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Europe :: Malta Print
Page last updated on December 03, 2018
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MALTA
  • Introduction :: Malta
  • Background field listing
    With a civilization that dates back thousands of years, Malta boasts some of the oldest megalithic sites in the world. Situated in the center of the Mediterranean, Malta’s islands have long served as a strategic military asset, with the islands at various times having come under control of the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Moors, Normans, Sicilians, Spanish, Knights of St. John, and the French. Most recently a British colony (since 1814), Malta gained its independence in 1964 and declared itself a republic ten years later. While under British rule, the island staunchly supported the UK through both world wars. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination while its key industries moved toward more service-oriented activities. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.
  • Geography :: Malta
  • Location field listing
    Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    35 50 N, 14 35 E
    Map references field listing
    Europe
    Area field listing
    total: 316 sq km
    land: 316 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 209
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    196.8 km (excludes 56 km for the island of Gozo)
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
    Climate field listing
    Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
    Terrain field listing
    mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
    Elevation field listing
    0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
    253 highest point: Ta'Dmejrek on Dingli Cliffs
    Natural resources field listing
    limestone, salt, arable land
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 32.3% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 28.4% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 3.9% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
    forest: 0.9% (2011 est.)
    other: 66.8% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    35 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    most of the population lives on the eastern half of Malta, the largest of the three inhabited islands
    Natural hazards field listing
    occasional droughts
    Environment - current issues field listing
    limited natural freshwater resources; increasing reliance on desalination; deforestation; wildlife preservation
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note field listing
    the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
  • People and Society :: Malta
  • Population field listing
    449,043 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Maltese (singular and plural)
    adjective: Maltese
    Ethnic groups field listing
    Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
    Languages field listing
    Maltese (official) 90.1%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.9% (2005 est.)
    Religions field listing
    Roman Catholic (official) more than 90% (2006 est.)
    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 14.29% (male 33,156 /female 31,012)
    15-24 years: 11.03% (male 25,713 /female 23,815)
    25-54 years: 40.92% (male 95,162 /female 88,602)
    55-64 years: 13.25% (male 29,787 /female 29,703)
    65 years and over: 20.51% (male 41,900 /female 50,193) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 48.8 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 21.4 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 27.3 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 3.7 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 41.8 years
    male: 40.6 years
    female: 43.1 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    Population growth rate field listing
    0.99% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    Birth rate field listing
    10 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    Death rate field listing
    7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    Net migration rate field listing
    2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    Population distribution field listing
    most of the population lives on the eastern half of Malta, the largest of the three inhabited islands
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 94.6% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 0.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    213,000 VALLETTA (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth field listing
    26.9 years (2010 est.)

    note: data refer to the average of the different childbearing ages of first-order births

    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    9 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 153
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 178
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 82.7 years (2018 est.)
    male: 80.6 years (2018 est.)
    female: 84.8 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    Total fertility rate field listing
    1.48 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    Health expenditures field listing
    9.7% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 28
    Physicians density field listing
    3.91 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
    Hospital bed density field listing
    4.7 beds/1,000 population (2014)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 100% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    0.1% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    <500 (2016 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    <100 (2016 est.)
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    28.9% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 28
    Education expenditures field listing
    7.2% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 18
    Literacy field listing
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
    total population: 94.4% (2015 est.)
    male: 93.1% (2015 est.)
    female: 95.8% (2015 est.)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) field listing
    total: 15 years (2015)
    male: 15 years (2015)
    female: 15 years (2015)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 11% (2016 est.)
    male: 11.2% (2016 est.)
    female: 10.9% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
  • Government :: Malta
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Republic of Malta
    conventional short form: Malta
    local long form: Repubblika ta' Malta
    local short form: Malta
    etymology: the ancient Greeks called the island "Melite" meaning "honey-sweet" from the Greek word "meli" meaning "honey" and referring to the island's honey production
    Government type field listing
    parliamentary republic
    Capital field listing
    name: Valletta
    geographic coordinates: 35 53 N, 14 30 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    Administrative divisions field listing
    68 localities (Il-lokalita); Attard, Balzan, Birgu, Birkirkara, Birzebbuga, Bormla, Dingli, Fgura, Floriana, Fontana, Ghajnsielem, Gharb, Gharghur, Ghasri, Ghaxaq, Gudja, Gzira, Hamrun, Iklin, Imdina, Imgarr, Imqabba, Imsida, Imtarfa, Isla, Kalkara, Kercem, Kirkop, Lija, Luqa, Marsa, Marsaskala, Marsaxlokk, Mellieha, Mosta, Munxar, Nadur, Naxxar, Paola, Pembroke, Pieta, Qala, Qormi, Qrendi, Rabat, Rabat (Ghawdex), Safi, San Giljan/Saint Julian, San Gwann/Saint John, San Lawrenz/Saint Lawrence, Sannat, San Pawl il-Bahar/Saint Paul's Bay, Santa Lucija/Saint Lucia, Santa Venera/Saint Venera, Siggiewi, Sliema, Swieqi, Tarxien, Ta' Xbiex, Valletta, Xaghra, Xewkija, Xghajra, Zabbar, Zebbug, Zebbug (Ghawdex), Zejtun, Zurrieq
    Independence field listing
    21 September 1964 (from the UK)
    National holiday field listing
    Independence Day, 21 September (1964)Republic Day, 13 December (1974)
    Constitution field listing
    history: many previous; latest adopted 21 September 1964 (2017)
    amendments: proposals (Acts of Parliament) require at least two-thirds majority vote by the House of Representatives; passage of "Acts" requires majority vote by referendum, followed by final majority vote by the House and assent by the president of the republic; amended many times, last in 2016 (2017)
    International law organization participation field listing
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Malta
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age (16 in local council elections); universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President Marie-Louise Coleiro PRECA (since 4 April 2014)
    head of government: Prime Minister Joseph MUSCAT (since 11 March 2013)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
    elections/appointments: president indirectly elected by the House of Representatives for a single 5-year term; election last held on 4 April 2014 (next to be held by April 2019); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the president for a 5-year term; deputy prime minister appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
    election results: Marie-Louise Coleiro PRECA (PL) elected president; House of Representatives vote - unanimous; Joseph MUSCAT (PL) reappointed prime minister
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral House of Representatives or Il-Kamra Tad-Deputati, a component of the Parliament of Malta (normally 65 seats but can include at-large members; members directly elected in 5 multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms); note - the parliament elected in 2013 had 69 seats; an additional two seats were added in 2016 by the Constitutional Court to correct for mistakes made in the 2013 vote-counting process
    elections: last held on 3 June 2017 (next to be held in 2022); note - Prime Minister MUSCAT called for early elections amid corruption allegations
    election results: percent of vote by party - PL 55%, PN 43.7%, other 1.3%; seats by party - PL 37 PN 30; note - PN was awarded two additional seats for a total of 30 in accordance with the proportionality provisions specified in the constitution; PD candidates ran under the PN list; composition - men 57, women 10, percent of women 14.9%
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Court of Appeal (consists of either 1 or 3 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 3 judges); Court of Criminal Appeal (consists of either 1 or 3 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal and Constitutional Court judges appointed by the president, usually upon the advice of the prime minister; judges of both courts serve until age 65
    subordinate courts: Civil Court (divided into the General Jurisdiction Section, Family Section, and Voluntary Section); Criminal Court; Court of Magistrates; Gozo Courts (for the islands of Gozo and Comino}
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Democratic Party or PD [Anthony BUTTIGIEG]
    Labor Party or PL [Joseph MUSCAT]
    Nationalist Party or PN [Adrian DELIA]
    International organization participation field listing
    Australia Group, C, CD, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina (observer), UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Keith AZZOPARDI (since 17 September 2018)
    chancery: 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 462-3611 through 3612
    FAX: [1] (202) 387-5470
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador G. Kathleen HILL (since 25 February 2016)
    embassy: Ta' Qali National Park, Attard, ATD 4000
    mailing address: 5800 Valletta Place, Dulles, VA 20189
    telephone: [356] 2561-4000
    FAX: [356] 2561-4183
    Flag description field listing
    two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red; according to legend, the colors are taken from the red and white checkered banner of Count Roger of Sicily who removed a bi-colored corner and granted it to Malta in 1091; an uncontested explanation is that the colors are those of the Knights of Saint John who ruled Malta from 1530 to 1798; in 1942, King George VI of the UK awarded the George Cross to the islanders for their exceptional bravery and gallantry in World War II; since independence in 1964, the George Cross bordered in red has appeared directly on the white field
    National symbol(s) field listing
    Maltese eight-pointed cross; national colors: red, white
    National anthem field listing
    name: "L-Innu Malti" (The Maltese Anthem)
    lyrics/music: Dun Karm PSAILA/Robert SAMMUT

    note: adopted 1945; written in the form of a prayer

  • Economy :: Malta
  • Economy - overview field listing

    Malta’s free market economy – the smallest economy in the euro-zone – relies heavily on trade in both goods and services, principally with Europe. Malta produces less than a quarter of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has few domestic energy sources. Malta's economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing, and tourism. Malta joined the EU in 2004 and adopted the euro on 1 January 2008.

    Malta has weathered the euro-zone crisis better than most EU member states due to a low debt-to-GDP ratio and financially sound banking sector. It maintains one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe, and growth has fully recovered since the 2009 recession. In 2014 through 2016, Malta led the euro zone in growth, expanding more than 4.5% per year.

    Malta’s services sector continues to grow, with sustained growth in the financial services and online gaming sectors. Advantageous tax schemes remained attractive to foreign investors, though EU discussions of anti-tax avoidance measures have raised concerns among Malta’s financial services and insurance providers, as the measures could have a significant impact on those sectors. The tourism sector also continued to grow, with 2016 showing record-breaking numbers of both air and cruise passenger arrivals.

    Malta’s GDP growth remains strong and is supported by a strong labor market. The government has implemented new programs, including free childcare, to encourage increased labor participation. The high cost of borrowing and small labor market remain potential constraints to future economic growth. Increasingly, other EU and European migrants are relocating to Malta for employment, though wages have remained low compared to other European countries. Inflation remains low.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $19.26 billion (2017 est.)
    $18.05 billion (2016 est.)
    $17.16 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 152
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $12.58 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    6.7% (2017 est.)
    5.2% (2016 est.)
    9.5% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 28
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $41,900 (2017 est.)
    $40,100 (2016 est.)
    $39,000 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 43
    Gross national saving field listing
    33.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
    31.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
    31.2% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 22
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 45.2% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 15.3% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 21.1% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 136.1% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -117.9% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 1.1% (2017 est.)
    industry: 10.2% (2017 est.)
    services: 88.7% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs
    Industries field listing
    tourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, footwear, clothing, tobacco, aviation services, financial services, information technology services
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    -3.3% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    Labor force field listing
    206,300 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 1.6%
    industry: 20.7%
    services: 77.7% (2016 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    4.6% (2017 est.)
    5.3% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 67
    Population below poverty line field listing
    16.3% (2015 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: NA
    highest 10%: NA
    Distribution of family income - Gini index field listing
    28.1 (2015)
    27.7 (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 5.076 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 4.583 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    40.4% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    3.9% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 9
    Public debt field listing
    50.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
    56.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

    note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central, state, and local governments, and social security funds

    country comparison to the world: 99
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    1.3% (2017 est.)
    0.9% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    Central bank discount rate field listing
    -0.35% (31 December 2016 est.)
    -0.2% (31 December 2015)

    note: this is the European Central Bank's rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area

    country comparison to the world: 162
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    3.7% (31 December 2017 est.)
    5.06% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    Stock of narrow money field listing
    $17.93 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $14.28 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

    note: see entry for the EU for money supply for the entire euro area; the European Central Bank controls monetary policy for the 18 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders

    country comparison to the world: 71
    Stock of broad money field listing
    $17.93 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $14.28 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    Stock of domestic credit field listing
    $13.97 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $11.99 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    Market value of publicly traded shares field listing
    $4.632 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $4.468 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $3.353 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    Current account balance field listing
    $1.712 billion (2017 est.)
    $788 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    Exports field listing
    $3.272 billion (2017 est.)
    $2.493 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Exports - partners field listing
    Germany 17.3%, France 10.2%, Italy 9.4%, Singapore 5.9%, Hong Kong 5.8%, US 5.7%, Japan 4.9%, Libya 4.5% (2017)
    Exports - commodities field listing
    machinery and mechanical appliances; mineral fuels, oils and petroleum products; pharmaceutical products; books and newspapers; aircraft/spacecraft and parts; toys, games, and sports equipment
    Imports field listing
    $4.996 billion (2017 est.)
    $4.965 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    Imports - commodities field listing
    mineral fuels, oils and products; electrical machinery; aircraft/spacecraft and parts thereof; machinery and mechanical appliances; plastic and other semi-manufactured goods; vehicles and parts
    Imports - partners field listing
    Italy 23%, Germany 7.9%, UK 7.7%, Spain 5%, Canada 4.5%, US 4.3%, France 4.2% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $833 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $677.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    Debt - external field listing
    $90.98 billion (September 2016 est.)
    $99.02 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 53
    Stock of direct foreign investment - at home field listing
    $166.1 million (1 June 2016 est.)
    $155.5 million (1 June 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad field listing
    $65.49 million (June 2015 est.)
    $64.77 million (31 June 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    Exchange rates field listing
    euros (EUR) per US dollar -
    0.885 (2017 est.)
    0.903 (2016 est.)
    0.9214 (2015 est.)
    0.885 (2014 est.)
    0.7634 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Malta
  • Electricity access field listing
    electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    Electricity - production field listing
    813 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    2.122 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    Electricity - exports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    Electricity - imports field listing
    1.525 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    575,100 kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    81% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    19% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 162
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 162
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    45,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    10,400 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    52,290 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 79
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    283.2 million cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    311.5 million cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    8.141 million Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
  • Communications :: Malta
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 240,280 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 58 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 560,010 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 135 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: automatic system featuring submarine cable and microwave radio relay between islands (2016)
    domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular subscribership exceeds 185 per 100 persons (2016)
    international: country code - 356; submarine cable connects to Italy; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2016)
    Broadcast media field listing
    2 publicly owned TV stations, Television Malta broadcasting nationally plus an educational channel; several privately owned national television stations, 2 of which are owned by political parties; Italian and British broadcast programs are available; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; publicly owned radio broadcaster operates 3 stations; roughly 20 commercial radio stations (2017)
    Internet country code field listing
    .mt
    Internet users field listing
    total: 320,902 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 77.3% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 181,318 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 44 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
  • Transportation :: Malta
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 9 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 28 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,583,046 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 3.352 million mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    9H (2016)
    Airports field listing
    1 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 228
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 1 (2017)
    over 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    Heliports field listing
    2 (2013)
    Roadways field listing
    total: 3,096 km (2008)
    paved: 2,704 km (2008)
    unpaved: 392 km (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 2,170 (2017)
    by type: bulk carrier 660, container ship 285, general cargo 317, oil tanker 330, other 578 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Marsaxlokk (Malta Freeport), Valletta
    container port(s) (TEUs): Marsaxlokk (3,084,309) (2016)
  • Military and Security :: Malta
  • Military expenditures field listing
    0.53% of GDP (2016)
    0.5% of GDP (2015)
    0.51% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    Military branches field listing
    Armed Forces of Malta (AFM, includes land, maritime, and air elements) (2017)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2017)
  • Transnational Issues :: Malta
  • Disputes - international field listing
    none
    Refugees and internally displaced persons field listing
    stateless persons: 11 (2017)
    Illicit drugs field listing
    minor transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe