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East & Southeast Asia :: PHILIPPINES
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PHILIPPINES
  • Introduction :: PHILIPPINES

  • The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century; they were ceded to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Manuel QUEZON was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during World War II, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence. A 20-year rule by Ferdinand MARCOS ended in 1986, when a "people power" movement in Manila ("EDSA 1") forced him into exile and installed Corazon AQUINO as president. Her presidency was hampered by several coup attempts that prevented a return to full political stability and economic development. Fidel RAMOS was elected president in 1992. His administration was marked by increased stability and by progress on economic reforms. In 1992, the US closed its last military bases on the islands. Joseph ESTRADA was elected president in 1998. He was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria MACAPAGAL-ARROYO, in January 2001 after ESTRADA's stormy impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and another "people power" movement ("EDSA 2") demanded his resignation. MACAPAGAL-ARROYO was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2004. Her presidency was marred by several corruption allegations but the Philippine economy was one of the few to avoid contraction following the 2008 global financial crisis, expanding each year of her administration. Benigno AQUINO III was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2010 and was succeeded by Rodrigo DUTERTE in May 2016.
    The Philippine Government faces threats from several groups, some of which are on the US Government's Foreign Terrorist Organization list. Manila has waged a decades-long struggle against ethnic Moro insurgencies in the southern Philippines, which has led to a peace accord with the Moro National Liberation Front and ongoing peace talks with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The decades-long Maoist-inspired New People's Army insurgency also operates through much of the country. The Philippines faces increased tension with China over disputed territorial and maritime claims in the South China Sea.
  • Geography :: PHILIPPINES

  • Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam
    13 00 N, 122 00 E
    Southeast Asia
    total: 300,000 sq km
    land: 298,170 sq km
    water: 1,830 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 73
    slightly less than twice the size of Georgia; slightly larger than Arizona
    Area comparison map:
    0 km
    36,289 km
    territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea as wide as 285 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    continental shelf: to the depth of exploitation
    tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)
    mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
    mean elevation: 442 m
    elevation extremes: lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
    highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m
    timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
    agricultural land: 41%
    arable land 18.2%; permanent crops 17.8%; permanent pasture 5%
    forest: 25.9%
    other: 33.1% (2011 est.)
    16,270 sq km (2012)
    population concentrated where good farmlands lie; highest concentrations are northwest and south-central Luzon, the southeastern extension of Luzon, and the islands of the Visayan Sea, particularly Cebu and Negros; Manila is home to one-eighth of the entire national population
    astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms each year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
    volcanism: significant volcanic activity; Taal (elev. 311 m), which has shown recent unrest and may erupt in the near future, has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Mayon (elev. 2,462 m), the country's most active volcano, erupted in 2009 forcing over 33,000 to be evacuated; other historically active volcanoes include Biliran, Babuyan Claro, Bulusan, Camiguin, Camiguin de Babuyanes, Didicas, Iraya, Jolo, Kanlaon, Makaturing, Musuan, Parker, Pinatubo, and Ragang
    uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
    the Philippine archipelago is made up of 7,107 islands; favorably located in relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait
  • People and Society :: PHILIPPINES

  • 102,624,209 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    noun: Filipino(s)
    adjective: Philippine
    Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
    Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
    Catholic 82.9% (Roman Catholic 80.9%, Aglipayan 2%), Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)
    0-14 years: 33.71% (male 17,652,419/female 16,943,261)
    15-24 years: 19.17% (male 10,042,520/female 9,629,762)
    25-54 years: 36.86% (male 19,204,977/female 18,618,333)
    55-64 years: 5.89% (male 2,758,867/female 3,282,416)
    65 years and over: 4.38% (male 1,863,339/female 2,628,315) (2016 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total dependency ratio: 57.6
    youth dependency ratio: 50.3
    elderly dependency ratio: 7.2
    potential support ratio: 13.9 (2015 est.)
    total: 23.4 years
    male: 22.9 years
    female: 23.8 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    1.59% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 73
    24 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    -2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    population concentrated where good farmlands lie; highest concentrations are northwest and south-central Luzon, the southeastern extension of Luzon, and the islands of the Visayan Sea, particularly Cebu and Negros; Manila is home to one-eighth of the entire national population
    urban population: 44.4% of total population (2015)
    rate of urbanization: 1.32% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    MANILA (capital) 12.946 million; Davao 1.63 million; Cebu City 951,000; Zamboanga 936,000 (2015)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
    23 years
    note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)
    114 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    total: 21.9 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 24.8 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 18.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 78
    total population: 69.2 years
    male: 65.7 years
    female: 72.9 years (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 161
    3.06 children born/woman (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    55.1% (2013)
    4.7% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 152
    1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
    improved:
    urban: 93.7% of population
    rural: 90.3% of population
    total: 91.8% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 6.3% of population
    rural: 9.7% of population
    total: 8.2% of population (2015 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 77.9% of population
    rural: 70.8% of population
    total: 73.9% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 22.1% of population
    rural: 29.2% of population
    total: 26.1% of population (2015 est.)
    0.1% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 108
    56,000 (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    <1000 (2016 est.)
    degree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
    water contact disease: leptospirosis (2016)
    4.7% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 148
    19.9% (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    2.7% of GDP (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 149
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 96.3%
    male: 95.8%
    female: 96.8% (2015 est.)
    total: 13 years
    male: 12 years
    female: 13 years (2013)
    total: 16.2%
    male: 15.1%
    female: 17.8% (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
  • Government :: PHILIPPINES

  • conventional long form: Republic of the Philippines
    conventional short form: Philippines
    local long form: Republika ng Pilipinas
    local short form: Pilipinas
    etymology: named in honor of King PHILLIP II of Spain by Spanish explorer Ruy LOPEZ de VILLALOBOS, who visited some of the islands in 1543
    presidential republic
    name: Manila
    geographic coordinates: 14 36 N, 120 58 E
    time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    80 provinces and 39 chartered cities
    provinces: Abra, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Aklan, Albay, Antique, Apayao, Aurora, Basilan, Bataan, Batanes, Batangas, Biliran, Benguet, Bohol, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Cebu, Compostela, Cotabato, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Dinagat Islands, Eastern Samar, Guimaras, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, La Union, Leyte, Maguindanao, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Mountain, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, Northern Samar, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Palawan, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, Romblon, Samar, Sarangani, Siquijor, Sorsogon, South Cotabato, Southern Leyte, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Tarlac, Tawi-Tawi, Zambales, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay
    chartered cities: Angeles, Antipolo, Bacolod, Baguio, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Caloocan, Cebu, Cotabato, Dagupan, Davao, General Santos, Iligan, Iloilo, Lapu-Lapu, Las Pinas, Lucena, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Mandaue, Manila, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Naga, Navotas, Olongapo, Ormoc, Paranaque, Pasay, Pasig, Puerto Princesa, Quezon, San Juan, Santiago, Tacloban, Taguig, Valenzuela, Zamboanga (2012)
    4 July 1946 (from the US)
    Independence Day, 12 June (1898); note - 12 June 1898 was date of declaration of independence from Spain; 4 July 1946 was date of independence from the US
    several previous; latest ratified 2 February 1987, effective 11 February 1987 (2016)
    mixed legal system of civil, common, Islamic, and customary law
    accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
    citizenship by birth: no
    citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Philippines
    dual citizenship recognized: no
    residency requirement for naturalization: 10 years
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Rodrigo DUTERTE (since 30 June 2016); Vice President Leni ROBREDO (since 30 June 2016); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Rodrigo DUTERTE (since 30 June 2016); Vice President Leni ROBREDO (since 30 June 2016)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president with the consent of the Commission of Appointments, an independent body of 25 Congressional members including the Senate president (ex officio chairman), appointed by the president
    elections/appointments: president and vice president directly elected on separate ballots by simple majority popular vote for a single 6-year term; election last held on 9 May 2016 (next to be held in May 2022)
    election results: Rodrigo DUTERTE elected president; percent of vote - Rodrigo DUTERTE (PDP-Laban) 39%, Manuel "Mar" ROXAS (LP) 23.5%, Grace POE (independent) 21.4%, Jejomar BINAY (UNA) 12.7%, Miriam Defensor SANTIAGO (PRP) 3.4%; Leni ROBREDO elected vice president; percent of vote Leni ROBREDO (LP) 35.1%, Bongbong MARCOS (independent) 34.5%
    description: bicameral Congress or Kongreso consists of the Senate or Senado (24 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by majority vote; members serve 6-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 3 years) and the House of Representatives or Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (292 seats; 234 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 58 representing minorities directly elected by proportional representation vote; members serve 3-year terms)
    elections: Senate - elections last held on 13 May 2013 (next to be held in May 2016); House of Representatives - elections last held on 13 May 2013 (next to be held in May 2016)
    election results: Senate - percent of vote by party for 2013 election - UNA 26.94%, NP 15.3%, LP 11.32%, NPC 10.15%, LDP 5.38%, PDP-Laban 4.95%, others 9.72%, independents 16.24%; seats by party after 2013 election - UNA 5, NP 5, LP 4, Lakas 2, NPC 2, LDP 1, PDP-Laban 1, PRP 1, independents 3; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - LP 38.3%, NPC 17.4%, UNA 11.4%, NUP 8.7%, NP 8.5%, Lakas 5.3%, independents 6.0%, others 4.4%; seats by party - LP 110, NPC 43, NUP 24, NP 17, Lakas 14, UNA 8, independents 6, others 12; party-list 57
    highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of a chief justice and 14 associate justices)
    judge selection and term of office: justices are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council, a constitutionally-created, 6-member body that recommends Supreme Court nominees; justices serve until age 70
    subordinate courts: Court of Appeals; Sandiganbayan (special court for corruption cases of government officials); Court of Tax Appeals; regional, metropolitan, and municipal trial courts; sharia courts
    Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Filipino Democrats) or LDP [Edgardo ANGARA]
    Lakas ng EDSA-Christian Muslim Democrats or Lakas-CMD [Ferdinand Martin ROMUALDEZ, president]
    Liberal Party or LP [Joseph Emilio ABAYA, president]
    Nacionalista Party or NP [Manuel "Manny" VILLAR]
    Nationalist People's Coalition or NPC [Eduardo COJUNGCO, Jr.]
    PDP-Laban [Aquilino PIMENTEL III]
    People's Reform Party or PRP [Miriam Defensor SANTIAGO]
    Puwersa ng Masang Pilipino (Force of the Philippine Masses) or PMP [Joseph ESTRADA]
    United Nationalist Alliance or UNA [Toby TIANGCO (acting)] - PDP-Laban and PMP coalition for the 2013 election
    Black and White Movement [Vicente ROMANO]
    Kilosbayan [Jovito SALONGA]
    ADB, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, CD, CICA (observer), CP, EAS, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSTAH, NAM, OAS (observer), OPCW, PCA, PIF (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMOGIP, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Ad interim Patrick A. CHUASOTO
    chancery: 1600 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
    telephone: [1] (202) 467-9300
    FAX: [1] (202) 328-7614
    consulate(s) general: Chicago, Honolulu, Los Angeles, New Yoek, Saipan (Northern Mariana Islands), San Francisco, Tamuning (Guam)
    chief of mission: Ambassador Sung KIM (since 6 December 2016)
    embassy: 1201 Roxas Boulevard, Manila 1000
    mailing address: PSC 500, FPO AP 96515-1000
    telephone: [63] (2) 301-2000
    FAX: [63] (2) 301-2017
    two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red; a white equilateral triangle is based on the hoist side; the center of the triangle displays a yellow sun with eight primary rays; each corner of the triangle contains a small, yellow, five-pointed star; blue stands for peace and justice, red symbolizes courage, the white equal-sided triangle represents equality; the rays recall the first eight provinces that sought independence from Spain, while the stars represent the three major geographical divisions of the country: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao; the design of the flag dates to 1897
    note: in wartime the flag is flown upside down with the red band at the top
    three stars and sun, Philippine eagle; national colors: red, white, blue, yellow
    name: "Lupang Hinirang" (Chosen Land)
    lyrics/music: Jose PALMA (revised by Felipe PADILLA de Leon)/Julian FELIPE
    note: music adopted 1898, original Spanish lyrics adopted 1899, Filipino (Tagalog) lyrics adopted 1956; although the original lyrics were written in Spanish, later English and Filipino versions were created; today, only the Filipino version is used
  • Economy :: PHILIPPINES

  • The economy has been relatively resilient to global economic shocks due to less exposure to troubled international securities, lower dependence on exports, relatively resilient domestic consumption, large remittances from about 10 million overseas Filipino workers and migrants, and a rapidly expanding outsourcing industry. During 2016, the current account balance narrowed to its lowest level since the 2008 global financial crisis, but nevertheless mustered a surplus for a 14th consecutive year. International reserves remain at comfortable levels and the banking system is stable.
    Efforts to improve tax administration and expenditures management have helped ease the Philippines' debt burden and tight fiscal situation. The Philippines received investment-grade credit ratings on its sovereign debt under the former AQUINO administration and has had little difficulty financing its budget deficits. However, weak absorptive capacity and implementation bottlenecks have prevented the government from maximizing its expenditure plans. Although it has improved, the low tax-to-GDP ratio remains a constraint to supporting increasingly higher spending levels and sustaining high and inclusive growth over the longer term.
    Economic growth has accelerated, averaging 6.1% per year from 2011 to 2016, compared with 4.5% under the MACAPAGAL-ARROYO government; and competitiveness rankings have improved. Although 2016 saw a record year for net foreign direct investment inflows, FDI to the Philippines has continued to lag regional peers, in part because the Philippine constitution and other laws restrict foreign ownership in important activities/sectors - such as land ownership and public utilities.
    Although the economy grew at a faster pace under the AQUINO government, challenges to achieving more inclusive growth remain. Wealth is concentrated in the hands of the rich. The unemployment rate declined from 7.3% to 5.5% between 2010 and 2016 but the jobs are low paying and tedious. Underemployment hovers at around 18% to 19% of the employed. At least 40% of the employed work in the informal sector. Poverty afflicts more than a fifth of the population. More than 60% of the poor reside in rural areas, where the incidence of poverty (about 30%) is more severe - a challenge to raising rural farm and non-farm incomes. Continued efforts are needed to improve governance, the judicial system, the regulatory environment, the infrastructure, and the overall ease of doing business.
    2016 saw the election of President Rodrigo DUTERTE, who has pledged to make inclusive growth and poverty reduction his top priority. DUTERTE believes that illegal drug use, crime and corruption are key barriers to economic development among the lower income class. This administration wants to reduce the poverty rate to 14% and graduate the economy to upper-middle income status by the end of President DUTERTE’s term in 2022. Key themes under the government’s Ten-Point Socioeconomic Agenda include continuity of macroeconomic policy, tax reform, higher investments in infrastructure and human capital development, and improving competitiveness and the overall ease of doing business. The administration has vowed to address spending bottlenecks and is pushing for congressional passage of a Comprehensive Tax Reform Program to help finance more aggressive infrastructure and social spending, starting in 2018. The government also supports relaxing restrictions on foreign ownership, except for land.
    $807.1 billion (2016 est.)
    $755 billion (2015 est.)
    $711.6 billion (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 30
    $311.7 billion (2016 est.)
    6.9% (2016 est.)
    6.1% (2015 est.)
    6.1% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    $7,700 (2016 est.)
    $7,400 (2015 est.)
    $7,100 (2014 est.)
    note: data are in 2016 dollars
    country comparison to the world: 154
    25.5% of GDP (2016 est.)
    23.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
    24.3% of GDP (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    household consumption: 73.6%
    government consumption: 11.1%
    investment in fixed capital: 24.6%
    investment in inventories: -0.4%
    exports of goods and services: 28%
    imports of goods and services: -36.9% (2016 est.)
    agriculture: 9.7%
    industry: 30.8%
    services: 59.5% (2016 est.)
    rice, fish, livestock, poultry, bananas, coconut/copra, corn, sugarcane, mangoes, pineapple, cassava
    semiconductors and electronics assembly, food and beverage manufacturing, construction, electric/gas/water supply, chemical products, radio/television/communications equipment and apparatus, petroleum and fuel, textile and garments, non-metallic minerals, basic metal industries, transport equipment
    8.4% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 20
    43.19 million (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 16
    agriculture: 26.9%
    industry: 17.5%
    services: 55.6% (2016 est.)
    5.5% (2016 est.)
    6.3% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    21.6% (2015 est.)
    lowest 10%: 3.2%
    highest 10%: 29.5% (2015 est.)
    44.4 (2015 est.)
    46 (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    revenues: $46.2 billion
    expenditures: $53.68 billion (2016 est.)
    14.8% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    -2.4% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 58
    42.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
    44.8% of GDP (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    calendar year
    1.8% (2016 est.)
    1.4% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 102
    3.56% (31 December 2016)
    6.19% (31 December 2015)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    4.09% (31 December 2016 est.)
    4.4% (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    $61.74 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $56.69 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    $191 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $179.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    $184.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $167 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    $290.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $286.1 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    $318 billion (31 December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    $601 million (2016 est.)
    $7.266 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    $43.44 billion (2016 est.)
    $43.2 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 50
    semiconductors and electronic products, machinery and transport equipment, wood manufactures, chemicals, processed food and beverages, garments, coconut oil, copper concentrates, seafood, bananas/fruits
    Japan 21.1%, US 15%, China 10.9%, Hong Kong 10.6%, Singapore 6.2%, Germany 4.5%, South Korea 4.3% (2015)
    $77.52 billion (2016 est.)
    $66.51 billion (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 42
    electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic
    China 16.2%, US 10.8%, Japan 9.6%, Singapore 7%, South Korea 6.5%, Thailand 6.4%, Malaysia 4.8%, Indonesia 4.4% (2015)
    $80.69 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $80.67 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 29
    $77.47 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $74.76 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 55
    $64.25 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $58.52 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    $45.38 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
    $41.02 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    Philippine pesos (PHP) per US dollar -
    47.08 (2016 est.)
    45.503 (2015 est.)
    45.503 (2014 est.)
    44.395 (2013 est.)
    42.23 (2012 est.)
  • Energy :: PHILIPPINES

  • population without electricity: 20,600,000
    electrification - total population: 88%
    electrification - urban areas: 94%
    electrification - rural areas: 82% (2013)
    90.8 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 38
    74.15 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 39
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 192
    21.42 million kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 45
    67.5% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 115
    0% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 171
    16.9% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 91
    15.6% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    5,502 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 67
    4,942 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 64
    215,800 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 8
    100 million bbl (1 January 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 69
    1.373 million bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 15
    329,000 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 41
    219,800 bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 33
    1.577 million bbl/day (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 5
    3.979 billion cu m (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    3.827 billion cu m (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 67
    0 cu m (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 169
    0 cu m (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 121
    98.54 billion cu m (1 January 2016 es)
    country comparison to the world: 52
    88 million Mt (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 44
  • Communications :: PHILIPPINES

  • total subscriptions: 3.039 million
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 3 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    total: 120.255 million
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 119 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 13
    general assessment: good international radiotelephone and submarine cable services; domestic and interisland service adequate
    domestic: telecommunications infrastructure includes the following platforms: fixed line, mobile cellular, cable TV, over-the-air TV, radio and Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT), fiber-optic cable, and satellite for redundant international connectivity
    international: country code - 63; a series of submarine cables together provide connectivity to the US, and to countries like Hong Kong, Guam, Singapore, Taiwan, Japan, Brunei, and Malaysia, among others; multiple international gateways (2016)
    multiple national private TV and radio networks; multi-channel satellite and cable TV systems available; more than 400 TV stations; about 1,500 cable TV providers with more than 2 million subscribers, and some 1,400 radio stations; the Philippines adopted Japan’s Integrated Service Digital Broadcast – Terrestrial standard for digital terrestrial television in November 2013 and is scheduled to complete the switch from analog to digital broadcasting by the end of 2023 (2016)
    .ph
    total: 41.106 million
    percent of population: 40.7% (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 17
  • Transportation :: PHILIPPINES

  • number of registered air carriers: 11
    inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 158
    annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 32,230,986
    annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 484,190,968 mt-km (2015)
    RP (2016)
    247 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    total: 89
    over 3,047 m: 4
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 33
    914 to 1,523 m: 34
    under 914 m: 10 (2013)
    total: 158
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
    914 to 1,523 m: 56
    under 914 m: 99 (2013)
    2 (2013)
    gas 530 km (2014); oil 138 km; refined products 185 km (2013)
    total: 995 km
    narrow gauge: 995 km 1.067-m gauge (484 km are in operation) (2015)
    country comparison to the world: 88
    total: 216,387 km
    paved: 61,093 km
    unpaved: 155,294 km (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 24
    3,219 km (limited to vessels with draft less than 1.5 m) (2011)
    country comparison to the world: 30
    total: 446
    by type: bulk carrier 76, cargo 152, carrier 12, chemical tanker 27, container 17, liquefied gas 5, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 65, petroleum tanker 44, refrigerated cargo 20, roll on/roll off 11, vehicle carrier 10
    foreign-owned: 159 (Bermuda 47, China 4, Denmark 2, Germany 2, Greece 5, Japan 77, Malaysia 1, Netherlands 17, Singapore 1, South Korea 1, Taiwan 1, UAE 1)
    registered in other countries: 7 (Cyprus 1, Panama 5, unknown 1) (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 23
    major seaport(s): Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila
    container port(s) (TEUs): Manila (3,342,200)
    the International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial and offshore waters in the South China Sea as high risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; numerous commercial vessels have been attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; hijacked vessels are often disguised and cargo diverted to ports in East Asia; crews have been murdered or cast adrift
  • Military and Security :: PHILIPPINES

  • 1.28% of GDP (2016)
    1.14% of GDP (2015)
    1.09% of GDP (2014)
    1.24% of GDP (2013)
    1.16% of GDP (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 83
    Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP): Army, Navy (includes Marine Corps), Air Force (2013)
    17-23 years of age (officers 20-24) for voluntary military service; no conscription; applicants must be single male or female Philippine citizens with either 72 college credit hours (enlisted) or a baccalaureate degree (officers) (2013)
  • Transnational Issues :: PHILIPPINES

  • Philippines claims sovereignty over Scarborough Reef (also claimed by China together with Taiwan) and over certain of the Spratly Islands, known locally as the Kalayaan (Freedom) Islands, also claimed by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," has eased tensions in the Spratly Islands but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Philippines retains a dormant claim to Malaysia's Sabah State in northern Borneo based on the Sultanate of Sulu's granting the Philippines Government power of attorney to pursue a sovereignty claim on his behalf; maritime delimitation negotiations continue with Palau
    IDPs: 87,000 (government troops fighting the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the Abu Sayyaf Group, and the New People's Army; clan feuds; natural disasters) (2016)
    stateless persons: 4,636 (2016); note - stateless persons are descendants of Indonesian migrants
    domestic methamphetamine production has been a growing problem in recent years despite government crackdowns; major consumer of amphetamines; longstanding marijuana producer mainly in rural areas where Manila's control is limited