Africa :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Introduction :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Background:
    Close ties to France following independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment all made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the West African states but did not protect it from political turmoil. In December 1999, a military coup - the first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government. Junta leader Robert GUEI attempted to rig the elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner. Popular protest forced him to step aside and an election brought Laurent GBAGBO into power. Ivoirian dissidents and disaffected members of the military launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002 that developed into a rebellion and then a civil war. In 2003, a cease-fire resulted in the country being divided with the rebels holding the north, the government the south, and peacekeeping forces a buffer zone between the two. In March 2007, President GBAGBO and former New Forces rebel leader Guillaume SORO signed an agreement in which SORO joined GBAGBO's government as prime minister and the two agreed to reunite the country by dismantling the buffer zone, integrating rebel forces into the national armed forces, and holding elections. Difficulties in preparing electoral registers delayed balloting until 2010. In November 2010, Alassane Dramane OUATTARA won the presidential election over GBAGBO, but GBAGBO refused to hand over power, resulting in a five-month resumption of violent conflict. In April 2011, after widespread fighting, GBAGBO was formally forced from office by armed OUATTARA supporters with the help of UN and French forces. OUATTARA won a second term in 2015 and is focused on rebuilding the country's economy and infrastructure while reforming the security forces. The UN peacekeeping mission departed in June 2017. GBAGBO was in The Hague on trial for crimes against humanity, but was acquitted in January 2019. Côte d’Ivoire is scheduled to hold presidential elections in November 2020.


  • Geography :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Location:
    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia
    Geographic coordinates:
    8 00 N, 5 00 W
    Map references:
    total: 322,463 sq km
    land: 318,003 sq km
    water: 4,460 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Area - comparative:
    slightly larger than New Mexico
    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,458 km
    border countries (5): Burkina Faso 545 km, Ghana 720 km, Guinea 816 km, Liberia 778 km, Mali 599 km
    515 km
    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)
    mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest
    mean elevation: 250 m
    lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m
    highest point: Monts Nimba 1,752 m
    Natural resources:
    petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower
    Land use:
    agricultural land: 64.8% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 9.1% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 14.2% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 41.5% (2011 est.)
    forest: 32.7% (2011 est.)
    other: 2.5% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land:
    730 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution:
    the population is primarily located in the forested south, with the highest concentration of people residing in and around the cities on the Atlantic coast; most of the northern savanna remains sparsely populated with higher concentrations located along transportation corridors as shown in this population distribution map
    Natural hazards:
    coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible
    Environment - current issues:
    deforestation (most of the country's forests - once the largest in West Africa - have been heavily logged); water pollution from sewage, and from industrial, mining, and agricultural effluents
    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Geography - note:
    most of the inhabitants live along the sandy coastal region; apart from the capital area, the forested interior is sparsely populated
  • People and Society :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Population:
    27,481,086 (July 2020 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

    country comparison to the world: 52
    noun: Ivoirian(s)
    adjective: Ivoirian
    Ethnic groups:
    Akan 28.9%, Voltaique or Gur 16.1%, Northern Mande 14.5%, Kru 8.5%, Southern Mande 6.9%, unspecified 0.9%, non-Ivoirian 24.2% (2014 est.)
    French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken
    Muslim 42.9%, Catholic 17.2%, Evangelical 11.8%, Methodist 1.7%, other Christian 3.2%, animist 3.6%, other religion 0.5%, none 19.1% (2014 est.)

    note: the majority of foreign migrant workers are Muslim (72.7%) and Christian (17.7%)

    Demographic profile:

    Cote d’Ivoire’s population is likely to continue growing for the foreseeable future because almost 60% of the populace is younger than 25, the total fertility rate is holding steady at about 3.5 children per woman, and contraceptive use is under 20%. The country will need to improve education, health care, and gender equality in order to turn its large and growing youth cohort into human capital. Even prior to 2010 unrest that shuttered schools for months, access to education was poor, especially for women. As of 2015, only 53% of men and 33% of women were literate. The lack of educational attainment contributes to Cote d’Ivoire’s high rates of unskilled labor, adolescent pregnancy, and HIV/AIDS prevalence.

    Following its independence in 1960, Cote d’Ivoire’s stability and the blossoming of its labor-intensive cocoa and coffee industries in the southwest made it an attractive destination for migrants from other parts of the country and its neighbors, particularly Burkina Faso. The HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY administration continued the French colonial policy of encouraging labor immigration by offering liberal land ownership laws. Foreigners from West Africa, Europe (mainly France), and Lebanon composed about 25% of the population by 1998.

    Ongoing economic decline since the 1980s and the power struggle after HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY’s death in 1993 ushered in the politics of "Ivoirite," institutionalizing an Ivoirian identity that further marginalized northern Ivoirians and scapegoated immigrants. The hostile Muslim north-Christian south divide snowballed into a 2002 civil war, pushing tens of thousands of foreign migrants, Liberian refugees, and Ivoirians to flee to war-torn Liberia or other regional countries and more than a million people to be internally displaced. Subsequently, violence following the contested 2010 presidential election prompted some 250,000 people to seek refuge in Liberia and other neighboring countries and again internally displaced as many as a million people. By July 2012, the majority had returned home, but ongoing inter-communal tension and armed conflict continue to force people from their homes.

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 38.53% (male 5,311,971/female 5,276,219)
    15-24 years: 20.21% (male 2,774,374/female 2,779,012)
    25-54 years: 34.88% (male 4,866,957/female 4,719,286)
    55-64 years: 3.53% (male 494,000/female 476,060)
    65 years and over: 2.85% (male 349,822/female 433,385) (2020 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios:
    total dependency ratio: 79.8
    youth dependency ratio: 74.6
    elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
    potential support ratio: 19.3 (2020 est.)
    Median age:
    total: 20.3 years
    male: 20.3 years
    female: 20.3 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    Population growth rate:
    2.26% (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    Birth rate:
    29.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    Death rate:
    7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    Net migration rate:
    1.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    Population distribution:
    the population is primarily located in the forested south, with the highest concentration of people residing in and around the cities on the Atlantic coast; most of the northern savanna remains sparsely populated with higher concentrations located along transportation corridors as shown in this population distribution map
    urban population: 51.7% of total population (2020)
    rate of urbanization: 3.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population:
    231,000 YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) (2018), 5.203 million ABIDJAN (seat of government) (2020)
    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
    Mother's mean age at first birth:
    19.8 years (2011/12 est.)

    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

    Maternal mortality rate:
    617 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 12
    Infant mortality rate:
    total: 59.1 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 66.7 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 51.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 14
    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 61.3 years
    male: 59.2 years
    female: 63.6 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 215
    Total fertility rate:
    3.67 children born/woman (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    Contraceptive prevalence rate:
    23.3% (2018)
    Drinking water source:
    improved: urban: 90.4% of population
    rural: 67.8% of population
    total: 79.2% of population
    unimproved: urban: 9.6% of population
    rural: 32.2% of population
    total: 20.8% of population (2017 est.)
    Current Health Expenditure:
    4.5% (2017)
    Physicians density:
    0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
    Sanitation facility access:
    improved: urban: 75.9% of population
    rural: 32.7% of population
    total: 54.5% of population
    unimproved: urban: 24.1% of population
    rural: 67.3% of population
    total: 45.5% of population (2017 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
    2.6% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 19
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
    460,000 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
    HIV/AIDS - deaths:
    16,000 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    Major infectious diseases:
    degree of risk: very high (2020)
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
    water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
    animal contact diseases: rabies
    respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis
    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
    10.3% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
    12.8% (2016)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    Education expenditures:
    5.1% of GDP (2017)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 47.2%
    male: 53.7%
    female: 40.5% (2018)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
    total: 10 years
    male: 11 years
    female: 9 years (2016)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
    total: 5.5%
    male: 4.7%
    female: 6.5% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 163
  • Government :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
    conventional short form: Cote d'Ivoire
    local long form: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire
    local short form: Cote d'Ivoire
    former: Ivory Coast
    etymology: name reflects the intense ivory trade that took place in the region from the 15th to 17th centuries

    note: pronounced coat-div-whar

    Government type:
    presidential republic
    name: Yamoussoukro (legislative capital), Abidjan (administrative capital); note - although Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983, Abidjan remains the administrative capital as well as the officially designated economic capital; the US, like other countries, maintains its Embassy in Abidjan
    geographic coordinates: 6 49 N, 5 16 W
    time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    etymology: Yamoussoukro is named after Queen YAMOUSSOU, who ruled in the village of N'Gokro in 1929 at the time of French colonization; the village was renamed Yamoussoukro, the suffix "-kro" meaning "town" in the native Baoule language; Abidjan's name supposedly comes from a misunderstanding; tradition states that an old man carrying branches met a European explorer who asked for the name of the nearest village; the man, not understanding and terrified by this unexpected encounter, fled shouting "min-chan m’bidjan," which in the Ebrie language means: "I return from cutting leaves"; the explorer, thinking that his question had been answered, recorded the name of the locale as Abidjan; a different version has the first colonists asking native women the name of the place and getting a similar response
    Administrative divisions:
    12 districts and 2 autonomous districts*; Abidjan*, Bas-Sassandra, Comoe, Denguele, Goh-Djiboua, Lacs, Lagunes, Montagnes, Sassandra-Marahoue, Savanes, Vallee du Bandama, Woroba, Yamoussoukro*, Zanzan
    7 August 1960 (from France)
    National holiday:
    Independence Day, 7 August (1960)
    history: previous 1960, 2000; latest draft completed 24 September 2016, approved by the National Assembly 11 October 2016, approved by referendum 30 October 2016, promulgated 8 November 2016
    amendments: proposed by the president of the republic or by Parliament; consideration of drafts or proposals requires an absolute majority vote by the parliamentary membership; passage of amendments affecting presidential elections, presidential term of office and vacancies, and amendment procedures requires approval by absolute majority in a referendum; passage of other proposals by the president requires at least four-fifths majority vote by Parliament; constitutional articles on the sovereignty of the state and its republican and secular form of government cannot be amended
    International law organization participation:
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Cote d'Ivoire
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Alassane Dramane OUATTARA (since 4 December 2010); Vice President (vacant); note - Vice President Daniel Kablan DUNCAN resigned 8 July 2020; note - the 2016 constitution calls for the establishment of the position of vice-president
    head of government: Prime Minister Hamed BAKAYOKO (since 30 July2020); note - Prime Minister Amadou Gon COULIBALY died on 8 July 2020 after a Council of Ministers meeting
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a single renewable 5-year term ; election last held on 25 October 2015 (next to be held on 31 October 2020); vice president elected on same ballot as president; prime minister appointed by the president; note – because President OUATTARA promulgated the new constitution during his second term, he has claimed that the clock is reset on term limits, allowing him to run for up to two additional terms
    election results: Alassane OUATTARA reelected president; percent of vote - Alassane OUATTARA (RDR) 83.7%, Pascal Affi N'GUESSAN (FPI) 9.3%, Konan Bertin KOUADIO (independent) 3.9%, other 3.1%
    Legislative branch:
    description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
    Senate or Senat (99 seats; 66 members indirectly elected by the National Assembly and members of municipal, autonomous districts, and regional councils, and 33 members appointed by the president; members serve 5-year terms)
    National Assembly (255 seats; members directly elected in single- and multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)
    Senate - first ever held on 25 March 2018 (next to be held in 2023)
    National Assembly - last held on 18 December 2016 (next to be held in 2021)
    election results:
    Senate - percent by party NA; seats by party - RHDP 50, independent 16; composition - men 80, women 19, percent of women 19.2%
    National Assembly - percent of vote by party - RHDP 50.3%, FPI 5.8%, UDPCI 1%, other 1.4%, independent 38.5%; seats by party - RHDP, 167, UDPCI 6, FPI 3, UPCI 3, independent 76; composition - men 228, women 27, percent of women 10.6%; note - total Parliament percent of women 13%

    Judicial branch:
    highest courts: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (organized into Judicial, Audit, Constitutional, and Administrative Chambers; consists of the court president, 3 vice presidents for the Judicial, Audit, and Administrative chambers, and 9 associate justices or magistrates)
    judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the Superior Council of the Magistrature, a 7-member body consisting of the national president (chairman), 3 "bench" judges, and 3 public prosecutors; judges appointed for life
    subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal (organized into civil, criminal, and social chambers); first instance courts; peace courts
    Political parties and leaders:
    Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire or PDCI [Henri Konan BEDIE]
    Ivorian Popular Front or FPI [former pres. Laurent GBAGBO]
    Liberty and Democracy for the Republic or LIDER [Mamadou KOULIBALY]
    Movement of the Future Forces or MFA [Innocent Augustin ANAKY KOBENA]
    Rally of Houphouetists for Democracy and Peace or RHDP [Alassane OUATTARA] (alliance includes MFA, PDCI, RDR, UDPCI, UPCI)
    Rally of the Republicans or RDR [Henriette DIABATE]
    Union for Cote d'Ivoire or UPCI [Gnamien KONAN]
    Union for Democracy and Peace in Cote d'Ivoire or UDPCI [Albert Toikeusse MABRI]
    International organization participation:
    ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UN Security Council (temporary), UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    Ambassador Mamadou HAIDARA (since 28 March 2018)
    chancery: 2424 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 797-0300
    FAX: [1] (202) 462-9444
    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Richard K. BELL (since 3 September 2019)
    telephone: [225] 22 49 40 00
    embassy: BP730, Abidjan Cidex 01, Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
    mailing address: B. P. 1712, Abidjan 01
    FAX: [225] 22 49 43 23
    Flag description:
    three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green; orange symbolizes the land (savannah) of the north and fertility, white stands for peace and unity, green represents the forests of the south and the hope for a bright future

    note: similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer and has the colors reversed - green (hoist side), white, and orange; also similar to the flag of Italy, which is green (hoist side), white, and red; design was based on the flag of France

    National symbol(s):
    elephant; national colors: orange, white, green
    National anthem:
    name: "L'Abidjanaise" (Song of Abidjan)
    lyrics/music: Mathieu EKRA, Joachim BONY, and Pierre Marie COTY/Pierre Marie COTY and Pierre Michel PANGO

    note: adopted 1960; although the nation's capital city moved from Abidjan to Yamoussoukro in 1983, the anthem still owes its name to the former capital

  • Economy :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Economy - overview:

    For the last 5 years Cote d'Ivoire's growth rate has been among the highest in the world. Cote d'Ivoire is heavily dependent on agriculture and related activities, which engage roughly two-thirds of the population. Cote d'Ivoire is the world's largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans and a significant producer and exporter of coffee and palm oil. Consequently, the economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for these products and to climatic conditions. Cocoa, oil, and coffee are the country's top export revenue earners, but the country has targeted agricultural processing of cocoa, cashews, mangoes, and other commodities as a high priority. Mining gold and exporting electricity are growing industries outside agriculture.

    Following the end of more than a decade of civil conflict in 2011, Cote d’Ivoire has experienced a boom in foreign investment and economic growth. In June 2012, the IMF and the World Bank announced $4.4 billion in debt relief for Cote d'Ivoire under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative.

    GDP (purchasing power parity):
    $97.16 billion (2017 est.)
    $90.12 billion (2016 est.)
    $83.19 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 86
    GDP (official exchange rate):
    $40.47 billion (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate:
    7.8% (2017 est.)
    8.3% (2016 est.)
    8.8% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 10
    GDP - per capita (PPP):
    $3,900 (2017 est.)
    $3,700 (2016 est.)
    $3,500 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 179
    Gross national saving:
    15.9% of GDP (2017 est.)
    19.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
    19.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    GDP - composition, by end use:
    household consumption: 61.7% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 14.9% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 22.4% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 30.8% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -30.1% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
    agriculture: 20.1% (2017 est.)
    industry: 26.6% (2017 est.)
    services: 53.3% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products:
    coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber
    foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, gold mining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity
    Industrial production growth rate:
    4.2% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 71
    Labor force:
    8.747 million (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    Labor force - by occupation:
    agriculture: 68% (2007 est.)
    Unemployment rate:
    9.4% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    Population below poverty line:
    46.3% (2015 est.)
    Household income or consumption by percentage share:
    lowest 10%: 2.2%
    highest 10%: 31.8% (2008)
    revenues: 7.749 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 9.464 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues:
    19.1% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 156
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
    -4.2% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 159
    Public debt:
    47% of GDP (2017 est.)
    47% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    Fiscal year:
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices):
    0.8% (2017 est.)
    0.7% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 40
    Current account balance:
    -$1.86 billion (2017 est.)
    -$414 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    $11.74 billion (2017 est.)
    $11.77 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    Exports - partners:
    Netherlands 11.8%, US 7.9%, France 6.4%, Belgium 6.4%, Germany 5.8%, Burkina Faso 4.5%, India 4.4%, Mali 4.2% (2017)
    Exports - commodities:
    cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish
    $9.447 billion (2017 est.)
    $7.81 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Imports - commodities:
    fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs
    Imports - partners:
    Nigeria 15%, France 13.4%, China 11.3%, US 4.3% (2017)
    Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
    $6.257 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $4.935 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    Debt - external:
    $13.07 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
    $11.02 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 105
    Exchange rates:
    Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar -
    594.3 (2017 est.)
    593.01 (2016 est.)
    593.01 (2015 est.)
    591.45 (2014 est.)
    494.42 (2013 est.)
  • Energy :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Electricity access:
    population without electricity: 10 million (2017)
    electrification - total population: 64.3% (2016)
    electrification - urban areas: 92% (2016)
    electrification - rural areas: 38.1% (2016)
    Electricity - production:
    9.73 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Electricity - consumption:
    6.245 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Electricity - exports:
    872 million kWh (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    Electricity - imports:
    19 million kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Electricity - installed generating capacity:
    1.914 million kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Electricity - from fossil fuels:
    60% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 130
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
    40% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 51
    Electricity - from other renewable sources:
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    Crude oil - production:
    52,000 bbl/day (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    Crude oil - exports:
    26,700 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    Crude oil - imports:
    62,350 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    Crude oil - proved reserves:
    100 million bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    Refined petroleum products - production:
    69,360 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    Refined petroleum products - consumption:
    51,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 104
    Refined petroleum products - exports:
    31,450 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    Refined petroleum products - imports:
    7,405 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 154
    Natural gas - production:
    2.322 billion cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 59
    Natural gas - consumption:
    2.322 billion cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 82
    Natural gas - exports:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 89
    Natural gas - imports:
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    Natural gas - proved reserves:
    28.32 billion cu m (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
    11.54 million Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 101
  • Communications :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Telephones - fixed lines:
    total subscriptions: 302,398
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 114
    Telephones - mobile cellular:
    total subscriptions: 33,807,850
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 129 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    Telecommunication systems:
    general assessment: strongest sector in the overall market is the mobile sector; fixed internet and broadband sectors have remained underdeveloped; country 90% digitalized; Côte d'Ivoire continues to benefit from strong economic growth; progress has been made in building out the national backbone network and connecting in 2019 to the MainOne submarine cable; this development puts the country in a better position to develop its broadband market and work on its digital economy; government further tightens SIM card registration rules (2020)
    domestic: less than 1 per 100 fixed-line, with multiple mobile-cellular service providers competing in the market, usage has increased to about 129 per 100 persons (2018)
    international: country code - 225; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC, ACE, MainOne, and WACS fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and South and West Africa; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2019)
    note: the COVID-19 outbreak is negatively impacting telecommunications production and supply chains globally; consumer spending on telecom devices and services has also slowed due to the pandemic's effect on economies worldwide; overall progress towards improvements in all facets of the telecom industry - mobile, fixed-line, broadband, submarine cable and satellite - has moderated
    Broadcast media:
    state-controlled Radiodiffusion Television Ivoirieinne (RTI) is made up of 2 radios stations (Radio Cote d'Ivoire and Frequence2) and 2 television stations (RTI1 and RTI2), with nationwide coverage, broadcasts mainly in French; after 2011 post-electoral crisis, President OUATTARA's administration reopened RTI Bouake', the broadcaster's office in Cote d'Ivoire's 2nd largest city, where facilities were destroyed during the 2002 rebellion; Cote d'Ivoire is also home to 178 proximity radios stations, 16 religious radios stations, 5 commercial radios stations, and 5 international radios stations, according to the Haute Autorite' de la Communication Audiovisuelle (HACA); govt now runs radio UNOCIFM, a radio station previously owned by the UN Operation in Cote d'Ivoire; in Dec 2016, the govt announced 4 companies had been granted licenses to operate -Live TV, Optimum Media Cote d'Ivoire, the Audiovisual Company of Cote d'Ivoire (Sedaci), and Sorano-CI, out of the 4 companies only one has started operating (2019)
    Internet country code:
    Internet users:
    total: 12,295,204
    percent of population: 46.82% (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions:
    total: 175,918
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 1 (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
  • Military and Security :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Military and security forces:
    Armed Forces of Cote d'Ivoire (Forces Armees de Cote d'Ivoire, FACI; aka Republican Forces of Ivory Coast, FRCI): Army (Armee de Terre), Navy (Marine Nationale), Cote Air Force (Force Aerienne Cote), Special Forces (Forces Speciale)

    other security services include the National Gendarmerie (under the Ministry of Defense), the National Police (under the Ministry of Security and Civil Protection), and the Coordination Center for Operational Decisions (a mix of police, gendarmerie, and FACI personnel for assisting police in providing security in some large cities) (2019)
    Military expenditures:
    1.1% of GDP (2019)
    1.4% of GDP (2018)
    1.3% of GDP (2017)
    1.7% of GDP (2016)
    1.7% of GDP (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 111
    Military and security service personnel strengths:
    the Armed Forces of Cote d’Ivoire have approximately 25,000 active troops (23,000 Army; 1,000 Navy; 1,000 Air Force) (2019 est.)
    Military equipment inventories and acquisitions:
    the FACI is mostly equipped with second-hand weapons and equipment of Russian origin; the leading suppliers since 2000 are Belarus, Bulgaria, and Romania (2019 est.)
    Military deployments:
    360 Mali (MINUSMA) (March 2020)
    Military service age and obligation:
    18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary male and female military service; conscription is not enforced; voluntary recruitment of former rebels into the new national army is restricted to ages 22-29 (2012)
    Military - note:
    the military has mutinied several times since the late 1990s, most recently in 2017, and has had a large role in the country’s political turmoil; currently, the FACI is focused on internal security and the growing threat posed by Islamic militants associated with the al-Qa’ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) terrorist group operating across the border in southern Burkina Faso; AQIM militants conducted significant attacks in the country in 2016 and 2020; Côte d’Ivoire since 2016 has stepped up border security and built a joint terrorism training center with France near Abidjan in 2018

    the UN maintained a 9,000-strong peacekeeping force in Cote d’Ivoire (UNOCI) from 2004 until 2017 (2020)
  • Transportation :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • National air transport system:
    number of registered air carriers: 1 (2020)
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 10
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 779,482 (2018)
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 5.8 million mt-km (2018)
    Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
    TU (2016)
    27 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 124
    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 7 (2017)
    over 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways:
    total: 20 (2013)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 6 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 11 (2013)
    under 914 m: 3 (2013)
    1 (2013)
    101 km condensate, 256 km gas, 118 km oil, 5 km oil/gas/water, 7 km water (2013)
    total: 660 km (2008)
    narrow gauge: 660 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)

    note: an additional 622 km of this railroad extends into Burkina Faso

    country comparison to the world: 104
    total: 81,996 km (2007)
    paved: 6,502 km (2007)
    unpaved: 75,494 km (2007)

    note: includes intercity and urban roads; another 20,000 km of dirt roads are in poor condition and 150,000 km of dirt roads are impassable

    country comparison to the world: 62
    980 km (navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal lagoons) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Merchant marine:
    total: 15
    by type: oil tanker 2, other 13 (2019)
    country comparison to the world: 147
    Ports and terminals:
    major seaport(s): Abidjan, San-Pedro
    oil terminal(s): Espoir Offshore Terminal
  • Transnational Issues :: Cote d'Ivoire
  • Disputes - international:

    disputed maritime border between Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana

    Refugees and internally displaced persons:
    IDPs: 303,000 (post-election conflict in 2010-11, as well as civil war from 2002-04; land disputes; most pronounced in western and southwestern regions) (2019)
    stateless persons: 692,000 (2018); note - many Ivoirians lack documentation proving their nationality, which prevent them from accessing education and healthcare; birth on Ivorian soil does not automatically result in citizenship; disputes over citizenship and the associated rights of the large population descended from migrants from neighboring countries is an ongoing source of tension and contributed to the country's 2002 civil war; some observers believe the government's mass naturalizations of thousands of people over the last couple of years is intended to boost its electoral support base; the government in October 2013 acceded to international conventions on statelessness and in August 2013 reformed its nationality law, key steps to clarify the nationality of thousands of residents; since the adoption of the Abidjan Declaration to eradicate statelessness in West Africa in February 2015, 6,400 people have received nationality papers
    Illicit drugs:
    illicit producer of cannabis, mostly for local consumption; utility as a narcotic transshipment point to Europe reduced by ongoing political instability; while rampant corruption and inadequate supervision leave the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center