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Europe :: Norway
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Norway
  • Introduction :: NORWAY

  • Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994; conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, Norway abandoned neutrality and became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country's extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.
  • Geography :: NORWAY

  • Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden
    62 00 N, 10 00 E
    Europe
    total: 323,802 sq km
    land: 304,282 sq km
    water: 19,520 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 68
    slightly larger than New Mexico
    total: 2,566 km
    border countries (3): Finland 709 km, Sweden 1,666 km, Russia 191 km
    25,148 km (includes mainland 2,650 km, as well as long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 22,498 km; length of island coastlines 58,133 km)
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    contiguous zone: 10 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast
    glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north
    lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
    highest point: Galdhopiggen 2,469 m
    petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower
    agricultural land: 2.7%
    arable land 2.2%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0.5%
    forest: 27.8%
    other: 69.5% (2011 est.)
    1,149 sq km (2007)
    382 cu km (2011)
    total: 2.94 cu km/yr (28%/43%/29%)
    per capita: 622.4 cu m/yr (2006)
    rockslides, avalanches
    volcanism: Beerenberg (elev. 2,227 m) on Jan Mayen Island in the Norwegian Sea is the country's only active volcano
    water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much-indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of the most rugged and longest coastlines in the world
  • People and Society :: NORWAY

  • noun: Norwegian(s)
    adjective: Norwegian
    Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 est.)
    Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
    note: Sami is an official language in nine municipalities
    Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 82.1%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.3%, Roman Catholic 1.8%, other 2.4%, unspecified 7.5% (2011 est.)
    5,207,689 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    0-14 years: 18.08% (male 482,945/female 458,735)
    15-24 years: 12.99% (male 347,535/female 329,113)
    25-54 years: 40.91% (male 1,096,539/female 1,033,879)
    55-64 years: 11.69% (male 308,142/female 300,895)
    65 years and over: 16.32% (male 387,333/female 462,573) (2015 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 52.2%
    youth dependency ratio: 27.3%
    elderly dependency ratio: 24.9%
    potential support ratio: 4% (2015 est.)
    total: 39.1 years
    male: 38.2 years
    female: 39.9 years (2014 est.)
    1.13% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    12.14 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    8.12 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    7.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 18
    urban population: 80.5% of total population (2015)
    rate of urbanization: 1.35% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    OSLO (capital) 986,000 (2015)
    at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
    total: 2.48 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 2.79 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 2.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 222
    total population: 81.7 years
    male: 79.7 years
    female: 83.81 years (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
    1.86 children born/woman (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    88.4%
    note: percent of women aged 20-44 (2005)
    9.6% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 40
    4.28 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
    3.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    improved:
    urban: 100% of population
    rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 0% of population
    rural: 0% of population
    total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 98% of population
    rural: 98.3% of population
    total: 98.1% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 2% of population
    rural: 1.7% of population
    total: 1.9% of population (2015 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    24.8% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    6.6% of GDP (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    total: 17 years
    male: 17 years
    female: 18 years (2012)
    total: 8.6%
    male: 10%
    female: 7.2% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 109
  • Government :: NORWAY

  • conventional long form: Kingdom of Norway
    conventional short form: Norway
    local long form: Kongeriket Norge
    local short form: Norge
    constitutional monarchy
    name: Oslo
    geographic coordinates: 59 55 N, 10 45 E
    time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    19 counties (fylker, singular - fylke); Akershus, Aust-Agder, Buskerud, Finnmark, Hedmark, Hordaland, More og Romsdal, Nordland, Nord-Trondelag, Oppland, Oslo, Ostfold, Rogaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Sor-Trondelag, Telemark, Troms, Vest-Agder, Vestfold
    Bouvet Island, Jan Mayen, Svalbard
    7 June 1905 (Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved); 26 October 1905 (Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union)
    Constitution Day, 17 May (1814)
    drafted spring 1814, adopted 16 May 1814, signed by Constituent Assembly 17 May 1814; amended many times, last in 2014 (2015)
    mixed legal system of civil, common, and customary law; Supreme Court can advise on legislative acts
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: King HARALD V (since 17 January 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS, son of the monarch (born 20 July 1973)
    head of government: Prime Minister Erna SOLBERG (since 16 October 2013)
    cabinet: State Council appointed by the monarch, approved by Parliament
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; following parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the monarch with the approval of the parliament
    description: unicameral Parliament or Storting (169 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 9 September 2013 (next to be held in September 2017)
    election results: percent of vote by party - Ap 30.8%, H 26.3%, FrP 16.3%, KrF 5.6%, Sp 5.5%, V 5.2%, SV 4.1%, MDG 2.8, other 2.7%; seats by party - Ap 55, H 48, FrP 29, Sp 10, KrF 10, V 9, SV 7, MDG 1
    highest court(s): Supreme Court or Hoyesterett (consists of the chief justice and 18 associate justices)
    judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the monarch (King in Council) upon the recommendation of the Judicial Appointments Board; justice retirement mandatory at age 70
    subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal or Lagmensrett; regional and district courts; Conciliation Boards; ordinary and special courts; note - in addition to professionally trained judges, elected lay judges sit on the bench with professional judges in the Courts of Appeal and district courts
    Center Party or Sp [Trygve Slagsvold VEDUM]
    Christian Democratic Party or KrF [Knut Arild HAREIDE]
    Conservative Party or H [Erna SOLBERG]
    Green Party or MDG [Rasmus NANSSON]
    Labor Party or Ap [Jonas Gahr STOHRE]
    Liberal Party or V [Trine SKEI-GRANDE]
    Progress Party or FrP [Siv JENSEN]
    Socialist Left Party or SV [Audun LYSBAKKEN]
    Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (Naeringslivets Hovedorganisasjon) or NHO [President Tore ULSTEIN; CEO Kristin SKOGEN LUND]
    Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge) or LO [Gerd KRISTIANSEN]
    other: environmental groups; media; digital privacy movements
    ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, EITI (implementing country), ESA, FAO, FATF, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMISS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
    chief of mission: Ambassador Kare Reidar AAS (since 22 August 2013)
    chancery: 2720 34th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 333-6000
    FAX: [1] (202) 459-3990
    consulate(s) general: Houston, New York, San Francisco
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Julie FURUTA-TOY (since 27 September 2013)
    embassy: Henrik Ibsens gate 48, 0244 Oslo; note - the embassy will move to Huseby in the near future
    mailing address: PSC 69, Box 1000, APO AE 09707
    telephone: [47] 21-30-85-40
    FAX: [47] 22-44-33-63, 22-56-27-51
    red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors recall Norway's past political unions with Denmark (red and white) and Sweden (blue)
    lion; national colors: red, white, blue
    name: "Ja, vi elsker dette landet" (Yes, We Love This Country)
    lyrics/music: lyrics/music: Bjornstjerne BJORNSON/Rikard NORDRAAK
    note: adopted 1864; in addition to the national anthem, "Kongesangen" (Song of the King), which uses the tune of "God Save the Queen," serves as the royal anthem
  • Economy :: NORWAY

  • The Norwegian economy is a prosperous mixed economy, with a vibrant private sector, a large state sector, and an extensive social safety net. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector, through extensive regulation and large-scale state-majority-owned enterprises. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on the petroleum sector, which accounts for the largest portion of export revenue and about 30% of government revenue. Norway is the world's third-largest natural gas exporter; and seventh largest oil exporter, making one of its largest offshore oil finds in 2011. Norway opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994; nonetheless, as a member of the European Economic Area, it contributes sizably to the EU budget. In anticipation of eventual declines in oil and gas production, Norway saves state revenue from the petroleum sector in the world's largest sovereign wealth fund, valued at over $870 billion in December 2014 and annually uses up to 4% of the fund, it’s projected long term return, to help finance public expenses. After solid GDP growth in 2004-07, the economy slowed in 2008, and contracted in 2009, before returning to positive growth in 2010-14. Nevertheless, the government budget remains in surplus. Lower oil prices in 2015 may cause the economy to contract as higher costs production costs in the North Sea deter investment.
    $345.2 billion (2014 est.)
    $337.6 billion (2013 est.)
    $335.1 billion (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2014 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 50
    $500.2 billion (2014 est.)
    2.2% (2014 est.)
    0.7% (2013 est.)
    2.7% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    $66,900 (2014 est.)
    $65,500 (2013 est.)
    $65,000 (2012 est.)
    note: data are in 2014 US dollars
    country comparison to the world: 12
    37.2% of GDP (2014 est.)
    38.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
    39% of GDP (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 15
    household consumption: 41.1%
    government consumption: 21.3%
    investment in fixed capital: 22.3%
    investment in inventories: 3.8%
    exports of goods and services: 39%
    imports of goods and services: -27.6%
    (2014 est.)
    agriculture: 1.7%
    industry: 41.8%
    services: 56.5% (2014 est.)
    barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish
    petroleum and gas, shipping, fishing, aquaculture, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles
    0.8% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    2.724 million (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    agriculture: 2.2%
    industry: 20.2%
    services: 77.6% (2012)
    3.5% (2014 est.)
    3.5% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 28
    NA%
    lowest 10%: 3.9%
    highest 10%: 21% (2008)
    26.8 (2010)
    25.8 (1995)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    revenues: $294.3 billion
    expenditures: $230.5 billion (2014 est.)
    57.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 5
    12.5% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 4
    29.6% of GDP (2014 est.)
    29.7% of GDP (2013 est.)
    note: data cover general government debt, and includes debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data exclude treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions
    country comparison to the world: 129
    calendar year
    2% (2014 est.)
    2.1% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    6.25% (31 December 2010)
    1.75% (31 December 2009)
    country comparison to the world: 60
    2.5% (31 December 2014 est.)
    2.5% (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 179
    $146.1 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $144.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    $323.9 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $310 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    $731.1 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $689.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    $252.9 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    $219.2 billion (31 December 2011)
    $250.9 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    $42.33 billion (2014 est.)
    $57.39 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    $150.2 billion (2014 est.)
    $158.3 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish
    UK 24.5%, Netherlands 13.1%, Germany 12.9%, France 6.6%, Sweden 5.8%, US 4.5% (2013)
    $91.03 billion (2014 est.)
    $92.83 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs
    Sweden 13.3%, Germany 12.4%, China 9.1%, UK 6.3%, Denmark 6.1%, US 5.9% (2013)
    $58.28 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    $720.6 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
    $595.7 billion (31 December 2011)
    note: Norway is a net external creditor
    country comparison to the world: 19
    $294.2 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $282.5 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 21
    $279.6 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $271.6 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    Norwegian kroner (NOK) per US dollar -
    6.163 (2014 est.)
    5.876 (2013 est.)
    5.82 (2012 est.)
    5.6065 (2011 est.)
    6.0442 (2010 est.)
  • Energy :: NORWAY

  • 134 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 28
    119.5 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    15.14 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    10.21 billion kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 22
    31.76 million kW (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    4.6% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 153
    93.2% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    2.2% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    1.817 million bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    1.303 million bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 14
    28,090 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    5.825 billion bbl (1 January 2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 22
    328,700 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 41
    222,600 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    349,600 bbl/day (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    91,980 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    108.7 billion cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 8
    5.94 billion cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    102.8 billion cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 3
    2 million cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    2.09 trillion cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 18
    41.06 million Mt (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
  • Communications :: NORWAY

  • total subscriptions: 1.16 million
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 22 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    total: 5.9 million
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 115 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    general assessment: modern in all respects; one of the most advanced telecommunications networks in Europe
    domestic: Norway has a domestic satellite system; the prevalence of rural areas encourages the wide use of mobile-cellular systems
    international: country code - 47; 2 buried coaxial cable systems; submarine cables provide links to other Nordic countries and Europe; satellite earth stations - NA Eutelsat, NA Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions); note - Norway shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden) (2011)
    state-owned public radio-TV broadcaster operates 3 nationwide TV stations, 3 nationwide radio stations, and 16 regional radio stations; roughly a dozen privately owned television stations broadcast nationally and roughly another 25 local TV stations broadcasting; nearly 75% of households have access to multi-channel cable or satellite TV; 2 privately owned radio stations broadcast nationwide and another 240 stations operate locally (2008)
    AM 5, FM 160, shortwave 1 (2008)
    69 (2008)
    .no
    total: 4.9 million
    percent of population: 96.2% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
  • Transportation :: NORWAY

  • 95 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    total: 67
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 14
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
    914 to 1,523 m: 22
    under 914 m: 21 (2013)
    total: 28
    914 to 1,523 m: 6
    under 914 m:
    22 (2013)
    1 (2013)
    condensate 578 km; condensate/gas 220 km; gas 8,044 km; oil 3,794 km; oil/gas/water 457 km; water 96 km (2013)
    total: 4,250 km
    standard gauge: 4,250 km 1.435-m gauge (2,518 km electrified) (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    total: 93,870 km (includes 393 km of expressways)
    paved: 75,754 km
    unpaved: 18,116 km (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    1,577 km (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    total: 585
    by type: bulk carrier 55, cargo 105, carrier 5, chemical tanker 121, combination ore/oil 12, liquefied gas 47, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 121, petroleum tanker 54, refrigerated cargo 9, roll on/roll off 4, vehicle carrier 49
    foreign-owned: 81 (Bermuda 24, Canada 1, Cyprus 1, Denmark 7, France 5, Iceland 2, Lithuania 1, Saudi Arabia 3, Sweden 27, US 10)
    registered in other countries: 974 (Antigua and Barbuda 9, Bahamas 186, Barbados 38, Belize 2, Bermuda 5, Brazil 3, Canada 4, Chile 1, Comoros 1, Cook Islands 8, Croatia 2, Curacao 2, Cyprus 14, Denmark 2, Dominica 1, Equatorial Guinea 1, Estonia 2, Faroe Islands 13, Gibraltar 46, Hong Kong 48, Indonesia 3, Isle of Man 30, Italy 6, Liberia 38, Libya 1, Malta 96, Marshall Islands 75, Netherlands 19, Panama 81, Portugal 2, Saint Kitts and Nevis 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 13, Singapore 153, Spain 10, Sweden 3, UK 32, US 17, Vanuatu 1, unknown 3) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 19
    major seaport(s): Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture
    LNG terminal(s) (export): Kamoy, Kollsnes, Melkoya Island
    LNG terminal(s) (import): Fredrikstad, Mosjoen
  • Military :: NORWAY

  • Norwegian Army (Haeren), Royal Norwegian Navy (Kongelige Norske Sjoeforsvaret, RNoN; includes Coastal Rangers and Coast Guard (Kystvakt)), Royal Norwegian Air Force (Kongelige Norske Luftforsvaret, RNoAF), Home Guard (Heimevernet, HV) (2013)
    19-35 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 years of age in wartime; 17 years of age for male volunteers; 18 years of age for women; 1-year service obligation followed by 4-5 refresher training periods through ages 35-60, totalling 18 months (2012)
    males age 16-49: 1,079,043
    females age 16-49: 1,051,210 (2010 est.)
    males age 16-49: 888,761
    females age 16-49: 865,697 (2010 est.)
    male: 32,290
    female: 30,777 (2010 est.)
    1.4% of GDP (2012)
    1.47% of GDP (2011)
    1.4% of GDP (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 72
  • Transnational Issues :: NORWAY

  • Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission; Norway and Russia signed a comprehensive maritime boundary agreement in 2010
    refugees (country of origin): 8,901 (Somalia); 11,202 (Eritrea); 5,190 (Iraq); 5,454 (Afghanistan) (2014)
    stateless persons: 1,997 (2014)
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