Library

 
View Text Low Bandwidth Version
Download Publication
Europe :: Moldova
Page last updated on May 01, 2015
 
view 2 photos of
Moldova
  • Introduction :: MOLDOVA

  • Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Nistru River supporting the separatist region of Transnistria, composed of a Slavic majority population (mostly Ukrainians and Russians), but with a sizeable ethnic Moldovan minority. Europe's poorest economy, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a communist, Vladimir VORONIN, as its president in 2001. VORONIN served as Moldova's president until he resigned in September 2009. Four Moldovan opposition parties then formed a new coalition, the Alliance for European Integration (AEI), iterations of which acted as Moldova's governing coalitions over the next several years. In May 2013, two of the original AEI parties and a splinter group from a third re-formed a ruling coalition called the Pro-European Coalition. The Moldovan Government in summer 2014 signed and ratified an Association Agreement with the European Union (EU), advancing the Coalition's policy priority of EU integration. Following the country’s most recent legislative election in November 2014, the three pro-European parties that entered Parliament won a total of 55 of the body’s 101 seats, enough for a majority coalition. After negotiations among the three broke down, however, two of the parties — the Liberal Democratic Party (PLDM) and the Democratic Party (PD) — agreed to form the Alliance for a European Moldova (AEM) and a minority government with their combined 42 seats. In February 2015, the PLDM and the PD secured PCRM support to win parliamentary approval with 60 votes for their minority government.
  • Geography :: MOLDOVA

  • Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania
    47 00 N, 29 00 E
    Europe
    total: 33,851 sq km
    land: 32,891 sq km
    water: 960 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 140
    slightly larger than Maryland
    total: 1,885 km
    border countries (2): Romania 683 km, Ukraine 1,202 km
    0 km (landlocked)
    none (landlocked)
    moderate winters, warm summers
    rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea
    lowest point: Dniester (Nistru) 2 m
    highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m
    lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, limestone, arable land
    arable land: 55.2%
    permanent crops: 8.98%
    other: 35.82% (2012 est.)
    2,283 sq km (2011)
    11.65 cu km (2011)
    total: 1.07 cu km/yr (14%/83%/4%)
    per capita: 290 cu m/yr (2010)
    landslides
    heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone
  • People and Society :: MOLDOVA

  • noun: Moldovan(s)
    adjective: Moldovan
    Moldovan 75.8%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.9%, Gagauz 4.4%, Romanian 2.2%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1%, unspecified 0.4%
    note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region (2004 est.)
    Moldovan 58.8% (official; virtually the same as the Romanian language), Romanian 16.4%, Russian 16%, Ukrainian 3.8%, Gagauz 3.1% (a Turkish language), Bulgarian 1.1%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.4%
    note: percentages represent lanugage usually spoken (2004 est.)
    Orthodox 93.3%, Baptist 1%, other Christian 1.2%, other 0.9%, atheist 0.4%, none 1%, unspecified 2.2% (2004 est.)
    3,583,288 (July 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    0-14 years: 17.7% (male 326,968/female 306,948)
    15-24 years: 14.2% (male 262,559/female 246,283)
    25-54 years: 43.9% (male 785,392/female 786,421)
    55-64 years: 13.1% (male 214,899/female 255,046)
    65 years and over: 11.1% (male 151,629/female 247,143) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 39.3%
    youth dependency ratio: 23.2%
    elderly dependency ratio: 16.1%
    potential support ratio: 6.2% (2014 est.)
    total: 35.7 years
    male: 33.9 years
    female: 37.7 years (2014 est.)
    -1.02% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 231
    12.21 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    -9.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 215
    urban population: 44.9% of total population (2014)
    rate of urbanization: -0.73% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    CHISINAU (capital) 721,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
    23.7 (2011 est.)
    21 deaths/100,000 live births (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    total: 12.93 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 14.82 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 10.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 122
    total population: 70.12 years
    male: 66.25 years
    female: 74.24 years (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 153
    1.56 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    67.8% (2005)
    11.7% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 8
    2.86 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
    6.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
    improved:
    urban: 99.5% of population
    rural: 93.7% of population
    total: 96.5% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0.5% of population
    rural: 6.3% of population
    total: 3.5% of population (2012 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 89.2% of population
    rural: 84.4% of population
    total: 86.7% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 10.8% of population
    rural: 15.6% of population
    total: 13.3% of population (2012 est.)
    0.61% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    14,800 (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 85
    900 (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    21.2% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    3.2% (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    8.4% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 99.1%
    male: 99.6%
    female: 98.6% (2012 est.)
    total: 12 years
    male: 12 years
    female: 12 years (2012)
    total number: 72,364
    percentage: 16% (2009 est.)
    total: 13.1%
    male: 12.8%
    female: 13.4% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 87
  • Government :: MOLDOVA

  • conventional long form: Republic of Moldova
    conventional short form: Moldova
    local long form: Republica Moldova
    local short form: Moldova
    former: Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic
    republic
    name: Chisinau in Romanian (Kishinev in Russian)
    note: pronounced KEE-shee-now (KIH-shi-nyov)
    geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 28 51 E
    time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    32 raions (raioane, singular - raion), 3 municipalities (municipii, singular - municipiul), 1 autonomous territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala autonoma), and 1 territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala)
    raions: Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemir, Calarasi, Causeni, Cimislia, Criuleni, Donduseni, Drochia, Dubasari, Edinet, Falesti, Floresti, Glodeni, Hincesti, Ialoveni, Leova, Nisporeni, Ocnita, Orhei, Rezina, Riscani, Singerei, Soldanesti, Soroca, Stefan-Voda, Straseni, Taraclia, Telenesti, Ungheni
    municipalities: Balti, Bender, Chisinau
    autonomous territorial unit: Gagauzia
    territorial unit: Stinga Nistrului (Transnistria)
    27 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
    Independence Day, 27 August (1991)
    previous 1978; latest adopted 29 July 1994, effective 27 August 1994; amended 2003 (2011)
    civil law system with Germanic law influences; Constitutional Court review of legislative acts
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Nicolae TIMOFTI (since 23 March 2012)
    head of government: Prime Minister Chiril GABURICI (since 18 February 2015)
    cabinet: Cabinet, as proposed by the prime minister-designate and nominated by the president, approved through a vote of confidence in Parliament
    elections: president elected by Parliament for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 16 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2016); note - prime minister designated by the president upon consultation with Parliament; within 15 days from designation, the prime minister-designate must request a vote of confidence from the Parliament regarding his/her work program and entire cabinet; following the November 2014 legislative election, the prime minister and Cabinet received a vote of confidence on 18 February 2015
    election results: Nicolae TIMOFTI elected president; parliamentary votes - 62 of 101; Chiril GABURICI; parliamentary votes of confidence - 60 of 101
    description: unicameral Parliament or Parlament (101 seats; members directly elected in a single, nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 30 November 2014 (next to be held in November 2018)
    election results: percent of vote by party - PSRM 21.3%, PLDM 19.5%, PCRM 18%, PD 15.8%, PL 9.4%, other 16%; seats by party - PSRM 25, PLDM 23, PCRM 21, PD 19, PL 13
    highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice (consists of a chief judges, 3 deputy-chief judges, 45 judges, and 7 assistant judges); Constitutional Court (consists of the court president and 6 judges); note - the Constitutional Court is autonomous to the other branches of government; the Court interprets the Constitution and reviews the constitutionality of parliamentary laws and decisions, decrees of the president, and acts of the government
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court of Justice judges appointed by Parliament upon the recommendation of the Supreme Council of the Magistracy; all judges serve 4-year renewable terms; Constitutional Court judges appointed 2 each by Parliament, the Moldovan president, and the Higher Council of Magistracy; court president elected by other court judges for a 3-year term; other judges appointed for 6-year terms
    subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; Court of Business Audit; municipal courts
    represented in Parliament:
    Communist Party of the Republic of Moldova or PCRM [Vladimir VORONIN]
    Democratic Party or PD [Marian LUPU]
    Liberal Democratic Party or PLDM [Vladimir FILAT]
    Liberal Party or PL [Mihai GHIMPU]
    Party of Socialists or PSRM [Igor DODON]
    not represented in Parliament:
    Anti-Fascist Movement or Antifa [Grigore PETRENCO]
    Anti-Mafia Movement [Sergiu MOCANU]
    Christian Democratic People's Party or PPCD [Iurie ROSCA]
    Conservative Party or PC [Natalia NIRCA]
    Ecological Party of Moldova "Green Alliance" or PEMAVE [Vladimir BRAGA]
    European Action Movement or MAE [Veaceslav UNTILA]
    Humanist Party of Moldova or PUM [Valeriu PASAT]
    Labor Party or PM [Gheorghe SIMA]
    Liberal Reformers Party or PLR [Ion HADARCA]
    National Liberal Party or PNL [Vitalia PAVLICENKO]
    Patria Party [Renato USATII]
    Patriots of Moldova Party or PPM [Mihail GARBUZ]
    Popular Republican Party or PPR [Nicolae ANDRONIC]
    Republican Party of Moldova or PRM [Andrei STRATAN]
    Roma Social Political Movement of the Republic of Moldova or MRRM [Ion BUCUR]
    Social Democratic Party or PSD [Victor SELIN]
    Social Political Movement "Equality" or MR [Valeriy KLIMENCO]
    United Moldova Party or PMUEM [Vladimir TURCAN]
    NA
    BSEC, CD, CE, CEI, CIS, EAEC (observer), EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    chief of mission: Ambassador Igor MUNTEANU (since 7 September 2010)
    chancery: 2101 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 667-1130
    FAX: [1] (202) 667-1204
    chief of mission: Ambassador James D. PETTIT (since 29 January 2015)
    embassy: 103 Mateevici Street, Chisinau MD-2009
    mailing address: use embassy street address
    telephone: [373] (22) 40-8300
    FAX: [373] (22) 23-3044
    three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; emblem in center of flag is of a Roman eagle of gold outlined in black with a red beak and talons carrying a yellow cross in its beak and a green olive branch in its right talons and a yellow scepter in its left talons; on its breast is a shield divided horizontally red over blue with a stylized aurochs head, star, rose, and crescent all in black-outlined yellow; based on the color scheme of the flag of Romania - with which Moldova shares a history and culture - but Moldova's blue band is lighter; the reverse of the flag does not display any coat of arms
    note: one of only three national flags that differ on their obverse and reverse sides - the others are Paraguay and Saudi Arabia
    aurochs (a type of wild cattle); national colors: blue, yellow, red
    name: "Limba noastra" (Our Language)
    lyrics/music: Alexei MATEEVICI/Alexandru CRISTEA
    note: adopted 1994
  • Economy :: MOLDOVA

  • Despite recent progress, Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in Europe. With a moderate climate and good farmland, Moldova's economy relies heavily on its agriculture sector, featuring fruits, vegetables, wine, and tobacco. Moldova also depends on annual remittances of about $1.6 billion from the roughly one million Moldovans working in Europe, Russia, and other former Soviet Bloc countries. With few natural energy resources, Moldova imports almost all of its energy supplies from Russia and Ukraine. Moldova's dependence on Russian energy is underscored by a growing $5 billion debt to Russian natural gas supplier Gazprom, largely the result of unreimbursed natural gas consumption in the separatist Transnistria region. In August 2013, work began on a new pipeline between Moldova and Romania that may eventually break Russia's monopoly on Moldova's gas supplies. The government's goal of EU integration has resulted in some market-oriented progress. Moldova experienced better than expected economic growth in 2014 due to increased agriculture production, to economic policies adopted by the Moldovan government since 2009, and to the receipt of EU trade preferences. Moldova signed an Association Agreement and a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement with the EU during fall 2014, connecting Moldovan products to the world’s largest market. Still, growth has been hampered by high prices for Russian natural gas, a Russian import ban on Moldovan wine, increased foreign scrutiny of Moldovan agricultural products, and by Moldova’s large external debt. Over the longer term, Moldova's economy remains vulnerable to political uncertainty, weak administrative capacity, vested bureaucratic interests, corruption, higher fuel prices, Russian pressure, and the illegal separatist regime in Moldova's Transnistria region.
    $17.19 billion (2014 est.)
    $16.89 billion (2013 est.)
    $15.51 billion (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2014 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 148
    $7.744 billion (2014 est.)
    1.8% (2014 est.)
    8.9% (2013 est.)
    -0.7% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    $4,800 (2014 est.)
    $4,700 (2013 est.)
    $4,400 (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2013 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 171
    17.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
    18% of GDP (2013 est.)
    15.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    household consumption: 93.3%
    government consumption: 20.2%
    investment in fixed capital: 22.8%
    investment in inventories: 0.6%
    exports of goods and services: 45.7%
    imports of goods and services: -82.5%
    (2014 est.)
    agriculture: 15.7%
    industry: 20%
    services: 64.3% (2014 est.)
    vegetables, fruits, grapes, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, tobacco; beef, milk; wine
    sugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles
    4% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    1.23 million (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    agriculture: 26.4%
    industry: 13.2%
    services: 60.4% (2012 est.)
    6.2% (2014 est.)
    5.2% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    21.9% (2010 est.)
    lowest 10%: 3.3%
    highest 10%: 26% (2010 est.)
    33 (2010)
    33.2 (2003)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    revenues: $2.922 billion
    expenditures: $3.15 billion
    note: National Public Budget (2014 est.)
    37.7% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 49
    -2.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    18.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
    18.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    calendar year
    4.7% (2014 est.)
    4.6% (2013 est.)
    3.5% (31 December 2013)
    4.5% (31 December 2012)
    note: this is the basic rate on short-term operations
    country comparison to the world: 101
    12% (31 December 2014 est.)
    12.29% (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 67
    $2.102 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $2.077 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    $4.685 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $4.797 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    $3.243 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $3.381 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    $65.28 million (31 December 2012 est.)
    $51.46 million (31 December 2012)
    $20.71 million (31 December 2011)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    -$462.8 million (2014 est.)
    -$398.6 million (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    $2.63 billion (2014 est.)
    $2.466 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    foodstuffs, textiles, machinery
    Russia 18.3%, Romania 16.7%, Turkey 10.1%, Italy 9.6%, Germany 5.6%, Ukraine 5% (2013)
    $5.57 billion (2014 est.)
    $5.449 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
    mineral products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles
    Russia 23.3%, Romania 15.1%, Ukraine 14%, Germany 7.6%, Italy 4.6%, Belarus 4.3% (2013)
    $2.7 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $2.821 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    $6.778 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $6.501 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    $3.448 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    $3.262 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    $108.2 million (31 December 2012)
    $88.42 million (31 December 2011)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    Moldovan lei (MDL) per US dollar -
    13.97 (2014 est.)
    12.587 (2013 est.)
    12.11 (2012 est.)
    11.738 (2011 est.)
    12.369 (2010 est.)
  • Energy :: MOLDOVA

  • 5.456 billion kWh (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    4.211 billion kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 122
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    3.297 billion kWh (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    439,900 kW
    note: excludes Transnistria (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    96.4% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 63
    0% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    3.6% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    0% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    7,330 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    321 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    21,330 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    552 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    15,280 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    3.47 billion cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    3.47 billion cu m
    note: excludes Transnistria (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    9.415 million Mt (2012 est.)
  • Communications :: MOLDOVA

  • 1.206 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    4.08 million (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    general assessment: poor service outside Chisinau; some modernization is under way
    domestic: multiple private operators of GSM mobile-cellular telephone service are operating; GPRS system is being introduced; a CDMA mobile telephone network began operations in 2007; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity 100 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 373; service through Romania and Russia via landline; satellite earth stations - at least 3 (Intelsat, Eutelsat, and Intersputnik) (2011)
    state-owned national radio-TV broadcaster operates 2 TV and 2 radio stations; a total of nearly 40 terrestrial TV channels and some 50 radio stations are in operation; Russian and Romanian channels also are available (2007)
    AM 2, FM 29, shortwave NA (2006)
    40 (2006)
    .md
    711,564 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    1.333 million (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 87
  • Transportation :: MOLDOVA

  • 7 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    total: 5
    over 3,047 m: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2013)
    total: 2
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    under 914 m:
    1 (2013)
    gas 1,906 km (2013)
    total: 1,190 km
    broad gauge: 1,176 km 1.520-m gauge
    standard gauge: 14 km 1.435-m gauge (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 86
    total: 9,352 km
    paved: 8,835 km
    unpaved: 517 km (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    558 km (in public use on Danube, Dniester and Prut rivers) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    total: 121
    by type: bulk carrier 7, cargo 88, carrier 1, chemical tanker 3, passenger/cargo 7, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 11, specialized tanker 1
    foreign-owned: 63 (Bulgaria 1, Denmark 1, Egypt 5, Greece 1, Israel 2, Lebanon 1, Pakistan 1, Romania 2, Russia 5, Syria 5, Turkey 18, UK 3, Ukraine 14, Yemen 4) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 45
  • Military :: MOLDOVA

  • National Army: Land Forces Command, Air Forces Command (includes air defense unit) (2014)
    18 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; male registration required at age 16; 1-year service obligation (2012)
    males age 16-49: 1,143,440
    females age 16-49: 1,156,958 (2010 est.)
    males age 16-49: 875,224
    females age 16-49: 969,903 (2010 est.)
    male: 28,213
    female: 26,614 (2010 est.)
    0.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
    0.3% of GDP (2012)
    0.3% of GDP (2011)
    0.3% of GDP (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 128
  • Transnational Issues :: MOLDOVA

  • Moldova and Ukraine operate joint customs posts to monitor the transit of people and commodities through Moldova's break-away Transnistria region, which remains under the auspices of an Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-mandated peacekeeping mission comprised of Moldovan, Transnistrian, Russian, and Ukrainian troops
    refugees (country of origin): 5,583 applicants for forms of legal stay other than asylum (Ukraine) (2015)
    stateless persons: 2,029 (2013)
    limited cultivation of opium poppy and cannabis, mostly for CIS consumption; transshipment point for illicit drugs from Southwest Asia via Central Asia to Russia, Western Europe, and possibly the US; widespread crime and underground economic activity
GO TOP