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South America :: Suriname Print
Page last updated on October 09, 2020
  • Introduction :: Suriname
  • Background field listing
    First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of African slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. The Netherlands granted the colony independence in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared Suriname a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party coalition - returned to power in 1991. The coalition expanded to eight parties in 2005 and ruled until August 2010, when voters returned former military leader Desire BOUTERSE and his opposition coalition to power. President BOUTERSE was reelected unopposed in 2015.
  • Geography :: Suriname
  • Location field listing
    Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    4 00 N, 56 00 W
    Map references field listing
    South America
    Area field listing
    total: 163,820 sq km
    land: 156,000 sq km
    water: 7,820 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 93
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly larger than Georgia
    Area comparison map: Area comparison map
    Land boundaries field listing
    total: 1,907 km
    border countries (3): Brazil 515 km, French Guiana 556 km, Guyana 836 km
    Coastline field listing
    386 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Climate field listing
    tropical; moderated by trade winds
    Terrain field listing
    mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps
    Elevation field listing
    mean elevation: 246 m
    lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m
    highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m
    Natural resources field listing
    timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 0.5% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 0.4% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0.1% (2011 est.)
    forest: 94.6% (2011 est.)
    other: 4.9% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    570 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    population concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated
    Natural hazards field listing
    Environment - current issues field listing
    deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities
    Environment - international agreements field listing
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note field listing
    smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast
  • People and Society :: Suriname
  • Population field listing
    609,569 (July 2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Surinamer(s)
    adjective: Surinamese
    Ethnic groups field listing
    Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 27.4%, "Maroon" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 21.7%, Creole (mixed white and black) 15.7%, Javanese 13.7%, mixed 13.4%, other 7.6%, unspecified 0.6% (2012 est.)
    Languages field listing
    Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is the native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
    Religions field listing
    Protestant 23.6% (includes Evangelical 11.2%, Moravian 11.2%, Reformed .7%, Lutheran .5%), Hindu 22.3%, Roman Catholic 21.6%, Muslim 13.8%, other Christian 3.2%, Winti 1.8%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 1.7%, none 7.5%, unspecified 3.2% (2012 est.)
    Demographic profile field listing

    Suriname is a pluralistic society consisting primarily of Creoles (persons of mixed African and European heritage), the descendants of escaped African slaves known as Maroons, and the descendants of Indian and Javanese (Indonesian) contract workers. The country overall is in full, post-industrial demographic transition, with a low fertility rate, a moderate mortality rate, and a rising life expectancy. However, the Maroon population of the rural interior lags behind because of lower educational attainment and contraceptive use, higher malnutrition, and significantly less access to electricity, potable water, sanitation, infrastructure, and health care.

    Some 350,000 people of Surinamese descent live in the Netherlands, Suriname's former colonial ruler. In the 19th century, better-educated, largely Dutch-speaking Surinamese began emigrating to the Netherlands. World War II interrupted the outflow, but it resumed after the war when Dutch labor demands grew - emigrants included all segments of the Creole population. Suriname still is strongly influenced by the Netherlands because most Surinamese have relatives living there and it is the largest supplier of development aid. Other emigration destinations include French Guiana and the United States. Suriname's immigration rules are flexible, and the country is easy to enter illegally because rainforests obscure its borders. Since the mid-1980s, Brazilians have settled in Suriname's capital, Paramaribo, or eastern Suriname, where they mine gold. This immigration is likely to slowly re-orient Suriname toward its Latin American roots.

    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 23.38% (male 72,642/female 69,899)
    15-24 years: 17.2% (male 53,427/female 51,438)
    25-54 years: 44.09% (male 136,889/female 131,868)
    55-64 years: 8.78% (male 26,435/female 27,066)
    65 years and over: 6.55% (male 17,437/female 22,468) (2020 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 51.1
    youth dependency ratio: 40.3
    elderly dependency ratio: 10.8
    potential support ratio: 9.3 (2020 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 31 years
    male: 30.6 years
    female: 31.4 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    Population growth rate field listing
    0.95% (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    Birth rate field listing
    14.9 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    Death rate field listing
    6.2 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
    Net migration rate field listing
    0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Population distribution field listing
    population concentrated along the nothern coastal strip; the remainder of the country is sparsely populated
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 66.1% of total population (2020)
    rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    239,000 PARAMARIBO (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    120 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 22.1 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 25.8 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 18.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 73.3 years
    male: 70.8 years
    female: 75.9 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Total fertility rate field listing
    1.86 children born/woman (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    Contraceptive prevalence rate field listing
    47.6% (2010)
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 98.2% of population
    rural: 92% of population
    total: 96.6% of population
    unimproved: urban: 1.8% of population
    rural: 8% of population
    total: 3.4% of population (2017 est.)
    Current Health Expenditure field listing
    6.2% (2017)
    Physicians density field listing
    1.23 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
    Hospital bed density field listing
    3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 98.5% of population
    rural: 88.2% of population
    total: 95% of population
    unimproved: urban: 1.5% of population
    rural: 11.8% of population
    total: 5% of population (2017 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    1.4% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    5,600 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    <100 (2018 est.)
    Major infectious diseases field listing
    degree of risk: very high (2020)
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate field listing
    26.4% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight field listing
    6.4% (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    Education expenditures field listing
    Literacy field listing
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 94.4%
    male: 96.1%
    female: 92.7% (2018)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 13.4%
    male: 9%
    female: 21.9% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
  • Government :: Suriname
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Republic of Suriname
    conventional short form: Suriname
    local long form: Republiek Suriname
    local short form: Suriname
    former: Netherlands Guiana, Dutch Guiana
    etymology: name may derive from the indigenous "Surinen" people who inhabited the area at the time of European contact
    Government type field listing
    presidential republic
    Capital field listing
    name: Paramaribo
    geographic coordinates: 5 50 N, 55 10 W
    time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    etymology: the name may be the corruption of a Carib (Kalina) village or tribe named Parmirbo
    Administrative divisions field listing
    10 districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt); Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica
    Independence field listing
    25 November 1975 (from the Netherlands)
    National holiday field listing
    Independence Day, 25 November (1975)
    Constitution field listing
    history: previous 1975; latest ratified 30 September 1987, effective 30 October 1987
    amendments: proposed by the National Assembly; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of the total membership; amended 1992
    International law organization participation field listing
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship field listing
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Suriname
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President Chandrikapersad SANTOKHI (since 16 July 2020); Vice President Ronnie BRUNSWIJK (since 16 July 2020); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Chandrikapersad SANTOKHI (since 16 July 2020); Vice President Ronnie BRUNSWIJK (since 16 July 2020)
    cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president and vice president indirectly elected by the National Assembly; president and vice president serve a 5-year term (no term limits); election last held on 13 July 2020 (next to be held in May 2025)
    election results: Chandrikapersad SANTOKHI elected president unopposed; National Assembly vote - NA
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by party-list proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)
    elections: last held on 25 May 2020 (next to be held May 2025)
    election results: percent of vote by party - VHP 41.1%, NDP 29.4%, ABOP 17.6%, NPS 7.8%, other 3.9%; seats by party - VHP 21, NDP 15, ABOP 9, NPS 4, other 2
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: High Court of Justice of Suriname (consists of the court president, vice president, and 4 judges); note - appeals beyond the High Court are referred to the Caribbean Court of Justice; human rights violations can be appealed to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights with judgments issued by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights
    judge selection and term of office: court judges appointed by the national president in consultation with the National Assembly, the State Advisory Council, and the Order of Private Attorneys; judges serve for life
    subordinate courts: cantonal courts
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Alternative Combination or A-Com (coalition includes ABOP, KTPI, Party for Democracy and Development)
    Brotherhood and Unity in Politics or BEP [Celsius WATERBERG]
    Democratic Alternative '91 or DA91 [Angelique DEL CASTILLO]
    General Liberation and Development Party or ABOP [Ronnie BRUNSWIJK}
    National Democratic Party or NDP [Desire Delano BOUTERSE]
    National Party of Suriname or NPS [Gregory RUSLAND]
    Party for Democracy and Development in Unity or DOE [Carl BREEVELD]
    Party for National Unity and Solidarity or KTPI [Willy SOEMITA]
    People's Alliance (Pertjaja Luhur) or PL [Paul SOMOHARDJO]
    Progressive Workers' and Farmers' Union or PALU [Jim HOK]
    Progressive Reform Party or VHP [Chandrikapersad SANTOKHI]
    Reform and Renewal Movement or HVB
    Surinamese Labor Party or SPA [Guno CASTELEN]
    International organization participation field listing
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    Ambassador Niermala Sakoentala BADRISING (since 21 July 2017)
    chancery: 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 460, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 244-7488
    FAX: [1] (202) 244-5878
    consulate(s) general: Miami
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    chief of mission: Ambassador Karen Lynn WILLIAMS (since 20 November 2018)
    telephone: [597] 472-900
    embassy: 165 Kristalstraat, Paramaribo
    mailing address: US Department of State, PO Box 1821, Paramaribo
    FAX: [597] 410-972
    Flag description field listing
    five horizontal bands of green (top, double width), white, red (quadruple width), white, and green (double width); a large, yellow, five-pointed star is centered in the red band; red stands for progress and love, green symbolizes hope and fertility, white signifies peace, justice, and freedom; the star represents the unity of all ethnic groups; from its yellow light the nation draws strength to bear sacrifices patiently while working toward a golden future
    National symbol(s) field listing
    royal palm, faya lobi (flower); national colors: green, white, red, yellow
    National anthem field listing
    name: "God zij met ons Suriname!" (God Be With Our Suriname)
    lyrics/music: Cornelis Atses HOEKSTRA and Henry DE ZIEL/Johannes Corstianus DE PUY

    note: adopted 1959; originally adapted from a Sunday school song written in 1893 and contains lyrics in both Dutch and Sranang Tongo

  • Economy :: Suriname
  • Economy - overview field listing

    Suriname’s economy is dominated by the mining industry, with exports of oil and gold accounting for approximately 85% of exports and 27% of government revenues. This makes the economy highly vulnerable to mineral price volatility. The worldwide drop in international commodity prices and the cessation of alumina mining in Suriname significantly reduced government revenue and national income during the past few years. In November 2015, a major US aluminum company discontinued its mining activities in Suriname after 99 years of operation. Public sector revenues fell, together with exports, international reserves, employment, and private sector investment.

    Economic growth declined annually from just under 5% in 2012 to -10.4% in 2016. In January 2011, the government devalued the currency by 20% and raised taxes to reduce the budget deficit. Suriname began instituting macro adjustments between September 2015 and 2016; these included another 20% currency devaluation in November 2015 and foreign currency interventions by the Central Bank until March 2016, after which time the Bank allowed the Surinamese dollar (SRD) to float. By December 2016, the SRD had lost 46% of its value against the dollar. Depreciation of the Surinamese dollar and increases in tariffs on electricity caused domestic prices in Suriname to rise 22.0% year-over-year by December 2017.

    Suriname's economic prospects for the medium-term will depend on its commitment to responsible monetary and fiscal policies and on the introduction of structural reforms to liberalize markets and promote competition. The government's over-reliance on revenue from the extractive sector colors Suriname's economic outlook. Following two years of recession, the Fitch Credit Bureau reported a positive growth of 1.2% in 2017 and the World Bank predicted 2.2% growth in 2018. Inflation declined to 9%, down from 55% in 2016 , and increased gold production helped lift exports. Yet continued budget imbalances and a heavy debt and interest burden resulted in a debt-to-GDP ratio of 83% in September 2017. Purchasing power has fallen rapidly due to the devalued local currency. The government has announced its intention to pass legislation to introduce a new value-added tax in 2018. Without this and other measures to strengthen the country’s fiscal position, the government may face liquidity pressures.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $8.688 billion (2017 est.)
    $8.526 billion (2016 est.)
    $8.988 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 162
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $3.419 billion (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    1.9% (2017 est.)
    -5.1% (2016 est.)
    -2.6% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $14,900 (2017 est.)
    $14,800 (2016 est.)
    $15,900 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 114
    Gross national saving field listing
    46.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
    55.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
    53.6% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 4
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 27.6% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 11.7% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 52.5% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 26.5% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 68.9% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -60.6% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 11.6% (2017 est.)
    industry: 31.1% (2017 est.)
    services: 57.4% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    rice, bananas, seabob shrimp, yellow-fin tuna, vegetables
    Industries field listing
    gold mining, oil, lumber, food processing, fishing
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    1% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
    Labor force field listing
    144,000 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 177
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 11.2%
    industry: 19.5%
    services: 69.3% (2010)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    8.9% (2017 est.)
    9.7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    Population below poverty line field listing
    70% (2002 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: NA
    highest 10%: NA
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 560.7 million (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 827.8 million (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    16.4% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -7.8% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 197
    Public debt field listing
    69.3% of GDP (2017 est.)
    75.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    22% (2017 est.)
    55.5% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 216
    Current account balance field listing
    -$2 million (2017 est.)
    -$169 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    Exports field listing
    $2.028 billion (2017 est.)
    $1.449 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    Exports - partners field listing
    Switzerland 38%, Hong Kong 21.9%, Belgium 10.1%, UAE 7.2%, Guyana 6.1% (2017)
    Exports - commodities field listing
    alumina, gold, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas
    Imports field listing
    $1.293 billion (2017 est.)
    $1.203 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 177
    Imports - commodities field listing
    capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods
    Imports - partners field listing
    US 30.6%, Netherlands 14.8%, Trinidad and Tobago 11.4%, China 7.6% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold field listing
    $424.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $381.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 158
    Debt - external field listing
    $1.7 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $1.436 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    Exchange rates field listing
    Surinamese dollars (SRD) per US dollar -
    7.53 (2017 est.)
    6.229 (2016 est.)
    6.229 (2015 est.)
    3.4167 (2014 est.)
    3.3 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Suriname
  • Electricity access field listing
    electrification - total population: 87.2% (2016)
    electrification - urban areas: 96.4% (2016)
    electrification - rural areas: 69.3% (2016)
    Electricity - production field listing
    1.967 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    1.75 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 144
    Electricity - exports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    Electricity - imports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 206
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    504,000 kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 149
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    61% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    38% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    2% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    Crude oil - production field listing
    17,000 bbl/day (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    820 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    84.2 million bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    7,571 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    13,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    14,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    10,700 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 202
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 203
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    2.075 million Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
  • Communications :: Suriname
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 88,098
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 15 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 144
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 752,270
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 126 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 164
    Telecommunication systems field listing
    general assessment: international facilities are good; state-owned fixed-line teledensity and broadband services below regional average for Latin America and Caribbean, but mobile penetration is above regional average; fixed-line effective along the coastline and poor in the interior; competition in the mobile sector (2020)
    domestic: fixed-line 15 per 100 and mobile-cellular teledensity 126 telephones per 100 persons; microwave radio relay network is in place (2018)
    international: country code - 597; landing point for the SG-SCS submarine cable linking South America with the Caribbean; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2019)
    note: the COVID-19 outbreak is negatively impacting telecommunications production and supply chains globally; consumer spending on telecom devices and services has also slowed due to the pandemic's effect on economies worldwide; overall progress towards improvements in all facets of the telecom industry - mobile, fixed-line, broadband, submarine cable and satellite - has moderated
    Broadcast media field listing
    2 state-owned TV stations; 1 state-owned radio station; multiple private radio and TV stations (2019)
    Internet country code field listing
    Internet users field listing
    total: 292,685
    percent of population: 48.95% (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 166
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 73,176
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 12 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
  • Military and Security :: Suriname
  • Military and security forces field listing
    Suriname Army (National Leger, NL): Army, Navy, Air Force, Military Police (2020)
    Military and security service personnel strengths field listing
    the Suriname Army is comprised of approximately 1,800 active personnel (ground, air, naval, and military police) (2019 est.)
    Military equipment inventories and acquisitions field listing
    the Suriname Army inventory includes a mix of equipment from several foreign suppliers, including Brazil, China, India, and the US; since 2010, Suriname has received small quantities of military hardware from Colombia, France, India, and the US (2019 est.)
    Military service age and obligation field listing
    18 is the legal minimum age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2019)
  • Transportation :: Suriname
  • National air transport system field listing
    number of registered air carriers: 2 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 5 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 259,682 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 29,324,319 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix field listing
    PZ (2016)
    Airports field listing
    55 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 6 (2019)
    over 3,047 m: 1
    under 914 m: 5
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 49 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2013)
    under 914 m: 45 (2013)
    Pipelines field listing
    50 km oil (2013)
    Roadways field listing
    total: 4,304 km (2003)
    paved: 1,119 km (2003)
    unpaved: 3,185 km (2003)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    Waterways field listing
    1,200 km (most navigable by ships with drafts up to 7 m) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    Merchant marine field listing
    total: 10
    by type: general cargo 5, oil tanker 3, other 2 (2019)
    country comparison to the world: 155
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Paramaribo, Wageningen
  • Transnational Issues :: Suriname
  • Disputes - international field listing

    area claimed by French Guiana between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa); Suriname claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers in a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Guyana seeks UN Convention on the Law of the Sea arbitration to resolve the longstanding dispute with Suriname over the axis of the territorial sea boundary in potentially oil-rich waters

    Trafficking in persons field listing
    current situation: Suriname is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children subjected to sex trafficking and men, women, and children subjected to forced labor; women and girls from Suriname, Guyana, Brazil, and the Dominican Republic are subjected to sex trafficking in the country, sometimes in interior mining camps; migrant workers in agriculture and on fishing boats and children working in informal urban sectors and gold mines are vulnerable to forced labor; traffickers from Suriname exploit victims in the Netherlands
    tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List – Suriname does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; in 2014, Suriname was granted a waiver from an otherwise required downgrade to Tier 3 because its government has a written plan that, if implemented, would constitute making significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; authorities increased the number of trafficking investigations, prosecutions, and convictions as compared to 2013, but resources were insufficient to conduct investigations in the country’s interior; more trafficking victims were identified in 2014 than in 2013, but protective services for adults and children were inadequate, with a proposed government shelter for women and child trafficking victims remaining unopened (2015)
    Illicit drugs field listing
    growing transshipment point for South American drugs destined for Europe via the Netherlands and Brazil; transshipment point for arms-for-drugs dealing