Central America :: Dominica
  • Introduction :: Dominica
  • Background:
    Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which colonized the island in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. On 18 September 2017, Hurricane Maria passed over the island causing extensive damage to structures, roads, communications, and the power supply, and largely destroying critical agricultural areas.
    DOMINICA SUMMARY: PDF
  • Geography :: Dominica
  • Location:
    Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about halfway between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago
    Geographic coordinates:
    15 25 N, 61 20 W
    Map references:
    Central America and the Caribbean
    Area:
    total: 751 sq km
    land: 751 sq km
    water: NEGL
    country comparison to the world: 189
    Area - comparative:
    slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC
    Land boundaries:
    0 km
    Coastline:
    148 km
    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    Climate:
    tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
    Terrain:
    rugged mountains of volcanic origin
    Elevation:
    0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
    1447 highest point: Morne Diablotins
    Natural resources:
    timber, hydropower, arable land
    Land use:
    agricultural land: 34.7% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 8% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 24% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 2.7% (2011 est.)
    forest: 59.2% (2011 est.)
    other: 6.1% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land:
    NA
    Population distribution:
    population is mosly clustered along the coast, with roughly a third living in the parish of St. George, in or around the capital of Roseau; the volcanic interior is sparsely populated
    Natural hazards:

    flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months

    volcanism: Dominica was the last island to be formed in the Caribbean some 26 million years ago, it lies in the middle of the volcanic island arc of the Lesser Antilles that extends from the island of Saba in the north to Grenada in the south; of the 16 volcanoes that make up this arc, five are located on Dominica, more than any other island in the Caribbean: Morne aux Diables (861 m), Morne Diablotins (1,430 m), Morne Trois Pitons (1,387 m), Watt Mountain (1,224 m), which last erupted in 1997, and Morne Plat Pays (940 m); the two best known volcanic features on Dominica, the Valley of Desolation and the Boiling Lake thermal areas, lie on the flanks of Watt Mountain and both are popular tourist destinations

    Environment - current issues:
    water shortages a continuing concern; pollution from agrochemicals and from untreated sewage; forests endangered by the expansion of farming; soil erosion; pollution of the coastal zone by agricultural and industrial chemicals, and untreated sewage
    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note:
    known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world
  • People and Society :: Dominica
  • Population:
    74,027 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 202
    Nationality:
    noun: Dominican(s)
    adjective: Dominican
    Ethnic groups:
    black 86.6%, mixed 9.1%, indigenous 2.9%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (2001 est.)
    Languages:
    English (official), French patois
    Religions:
    Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 28.6% (includes Evangelical 6.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 6.1%, Pentecostal 5.6%, Baptist 4.1%, Methodist 3.7%, Church of God 1.2%, other 1.2%), Rastafarian 1.3%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 0.3%, none 6.1%, unspecified 1.1% (2001 est.)
    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 21.62% (male 8,187 /female 7,815)
    15-24 years: 14.37% (male 5,473 /female 5,167)
    25-54 years: 42.59% (male 15,985 /female 15,541)
    55-64 years: 9.99% (male 3,927 /female 3,470)
    65 years and over: 11.43% (male 3,814 /female 4,648) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Median age:
    total: 34 years
    male: 33.5 years
    female: 34.5 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    Population growth rate:
    0.17% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    Birth rate:
    15 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    Death rate:
    7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 92
    Net migration rate:
    -5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    Population distribution:
    population is mosly clustered along the coast, with roughly a third living in the parish of St. George, in or around the capital of Roseau; the volcanic interior is sparsely populated
    Urbanization:
    urban population: 70.5% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 0.94% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population:
    15,000 ROSEAU (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 1.15 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Infant mortality rate:
    total: 10.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 13.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 6.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 77.4 years (2018 est.)
    male: 74.4 years (2018 est.)
    female: 80.5 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    Total fertility rate:
    2.03 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Health expenditures:
    5.5% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Hospital bed density:
    3.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)
    Drinking water source:
    improved: urban: 95.7% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access:
    improved: urban: 79.6% of population (2007 est.)
    rural: 84.3% of population (2007 est.)
    total: 81.1% of population (2007 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 20.4% of population (2007 est.)
    rural: 15.7% of population (2007 est.)
    total: 18.9% of population (2007 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - deaths:
    NA
    Major infectious diseases:

    note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
    27.9% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    Education expenditures:
    3.4% of GDP (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    People - note:
    3,000-3,500 Kalinago (Carib) still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the Caribbean; only 70-100 may be "pure" Kalinago because of years of integration into the broader population
  • Government :: Dominica
  • Country name:
    conventional long form: Commonwealth of Dominica
    conventional short form: Dominica
    etymology: the island was named by explorer Christopher COLUMBUS for the day of the week on which he spotted it, Sunday ("Domingo" in Latin), 3 November 1493
    Government type:
    parliamentary republic
    Capital:
    name: Roseau
    geographic coordinates: 15 18 N, 61 24 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions:
    10 parishes; Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Luke, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick, Saint Paul, Saint Peter
    Independence:
    3 November 1978 (from the UK)
    National holiday:
    Independence Day, 3 November (1978)
    Constitution:
    history: previous 1967 (preindependence); latest presented 25 July 1978, entered into force 3 November 1978 (2018)
    amendments: proposed by the House of Assembly; passage of amendments to constitutional sections such as fundamental rights and freedoms, the government structure, and constitutional amendment procedures requires approval by three-fourths of the Assembly membership in the final reading of the amendment bill, approval by simple majority in a referendum, and assent to by the president; amended several times, last in 2015 (2018)
    International law organization participation:
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship:
    citizenship by birth: yes
    citizenship by descent only: yes
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
    Suffrage:
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Charles A. SAVARIN (since 2 October 2013)
    head of government: Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 January 2004)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
    elections/appointments: president nominated by the prime minister and leader of the opposition party and elected by the House of Assembly for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 1 October 2018 (next to be held in October 2023); prime minister appointed by the president
    election results: Charles A. SAVARIN (DLP) reelected president unopposed
    Legislative branch:
    description: unicameral House of Assembly (32 seats; 21 representatives directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, 9 senators appointed by the Assembly, and 2 ex-officio members - the House Speaker and the Clerk of the House; members serve 5-year terms)
    elections: last held on 8 December 2014 (next to be held in 2019); note - tradition dictates that the election is held within 5 years of the last election, but technically it is 5 years from the first seating of parliament plus a 90-day grace period
    election results: percent of vote by party - DLP 57.0%, UWP 42.9%, other 0.1%; seats by party - DLP 15, UWP 6
    Judicial branch:
    highest courts: the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the superior court of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States; the ECSC - headquartered on St. Lucia - consists of the Court of Appeal - headed by the chief justice and 4 judges - and the High Court with 18 judges; the Court of Appeal is itinerant, travelling to member states on a schedule to hear appeals from the High Court and subordinate courts; High Court judges reside at the member states with 2 in Dominica; note - in 2015, Dominica acceded to the Caribbean Court of Justice as final court of appeal, replacing that of the Judicial Commmitte of the Privy Council in London
    judge selection and term of office: chief justice of Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court appointed by the Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, an independent body of judicial officials; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62
    subordinate courts: Court of Summary Jurisdiction; magistrates' courts
    Political parties and leaders:
    Dominica Freedom Party or DFP [Judith PESTAINA]
    Dominica Labor Party or DLP [Roosevelt SKERRIT]
    Dominica United Workers Party or UWP [Lennox LINTON]
    International organization participation:
    ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CD, CDB, CELAC, Commonwealth of Nations, ECCU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Vince HENDERSON (since 18 January 2017)
    chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
    telephone: [1] (202) 364-6781
    FAX: [1] (202) 364-6791
    consulate(s) general: New York
    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    the US does not have an embassy in Dominica; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Dominica
    Flag description:
    green with a centered cross of three equal bands - the vertical part is yellow (hoist side), black, and white and the horizontal part is yellow (top), black, and white; superimposed in the center of the cross is a red disk bearing a Sisserou parrot, unique to Dominica, encircled by 10 green, five-pointed stars edged in yellow; the 10 stars represent the 10 administrative divisions (parishes); green symbolizes the island's lush vegetation; the triple-colored cross represents the Christian Trinity; the yellow color denotes sunshine, the main agricultural products (citrus and bananas), and the native Carib Indians; black is for the rich soil and the African heritage of most citizens; white signifies rivers, waterfalls, and the purity of aspirations; the red disc stands for social justice
    National symbol(s):
    Sisserou parrot, Carib Wood flower; national colors: green, yellow, black, white, red
    National anthem:
    name: Isle of Beauty
    lyrics/music: Wilfred Oscar Morgan POND/Lemuel McPherson CHRISTIAN

    note: adopted 1967

  • Economy :: Dominica
  • Economy - overview:
    The Dominican economy was dependent on agriculture - primarily bananas - in years past, but increasingly has been driven by tourism, as the government seeks to promote Dominica as an "ecotourism" destination. However, Hurricane Maria, which passed through the island in September 2017, destroyed much of the country’s agricultural sector and caused damage to all of the country’s transportation and physical infrastructure. Before Hurricane Maria, the government had attempted to foster an offshore financial industry and planned to sign agreements with the private sector to develop geothermal energy resources. At a time when government finances are fragile, the government’s focus has been to get the country back in shape to service cruise ships. The economy contracted in 2015 and recovered to positive growth in 2016 due to a recovery of agriculture and tourism. Dominica suffers from high debt levels, which increased from 67% of GDP in 2010 to 77% in 2016. Dominica is one of five countries in the East Caribbean that have citizenship by investment programs whereby foreigners can obtain passports for a fee and revenue from this contribute to government budgets.
    GDP (purchasing power parity):
    $783 million (2017 est.)
    $821.5 million (2016 est.)
    $800.4 million (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 206
    GDP (official exchange rate):
    $557 million (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate:
    -4.7% (2017 est.)
    2.6% (2016 est.)
    -3.7% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 217
    GDP - per capita (PPP):
    $11,000 (2017 est.)
    $11,600 (2016 est.)
    $11,300 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 136
    Gross national saving:
    10.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
    20% of GDP (2016 est.)
    14.3% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    GDP - composition, by end use:
    household consumption: 60.6% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 26.2% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 21.5% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 54.4% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -62.7% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
    agriculture: 22.3% (2017 est.)
    industry: 12.6% (2017 est.)
    services: 65.1% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products:
    bananas, citrus, mangos, root crops, coconuts, cocoa

    note: forest and fishery potential not exploited

    Industries:
    soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes
    Industrial production growth rate:
    -13% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Labor force:
    25,000 (2000 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    Labor force - by occupation:
    agriculture: 40%
    industry: 32%
    services: 28% (2002 est.)
    Unemployment rate:
    23% (2000 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    Population below poverty line:
    29% (2009 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share:
    lowest 10%: NA
    highest 10%: NA
    Budget:
    revenues: 227.8 million (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 260.4 million (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues:
    40.9% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
    -5.9% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    Public debt:
    82.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
    71.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    Fiscal year:
    1 July - 30 June
    Inflation rate (consumer prices):
    0.6% (2017 est.)
    0% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 32
    Central bank discount rate:
    6.5% (31 December 2010)
    6.5% (31 December 2009)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    Commercial bank prime lending rate:
    8.08% (31 December 2017 est.)
    8.28% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Stock of narrow money:
    $113.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $112 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 188
    Stock of broad money:
    $113.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $112 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 193
    Stock of domestic credit:
    $182.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $195.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    Current account balance:
    -$70 million (2017 est.)
    $5 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    Exports:
    $28 million (2017 est.)
    $43.7 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 206
    Exports - partners:
    Saudi Arabia 42.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 9.3%, Jamaica 8.1%, St. Kitts and Nevis 7.1%, Guyana 6.7% (2017)
    Exports - commodities:
    bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit, oranges
    Imports:
    $206.6 million (2017 est.)
    $188.4 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 209
    Imports - commodities:
    manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, food, chemicals
    Imports - partners:
    US 61.3%, Trinidad and Tobago 9.8% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
    $212.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $221.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    Debt - external:
    $280.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    $314.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
    $372.7 million (31 December 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 132
    Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
    $220,000 (31 December 2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    Exchange rates:
    East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
    2.7 (2017 est.)
    2.7 (2016 est.)
    2.7 (2015 est.)
    2.7 (2014 est.)
    2.7 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Dominica
  • Electricity access:
    population without electricity: 5,900 (2012)
    electrification - total population: 93% (2012)
    electrification - urban areas: 99% (2012)
    electrification - rural areas: 80% (2012)
    Electricity - production:
    111.4 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Electricity - consumption:
    103.6 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    Electricity - exports:
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    Electricity - imports:
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    Electricity - installed generating capacity:
    27,800 kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    Electricity - from fossil fuels:
    72% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 79
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
    25% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    Electricity - from other renewable sources:
    3% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    Crude oil - production:
    0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
    Crude oil - exports:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    Crude oil - imports:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    Crude oil - proved reserves:
    0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    Refined petroleum products - production:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    Refined petroleum products - consumption:
    1,300 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 203
    Refined petroleum products - exports:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Refined petroleum products - imports:
    1,237 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Natural gas - production:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    Natural gas - consumption:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 140
    Natural gas - exports:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    Natural gas - imports:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 117
    Natural gas - proved reserves:
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
    199,600 Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 200
  • Communications :: Dominica
  • Telephones - fixed lines:
    total subscriptions: 13,328 (July 2016 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 18 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    Telephones - mobile cellular:
    total subscriptions: 78,444 (July 2016 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 106 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    Telephone system:
    general assessment: fully automatic network; there are multiple operators licensed to provide services, most of them are small and localised; the telecom sector across the Caribbean region remains one of the key growth areas (2017)
    domestic: fixed-line connections continued to decline slowly with the two active operators providing about 18 fixed-line connections per 100 persons; subscribership among the three mobile-cellular providers is about 106 per 100 persons (2017)
    international: country code - 1-767; landing points for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and the Global Caribbean Network (GCN) submarine cables providing connectivity to other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay and SHF radiotelephone links to Martinique and Guadeloupe; VHF and UHF radiotelephone links to Saint Lucia (2016)
    Broadcast media:
    no terrestrial TV service available; subscription cable TV provider offers some locally produced programming plus channels from the US, Latin America, and the Caribbean; state-operated radio broadcasts on 6 stations; privately owned radio broadcasts on about 15 stations (2007)
    Internet country code:
    .dm
    Internet users:
    total: 49,439 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 67% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions:
    total: 15,487 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 21 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
  • Transportation :: Dominica
  • National air transport system:
    number of registered air carriers: 0 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 0 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 0 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 0 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
    J7 (2016)
    Airports:
    2 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 2 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2017)
    Roadways:
    total: 1,512 km (2010)
    paved: 762 km (2010)
    unpaved: 750 km (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 177
    Merchant marine:
    total: 76 (2017)
    by type: general cargo 24, oil tanker 15, other 37 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 101
    Ports and terminals:
    major seaport(s): Portsmouth, Roseau
  • Military and Security :: Dominica
  • Military branches:
    no regular military forces; Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2012)
  • Transnational Issues :: Dominica
  • Disputes - international:
    Dominica is the only Caribbean state to challenge Venezuela's sovereignty claim over Aves Island and joins the other island nations in challenging whether the feature sustains human habitation, a criterion under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ and continental shelf claims over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
    Illicit drugs:
    transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; minor cannabis producer