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Europe :: Luxembourg Print
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LUXEMBOURG
  • Introduction :: Luxembourg
  • Background field listing
    Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. In 1867, Luxembourg attained full independence under the condition that it promise perpetual neutrality. Overrun by Germany in both world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the EEC (later the EU), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency zone.
  • Geography :: Luxembourg
  • Location field listing
    Western Europe, between France and Germany
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    49 45 N, 6 10 E
    Map references field listing
    Europe
    Area field listing
    total: 2,586 sq km
    land: 2,586 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 179
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly smaller than Rhode Island; about half the size of Delaware
    Land boundaries field listing
    total: 327 km
    border countries (3): Belgium 130 km, France 69 km, Germany 128 km
    Coastline field listing
    0 km (landlocked)
    Maritime claims field listing
    none (landlocked)
    Climate field listing
    modified continental with mild winters, cool summers
    Terrain field listing
    mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast
    Elevation field listing
    mean elevation: 325 m
    elevation extremes: 133 m lowest point: Moselle River
    559 highest point: Buurgplaatz
    Natural resources field listing
    iron ore (no longer exploited), arable land
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 50.7% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 24% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0.6% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 26.1% (2011 est.)
    forest: 33.5% (2011 est.)
    other: 15.8% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    0 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    most people live in the south, on or near the border with France
    Natural hazards field listing
    occasional flooding
    Environment - current issues field listing
    air and water pollution in urban areas, soil pollution of farmland; unsustainable patterns of consumption (transport, energy, recreation, space) threaten biodiversity and landscapes
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
    Geography - note field listing
    landlocked; the only grand duchy in the world
  • People and Society :: Luxembourg
  • Population field listing
    605,764 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 171
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Luxembourger(s)
    adjective: Luxembourg
    Ethnic groups field listing
    Luxembourger 52.1%, Portuguese 16%, French 7.6%, Italian 3.6%, Belgian 3.4%, German 2.2%, Spanish 1.1%, British 1%, other 13% (2018 est.)

    note: data represent population by nationality

    Languages field listing
    Luxembourgish (official administrative and judicial language and national language (spoken vernacular)) 55.8%, Portuguese 15.7%, French (official administrative, judicial, and legislative language) 12.1%, German (official administrative and judicial language) 3.1%, Italian 2.9%, English 2.1%, other 8.4% (2011 est.)
    Religions field listing
    Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic) 70.4%, Muslim 2.3%, other (includes Buddhist, folk religions, Hindu, Jewish) 0.5%, none 26.8% (2010 est.)
    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 16.74% (male 52,243 /female 49,183)
    15-24 years: 12.06% (male 37,391 /female 35,650)
    25-54 years: 44.18% (male 137,381 /female 130,252)
    55-64 years: 11.9% (male 36,670 /female 35,442)
    65 years and over: 15.11% (male 41,002 /female 50,550) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 43.6 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 23.5 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 20.1 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 5 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 39.3 years
    male: 38.7 years
    female: 39.9 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    Population growth rate field listing
    1.9% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 53
    Birth rate field listing
    11.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    Death rate field listing
    7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
    Net migration rate field listing
    15.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 2
    Population distribution field listing
    most people live in the south, on or near the border with France
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 91% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 1.55% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    120,000 LUXEMBOURG (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth field listing
    30.1 years (2015 est.)
    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    10 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 82.4 years (2018 est.)
    male: 79.9 years (2018 est.)
    female: 85 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    Total fertility rate field listing
    1.62 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 178
    Health expenditures field listing
    6.6% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    Physicians density field listing
    2.92 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
    Hospital bed density field listing
    4.9 beds/1,000 population (2014)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 97.5% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 98.5% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 97.6% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 1.5% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    0.3% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    1,100 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    <100 (2017 est.)
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    22.6% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    Education expenditures field listing
    4% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) field listing
    total: 14 years (2012)
    male: 14 years (2012)
    female: 14 years (2012)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 18.9% (2016 est.)
    male: 19.7% (2016 est.)
    female: 18% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
  • Government :: Luxembourg
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
    conventional short form: Luxembourg
    local long form: Grand Duche de Luxembourg
    local short form: Luxembourg
    etymology: from the Celtic "lucilem" (little) and the German "burg" (castle or fortress) to produce the meaning of the "little castle"
    Government type field listing
    constitutional monarchy
    Capital field listing
    name: Luxembourg
    geographic coordinates: 49 36 N, 6 07 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    Administrative divisions field listing
    12 cantons (cantons, singular - canton); Capellen, Clervaux, Diekirch, Echternach, Esch-sur-Alzette, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg, Mersch, Redange, Remich, Vianden, Wiltz
    Independence field listing
    1839 (from the Netherlands)
    National holiday field listing
    National Day (Birthday of Grand Duke HENRI), 23 June; note - this date of birth is not the true date of birth for any of the Royals, but the national festivities were shifted in 1962 to allow observance during a more favorable time of year
    Constitution field listing
    history: previous 1842 (heavily amended 1848, 1856); latest effective 17 October 1868 (2016)
    amendments: proposed by the Chamber of Deputies or by the monarch to the Chamber; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote by the Chamber in two successive readings three months apart; a referendum can be substituted for the second reading if approved by more than one-quarter of the Chamber members or by 25,000 valid voters; adoption by referendum requires a majority of all valid voters; amended many times, last in 2009 (2016)
    International law organization participation field listing
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: limited to situations where the parents are either unknown, stateless, or when the nationality law of the parents' state of origin does not permit acquisition of citizenship by descent when the birth occurs outside of national territory
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Luxembourg
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal and compulsory
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: Grand Duke HENRI (since 7 October 2000); Heir Apparent Prince GUILLAUME (son of the monarch, born 11 November 1981)
    head of government: Prime Minister Xavier BETTEL (since 4 December 2013); Deputy Prime Minister Etienne SCHNEIDER (since 4 December 2013)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers recommended by the prime minister, appointed by the monarch
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; following elections to the Chamber of Deputies, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; deputy prime minister appointed by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister are responsible to the Chamber of Deputies
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (60 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by party-list proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms); note - a 21-member Council of State appointed by the Grand Duke on the advice of the prime minister serves as an advisory body to the Chamber of Deputies
    elections: last held on 14 October 2018 (next to be held by October 2023)
    election results: percent of vote by party - CSV 28.3%, LSAP 17.6%, DP 16.9%, Green Party 15.1%, ADR 8.3%, Pirate Party 6.4%, The Left 5.5%, other 1.9%; seats by party - CSV 21, DP 12, LSAP 10, Green Party 9, ADR 4, Pirate Party 2, The Left 2; composition - men 46, women 14, percent of women 23.3%
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Supreme Court of Justice includes Court of Appeal and Court of Cassation (consists of 27 judges on 9 benches); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 members)
    judge selection and term of office: judges of both courts appointed by the monarch for life
    subordinate courts: Court of Accounts; district and local tribunals and courts
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Alternative Democratic Reform Party or ADR [Jean SCHOOS]
    Christian Social People's Party or CSV [Marc SPAUTZ]
    Democratic Party or DP [Corinne CAHEN]
    Green Party [Francoise FOLMER, Christian KMIOTEK]
    Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party or LSAP [Claude HAAGEN]
    The Left (dei Lenk/la Gauche) [collective leadership, Central Committee]
    other minor parties
    International organization participation field listing
    ADB (nonregional member), Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CD, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Sylvie LUCAS (since 16 September 2016)
    chancery: 2200 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 265-4171
    FAX: [1] (202) 328-8270
    consulate(s) general: New York, San Francisco
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador James Randolph "Randy" EVANS (since 19 June 2018)
    embassy: 22 Boulevard Emmanuel Servais, L-2535 Luxembourg City
    mailing address: Unit 3560, APO-AE 09126-3560 (official mail)
    telephone: [352] 46-01-23 00
    FAX: [352] 46-14-01
    Flag description field listing
    three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Netherlands, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; the coloring is derived from the Grand Duke's coat of arms (a red lion on a white and blue striped field)
    National symbol(s) field listing
    red, rampant lion; national colors: red, white, light blue
    National anthem field listing
    name: "Ons Heemecht" (Our Motherland); "De Wilhelmus" (The William)
    lyrics/music: Michel LENTZ/Jean-Antoine ZINNEN; Nikolaus WELTER/unknown

    note: "Ons Heemecht," adopted 1864, is the national anthem, while "De Wilhelmus," adopted 1919, serves as a royal anthem for use when members of the grand ducal family enter or exit a ceremony in Luxembourg

  • Economy :: Luxembourg
  • Economy - overview field listing

    This small, stable, high-income economy has historically featured solid growth, low inflation, and low unemployment. Luxembourg, the only Grand Duchy in the world, is a landlocked country in northwestern Europe surrounded by Belgium, France, and Germany. Despite its small landmass and small population, Luxembourg is the fifth-wealthiest country in the world when measured on a gross domestic product (PPP) per capita basis. Luxembourg has one of the highest current account surpluses as a share of GDP in the euro zone, and it maintains a healthy budgetary position, with a 2017 surplus of 0.5% of GDP, and the lowest public debt level in the region.

    Since 2002, Luxembourg’s government has proactively implemented policies and programs to support economic diversification and to attract foreign direct investment. The government focused on key innovative industries that showed promise for supporting economic growth: logistics, information and communications technology (ICT); health technologies, including biotechnology and biomedical research; clean energy technologies, and more recently, space technology and financial services technologies. The economy has evolved and flourished, posting strong GDP growth of 3.4% in 2017, far outpacing the European average of 1.8%.

    Luxembourg remains a financial powerhouse – the financial sector accounts for more than 35% of GDP - because of the exponential growth of the investment fund sector through the launch and development of cross-border funds (UCITS) in the 1990s. Luxembourg is the world’s second-largest investment fund asset domicile, after the US, with $4 trillion of assets in custody in financial institutions.

    Luxembourg has lost some of its advantage as a favorable tax location because of OECD and EU pressure, as well as the “LuxLeaks” scandal, which revealed advantageous tax treatments offered to foreign corporations. In 2015, the government’s compliance with EU requirements to implement automatic exchange of tax information on savings accounts - thus ending banking secrecy - has constricted banking activity. Likewise, changes to the way EU members collect taxes from e-commerce has cut Luxembourg’s sales tax revenues, requiring the government to raise additional levies and to reduce some direct social benefits as part of the tax reform package of 2017. The tax reform package also included reductions in the corporate tax rate and increases in deductions for families, both intended to increase purchasing power and increase competitiveness.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $62.11 billion (2017 est.)
    $60.71 billion (2016 est.)
    $58.9 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 105
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $62.53 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    2.3% (2017 est.)
    3.1% (2016 est.)
    2.9% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $105,100 (2017 est.)
    $105,400 (2016 est.)
    $104,600 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 5
    Gross national saving field listing
    22.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
    23% of GDP (2016 est.)
    23.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 30.2% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 16.5% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 16.2% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 1.1% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 230% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -194% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 0.3% (2017 est.)
    industry: 12.8% (2017 est.)
    services: 86.9% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    grapes, barley, oats, potatoes, wheat, fruits; dairy and livestock products
    Industries field listing
    banking and financial services, construction, real estate services, iron, metals, and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation and logistics, chemicals, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism, biotechnology
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    1.9% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    Labor force field listing
    282,800 (2017 est.)

    note: data exclude foreign workers; in addition to the figure for domestic labor force, about 150,000 workers commute daily from France, Belgium, and Germany

    country comparison to the world: 165
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 78.9% (2013 est.)
    industry: 20% (2013 est.)
    services: 78.9% (2013 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    5.8% (2017 est.)
    6.3% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    Population below poverty line field listing
    NA
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: 23.8% (2000)
    highest 10%: 23.8% (2000)
    Distribution of family income - Gini index field listing
    30.4 (2013 est.)
    26 (2005 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 27.75 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 26.8 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    44.4% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    1.5% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 23
    Public debt field listing
    23% of GDP (2017 est.)
    20.8% of GDP (2016 est.)

    note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

    country comparison to the world: 183
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    2.1% (2017 est.)
    0% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 109
    Central bank discount rate field listing
    0% (31 December 2017)
    0% (31 December 2010)

    note: this is the European Central Bank's rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area

    country comparison to the world: 157
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    1.9% (31 December 2017 est.)
    1.98% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    Stock of narrow money field listing
    $275.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $229.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

    note: see entry for the EU for money supply for the entire euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 18 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders

    country comparison to the world: 18
    Stock of broad money field listing
    $275.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $229.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 18
    Stock of domestic credit field listing
    $128.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $109.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    Market value of publicly traded shares field listing
    $47.13 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $63.17 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $78.64 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    Current account balance field listing
    $3.112 billion (2017 est.)
    $2.988 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    Exports field listing
    $15.99 billion (2017 est.)
    $16.37 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    Exports - commodities field listing
    machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass
    Exports - partners field listing
    Germany 25.6%, Belgium 17.6%, France 14%, Netherlands 5.1%, Italy 4.1%, UK 4.1% (2017)
    Imports field listing
    $20.66 billion (2017 est.)
    $19.97 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    Imports - commodities field listing
    commercial aircraft, minerals, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs, luxury consumer goods
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $878 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $974 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    Imports - partners field listing
    Belgium 32%, Germany 24.9%, France 11.1%, US 5.7%, Netherlands 4.9% (2017)
    Debt - external field listing
    $3.781 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)
    $3.806 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 6
    Stock of direct foreign investment - at home field listing
    $11.21 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad field listing

    NA

    Exchange rates field listing
    euros (EUR) per US dollar -
    0.885 (2017 est.)
    0.903 (2016 est.)
    0.9214 (2015 est.)
    0.885 (2014 est.)
    0.7634 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Luxembourg
  • Electricity access field listing
    electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    Electricity - production field listing
    735 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    6.178 billion kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Electricity - exports field listing
    1.42 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    Electricity - imports field listing
    7.718 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    2.023 million kW (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    23.7% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    1.7% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    12.7% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 154
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 154
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    56,120 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 99
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    55,900 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    Natural gas - production field listing
    6 million cu m (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    881 million cu m (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 94
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    875 million cu m (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    11 million Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 99
  • Communications :: Luxembourg
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 275,300 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 46 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 794,000 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 134 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: highly developed, completely automated and efficient system, mainly buried cables (2016)
    domestic: fixed-line teledensity about 50 per 100 persons; nationwide mobile-cellular telephone system with market for mobile-cellular phones virtually saturated (2016)
    international: country code - 352 (2016)
    Broadcast media field listing
    Luxembourg has a long tradition of operating radio and TV services for pan-European audiences and is home to Europe's largest privately owned broadcast media group, the RTL Group, which operates 46 TV stations and 29 radio stations in Europe; also home to Europe's largest satellite operator, Societe Europeenne des Satellites (SES); domestically, the RTL Group operates TV and radio networks; other domestic private radio and TV operators and French and German stations available; satellite and cable TV services available (2016)
    Internet country code field listing
    .lu
    Internet users field listing
    total: 567,698 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 97.5% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 212,900 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 36 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
  • Transportation :: Luxembourg
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 3 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 119 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,830,972 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 6,309,473,324 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    LX (2016)
    Airports field listing
    2 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 202
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 1 (2017)
    over 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 1 (2013)
    under 914 m: 1 (2013)
    Heliports field listing
    1 (2013)
    Pipelines field listing
    142 km gas, 27 km refined products (2013)
    Railways field listing
    total: 275 km (2014)
    standard gauge: 275 km 1.435-m gauge (275 km electrified) (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    Roadways field listing
    total: 2,899 km (2011)
    paved: 2,899 km (includes 152 km of expressways) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    Waterways field listing
    37 km (on Moselle River) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 152 (2017)
    by type: bulk carrier 3, container ship 21, general cargo 2, other 126 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    Ports and terminals field listing
    river port(s): Mertert (Moselle)
  • Military and Security :: Luxembourg
  • Military expenditures field listing
    0.54% of GDP (2017)
    0.49% of GDP (2016)
    0.48% of GDP (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 143
    Military branches field listing
    Luxembourg Army (Armee Luxembourgeoise) (2018)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18-24 years of age for male and female voluntary military service; no conscription; Luxembourg citizen or EU citizen with 3-year residence in Luxembourg (2017)
  • Transnational Issues :: Luxembourg
  • Disputes - international field listing
    none
    Refugees and internally displaced persons field listing
    stateless persons: 83 (2017)