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Europe :: Malta
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Malta
  • Introduction :: MALTA

  • Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both world wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964; a decade later it declared itself a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination while its key industries moved toward more service-oriented activities. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.
  • Geography :: MALTA

  • Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
    35 50 N, 14 35 E
    Europe
    total: 316 sq km
    land: 316 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 208
    slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    196.8 km (excludes 56 km for the island of Gozo)
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
    Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
    mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)
    limestone, salt, arable land
    arable land: 28.13%
    permanent crops: 4.06%
    other: 67.81% (2012 est.)
    32 sq km (2007)
    0.05 cu km (2011)
    total: 0.05 cu km/yr (64%/1%/35%)
    per capita: 134.1 cu m/yr (2009)
    NA
    limited natural freshwater resources; increasing reliance on desalination
    party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
  • People and Society :: MALTA

  • noun: Maltese (singular and plural)
    adjective: Maltese
    Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
    Maltese (official) 90.1%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.9% (2005 est.)
    Roman Catholic (official) more than 90% (2011 est.)
    412,655 (July 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 176
    0-14 years: 15.1% (male 32,021/female 30,432)
    15-24 years: 12.6% (male 26,680/female 25,201)
    25-54 years: 40.4% (male 85,109/female 81,577)
    55-64 years: 14% (male 28,751/female 29,113)
    65 years and over: 17.9% (male 32,903/female 40,868) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 45.7%
    youth dependency ratio: 20.9%
    elderly dependency ratio: 24.8%
    potential support ratio: 4% (2014 est.)
    total: 40.9 years
    male: 39.7 years
    female: 42.1 years (2014 est.)
    0.33% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    10.24 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    8.96 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    1.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    urban population: 95.3% of total population (2014)
    rate of urbanization: 0.46% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    VALLETTA (capital) 197,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
    26.9
    note: data refer to the average of the different childbearing ages of first-order births (2010 est.)
    9 deaths/100,000 live births (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    total: 3.59 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 3.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 207
    total population: 80.11 years
    male: 77.8 years
    female: 82.56 years (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    1.54 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    9.1% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    3.23 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
    4.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
    improved:
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0% of population
    rural: 0% of population
    total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0% of population
    rural: 0% of population
    total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    28.8% (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    6.9% of GDP (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 23
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 92.4%
    male: 91.2%
    female: 93.5% (2005 est.)
    total: 14 years
    male: 14 years
    female: 15 years (2012)
    total: 14.2%
    male: 14%
    female: 14.5% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
  • Government :: MALTA

  • conventional long form: Republic of Malta
    conventional short form: Malta
    local long form: Repubblika ta' Malta
    local short form: Malta
    republic
    name: Valletta
    geographic coordinates: 35 53 N, 14 30 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    68 localities (Il-lokalita); Attard, Balzan, Birgu, Birkirkara, Birzebbuga, Bormla, Dingli, Fgura, Floriana, Fontana, Ghajnsielem, Gharb, Gharghur, Ghasri Ghaxaq, Gudja, Gzira, Hamrun, Iklin, Imdina, Imgarr, Imqabba, Imsida, Imtarfa, Isla, Kalkara, Kercem, Kirkop, Lija, Luqa, Marsa, Marsaskala, Marsaxlokk, Mellieha, Mosta, Munxar, Nadur, Naxxar, Paola, Pembroke, Pieta, Qala, Qormi, Qrendi, Rabat, Rabat (Ghawdex), Safi, San Giljan/Saint Julian, San Gwann/Saint John, San Lawrenz/Saint Lawrence, Sannat, San Pawl il-Bahar/Saint Paul's Bay, Santa Lucija/Saint Lucia, Santa Venera/Saint Venera, Siggiewi, Sliema, Swieqi, Tarxien, Ta' Xbiex, Valletta, Xaghra, Xewkija, Xghajra, Zabbar, Zebbug, Zebbug (Ghawdex), Zejtun, Zurrieq
    21 September 1964 (from the UK)
    Independence Day, 21 September (1964); Republic Day, 13 December (1974)
    many previous; latest adopted 21 September 1964; amended many times, last in 2014 (2011)
    mixed legal system of English common law and civil law (based on the Roman and Napoleonic civil codes)
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    18 years of age (16 in Local Council elections); universal
    chief of state: President Marie-Louise Coleiro PRECA (since 4 April 2014)
    head of government: Prime Minister Joseph MUSCAT (since 11 March 2013)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
    elections: president appointed by a resolution of the House of Representatives for a five-year term; appointment last held on 4 April 2014 (next to be held by April 2019); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the president for a five-year term; the deputy prime minister appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
    election results: Marie-Louise Coleiro PRECA appointed president; Joseph MUSCAT elected prime minister
    description: unicameral House of Representatives or Il-Kamra Tad-Deputati (normally 65 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms); note - the parliament elected in 2013 has 69 seats (as per Article 69 of the Constitution)
    elections: last held on 9 March 2013 (next to be held by mid-summer 2018)
    election results: percent of vote by party - PL 54.8%, PN 43.3%, other 1.9%; seats by party - PL 39, PN 30
    highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of either 1 or 3 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 3 judges); Court of Criminal Appeal (consists of either 1 or 3 judges)
    judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal and Constitutional Court judges appointed by the president, usually upon the advice of the prime minister; judges of both courts serve until age 65
    subordinate courts: Civil Court (divided into the General Jurisdiction Section, Family Section, and Voluntary Section); Criminal Court; Court of Magistrates; Gozo Courts (for the islands of Gozo and Comino}
    Alternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD (Green Party) [Arnold CASSOLA]
    Labor Party or PL [Joseph MUSCAT]
    Nationalist Party or PN [Simon BUSUTTIL]
    Alliance of Liberal Democrats Malta (Alleanza Liberali-Demokratika Malta) of ALDM (for divorce, abortion, gay marriage, women's rights)
    Alliance for Change (Alleanza Bidla) (Euroseptic)
    Together for a Better Environment (Flimkien Ghal-Ambjent Ahjar) or FAA (pro-environment)
    other: environmentalists
    Australia Group, C, CD, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina (observer), UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    chief of mission: Ambassador Marisa Maria Louise MICALLEF (since 22 August 2013)
    chancery: 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 462-3611 through 3612
    FAX: [1] (202) 387-5470
    chief of mission: Ambassador Gina ABERCROMBIE-WINSTANLEY (since 18 April 2012)
    embassy: Ta' Qali National Park, Attard, ATD 4000
    mailing address: 5800 Valletta Place, Dulles, VA 20189
    telephone: [356] 2561 4000
    FAX: [356] 2124 3229
    two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red; according to legend, the colors are taken from the red and white checkered banner of Count Roger of Sicily who removed a bi-colored corner and granted it to Malta in 1091; an uncontested explanation is that the colors are those of the Knights of Saint John who ruled Malta from 1530 to 1798; in 1942, King George VI of the United Kingdom awarded the George Cross to the islanders for their exceptional bravery and gallantry in World War II; since independence in 1964, the George Cross bordered in red has appeared directly on the white field
    Maltese eight-pointed cross; national colors: red, white
    name: "L-Innu Malti" (The Maltese Anthem)
    lyrics/music: Dun Karm PSAILA/Robert SAMMUT
    note: adopted 1945; written in the form of a prayer
  • Economy :: MALTA

  • Malta - the smallest economy in the euro zone - produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has few domestic energy sources. Malta's geographic position between Europe and North Africa makes it a target for irregular migration, which has strained Malta's political and economic resources. Malta's fertility rate is below the EU average, and population growth in recent years has largely been from immigration, putting increasing pressure on the pension system. Malta adopted the euro on 1 January 2008. Malta's economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing, and tourism, and was hurt by the global economic downturn, but fared better than most other EU member states. Malta has low unemployment relative to other European countries, and growth has recovered since the 2009 recession. Malta's financial services industry has grown in recent years and it has avoided contagion from the European financial crisis, largely because its debt is mostly held domestically and its banks have low exposure to the sovereign debt of peripheral European countries. In 2013, Malta led the Eurozone in growth, expanding by nearly 3%, but the government continued to garner scrutiny from the EU for skirting the 3% excessive deficit limit.
    $13.38 billion (2014 est.)
    $13.09 billion (2013 est.)
    $12.73 billion (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2014 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 153
    $10.26 billion (2014 est.)
    2.2% (2014 est.)
    2.9% (2013 est.)
    1.1% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
    $31,700 (2014 est.)
    $31,100 (2013 est.)
    $30,500 (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2012 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 53
    17.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
    17.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
    16.2% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 100
    household consumption: 58.2%
    government consumption: 20.8%
    investment in fixed capital: 15.5%
    investment in inventories: 0.9%
    exports of goods and services: 94.5%
    imports of goods and services: -89.8%
    (2014 est.)
    agriculture: 1.6%
    industry: 12.9%
    services: 85.6% (2013 est.)
    potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs
    tourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, footwear, clothing, tobacco, aviation services, financial services, information technology services
    -6.9% (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    190,500 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174
    agriculture: 1.4%
    industry: 22.2%
    services: 76.4% (2013)
    5.9% (2014 est.)
    6.4% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    15.1% (2012)
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    27.9 (2013)
    27.1 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    revenues: $4.129 billion
    expenditures: $4.379 billion (2014 est.)
    40.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    -2.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    75.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
    72.2% of GDP (2013 est.)
    note: Malta reports public debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of the year, according to guidelines set out in the Maastricht Treaty for general government gross debt; the data include the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); general government comprises the central government, state government, local government and social security funds
    country comparison to the world: 34
    calendar year
    1% (2014 est.)
    1% (2013 est.)
    0.75% (31 December 2013)
    1.5% (13 November 2013)
    note: this is the European Central Bank's rate on the marginal lending facility, which offers overnight credit to banks in the euro area
    country comparison to the world: 130
    4% (31 December 2014 est.)
    4.4% (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    $5.574 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $5.738 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    note: see entry for the European Union for money supply for the entire euro area; the European Central Bank (ECB) controls monetary policy for the 18 members of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); individual members of the EMU do not control the quantity of money circulating within their own borders
    country comparison to the world: 95
    $15.44 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    $13.88 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 94
    $13.68 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $14.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    $3.631 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    $3.424 billion (31 December 2011)
    $2.399 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 92
    $28 million (2014 est.)
    $87 million (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 60
    $3.71 billion (2014 est.)
    $3.633 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    machinery and mechanical appliances; mineral fuels, oils and petroleum products; pharmaceutical products; books and newspapers; aircraft/spacecraft and parts; toys, games, and sports equipment
    Germany 12.7%, Singapore 10.2%, France 8.7%, Hong Kong 7.5%, US 5.7%, Italy 5.7%, Japan 4.7%, Libya 4.4% (2013)
    $5.295 billion (2014 est.)
    $6.132 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    mineral fuels, oils and products; electrical machinery; aircraft/spacecraft and parts thereof; machinery and mechanical appliances; plastic and other semi-manufactured goods; vehicles and parts
    Italy 30.3%, Germany 6.9%, UK 6.7%, France 6.1%, Netherlands 4.4% (2013)
    $617.4 million (31 December 2014 est.)
    $596.9 million (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    $51.08 billion (30 September 2013 est.)
    $46.72 billion (31 December 2012)
    country comparison to the world: 64
    $15.17 billion (31 June 2013)
    $16.4 billion (31 December 2012)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    $1.442 billion (31 June 2013 est.)
    $1.471 billion (31 December 2012)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    euros (EUR) per US dollar -
    0.7489 (2014 est.)
    0.7634 (2013 est.)
    0.78 (2012 est.)
    0.7185 (2011 est.)
    0.755 (2010 est.)
  • Energy :: MALTA

  • 2.221 billion kWh (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    2.211 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
    530,000 kW (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    97.5% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    0% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 143
    0% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    2.5% of total installed capacity (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    0 bbl (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 176
    39,450 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 109
    14,410 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    36,480 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    6.564 million Mt (2012 est.)
  • Communications :: MALTA

  • 229,700 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    539,500 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    general assessment: automatic system featuring submarine cable and microwave radio relay between islands
    domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular subscribership exceeds 180 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 356; submarine cable connects to Italy; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)
    2 publicly owned TV stations, Television Malta (TVM) broadcasting nationally plus an educational channel; several privately owned national television stations, two of which are owned by political parties; Italian and British broadcast programs are available; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; publicly owned radio broadcaster operates 1 station; roughly 20 commercial radio stations (2011)
    AM 1, FM 18, shortwave 6 (1999)
    6 (2009)
    .mt
    14,754 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    240,600 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 134
  • Transportation :: MALTA

  • 1 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 225
    total: 1
    over 3,047 m: 1 (2013)
    2 (2013)
    total: 3,096 km
    paved: 2,704 km
    unpaved: 392 km (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    total: 1,650
    by type: bulk carrier 544, cargo 351, carrier 1, chemical tanker 324, container 117, liquefied gas 36, passenger 50, passenger/cargo 18, petroleum tanker 160, refrigerated cargo 7, roll on/roll off 22, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 18
    foreign-owned: 1,437 (Angola 7, Azerbaijan 1, Belgium 7, Bermuda 15, Bulgaria 8, Canada 5, China 6, Croatia 6, Cyprus 32, Denmark 34, Egypt 1, Estonia 16, Finland 3, France 8, Germany 135, Greece 469, Hong Kong 4, India 3, Iran 48, Ireland 4, Israel 3, Italy 45, Japan 5, Kuwait 3, Latvia 8, Lebanon 6, Libya 5, Luxembourg 3, Malaysia 1, Monaco 3, Netherlands 3, Norway 96, Oman 5, Poland 21, Portugal 3, Romania 7, Russia 45, Saudi Arabia 2, Singapore 4, Slovenia 4, South Korea 2, Spain 8, Sweden 1, Switzerland 20, Syria 4, Turkey 233, UAE 1, UK 21, Ukraine 29, US 34)
    registered in other countries: 2 (Panama 2) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 4
    major seaport(s): Marsaxlokk (Malta Freeport), Valletta
    container port(s) (TEUs): Marsaxlokk (2,360,000)
  • Military :: MALTA

  • Armed Forces of Malta (AFM; includes land, maritime, and air elements) (2013)
    18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2014)
    males age 16-49: 95,499
    females age 16-49: 90,919 (2010 est.)
    males age 16-49: 79,645
    females age 16-49: 75,684 (2010 est.)
    male: 2,554
    female: 2,385 (2010 est.)
    0.61% of GDP (2013)
    0.61% of GDP (2012)
    0.61% of GDP (2011)
    0.61% of GDP (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 122
  • Transnational Issues :: MALTA

  • none
    refugees (country of origin): 5,543 (Somalia) (2014)
    minor transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe
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