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Europe :: Lithuania
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Lithuania
  • Introduction :: LITHUANIA

  • Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004. In January 2014, Lithuania assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term; in January 2015, Lithuania joined the eurozone.
  • Geography :: LITHUANIA

  • Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia
    56 00 N, 24 00 E
    Europe
    total: 65,300 sq km
    land: 62,680 sq km
    water: 2,620 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 123
    slightly larger than West Virginia
    total: 1,549 km
    border countries (4): Belarus 640 km, Latvia 544 km, Poland 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 261 km
    90 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
    lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
    lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
    highest point: Aukstojas 294 m
    peat, arable land, amber
    agricultural land: 44.8%
    arable land 34.9%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 9.4%
    forest: 34.6%
    other: 20.6% (2011 est.)
    13.4 sq km (2007)
    24.9 cu km (2011)
    total: 2.38 cu km/yr (7%/90%/3%)
    per capita: 703.8 cu m/yr (2009)
    NA
    contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits
  • People and Society :: LITHUANIA

  • noun: Lithuanian(s)
    adjective: Lithuanian
    Lithuanian 84.1%, Polish 6.6%, Russian 5.8%, Belarusian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.2% (2011 est.)
    Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other 0.9%, unspecified 3.5% (2011 est.)
    Roman Catholic 77.2%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Old Believer 0.8%, Evangelical Lutheran 0.6%, Evangelical Reformist 0.2%, other (including Sunni Muslim, Jewish, Greek Catholic, and Karaite) 0.8%, none 6.1%, unspecified 10.1% (2011 est.)
    3,505,738
    note: Statistics Lithuania (the national statistical agency of Lithuania) estimates the country's total population at the start of 2013 to be 2,971,905, which takes into account the findings of Lithuania's 2011 census and the high rate of net outmigration since the country joined the EU in 2004 (July 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    0-14 years: 13.5% (male 243,001/female 230,674)
    15-24 years: 12.5% (male 224,584/female 214,184)
    25-54 years: 44.7% (male 782,238/female 785,521)
    55-64 years: 12.2% (male 193,374/female 235,595)
    65 years and over: 17% (male 207,222/female 389,345) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 44.9%
    youth dependency ratio: 22.1%
    elderly dependency ratio: 22.7%
    potential support ratio: 4.4% (2014 est.)
    total: 41.2 years
    male: 38.5 years
    female: 43.7 years (2014 est.)
    -0.29% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 218
    9.36 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    11.55 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
    -0.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
    urban population: 66.5% of total population (2014)
    rate of urbanization: -0.53% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    VILNIUS (capital) 519,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.53 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.89 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
    26.7 (2011 est.)
    11 deaths/100,000 live births (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    total: 6 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 7.14 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 171
    total population: 75.98 years
    male: 71.2 years
    female: 81.02 years (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    1.29 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 217
    62.9%
    note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2006)
    6.2% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 90
    4.12 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
    7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    improved:
    urban: 99.3% of population
    rural: 88.9% of population
    total: 95.9% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0.7% of population
    rural: 11.1% of population
    total: 4.1% of population (2012 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 98.7% of population
    rural: 85.4% of population
    total: 94.3% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 1.3% of population
    rural: 14.6% of population
    total: 5.7% of population (2012 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    degree of risk: intermediate
    vectorborne diseases: tickborne encephalitis (2013)
    27.5% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    5.2% of GDP (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 99.8%
    male: 99.8%
    female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
    total: 16 years
    male: 16 years
    female: 17 years (2012)
    total: 26.4%
    male: 29.9%
    female: 21.8% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
  • Government :: LITHUANIA

  • conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
    conventional short form: Lithuania
    local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
    local short form: Lietuva
    former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
    parliamentary democracy
    name: Vilnius
    geographic coordinates: 54 41 N, 25 19 E
    time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    60 municipalities (savivaldybe, singular - savivaldybe); Akmene, Alytaus Miestas, Alytus, Ankciai, Birtono, Birai, Druskininkai, Elektrnai, Ignalina, Jonava, Jonikis, Jurbarkas, Kaiiadorys, Kalvarijos, Kauno Miestas, Kaunas, Kazlu Rudos, Kedainiai, Kelme, Klaipedos Miestas, Klaipeda, Kretinga, Kupikis, Lazdijai, Marijampole, Maeikiai, Moletai, Neringa, Paggiai, Pakruojis, Palangos Miestas, Panevezio Miestas, Paneveys, Pasvalys, Plunge, Prienai, Radvilikis, Raseiniai, Rietavo, Rokikis, akiai, alcininkai, iauliu Miestas, iauliai, ilale, ilute, irvintos, Skuodas, vencionys, Taurage, Teliai, Trakai, Ukmerge, Utena, Varena, Vilkavikis, Vilniaus Miestas, Vilnius, Visaginas, Zarasai
    11 March 1990 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by the Soviet Union); notable earlier dates: 6 July 1253 (coronation of MINDAUGAS, traditional founding date), 1 July 1569 (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth created), 16 February 1918 (independence from Soviet Russia)
    Independence Day, 16 February (1918); note - 16 February 1918 was the date Lithuania declared its independence from Soviet Russia and established its statehood; 11 March 1990 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union
    several previous; latest adopted by referendum 25 October 1992, entered into force 2 November 1992; amended 2003 (2012)
    civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE (since 12 July 2009)
    head of government: Prime Minister Algirdas BUTKEVICIUS (since 22 November 2012)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister and approval of the Parliament
    elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 11 and 25 May 2014 (next to be held in May 2019); prime minister appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament
    election results: Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE reelected president; percent of vote - Dalia GRYBAUSKAITE 59%, Zigmantas BALCYTIS 41%; Algirdas BUTKEVICIUS approved by Parliament 90-40
    description: unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141 seats; 71 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote and 70 directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 14 and 28 October 2012 (next to be held in October 2016)
    election results: percent of vote by party - DP 19.8%, LSDP 18.4%, TS-LKD 15.1%, LS 8.6%, DK 8%, TT 7.3%, LLRA 5.8%, LVZS 3.9%, other 13.1%; seats by party - LSDP 38, TS-LKD 33, DP 29, TT 11, LS 11, LLRA 8, DK 7, LVZS 1, unaffiliated 3
    highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of 37 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges nominated by the president and appointed by the Seimas; judges serve 5-year renewable terms; Constitutional Court judges selected by the Seimas from among nominations by the president, by the Seimas chairperson, and Supreme Court chairperson; judges serve 9-year, nonrenewable terms; note - one-third of court judges reconstituted every 3 years
    subordinate courts: Court of Appeals; district and local courts
    Christian Party or KP [Gediminas VAGNORIUS]
    Democratic Labor and Unity Party or DDVP [Kristina BRAZAUSKIENE]
    Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles or LLRA [Valdemar TOMASEVSKI]
    Emigrants Party or EP [Juozas MURAUSKAS]
    Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrats or TS-LKD [Andrius KUBILIUS]
    Labor Party or DP [Loreta GRAUZINIENE]
    Liberal and Center Union or LCS [Arturas MELIANAS]
    Liberal Movement or LS or LRLS [Eligijus MASIULIS]
    Lithuanian People's Party or LLP [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE]
    Lithuanian People's Party or LZP [Joana SIMANAUSKIENE]
    Lithuanian Russian Union or LRS [Sergejus DMITRIJEVAS]
    Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSDP [Algirdas BUTKEVICIUS]
    Nationalist Union or TS [Julius PANKA]
    Order and Justice Party or TT [Rolandas PAKSAS]
    Peasant and Greens Union or LVZS [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS]
    Republican Party or RP [Valdemaras VALKIUNAS]
    Russian Alliance or RA [Tamara LOCHANKINA]
    Socialist People's Front or SLF [Algirdas PALECKIS]
    The Union of National Unity or TVS [Algimantas MATULEVICIUS]
    Way of Courage or DK [Jonas VARKALA]
    YES-Homeland Revival and Perspective or YES Union or TAIP Union or TAIP [Arturas ZUOKAS]
    Young Lithuania Party or PJL [Stanislovas BUSKEVICIUS]
    Australia Group, BA, BIS, CBSS, CD, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NATO, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UN Security Council (non-permanent), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    chief of mission: Ambassador Zygimantas PAVILIONIS (since 5 August 2010)
    chancery: 2622 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860
    FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466
    consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
    chief of mission: Ambassador Deborah A. MCCARTHY (since 5 February 2013)
    embassy: Akmenu gatve 6, Vilnius, LT-03106
    mailing address: American Embassy, Akmenu Gatve 6, Vilnius LT-03106
    telephone: [370] (5) 266-5500
    FAX: [370] (5) 266-5510
    three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red; yellow symbolizes golden fields, as well as the sun, light, and goodness; green represents the forests of the countryside, in addition to nature, freedom, and hope; red stands for courage and the blood spilled in defense of the homeland
    mounted knight known as Vytis (the Chaser), white stork; national colors: yellow, green, red
    name: "Tautiska giesme" (The National Song)
    lyrics/music: Vincas KUDIRKA
    note: adopted 1918, restored 1990; written in 1898 while Lithuania was a part of Russia; banned during the Soviet occupation from 1940 to 1990
  • Economy :: LITHUANIA

  • Lithuania gained membership in the World Trade Organization in May 2001 and joined the EU in May 2004. Lithuania's trade with the EU and CIS countries accounts for approximately 87.3% of total trade. Foreign investment and EU funding have aided in the transition from the former planned economy to a market economy. The three former Soviet Baltic republics were severely hit by the 2008-09 financial crisis, but Lithuania has rebounded and become one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. Lithuania’s ongoing recovery hinges on export growth, which is being hampered by economic slowdowns in the EU and Russia. Lithuania joined the euro zone on 1 January 2015.
    $78.95 billion (2014 est.)
    $76.67 billion (2013 est.)
    $74.26 billion (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2014 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 90
    $48.72 billion (2014 est.)
    3% (2014 est.)
    3.3% (2013 est.)
    3.7% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    $26,700 (2014 est.)
    $25,800 (2013 est.)
    $24,900 (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 62
    20.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
    19.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
    18.1% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    household consumption: 63.9%
    government consumption: 16.7%
    investment in fixed capital: 18.9%
    investment in inventories: 3.2%
    exports of goods and services: 82.5%
    imports of goods and services: -85.2%
    (2014 est.)
    agriculture: 3.7%
    industry: 28.2%
    services: 68.1% (2014 est.)
    grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs, pork, cheese, fish
    metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, lasers, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry, information technology, video game development, biotechnology
    3% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    1.454 million (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    agriculture: 7.9%
    industry: 19.6%
    services: 72.5% (2012 est.)
    11.1% (2014 est.)
    11.8% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 122
    4% (2008)
    lowest 10%: 2.6%
    highest 10%: 29.1% (2008)
    35.5 (2009)
    34 (1999)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    revenues: $15.68 billion
    expenditures: $16.58 billion (2014 est.)
    32.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    -1.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    38.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
    39.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
    note: official data; data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are sold at public auctions
    country comparison to the world: 104
    calendar year
    0.3% (2014 est.)
    1% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    3% (31 December 2010)
    2.06% (31 December 2009)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    5.3% (31 December 2014 est.)
    4.94% (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    $15.92 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $15.85 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    $22.25 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $22.41 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
    $23.4 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $24.3 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    $3.964 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    $4.075 billion (31 December 2011)
    $5.661 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    $-802 million (2014 est.)
    $675 million (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    $31.64 billion (2014 est.)
    $31.82 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 64
    refined fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles, foodstuffs, plastics
    Russia 20%, Latvia 10.1%, Estonia 7.6%, Poland 7.5%, Germany 7.2%, Belarus 5.2%, UK 5%, Netherlands 4.4% (2013)
    $35.24 billion (2014 est.)
    $33.44 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    oil, natural gas, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, chemicals, textiles and clothing, metals
    Russia 29.4%, Germany 10.4%, Poland 9.5%, Latvia 6.2%, Netherlands 5.2% (2013)
    $8.524 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $8.072 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 79
    $28.88 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $30.95 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    $6.273 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $5.924 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 94
    $3.387 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $3.037 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    litai (LTL) per US dollar -
    2.56 (2014 est.)
    2.6 (2013 est.)
    2.69 (2012 est.)
    2.48 (2011 est.)
    2.61 (2010 est.)
  • Energy :: LITHUANIA

  • 12.27 billion kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    10.3 billion kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 87
    1.127 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    8.073 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 30
    3.639 million kW (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
    88.7% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    4% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    7.2% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    3,900 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    2,181 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    190,100 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    12 million bbl (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 90
    197,400 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    75,270 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 86
    155,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    16,110 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 209
    3.32 billion cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    3.32 billion cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    16.69 million Mt (2012 est.)
  • Communications :: LITHUANIA

  • 667,300 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    5 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    general assessment: adequate; being modernized to provide improved international capability and better residential access
    domestic: rapid expansion of mobile-cellular services has resulted in a steady decline in the number of fixed-line connections; mobile-cellular teledensity stands at about 140 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 370; major international connections to Denmark, Sweden, and Norway by submarine cable for further transmission by satellite; landline connections to Latvia and Poland (2010)
    public broadcaster operates 3 channels with the third channel - a satellite channel - introduced in 2007; various privately owned commercial TV broadcasters operate national and multiple regional channels; many privately owned local TV stations; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services available; publicly owned broadcaster operates 3 radio networks; many privately owned commercial broadcasters, many with repeater stations in various regions throughout the country (2007)
    AM 29, FM 142, shortwave 1 (2001)
    44 (may have as many as 100 transmitters, including repeater stations) (2008)
    .lt
    1.205 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    1.964 million (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 73
  • Transportation :: LITHUANIA

  • 61 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 79
    total: 22
    over 3,047 m: 3
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
    914 to 1,523 m: 2
    under 914 m: 9 (2013)
    total: 39
    over 3,047 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 2
    under 914 m:
    36 (2013)
    gas 1,921 km; refined products 121 km (2013)
    total: 1,767 km
    broad gauge: 1,745 km 1.524-m gauge (122 km electrified)
    standard gauge: 22 km 1.435-m gauge (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    total: 84,166 km
    paved: 72,297 km (includes 312 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 11,869 km (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    441 km (navigable year round) (2007)
    country comparison to the world: 86
    total: 38
    by type: cargo 20, container 1, passenger/cargo 6, refrigerated cargo 9, roll on/roll off 2
    foreign-owned: 8 (Denmark 8)
    registered in other countries: 22 (Antigua and Barbuda 3, Belize 1, Comoros 1, Cook Islands 1, Norway 1, Panama 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 9, unknown 3) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    major seaport(s): Klaipeda
    oil terminals: Butinge oil terminal
    LNG terminal(s) (import): Klaipeda
  • Military :: LITHUANIA

  • Lithuanian Armed Forces (Lietuvos Ginkluotosios Pajegos): Land Forces (Sausumos Pajegos), Naval Forces (Karines Juru Pajegos), Air Forces (Karines Oro Pajegos), Special Forces (Specialiuju Operaciju Pajegos); Volunteer Forces (Savanoriu Pajegos) (2015)
    18 years of age for voluntary military service; 1-year service obligation; Lithuania converted to a professional military in the fall of 2008, although the decision continues under judicial review; a new law passed passed in March 2015 restored conscription on a limited basis (2015)
    males age 16-49: 890,074
    females age 16-49: 875,780 (2010 est.)
    males age 16-49: 669,111
    females age 16-49: 724,803 (2010 est.)
    male: 20,425
    female: 19,527 (2010 est.)
    1.11% of GDP (2015)
    0.9% of GDP (2014)
    0.8% of GDP (2013)
    0.97% of GDP (2012)
    0.85% of GDP (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 103
  • Transnational Issues :: LITHUANIA

  • Lithuania and Russia committed to demarcating their boundary in 2006 in accordance with the land and maritime treaty ratified by Russia in May 2003 and by Lithuania in 1999; Lithuania operates a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Russia, while still conforming, as a EU member state having an external border with a non-EU member, to strict Schengen border rules; boundary demarcated with Latvia and Lithuania; as of January 2007, ground demarcation of the boundary with Belarus was complete and mapped with final ratification documents in preparation
    stateless persons: 3,645 (2014)
    transshipment and destination point for cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, and opiates from Southwest Asia, Latin America, Western Europe, and neighboring Baltic countries; growing production of high-quality amphetamines, but limited production of cannabis, methamphetamines; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation
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