total: 1,549 km
    border countries (4): Belarus 640 km, Latvia 544 km, Poland 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 261 km
    90 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
    lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
    mean elevation: 110 m
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
    highest point: Aukstojas 294 m
    peat, arable land, amber
    agricultural land: 44.8%
    arable land 34.9%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 9.4%
    forest: 34.6%
    other: 20.6% (2011 est.)
    44 sq km (2012)
    fairly even population distribution throughout the country, but somewhat greater concentrations in the southern cities of Vilnius and Kaunas, and the western port of Klaipeda
    NA
    contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits
  • People and Society :: LITHUANIA

  • 2,854,235 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    noun: Lithuanian(s)
    adjective: Lithuanian
    Lithuanian 84.1%, Polish 6.6%, Russian 5.8%, Belarusian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.2% (2011 est.)
    Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other 0.9%, unspecified 3.5% (2011 est.)
    Roman Catholic 77.2%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Old Believer 0.8%, Evangelical Lutheran 0.6%, Evangelical Reformist 0.2%, other (including Sunni Muslim, Jewish, Greek Catholic, and Karaite) 0.8%, none 6.1%, unspecified 10.1% (2011 est.)
    0-14 years: 14.93% (male 218,453/female 207,643)
    15-24 years: 11.55% (male 170,494/female 159,283)
    25-54 years: 40.36% (male 566,159/female 585,862)
    55-64 years: 13.73% (male 172,987/female 218,955)
    65 years and over: 19.42% (male 187,340/female 367,059) (2016 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 50.1
    youth dependency ratio: 21.8
    elderly dependency ratio: 28.3
    potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)
    total: 43.4 years
    male: 39.5 years
    female: 46.7 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    -1.06% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 232
    10 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    14.5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 3
    -6.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    fairly even population distribution throughout the country, but somewhat greater concentrations in the southern cities of Vilnius and Kaunas, and the western port of Klaipeda
    urban population: 66.5% of total population (2015)
    rate of urbanization: -0.53% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    VILNIUS (capital) 517,000 (2015)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.51 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
    26.8 years (2013 est.)
    10 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    total: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    total population: 74.9 years
    male: 69.5 years
    female: 80.6 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    1.59 children born/woman (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    6.6% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 90
    4.33 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
    7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    improved:
    urban: 99.7% of population
    rural: 90.4% of population
    total: 96.6% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0.3% of population
    rural: 9.6% of population
    total: 3.4% of population (2015 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 97.2% of population
    rural: 82.8% of population
    total: 92.4% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 2.8% of population
    rural: 17.2% of population
    total: 7.6% of population (2015 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    degree of risk: intermediate
    vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
    27.5% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    4.6% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 99.8%
    male: 99.8%
    female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
    total: 17 years
    male: 16 years
    female: 17 years (2014)
    total: 19.3%
    male: 19.6%
    female: 18.7% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
  • Government :: LITHUANIA

  • conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
    conventional short form: Lithuania
    local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
    local short form: Lietuva
    former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
    etymology: meaning of the name "Lietuva" remains unclear; it may derive from the Lietava, a stream in east central Lithuania
    semi-presidential republic
    name: Vilnius
    geographic coordinates: 54 41 N, 25 19 E
    time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    60 municipalities (savivaldybe, singular - savivaldybe); Akmene, Alytaus Miestas, Alytus, Anksciai, Birstono, Birzai, Druskininkai, Elektrenai, Ignalina, Jonava, Joniskis, Jurbarkas, Kaisiadorys, Kalvarijos, Kauno Miestas, Kaunas, Kazlu Rudos, Kedainiai, Kelme, Klaipedos Miestas, Klaipeda, Kretinga, Kupiskis, Lazdijai, Marijampole, Mazeikiai, Moletai, Neringa, Pagegiai, Pakruojis, Palangos Miestas, Panevezio Miestas, Panevezys, Pasvalys, Plunge, Prienai, Radviliskis, Raseiniai, Rietavo, Rokiskis, Sakiai, Salcininkai, Siauliu Miestas, Siauliai, Silale, Silute, Sirvintos, Skuodas, Svencionys, Taurage, Telsiai, Trakai, Ukmerge, Utena, Varena, Vilkaviskis, Vilniaus Miestas, Vilnius, Visaginas, Zarasai
    11 March 1990 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: 6 July 1253 (coronation of MINDAUGAS, traditional founding date), 1 July 1569 (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth created), 16 February 1918 (independence from Soviet Russia)
    Independence Day (or National Day), 16 February (1918); note - 16 February 1918 was the date Lithuania established its statehood and its concomitant independence from Soviet Russia and Germany; 11 March 1990 was the date it declared the restoration of Lithuanian statehood and its concomitant independence from the Soviet Union
    history: several previous; latest adopted by referendum 25 October 1992, entered into force 2 November 1992
    amendments: proposed by at least one-fourth of all Parliament members or by petition of at least 300,000 voters; passage requires two-thirds majority vote of Parliament in each of two readings three months apart and a presidential signature; amendments to constitutional articles on national sovereignty and constitutional amendment procedure also require three-fourths voter approval in a referendum; amended 1996, 2003, 2006 (2016)
    civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Lithuania
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE (since 12 July 2009)
    head of government: Prime Minister Saulius SKVERNELIS (since 13 December 2016)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister, appointed by the president, and approved by Parliament
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 and 25 May 2014 (next to be held in May 2019); prime minister appointed by the president, approved by Parliament
    election results: Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE reelected president; percent of vote - Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE (independent) 59%, Zigmantas BALCYTIS (LSDP) 41%; Saulius SKVERNELIS (LVZS) approved as prime minister by Parliament vote - 90 to 4
    description: unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141 seats; 71 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote and 70 directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 9 and 23 October 2016 (next to be held in October 2020)
    election results: percent of vote by party - LVLS 22.5%, TS-LKD 22.6%, LSDP 15%, LS 9.5%, LCP-LPP 6.3%, LLRA 5.7%, TT 5.6%, DP 4.9%, LZP 2%, Lithuanian List 1.8%, other 4.1%; seats by party - LVLS 54, TS-LKD 31, LSDP 17, LS 14, LLRA 8, TT 8, DP 2, LCP-LPP 1, LZP 1, Lithuanian List 1, independent 4
    highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of 37 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges nominated by the president and appointed by the Seimas; judges serve 5-year renewable terms; Constitutional Court judges selected by the Seimas from among nominations by the president, by the Seimas chairperson, and Supreme Court chairperson; judges serve 9-year, nonrenewable terms; one-third of membership reconstituted every 3 years
    subordinate courts: Court of Appeals; district and local courts
    Anti-Corruption Coalition or LCP-LPP [Naglis PUTEIKIS]
    Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles or LLRA [Valdemar TOMASEVSKI]
    Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrats or TS-LKD [Gabrielius LANDSBERGIS]
    Labor Party or DP [Valentinas MAZURONIS]
    Liberal Movement or LS or LRLS [Eligijus MASIULIS]
    Lithuanian Green Party or LZP [Linas BALSYS]
    Lithuanian List [Darius KUOLYS]
    Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSDP [Algirdas BUTKEVICIUS]
    Order and Justice Party or TT [Remigijus ZEMAITAITIS]
    Peasant and Greens Union or LVZS [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS]
    Way of Courage or DK [Jonas VARKALA]
    Australia Group, BA, BIS, CBSS, CD, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NATO, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UN Security Council (non-permanent), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    chief of mission: Ambassador Rolandas KRISCIUNAS (since 17 September 2015)
    chancery: 2622 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860
    FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466
    consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
    chief of mission: Ambassador Anne HALL (since 16 September 2016)
    embassy: Akmenu gatve 6, Vilnius, LT-03106
    mailing address: American Embassy, Akmenu Gatve 6, Vilnius LT-03106
    telephone: [370] (5) 266-5500
    FAX: [370] (5) 266-5510
    three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red; yellow symbolizes golden fields, as well as the sun, light, and goodness; green represents the forests of the countryside, in addition to nature, freedom, and hope; red stands for courage and the blood spilled in defense of the homeland
    mounted knight known as Vytis (the Chaser), white stork; national colors: yellow, green, red
    name: "Tautiska giesme" (The National Song)
    lyrics/music: Vincas KUDIRKA
    note: adopted 1918, restored 1990; written in 1898 while Lithuania was a part of Russia; banned during the Soviet occupation from 1940 to 1990
  • Economy :: LITHUANIA

  • After the country declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1990, Lithuania faced an initial dislocation that is typical during transitions from a planned economy to a free-market economy. Macroeconomic stabilization policies, including privatization of most state-owned enterprises, and a strong commitment to a currency board arrangement led to an open and rapidly growing economy and rising consumer demand. Foreign investment and EU funding aided in the transition. Lithuania joined the WTO in May 2001, the EU in May 2004, and the Eurozone in January 2015, and is now working to complete the OECD accession roadmap it received in July 2015.
    The Lithuanian economy was severely hit by the 2008-09 global financial crisis, but it has rebounded and become one of the fastest growing in the EU. In 2015, Russia was Lithuania’s largest trading partner, followed by Poland, Germany, and Latvia; goods and services trade between the United States and Lithuania totaled $2.2 billion.
    Lithuania’s ongoing recovery hinges on improving the business environment, especially by liberalizing labor laws, and improving competitiveness and export growth, the latter of which has been hampered by economic slowdowns in the EU and Russia. In addition, a steady outflow of young and highly educated people is causing a shortage of skilled labor. Lithuania opened a self-financed liquefied natural gas terminal in January 2015, providing the first non-Russian supply of natural gas to the Baltic States and reducing Lithuania’s dependence on Russian gas from 100% to approximately 30% in 2016.
    $85.62 billion (2016 est.)
    $83.78 billion (2015 est.)
    $82.29 billion (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 90
    $42.78 billion (2016 est.)
    2.2% (2016 est.)
    1.8% (2015 est.)
    2.9% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    $29,900 (2016 est.)
    $28,800 (2015 est.)
    $28,100 (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 63
    16.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
    16.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
    21.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    household consumption: 65.7%
    government consumption: 17.3%
    investment in fixed capital: 19.3%
    investment in inventories: 0%
    exports of goods and services: 72.9%
    imports of goods and services: -75.2% (2016 est.)
    agriculture: 3.3%
    industry: 30.4%
    services: 66.4% (2016 est.)
    grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs, pork, cheese; fish
    metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, lasers, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry, information technology, video game development, app/software development, biotechnology
    3.3% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    1.459 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    agriculture: 9.1%
    industry: 25.2%
    services: 65.8% (2015 est.)
    7.9% (2016 est.)
    9.1% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 92
    22.2% (2015 est.)
    lowest 10%: 2.2%
    highest 10%: 28.8% (2015)
    37.9 (2015)
    35 (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    revenues: $14.68 billion
    expenditures: $15.12 billion (2016 est.)
    34.3% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    -1% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    41.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
    45.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
    note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
    country comparison to the world: 119
    calendar year
    2.8% (2017 est.)
    0.7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    0% (31 December 2016 est.)
    0.05% (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 155
    3.1% (31 December 2016 est.)
    3.1% (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    $21.38 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $19.4 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    $25.08 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $23.94 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    $27.58 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $24.43 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    $6.76 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $6.799 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $7.127 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    -$379 million (2016 est.)
    -$967 million (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    $23.52 billion (2016 est.)
    $24.81 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
    refined fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles, foodstuffs, plastics
    Russia 13.7%, Latvia 9.8%, Poland 9.7%, Germany 7.8%, Estonia 5.3%, Belarus 4.6%, UK 4.5%, US 4.4%, Netherlands 4% (2015)
    $25.92 billion (2016 est.)
    $26.93 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
    oil, natural gas, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, chemicals, textiles and clothing, metals
    Russia 16.9%, Germany 11.5%, Poland 10.3%, Latvia 7.6%, Netherlands 5.1%, Italy 4.5% (2015)
    $1.697 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $8.728 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    $34.48 billion (31 March 2016 est.)
    $31.6 billion (31 March 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    $16.33 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $15.63 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    $3.727 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $3.427 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    litai (LTL) per US dollar -
    0.9129 (2016 est.)
    0.9012 (2015 est.)
    0.9012 (2014 est.)
    0.7525 (2013 est.)
    2.69 (2012 est.)
  • Energy :: LITHUANIA

  • electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    3.1 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    9.9 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    900 million kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    8.5 billion kWh (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    3.9 million kW (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    66.7% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    0% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    23% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    10.3% of total installed capacity (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    2,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    1,316 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 78
    191,100 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    12 million bbl (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    202,300 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    54,000 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    173,600 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    23,960 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    0 cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 209
    2.775 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    0 cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    2.775 billion cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    0 cu m (1 January 2016)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    11.2 million Mt (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 99
  • Communications :: LITHUANIA

  • total subscriptions: 561,919
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 19 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    total: 4.184 million
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 145 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    general assessment: adequate; being modernized to provide improved international capability and better residential access
    domestic: rapid expansion of mobile-cellular services has resulted in a steady decline in the number of fixed-line connections; mobile-cellular teledensity stands at about 145 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 370; major international connections to Denmark, Sweden, and Norway by submarine cable for further transmission by satellite; landline connections to Latvia and Poland (2015)
    public broadcaster operates 3 channels with the third channel - a satellite channel - introduced in 2007; various privately owned commercial TV broadcasters operate national and multiple regional channels; many privately owned local TV stations; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services available; publicly owned broadcaster operates 3 radio networks; many privately owned commercial broadcasters, with repeater stations in various regions throughout the country (2007)
    .lt
    total: 2.059 million
    percent of population: 71.4% (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
  • Transportation :: LITHUANIA

  • number of registered air carriers: 2
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 52
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,363,950
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 565,642 mt-km (2015)
    LY (2016)
    61 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 79
    total: 22
    over 3,047 m: 3
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
    914 to 1,523 m: 2
    under 914 m: 9 (2013)
    total: 39
    over 3,047 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 2
    under 914 m: 36 (2013)
    gas 1,921 km; refined products 121 km (2013)
    total: 1,768 km
    broad gauge: 1,746 km 1.520-m gauge (122 km electrified)
    standard gauge: 22 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    total: 84,166 km
    paved: 72,297 km (includes 312 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 11,869 km (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    441 km (navigable year round) (2007)
    country comparison to the world: 86
    total: 38
    by type: cargo 20, container 1, passenger/cargo 6, refrigerated cargo 9, roll on/roll off 2
    foreign-owned: 8 (Denmark 8)
    registered in other countries: 22 (Antigua and Barbuda 3, Belize 1, Comoros 1, Cook Islands 1, Norway 1, Panama 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 9, unknown 3) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    major seaport(s): Klaipeda
    oil terminal(s): Butinge oil terminal
    LNG terminal(s) (import): Klaipeda
  • Military and Security :: LITHUANIA

  • 1.8% of GDP (2017)
    1.49% of GDP (2016)
    1.14% of GDP (2015)
    0.88% of GDP (2014)
    0.76% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    Lithuanian Armed Forces (Lietuvos Ginkluotosios Pajegos): Land Forces (Sausumos Pajegos), Naval Forces (Karines Juru Pajegos), Air Forces (Karines Oro Pajegos), Special Forces (Specialiuju Operaciju Pajegos); Volunteer Forces (Savanoriu Pajegos) (2016)
    18 years of age for military service; 9-month service obligation; in 2015, Lithuania reinstated conscription after having converted to a professional military in the fall of 2008 (2016)
  • Transnational Issues :: LITHUANIA

  • Lithuania and Russia committed to demarcating their boundary in 2006 in accordance with the land and maritime treaty ratified by Russia in May 2003 and by Lithuania in 1999; Lithuania operates a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Russia, while still conforming, as a EU member state having an external border with a non-EU member, to strict Schengen border rules; boundary demarcated with Latvia and Lithuania; as of January 2007, ground demarcation of the boundary with Belarus was complete and mapped with final ratification documents in preparation
    stateless persons: 3,466 (2016)
    transshipment and destination point for cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, and opiates from Southwest Asia, Latin America, Western Europe, and neighboring Baltic countries; growing production of high-quality amphetamines, but limited production of cannabis, methamphetamines; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation