Europe :: Isle of Man
  • Introduction :: Isle of Man
  • Background:
    Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British Crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British Crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the EU. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
  • Geography :: Isle of Man
  • Location:
    Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
    Geographic coordinates:
    54 15 N, 4 30 W
    Map references:
    Europe
    Area:
    total: 572 sq km
    land: 572 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 194
    Area - comparative:
    slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
    Land boundaries:
    0 km
    Coastline:
    160 km
    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
    Climate:
    temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about a third of the time
    Terrain:
    hills in north and south bisected by central valley
    Elevation:
    0 m lowest point: Irish Sea
    621 highest point: Snaefell
    Natural resources:
    none
    Land use:
    agricultural land: 74.7% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 43.8% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 30.9% (2011 est.)
    forest: 6.1% (2011 est.)
    other: 19.2% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land:
    0 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution:
    most people concentrated in cities and large towns of which Douglas, in the southeast, is the largest
    Natural hazards:
    occasional high winds and rough seas
    Environment - current issues:
    air pollution, marine pollution; waste disposal (both household and industrial)
    Geography - note:
    one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest and is a bird sanctuary
  • People and Society :: Isle of Man
  • Population:
    89,407 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 199
    Nationality:
    noun: Manxman(men), Manxwoman(women)
    adjective: Manx
    Ethnic groups:
    white 96.5%, Asian/Asian British 1.9%, other 1.5% (2011 est.)
    Languages:
    English, Manx Gaelic (about 2% of the population has some knowledge)
    Religions:
    Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends), Roman Catholic
    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 16.27% (male 7,587 /female 6,960)
    15-24 years: 11.3% (male 5,354 /female 4,750)
    25-54 years: 38.48% (male 17,191 /female 17,217)
    55-64 years: 13.34% (male 6,012 /female 5,919)
    65 years and over: 20.6% (male 8,661 /female 9,756) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Median age:
    total: 44.4 years
    male: 43.4 years
    female: 45.2 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 11
    Population growth rate:
    0.65% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    Birth rate:
    10.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 180
    Death rate:
    10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    Net migration rate:
    6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    Population distribution:
    most people concentrated in cities and large towns of which Douglas, in the southeast, is the largest
    Urbanization:
    urban population: 52.6% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: 0.89% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population:
    27,000 DOUGLAS (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Infant mortality rate:
    total: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 81.4 years (2018 est.)
    male: 79.6 years (2018 est.)
    female: 83.3 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    Total fertility rate:
    1.92 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 129
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - deaths:
    NA
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
    total: 10.1% (2011 est.)
    male: 11.8% (2011 est.)
    female: 8.2% (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 127
  • Government :: Isle of Man
  • Country name:
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Isle of Man
    abbreviation: I.O.M.
    etymology: the name "man" may be derived from the Celtic word for "mountain"
    Dependency status:
    British Crown dependency
    Government type:
    parliamentary democracy (Tynwald); a Crown dependency of the UK
    Capital:
    name: Douglas
    geographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 W
    time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
    Administrative divisions:
    none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
    Independence:
    none (British crown dependency)
    National holiday:
    Tynwald Day, 5 July (1417); date Tynwald Day was first recorded
    Constitution:
    history: development of the Isle of Man constitution dates to at least the 14th century (2016)
    amendments: proposed as a bill in the House of Keys, by the "Government," by a "Member of the House," or through petition to the House or Legislative Council; passage normally requires three separate readings and approval of at least 13 House members; following both House and Council agreement, assent is required by the lieutenant governor on behalf of the Crown; the constitution has been expanded and amended many times, last in 2015 (2016)
    Citizenship:
    see United Kingdom
    Suffrage:
    16 years of age; universal
    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Richard GOZNEY (since 27 May 2016)
    head of government: Chief Minister Howard QUAYLE (since 4 October 2016)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the lieutenant governor
    elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister indirectly elected by the Tynwald for a 5-year term (eligible for second term); election last held on 4 October 2016 (next to be held in 2021)
    election results: Howard QUAYLE (independent) elected chief minister; Tynwald vote - 21 of 33
    Legislative branch:
    description: bicameral Tynwald or the High Court of Tynwald consists of:
    Legislative Council (11 seats; includes the President of Tynwald, 2 ex-officio members - the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man and the attorney general (non-voting) - and 8 members indirectly elected by the House of Keys with renewal of 4 members every 2 years; elected members serve 4-year terms)
    House of Keys (24 seats; 2 members directly elected by simple majority vote from 12 constituencies to serve 5-year terms)
    elections:
    Legislative Council - last held 28 February 2018 (next to be held NA)
    House of Keys - last held on 22 September 2016 (next to be held in September 2021)
    election results:  
    Legislative Council - composition - men 6, women 5, percent of women 45.5%
    House of Keys - percent of vote by party - Liberal Vannin 6.4%, independent 92.3%; seats by party - Liberal Vannin 3, other 1.3% independent 21; composition - men 19, women 5, percent of women 20.8%; note - total Tynwald percent of women 28.6%
    Judicial branch:
    highest courts: Isle of Man High Court of Justice (consists of 3 permanent judges or "deemsters" and 1 judge of appeal; organized into the Staff of Government Division or Court of Appeal and the Civil Division); the Court of General Gaol Delivery is not formally part of the High Court but is administered as though part of the High Court and deals with serious criminal cases; note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are referred to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
    judge selection and term of office: deemsters appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor; deemsters can serve until age 70
    subordinate courts: High Court; Court of Summary Gaol Delivery; Summary Courts; Magistrate's Court; specialized courts
    Political parties and leaders:
    Liberal Vannin Party [Kate BEECROFT]
    Manx Labor Party
    Mec Vannin [Mark KERMODE]; (sometimes referred to as the Manx Nationalist Party)

    note: most members sit as independents

    International organization participation:
    UPU
    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    none (British Crown dependency)
    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    none (British Crown dependency)
    Flag description:
    red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (triskelion), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used; the flag is based on the coat of arms of the last recognized Norse King of Mann, Magnus III (r. 1252-65); the triskelion has its roots in an early Celtic sun symbol
    National symbol(s):
    triskelion (a motif of three legs); national colors: red, white
    National anthem:
    name: "Arrane Ashoonagh dy Vannin" (O Land of Our Birth)
    lyrics/music: William Henry GILL [English], John J. KNEEN [Manx]/traditional

    note: adopted 2003, in use since 1907; serves as a local anthem; as a British Crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom) and is played when the sovereign, members of the royal family, or the lieutenant governor are present

  • Economy :: Isle of Man
  • Economy - overview:
    Financial services, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers low taxes and other incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their contributions to GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Online gambling sites provided about 10% of the islands income in 2014. The Isle of Man currently enjoys free access to EU markets and trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man’s trade relationship with the EU derives from the United Kingdom’s EU membership and will need to be renegotiated in light of the United Kingdom’s decision to withdraw from the bloc. A transition period is expected to allow the free movement of goods and agricultural products to the EU until the end of 2020 or until a new settlement is negotiated.
    GDP (purchasing power parity):
    $6.792 billion (2015 est.)
    $7.428 billion (2014 est.)
    $6.298 billion (2013 est.)

    note: data are in 2014 US dollars

    country comparison to the world: 169
    GDP (official exchange rate):
    $6.792 billion (2015 est.) (2015 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate:
    -8.6% (2015 est.)
    17.9% (2014 est.)
    2.1% (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 221
    GDP - per capita (PPP):
    $84,600 (2014 est.)
    $86,200 (2013 est.)
    $73,700 (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 8
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
    agriculture: 1% (FY12/13 est.)
    industry: 13% (FY12/13 est.)
    services: 86% (FY12/13 est.)
    Agriculture - products:
    cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
    Industries:
    financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
    Labor force:
    41,790 (2006)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    Labor force - by occupation:
    manufacturing: 5% (2006 est.)
    construction: 8% (2006 est.)
    tourism: 1% (2006 est.)
    transport and communications: 9% (2006 est.)
    agriculture, forestry, and fishing: 2% (2006 est.)
    gas, electricity, and water: 1% (2006 est.)
    wholesale and retail distribution: 11% (2006 est.)
    professional and scientific services: 20% (2006 est.)
    public administration: 7% (2006 est.)
    banking and finance: 23% (2006 est.)
    entertainment and catering: 5% (2006 est.)
    miscellaneous services: 8% (2006 est.)
    Unemployment rate:
    1.1% (2017 est.)
    2% (April 2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    Population below poverty line:
    NA
    Household income or consumption by percentage share:
    lowest 10%: NA
    highest 10%: NA
    Budget:
    revenues: 965 million (FY05/06 est.)
    expenditures: 943 million (FY05/06 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues:
    14.2% (of GDP) (FY05/06 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
    0.3% (of GDP) (FY05/06 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 40
    Fiscal year:
    1 April - 31 March
    Inflation rate (consumer prices):
    4.1% (2017 est.)
    1% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 160
    Market value of publicly traded shares:

    NA

    Exports:

    NA

    Exports - commodities:
    tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
    Imports:

    NA

    Imports - commodities:
    timber, fertilizers, fish
    Debt - external:

    NA

    Exchange rates:
    Manx pounds (IMP) per US dollar -
    0.7836 (2017 est.)
    0.738 (2016 est.)
    0.738 (2015)
    0.6542 (2014)
    0.6472 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Isle of Man
  • Electricity access:
    electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
  • Communications :: Isle of Man
  • Telephone system:
    domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
    international: country code - 44; fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
    Broadcast media:
    national public radio broadcasts over 3 FM stations and 1 AM station; 2 commercial broadcasters operating with 1 having multiple FM stations; receives radio and TV services via relays from British TV and radio broadcasters (2008)
    Internet country code:
    .im
  • Transportation :: Isle of Man
  • Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
    M (2016)
    Airports:
    1 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 224
    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 1 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2017)
    Railways:
    total: 63 km (2008)
    narrow gauge: 6 km 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified) (2008)
    57 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)

    note: primarily summer tourist attractions

    country comparison to the world: 130
    Roadways:
    total: 500 km (2008)
    country comparison to the world: 197
    Ports and terminals:
    major seaport(s): Douglas, Ramsey
  • Military and Security :: Isle of Man
  • Military - note:
    defense is the responsibility of the UK
  • Transnational Issues :: Isle of Man
  • Disputes - international:
    none