North America :: BERMUDA
  • Introduction :: BERMUDA

  • Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists heading for Virginia. Self-governing since 1620, Bermuda is the oldest and most populous of the British overseas territories. Vacationing to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has also developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. A referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated in 1995.
  • Geography :: BERMUDA

  • North America, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, east of South Carolina (US)
    32 20 N, 64 45 W
    North America
    total: 54 sq km
    land: 54 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 233
    about one-third the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    103 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter
    low hills separated by fertile depressions
    mean elevation: NA
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Town Hill 79 m
    limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
    agricultural land: 14.8%
    arable land 14.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
    forest: 20%
    other: 65.2% (2011 est.)
    NA
    relatively even population distribution throughout
    hurricanes (June to November)
    dense population and heavy vehicle traffic create serious congestion and air pollution problems; water resources scarce (most obtained as rainwater or from wells); solid waste disposal; hazardous waste disposal; sewage disposal; overfishing; oil spills
    consists of about 138 coral islands and islets with ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; some land was leased by the US Government from 1941 to 1995
  • People and Society :: BERMUDA

  • 70,864 (July 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 203
    noun: Bermudian(s)
    adjective: Bermudian
    black 53.8%, white 31%, mixed 7.5%, other 7.1%, unspecified 0.6% (2010 est.)
    English (official), Portuguese
    Protestant 46.2% (includes Anglican 15.8%, African Methodist Episcopal 8.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 6.7, Pentecostal 3.5%, Methodist 2.7%, Presbyterian 2.0%, Church of God 1.6%, Baptist 1.2%, Salvation Army 1.1%, Brethren 1.0%, other Protestant 2.0%), Roman Catholic 14.5%, Jehovah's Witness 1.3%, other Christian 9.1%, Muslim 1%, other 3.9%, none 17.8%, unspecified 6.2% (2010 est.)
    0-14 years: 17.04% (male 6,104/female 5,974)
    15-24 years: 12% (male 4,300/female 4,207)
    25-54 years: 37.24% (male 13,230/female 13,163)
    55-64 years: 15.73% (male 5,244/female 5,902)
    65 years and over: 17.98% (male 5,395/female 7,345) (2017 est.)
    total: 43.4 years
    male: 41.5 years
    female: 45.3 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
    0.45% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    11.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 50
    relatively even population distribution throughout
    urban population: 100% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: -0.44% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    HAMILTON (capital) 10,000 (2018)
    at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 219
    total population: 81.4 years
    male: 78.2 years
    female: 84.6 years (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    1.93 children born/woman (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    NA
    NA
    NA
    1.5% of GDP (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    total: 12 years
    male: 11 years
    female: 12 years (2015)
    total: 29.3%
    male: 29.7%
    female: 29% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 37
  • Government :: BERMUDA

  • conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Bermuda
    former: Somers Islands
    etymology: the islands making up Bermuda are named after Juan de BERMUDEZ, an early 16th century Spanish sea captain and the first European explorer of the archipelago
    overseas territory of the UK
    parliamentary democracy (Parliament); self-governing overseas territory of the UK
    name: Hamilton
    geographic coordinates: 32 17 N, 64 47 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
    9 parishes and 2 municipalities*; Devonshire, Hamilton, Hamilton*, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George*, Saint George's, Sandys, Smith's, Southampton, Warwick
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Bermuda Day, 24 May; note - formerly known as Victoria Day, Empire Day, and Commonwealth Day
    history: several previous (dating to 1684); latest entered into force 8 June 1968 (Bermuda Constitution Order 1968)
    amendments: proposal procedure - NA; passage by an Order in Council in the UK; amended several times, last in 2012 (2018)
    English common law
    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the UK
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor John RANKIN (since 5 December 2016)
    head of government: Premier David BURT (since 19 July 2017)
    cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed premier by the governor
    description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
    Senate (11 seats; 3 members appointed by the governor, 5 by the premier, and 3 by the opposition party; members serve 5-year terms) and the House of Assembly (36 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve up to 5-year terms)
    House of Assembly (36 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve up to 5-year terms)
    elections:
    House of Assembly - last held on 18 July 2017 (next to be held not later than 2022)
    election results:
    percent of vote by party - PLP 58.9%, OBA 40.6%, other 0.5%; seats by party - PLP 24, OBA 12
    highest resident court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and at least 2 justices); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice, 4 puisne judges, and 1 associate justice); note - the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London is the court of final appeal
    judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal justice appointed by the governor; justice tenure by individual appointment; Supreme Court judges nominated by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission and appointed by the governor; judge tenure based on terms of appointment
    subordinate courts: commercial court (began in 2006); magistrates' courts
    One Bermuda Alliance or OBA (vacant)
    Progressive Labor Party or PLP [E. David BURT]
    Caricom (associate), ICC (NGOs), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, ITUC (NGOs), UPU, WCO
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    chief of mission: Consul General Mary Ellen KOENIG (since 28 November 2015)
    consulate(s) general: Crown Hill, 16 Middle Road, Devonshire DVO3
    mailing address: P. O. Box HM325, Hamilton HMBX; American Consulate General Hamilton, US Department of State, 5300 Hamilton Place, Washington, DC 20520-5300
    telephone: [1] (441) 295-1342
    FAX: [1] (441) 295-1592, 296-9233
    red, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Bermudian coat of arms (a white shield with a red lion standing on a green grassy field holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture off Bermuda in 1609) centered on the outer half of the flag; it was the shipwreck of the vessel, filled with English colonists originally bound for Virginia, that led to the settling of Bermuda
    note: the flag is unusual in that it is only British overseas territory that uses a red ensign, all others use blue
    red lion
    name: "Hail to Bermuda"
    lyrics/music: Bette JOHNS
    note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
  • Economy :: BERMUDA

  • International business, which consists primarily of insurance and other financial services, is the real bedrock of Bermuda's economy, consistently accounting for about 85% of the island's GDP. Tourism is the country’s second largest industry, accounting for about 5% of Bermuda's GDP but a much larger share of employment. Over 80% of visitors come from the US and the sector struggled in the wake of the global recession of 2008-09. Even the financial sector has lost roughly 5,000 high-paying expatriate jobs since 2008, weighing heavily on household consumption and retail sales. Bermuda must import almost everything. Agriculture and industry are limited due to the small size of the island.
    Bermuda's economy returned to negative growth in 2016, reporting a contraction of 0.1% GDP, after growing by 0.6% in 2015. Unemployment reached 7% in 2016 and 2017, public debt is growing and exceeds $2.4 billion, and the government continues to work on attracting foreign investment. Still, Bermuda enjoys one of the highest per capita incomes in the world.
    $6.127 billion (2016 est.)
    $6.133 billion (2015 est.)
    $6.097 billion (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    $6.127 billion (2016 est.)
    -0.1% (2016 est.)
    0.6% (2015 est.)
    -0.3% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 202
    $99,400 (2016 est.)
    $95,500 (2015 est.)
    $87,500 (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 6
    household consumption: 54.2%
    government consumption: 16.3%
    investment in fixed capital: 13.1%
    investment in inventories: 0%
    exports of goods and services: 50.4%
    imports of goods and services: -34% (2017 est.)
    agriculture: 0.8%
    industry: 5.8%
    services: 93.3% (2017 est.)
    bananas, vegetables, citrus, flowers; dairy products, honey
    international business, tourism, light manufacturing
    2.3% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    33,480 (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 203
    agriculture: 2%
    industry: 13%
    services: 85% (2016 est.)
    7% (2017 est.)
    7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    11% (2008 est.)
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $1.013 billion
    expenditures: $1.16 billion (2017 est.)
    16.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    -2.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 106
    43% of GDP (FY14/15)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    1 April - 31 March
    1.6% (2017 est.)
    1.4% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    $3.374 billion (30 September 2014 est.)
    $3.422 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    note: figures do not include US dollars, which also circulate freely
    country comparison to the world: 113
    $22.1 billion (30 September 2014 est.)
    $25.1 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    $NA
    $1.85 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $1.601 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    $1.467 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    $20 million (2017 est.)
    $19 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 211
    reexports of pharmaceuticals
    Jamaica 49.1%, Luxembourg 36.1%, US 4.9% (2017)
    $979.5 million (2017 est.)
    $951 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    clothing, fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, chemicals, food and live animals
    US 72.1%, South Korea 9.7%, Canada 4.2% (2017)
    $2.515 billion (2017 est.)
    $2.435 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    $2.641 billion (2014 est.)
    $2.664 billion (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    $889 million (2014 est.)
    $835 million (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    Bermudian dollars (BMD) per US dollar -
    1 (2017 est.)
    1 (2016 est.)
    1 (2015 est.)
    1 (2014 est.)
    1 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: BERMUDA

  • electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
    662 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    615.7 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 105
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
    171,000 kW (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 167
    100% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 49
    0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
    0% of total installed capacity
    note: the Tynes Bay Waste Treatment Facility turns waste to electric energy (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    3,300 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    2,968 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 180
    0 cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
    0 cu m (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    0 cu m (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    600,000 Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174
  • Communications :: BERMUDA

  • total subscriptions: 21,883
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 31 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    total subscriptions: 64,997
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 92 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    general assessment: a good, fully automatic digital telephone system with fiber-optic trunk lines
    domestic: the system has a high fixed-line teledensity coupled with a mobile-cellular teledensity of roughly 125 per 100 persons
    international: country code - 1-441; landing points for the GlobeNet, Gemini Bermuda, CBUS, and the Challenger Bermuda-1 (CB-1) submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 (2015)
    3 TV stations; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; roughly 13 radio stations operating (2012)
    .bm
    total: 69,126
    percent of population: 98.0% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
  • Transportation :: BERMUDA

  • VP-B (2016)
    1 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    total: 1
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    total: 447 km
    paved: 447 km
    note: 225 km public roads; 222 km private roads (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    total: 160
    by type: bulk carrier 10, container ship 8, general cargo 1, oil tanker 18, other 123 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    major seaport(s): Hamilton, Ireland Island, Saint George
  • Military and Security :: BERMUDA

  • Bermuda Regiment (2012)
    18-45 years of age for voluntary male or female enlistment in the Bermuda Regiment; males must register at age 18 and may be subject to conscription; term of service is 38 months for volunteers or conscripts (2012)
    defense is the responsibility of the UK
  • Transnational Issues :: BERMUDA

  • none