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Australia - Oceania :: Vanuatu Print
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VANUATU
  • Introduction :: Vanuatu
  • Background field listing
    Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.
  • Geography :: Vanuatu
  • Location field listing
    Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    16 00 S, 167 00 E
    Map references field listing
    Oceania
    Area field listing
    total: 12,189 sq km
    land: 12,189 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    note: includes more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabited

    country comparison to the world: 163
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly larger than Connecticut
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    2,528 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
    Climate field listing
    tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April
    Terrain field listing
    mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
    Elevation field listing
    0 m lowest point: Pacific Ocean
    1877 highest point: Tabwemasana
    Natural resources field listing
    manganese, hardwood forests, fish
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 15.3% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 1.6% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 10.3% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 3.4% (2011 est.)
    forest: 36.1% (2011 est.)
    other: 48.6% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    0 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    three-quarters of the population lives in rural areas; the urban populace lives primarily in two cities, Port-Vila and Lugenville; three largest islands - Espiritu Santo, Malakula, and Efate - accomodate over half of the populace
    Natural hazards field listing

    tropical cyclones (January to April); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began on 27 November 2005, volcanism also causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis

    volcanism: significant volcanic activity with multiple eruptions in recent years; Yasur (361 m), one of the world's most active volcanoes, has experienced continuous activity in recent centuries; other historically active volcanoes include Aoba, Ambrym, Epi, Gaua, Kuwae, Lopevi, Suretamatai, and Traitor's Head

    Environment - current issues field listing
    population growth; water pollution, most of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water; inadequate sanitation; deforestation
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note field listing
    a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes and there are several underwater volcanoes as well
  • People and Society :: Vanuatu
  • Population field listing
    288,037 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)
    adjective: Ni-Vanuatu
    Ethnic groups field listing
    Melanesian 99.2%, non-Melanesian 0.8% (2016 est.)
    Languages field listing
    local languages (more than 100) 63.2%, Bislama (official; creole) 33.7%, English (official) 2%, French (official) 0.6%, other 0.5% (2009 est.)
    Religions field listing
    Protestant 70% (includes Presbyterian 27.9%, Anglican 15.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 12.5%, Assemblies of God 4.7%, Church of Christ 4.5%, Neil Thomas Ministry 3.1%, and Apostolic 2.2%), Roman Catholic 12.4%, customary beliefs 3.7% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 12.6%, none 1.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2009 est.)
    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 34.89% (male 51,313 /female 49,190)
    15-24 years: 20.03% (male 28,631 /female 29,053)
    25-54 years: 35.39% (male 49,803 /female 52,140)
    55-64 years: 5.57% (male 7,973 /female 8,072)
    65 years and over: 4.12% (male 5,968 /female 5,894) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 68.7 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 61.6 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 14.1 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 22.3 years
    male: 21.9 years
    female: 22.7 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 180
    Population growth rate field listing
    1.81% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    Birth rate field listing
    23.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    Death rate field listing
    4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 211
    Net migration rate field listing
    -1.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    Population distribution field listing
    three-quarters of the population lives in rural areas; the urban populace lives primarily in two cities, Port-Vila and Lugenville; three largest islands - Espiritu Santo, Malakula, and Efate - accomodate over half of the populace
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 25.3% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 2.55% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    53,000 PORT-VILA (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    78 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 13.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 14.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 12.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 74 years (2018 est.)
    male: 72.4 years (2018 est.)
    female: 75.7 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Total fertility rate field listing
    2.97 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    Contraceptive prevalence rate field listing
    49% (2013)
    Health expenditures field listing
    5% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    Physicians density field listing
    0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
    Hospital bed density field listing
    1.7 beds/1,000 population (2008)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 98.9% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 92.9% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 94.5% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 7.1% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 5.5% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 65.1% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 55.4% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 57.9% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 34.9% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 44.6% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 42.1% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    NA
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    25.2% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight field listing
    10.7% (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 60
    Education expenditures field listing
    5.5% of GDP (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    Literacy field listing
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
    total population: 85.2% (2015 est.)
    male: 86.6% (2015 est.)
    female: 83.8% (2015 est.)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 10.6% (2009 est.)
    male: 10.2% (2009 est.)
    female: 11.2% (2009 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
  • Government :: Vanuatu
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu
    conventional short form: Vanuatu
    local long form: Ripablik blong Vanuatu
    local short form: Vanuatu
    former: New Hebrides
    etymology: derived from the words "vanua" (home or land) and "tu" (stand) that occur in several of the Austonesian languages spoken on the islands and which provide a meaning of "the land remains" but which also convey a sense of "independence" or "our land"
    Government type field listing
    parliamentary republic
    Capital field listing
    name: Port-Vila (on Efate)
    geographic coordinates: 17 44 S, 168 19 E
    time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions field listing
    6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea, Torba
    Independence field listing
    30 July 1980 (from France and the UK)
    National holiday field listing
    Independence Day, 30 July (1980)
    Constitution field listing
    history: draft completed August 1979, finalized by constitution conference 19 September 1979, ratified by French and British Governments 23 October 1979, effective 30 July 1980 at independence
    amendments: proposed by the prime minister or by the Parliament membership; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote by Parliament in special session with at least three-fourths of the membership; passage of amendments affecting the national and official languages, or the electoral and parliamentary system also requires approval in a referendum; amended several times, last in 2013
    International law organization participation field listing
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Vanuatu; in the case of only one parent, it must be the father who is a citizen
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President Tallis Obed MOSES (since 6 July 2017)
    head of government: Prime Minister Charlot SALWAI (since 11 February 2016)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to parliament
    elections/appointments: president indirectly elected by an electoral college consisting of Parliament and presidents of the 6 provinces; Vanuatu president serves a 5-year term; election last held on 17 June 2017 (next to be held in 2022); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually elected prime minister by parliament from among its members; election for prime minister last held on 11 February 2016 (next to be held following general elections in 2020)
    election results: Baldwin LONSDALE (independent) died suddenly on 17 June 2017; Parliament elected Tallis Obed MOSES on 6 July 2017 with a 39 to 17 vote in the fourth round; Charlot SALWAI elected prime minister on 11 February 2016 with 46 votes
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral Parliament (52 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 22 January 2016 (next to be held in 2020)
    election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - VP 8, PPP 6, UMP 5, GJP 4, NUP 4, IG 3, GC 3, NAG 3, RMC 3, MPP 2, NIPDP 2, PSP 1, VLDP 1, VNP 1, VPDP 1, VRP 1, and independent 4; note - political party associations are fluid

    note: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of culture and language

    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Court of Appeal (consists of 2 or more judges of the Supreme Court designated by the chief justice); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 6 puisne judges - 3 local and 3 expatriate)
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court chief justice appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition; other judges are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission, a 4-member advisory body; judges appointed until age of retirement
    subordinate courts: Magistrates Courts; Island Courts
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Greens Confederation or GC [Moana CARCASSES Kalosil]
    Iauko Group or IG [Tony NARI]
    Land and Justice Party (Graon mo Jastis Pati) or GJP [Ralph REGENVANU]
    Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE]
    Nagriamel movement or NAG [Frankie STEVENS]
    Natatok Indigenous People's Democratic Party or (NATATOK) or NIPDP [Alfred Roland CARLOT]
    National United Party or NUP [Ham LINI]
    People's Progressive Party or PPP [Sato KILMAN]
    People's Service Party or PSP [Don KEN]
    Reunification of Movement for Change or RMC [Charlot SALWAI]
    Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR]
    Vanua'aku Pati (Our Land Party) or VP [Edward NATAPEI]
    Vanuatu Democratic Party [Maxime Carlot KORMAN]
    Vanuatu Liberal Democratic Party or VLDP [Tapangararua WILLIE]
    Vanuatu National Party or VNP [Issac HAMARILIU]
    Vanuatu National Development Party or VNDP [Robert Bohn SIKOL]
    Vanuatu Republican Party or VRP [Marcellino PIPITE]
    International organization participation field listing
    ACP, ADB, AOSIS, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, IOC, IOM, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    none; the Vanuatu Permanent Mission to the UN serves as the Embassy; it is headed by Odo TEVI (since 2014); address: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400B, New York, NY 10017; telephone: [1](212)661-4303; FAX: [1](212)422-2437
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    the US does not have an embassy in Vanuatu; the US Ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to Vanuatu
    Flag description field listing
    two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle); centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele fern fronds, all in yellow; red represents the blood of boars and men, as well as unity, green the richness of the islands, and black the ni-Vanuatu people; the yellow Y-shape - which reflects the pattern of the islands in the Pacific Ocean - symbolizes the light of the Gospel spreading through the islands; the boar's tusk is a symbol of prosperity frequently worn as a pendant on the islands; the fern fronds represent peace

    note: one of several flags where a prominent component of the design reflects the shape of the country; other such flags are those of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, and Eritrea

    National symbol(s) field listing
    boar's tusk with crossed fern fronds; national colors: red, black, green, yellow
    National anthem field listing
    name: "Yumi, Yumi, Yumi" (We, We, We)
    lyrics/music: Francois Vincent AYSSAV

    note: adopted 1980; the anthem is written in Bislama, a Creole language that mixes Pidgin English and French

  • Economy :: Vanuatu
  • Economy - overview field listing

    This South Pacific island economy is based primarily on small-scale agriculture, which provides a living for about two thirds of the population. Fishing, offshore financial services, and tourism, with more than 330,000 visitors in 2017, are other mainstays of the economy. Tourism has struggled after Efate, the most populous and most popular island for tourists, was damaged by Tropical Cyclone Pam in 2015. Ongoing infrastructure difficulties at Port Vila’s Bauerfield Airport have caused air travel disruptions, further hampering tourism numbers. Australia and New Zealand are the main source of tourists and foreign aid. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits.

    Economic development is hindered by dependence on relatively few commodity exports, vulnerability to natural disasters, and long distances from main markets and between constituent islands. In response to foreign concerns, the government has promised to tighten regulation of its offshore financial center.

    Since 2002, the government has stepped up efforts to boost tourism through improved air connections, resort development, and cruise ship facilities. Agriculture, especially livestock farming, is a second target for growth.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $772 million (2017 est.)
    $740.9 million (2016 est.)
    $716.1 million (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 207
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $870 million (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    4.2% (2017 est.)
    3.5% (2016 est.)
    0.2% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $2,700 (2017 est.)
    $2,700 (2016 est.)
    $2,700 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 196
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 59.9% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 17.4% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 28.7% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 42.5% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -48.5% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 27.3% (2017 est.)
    industry: 11.8% (2017 est.)
    services: 60.8% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, fruits, vegetables; beef; fish
    Industries field listing
    food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    4.5% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Labor force field listing
    115,900 (2007 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 65%
    industry: 5%
    services: 30% (2000 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    1.7% (1999 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    Population below poverty line field listing
    NA
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: NA
    highest 10%: NA
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 236.7 million (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 244.1 million (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    27.2% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -0.9% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    Public debt field listing
    48.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
    46.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    3.1% (2017 est.)
    0.8% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    Central bank discount rate field listing
    20% (31 December 2010)
    6% (31 December 2009)
    country comparison to the world: 6
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    3.2% (31 December 2017 est.)
    2.95% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Stock of narrow money field listing
    $424.7 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $379.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Stock of broad money field listing
    $424.7 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $379.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 177
    Stock of domestic credit field listing
    $494 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $463.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 178
    Market value of publicly traded shares field listing

    NA

    Current account balance field listing
    -$13 million (2017 est.)
    -$37 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Exports field listing
    $44.7 million (2017 est.)
    $53.5 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    Exports - partners field listing
    Philippines 23.9%, Australia 16.5%, US 10.4%, Japan 8.8%, Venezuela 8%, France 4.8%, Fiji 4.5%, Hong Kong 4.4% (2017)
    Exports - commodities field listing
    copra, beef (veal), cocoa, timber, kava, coffee, coconut oil, shell, cowhides, coconut meal, fish
    Imports field listing
    $273.7 million (2017 est.)
    $308.5 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 206
    Imports - commodities field listing
    machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels
    Imports - partners field listing
    Russia 35.2%, Australia 19.8%, NZ 9.8%, China 6.3%, Fiji 5.5% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $395.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $267.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    Debt - external field listing
    $200.5 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $182.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    Stock of direct foreign investment - at home field listing
    $590.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $535.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad field listing
    $22.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $22.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    Exchange rates field listing
    vatu (VUV) per US dollar -
    109.7 (2017 est.)
    112.28 (2016 est.)
    108.48 (2015 est.)
    108.99 (2014 est.)
    97.07 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Vanuatu
  • Electricity access field listing
    population without electricity: 202,614 (2012)
    electrification - total population: 27% (2012)
    electrification - urban areas: 55% (2012)
    electrification - rural areas: 18% (2012)
    Electricity - production field listing
    63 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    58.59 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    Electricity - exports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 214
    Electricity - imports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 215
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    37,000 kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    71% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 207
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 211
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    29% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 213
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 211
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 210
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 213
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    1,100 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 215
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    1,073 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 211
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    164,800 Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 203
  • Communications :: Vanuatu
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 3,499 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 207
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 228,016 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 81 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 180
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: telecom services have progressed significantly in recent years; mobile phones are now the primary means of communication and more than 90% of the population is covered by a mobile network (2016)
    domestic: 2016 saw the launch of LTE services by Digicel and the introduction of rural satellite broadband services by Kacific; mobile phone use in some rural areas is constrained by electricity shortages (2016)
    international: country code - 678; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2016)
    Broadcast media field listing
    1 state-owned TV station; multi-channel pay TV is available; state-owned Radio Vanuatu operates 2 radio stations; 2 privately owned radio broadcasters; programming from multiple international broadcasters is available (2008)
    Internet country code field listing
    .vu
    Internet users field listing
    total: 66,613 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 24% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 5,841 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 2 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
  • Transportation :: Vanuatu
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 1 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 6 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 287,526 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 1,510,732 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    YJ (2016)
    Airports field listing
    31 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 3 (2013)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 28 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 7 (2013)
    under 914 m: 21 (2013)
    Roadways field listing
    total: 1,070 km (2000)
    paved: 256 km (2000)
    unpaved: 814 km (2000)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 421 (2017)
    by type: bulk carrier 22, container ship 1, general cargo 27, other 371 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 44
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Forari Bay, Luganville (Santo, Espiritu Santo), Port-Vila
  • Military and Security :: Vanuatu
  • Military branches field listing
    no regular military forces; Vanuatu Police Force (VPF), Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF; includes Police Maritime Wing (PMW)) (2013)
  • Transnational Issues :: Vanuatu
  • Disputes - international field listing
    Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by Vanuatu and France