Central America :: Honduras
  • Introduction :: Honduras
  • Background:
    Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.
    HONDURAS SUMMARY: PDF
  • Geography :: Honduras
  • Location:
    Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua
    Geographic coordinates:
    15 00 N, 86 30 W
    Map references:
    Central America and the Caribbean
    Area:
    total: 112,090 sq km
    land: 111,890 sq km
    water: 200 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Area - comparative:
    slightly larger than Tennessee
    Area comparison map: Area comparison map
    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,575 km
    border countries (3): Guatemala 244 km, El Salvador 391 km, Nicaragua 940 km
    Coastline:
    823 km (Caribbean Sea 669 km, Gulf of Fonseca 163 km)
    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
    Climate:
    subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
    Terrain:
    mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains
    Elevation:
    mean elevation: 684 m
    elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
    2870 highest point: Cerro Las Minas
    Natural resources:
    timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
    Land use:
    agricultural land: 28.8% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 9.1% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 4% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 15.7% (2011 est.)
    forest: 45.3% (2011 est.)
    other: 25.9% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land:
    900 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution:
    most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area
    Natural hazards:
    frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast
    Environment - current issues:
    urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, with heavy metals
    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note:
    has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast
  • People and Society :: Honduras
  • Population:
    9,182,766 (July 2018 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

    country comparison to the world: 95
    Nationality:
    noun: Honduran(s)
    adjective: Honduran
    Ethnic groups:
    mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
    Languages:
    Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects
    Religions:
    Roman Catholic 46%, Protestant 41%, atheist 1%, other 2%, none 9% (2014 est.)
    Demographic profile:

    Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has one of the world's highest murder rates. More than half of the population lives in poverty and per capita income is one of the lowest in the region. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras' industries and infrastructure are concentrated. The increased productivity needed to break Honduras' persistent high poverty rate depends, in part, on further improvements in educational attainment. Although primary-school enrollment is near 100%, educational quality is poor, the drop-out rate and grade repetition remain high, and teacher and school accountability is low.

    Honduras' population growth rate has slowed since the 1990s, but it remains high at nearly 2% annually because the birth rate averages approximately three children per woman and more among rural, indigenous, and poor women. Consequently, Honduras' young adult population - ages 15 to 29 - is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. Population growth and limited job prospects outside of agriculture will continue to drive emigration. Remittances represent about a fifth of GDP.

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 32.37% (male 1,518,526 /female 1,453,891)
    15-24 years: 20.88% (male 977,899 /female 939,490)
    25-54 years: 37.07% (male 1,724,257 /female 1,679,694)
    55-64 years: 5.27% (male 229,066 /female 255,169)
    65 years and over: 4.41% (male 174,771 /female 230,003) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios:
    total dependency ratio: 59.8 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 52.7 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 14.2 (2015 est.)
    Median age:
    total: 23.3 years
    male: 23 years
    female: 23.7 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    Population growth rate:
    1.56% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Birth rate:
    22 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Death rate:
    5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    Net migration rate:
    -1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    Population distribution:
    most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area
    Urbanization:
    urban population: 57.1% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 2.75% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population:
    1.363 million TEGUCIGALPA (capital), 851,000 San Pedro Sula (2018)
    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth:
    20.4 years (2011/12 est.)

    note: median age a first birth among women 25-29

    Maternal mortality rate:
    129 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Infant mortality rate:
    total: 16.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 18.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 14.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 71.3 years (2018 est.)
    male: 69.6 years (2018 est.)
    female: 73 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    Total fertility rate:
    2.61 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Contraceptive prevalence rate:
    73.2% (2011/12)
    Health expenditures:
    8.7% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    Hospital bed density:
    0.7 beds/1,000 population (2014)
    Drinking water source:
    improved: urban: 97.4% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 83.8% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 91.2% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 2.6% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 16.2% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 8.8% of population (2015 est.)
    Sanitation facility access:
    improved: urban: 86.7% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 77.7% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 82.6% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 13.3% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 22.3% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 17.4% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
    0.3% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
    22,000 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 80
    HIV/AIDS - deaths:
    1,000 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Major infectious diseases:
    degree of risk: high (2016)
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2016)

    note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
    21.4% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
    7.1% (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    Education expenditures:
    5.9% of GDP (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
    total population: 89% (2015 est.)
    male: 89% (2015 est.)
    female: 88.9% (2015 est.)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
    total: 11 years (2014)
    male: 11 years (2014)
    female: 12 years (2014)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
    total: 8.5% (2016 est.)
    male: 6.1% (2016 est.)
    female: 13.1% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
  • Government :: Honduras
  • Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Honduras
    conventional short form: Honduras
    local long form: Republica de Honduras
    local short form: Honduras
    etymology: the name means "depths" in Spanish and refers to the deep anchorage in the northern Bay of Trujillo
    Government type:
    presidential republic
    Capital:
    name: Tegucigalpa
    geographic coordinates: 14 06 N, 87 13 W
    time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions:
    18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro
    Independence:
    15 September 1821 (from Spain)
    National holiday:
    Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
    Constitution:
    history: several previous; latest approved 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982 (2018)
    amendments: proposed by the National Congress with at least two-thirds majority vote of the membership; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote of Congress in its next annual session; constitutional articles such as the form of government, national sovereignty, the presidential term, and the procedure for amending the constitution cannot be amended; amended many times, last in 2015; note - the 2015 amendment struck down several constitutional articles on presidential term limits (2018)
    International law organization participation:
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    Citizenship:
    citizenship by birth: yes
    citizenship by descent only: yes
    dual citizenship recognized: yes
    residency requirement for naturalization: 1 to 3 years
    Suffrage:
    18 years of age; universal and compulsory
    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Juan Orlando HERNANDEZ Alvarado (since 27 January 2014); Vice Presidents Ricardo ALVAREZ, Maria RIVERA, and Olga ALVARADO (since 26 January 2018); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Juan Orlando HERNANDEZ Alvarado (since 27 January 2014); Vice Presidents Ricardo ALVAREZ, Rossana GUEVARA, and Lorena HERRERA (since 27 January 2014)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by president
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 4-year term; election last held on 26 November 2017 (next to be held in November 2021); note - in 2015, the Constitutional Chamber of the Honduran Supreme Court struck down the constitutional provisions on presidential term limits
    election results: Juan Orlando HERNANDEZ Alvarado reelected president; percent of vote Juan Orlando HERNANDEZ Alvarado (PNH) 43%, Salvador NASRALLA (Alianza Opositora) 41.4%, Luis Orlando ZELAYA Medrano (PL) 14.7%, other .9%
    Legislative branch:
    description: unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed, pary-list proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 27 November 2017 (next to be held on 28 November 2021)
    election results: percent of vote by party - PNH 47.7%, LIBRE 23.4%, PL 20.3%, AP 3.1%, PINU 3.1%, DC 0.8%, PAC 0.8%, UD 0.8%; seats by party - PNH 61, LIBRE 30, PL 26, AP 4, PINU 4, DC 1, PAC 1, UD 1
    Judicial branch:
    highest courts: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (15 principal judges - including the court president - and 7 alternates; court organized into civil, criminal, constitutional, and labor chambers); note - the court has both judicial and constitutional jurisdiction
    judge selection and term of office: court president elected by his peers; judges elected by the National Congress from candidates proposed by the Nominating Board, a diverse 7-member group of judicial officials, and other government and non-government officials selected by each of their organizations; judges elected by Congress for renewable, 7-year terms
    subordinate courts: courts of appeal; courts of first instance; peace courts
    Political parties and leaders:
    Alliance against the Dictatorship or Alianza Opositora [Salvador NASRALLA] (electoral coalition) Anti-Corruption Party or PAC [Marlene ALVARENGA] Christian Democratic Party or DC [Felicito AVILA Ordonez] Democratic Unification Party or UD [Cesar HAM] Freedom and Refoundation Party or LIBRE [Jose Manuel ZELAYA Rosales] Honduran Patriotic Alliance or AP [Romeo VASQUEZ Velasquez] Liberal Party or PL [Luis Orlando ZELAYA Medrano] National Party of Honduras or PNH [Reinaldo SANCHEZ Rivera] Innovation and Unity Party or PINU [Guillermo VALLE]
    International organization participation:
    BCIE, CACM, CD, CELAC, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC (suspended), IOM, IPU, ISO (subscriber), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Pacific Alliance (observer), PCA, Petrocaribe, SICA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO (suspended), WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Marlon Ramsses TABORA Munoz (since 24 April 2017)
    chancery: Suite 4-M, 3007 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 966-2604
    FAX: [1] (202) 966-9751
    consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco
    consulate(s): Dallas, McAllen (TX)
    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Heide B. FULTON (since June 2017)
    embassy: Avenida La Paz, Apartado Postal No. 3453, Tegucigalpa
    mailing address: American Embassy, APO AA 34022, Tegucigalpa
    telephone: [504] 2236-9320, 2238-5114
    FAX: [504] 2236-9037
    Flag description:
    three equal horizontal bands of cerulean blue (top), white, and cerulean blue, with five cerulean, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people

    note: similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band

    National symbol(s):
    scarlet macaw, white-tailed deer; national colors: blue, white
    National anthem:
    name: "Himno Nacional de Honduras" (National Anthem of Honduras)
    lyrics/music: Augusto Constancio COELLO/Carlos HARTLING

    note: adopted 1915; the anthem's seven verses chronicle Honduran history; on official occasions, only the chorus and last verse are sung

  • Economy :: Honduras
  • Economy - overview:

    Honduras, the second poorest country in Central America, suffers from extraordinarily unequal distribution of income, as well as high underemployment. While historically dependent on the export of bananas and coffee, Honduras has diversified its export base to include apparel and automobile wire harnessing.

    Honduras’s economy depends heavily on US trade and remittances. The US-Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement came into force in 2006 and has helped foster foreign direct investment, but physical and political insecurity, as well as crime and perceptions of corruption, may deter potential investors; about 15% of foreign direct investment is from US firms.

    The economy registered modest economic growth of 3.1%-4.0% from 2010 to 2017, insufficient to improve living standards for the nearly 65% of the population in poverty. In 2017, Honduras faced rising public debt, but its economy has performed better than expected due to low oil prices and improved investor confidence. Honduras signed a three-year standby arrangement with the IMF in December 2014, aimed at easing Honduras’s poor fiscal position.

    GDP (purchasing power parity):
    $46.3 billion (2017 est.)
    $44.18 billion (2016 est.)
    $42.58 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 112
    GDP (official exchange rate):
    $22.98 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate:
    4.8% (2017 est.)
    3.8% (2016 est.)
    3.8% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    GDP - per capita (PPP):
    $5,600 (2017 est.)
    $5,400 (2016 est.)
    $5,300 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 170
    Gross national saving:
    22.1% of GDP (2017 est.)
    20.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
    20.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    GDP - composition, by end use:
    household consumption: 77.7% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 13.8% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 23.1% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 43.6% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -58.9% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
    agriculture: 14.2% (2017 est.)
    industry: 28.8% (2017 est.)
    services: 57% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products:
    bananas, coffee, citrus, corn, African palm; beef; timber; shrimp, tilapia, lobster, sugar, oriental vegetables
    Industries:
    sugar processing, coffee, woven and knit apparel, wood products, cigars
    Industrial production growth rate:
    4.5% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Labor force:
    3.735 million (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Labor force - by occupation:
    agriculture: 39.2%
    industry: 20.9%
    services: 39.8% (2005 est.)
    Unemployment rate:
    5.6% (2017 est.)
    6.3% (2016 est.)

    note: about one-third of the people are underemployed

    country comparison to the world: 82
    Population below poverty line:
    29.6% (2014)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share:
    lowest 10%: 38.4% (2014)
    highest 10%: 38.4% (2014)
    Distribution of family income - Gini index:
    47.1 (2014)
    45.7 (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 26
    Budget:
    revenues: 4.658 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 5.283 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues:
    20.3% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 150
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
    -2.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 120
    Public debt:
    39.5% of GDP (2017 est.)
    38.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    Fiscal year:
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices):
    3.9% (2017 est.)
    2.7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    Central bank discount rate:
    6.25% (31 December 2010)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Commercial bank prime lending rate:
    19.26% (31 December 2017 est.)
    19.33% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    Stock of narrow money:
    $2.827 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.455 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 123
    Stock of broad money:
    $2.827 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $2.455 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Stock of domestic credit:
    $13.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $12.67 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    Market value of publicly traded shares:

    NA

    Current account balance:
    -$380 million (2017 est.)
    -$587 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
    Exports:
    $8.675 billion (2017 est.)
    $7.841 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Exports - partners:
    US 34.5%, Germany 8.9%, Belgium 7.7%, El Salvador 7.3%, Netherlands 7.2%, Guatemala 5.2%, Nicaragua 4.8% (2017)
    Exports - commodities:
    coffee, apparel, coffee, shrimp, automobile wire harnesses, cigars, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber
    Imports:
    $11.32 billion (2017 est.)
    $10.56 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    Imports - commodities:
    communications equipment, machinery and transport, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs
    Imports - partners:
    US 40.3%, Guatemala 10.5%, China 8.5%, Mexico 6.2%, El Salvador 5.7%, Panama 4.4%, Costa Rica 4.2% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
    $4.708 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $3.814 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Debt - external:
    $8.625 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $7.852 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 118
    Exchange rates:
    lempiras (HNL) per US dollar -
    23.74 (2017 est.)
    22.995 (2016 est.)
    22.995 (2015 est.)
    22.098 (2014 est.)
    21.137 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Honduras
  • Electricity access:
    population without electricity: 900,000 (2013)
    electrification - total population: 82% (2013)
    electrification - urban areas: 97% (2013)
    electrification - rural areas: 66% (2013)
    Electricity - production:
    8.501 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Electricity - consumption:
    7.22 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    Electricity - exports:
    536 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 67
    Electricity - imports:
    195 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 94
    Electricity - installed generating capacity:
    2.546 million kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    Electricity - from fossil fuels:
    40% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 107
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
    25% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    Electricity - from other renewable sources:
    34% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    Crude oil - production:
    0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    Crude oil - exports:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    Crude oil - imports:
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 141
    Crude oil - proved reserves:
    0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 145
    Refined petroleum products - production:
    0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 157
    Refined petroleum products - consumption:
    59,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    Refined petroleum products - exports:
    12,870 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 77
    Refined petroleum products - imports:
    56,120 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    Natural gas - production:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    Natural gas - consumption:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    Natural gas - exports:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    Natural gas - imports:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 139
    Natural gas - proved reserves:
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
    9.436 million Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 110
  • Communications :: Honduras
  • Telephones - fixed lines:
    total subscriptions: 491,107 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 5 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 96
    Telephones - mobile cellular:
    total subscriptions: 8,233,499 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 91 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    Telephone system:
    general assessment: fixed-line connections are increasing but still limited; competition among multiple providers of mobile-cellular services is contributing to a sharp increase in subscribership (2016)
    domestic: beginning in 2003, private sub-operators allowed to provide fixed lines in order to expand telephone coverage contributing to a small increase in fixed-line teledensity; mobile-cellular subscribership is roughly 90 per 100 persons (2016)
    international: country code - 504; landing point for both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the MAYA-1 fiber-optic submarine cable system that together provide connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected to Central American Microwave System (2016)
    Broadcast media:
    multiple privately owned terrestrial TV networks, supplemented by multiple cable TV networks; Radio Honduras is the lone government-owned radio network; roughly 300 privately owned radio stations (2007)
    Internet country code:
    .hn
    Internet users:
    total: 2,667,978 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 30% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 103
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions:
    total: 232,990 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 3 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
  • Transportation :: Honduras
  • National air transport system:
    number of registered air carriers: 5 (2015)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 10 (2015)
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 251,149 (2015)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 502,372 mt-km (2015)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
    HR (2016)
    Airports:
    103 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 13 (2017)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 3 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2017)
    under 914 m: 3 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways:
    total: 90 (2013)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 16 (2013)
    under 914 m: 73 (2013)
    Railways:
    total: 699 km (2014)
    narrow gauge: 164 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)
    115 1.057-m gauge 420 0.914-m gauge
    country comparison to the world: 101
    Roadways:
    total: 14,742 km (2012)
    paved: 3,367 km (2012)
    unpaved: 11,375 km (1,543 km summer only) (2012)

    note: an additional 8,951 km of non-official roads used by the coffee industry

    country comparison to the world: 126
    Waterways:
    465 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 84
    Merchant marine:
    total: 552 (2017)
    by type: container ship 1, general cargo 250, oil tanker 90, other 211 (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    Ports and terminals:
    major seaport(s): La Ceiba, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela
  • Military and Security :: Honduras
  • Military expenditures:
    1.59% of GDP (2016)
    1.52% of GDP (2015)
    1.62% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    Military branches:
    Honduran Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas de Honduras, FFAA): Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry), Honduran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Hondurena, FAH) (2018)
    Military service age and obligation:
    18 years of age for voluntary 2- to 3-year military service; no conscription (2018)
  • Transnational Issues :: Honduras
  • Disputes - international:
    International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras border in 1992 with final settlement by the parties in 2006 after an Organization of American States survey and a further ICJ ruling in 2003the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca with consideration of Honduran access to the PacificEl Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned in the ICJ ruling, off Honduras in the Gulf of FonsecaHonduras claims the Belizean-administered Sapodilla Cays off the coast of Belize in its constitution, but agreed to a joint ecological park around the cays should Guatemala consent to a maritime corridor in the Caribbean under the OAS-sponsored 2002 Belize-Guatemala Differendum
    Refugees and internally displaced persons:
    IDPs: 190,000 (violence, extortion, threats, forced recruitment by urban gangs) (2017)
    Illicit drugs:
    transshipment point for drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption; corruption is a major problem; some money-laundering activity