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Central America :: Puerto Rico Print
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PUERTO RICO
  • Introduction :: Puerto Rico
  • Background field listing
    Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Christopher COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self-government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status with the US, but the results of a 2012 vote left open the possibility of American statehood. Economic recession on the island has led to a net population loss since about 2005, as large numbers of residents moved to the US mainland. The trend has accelerated since 2010; in 2014, Puerto Rico experienced a net population loss to the mainland of 64,000, more than double the net loss of 26,000 in 2010. Hurricane Maria struck the island on 20 September 2017 causing catastrophic damage, including destruction of the electrical grid that had been cripled by Hurricane Irma just two weeks before. It was the worst storm to hit the island in eight decades, and damage is estimated in the tens of billions of dollars.
  • Geography :: Puerto Rico
  • Location field listing
    Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    18 15 N, 66 30 W
    Map references field listing
    Central America and the Caribbean
    Area field listing
    total: 9,104 sq km
    land: 8,959 sq km
    water: 145 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 171
    Area - comparative field listing
    slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    501 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Climate field listing
    tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
    Terrain field listing
    mostly mountains with coastal plain in north; precipitous mountains to the sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas
    Elevation field listing
    mean elevation: 261 m
    elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
    1338 highest point: Cerro de Punta
    Natural resources field listing
    some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 22% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 6.6% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 5.6% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 9.8% (2011 est.)
    forest: 63.2% (2011 est.)
    other: 14.8% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    220 sq km (2012)
    Population distribution field listing
    population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is low
    Natural hazards field listing
    periodic droughts; hurricanes
    Environment - current issues field listing
    soil erosion; occasional droughts cause water shortages; industrial pollution
    Geography - note field listing
    important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north
  • People and Society :: Puerto Rico
  • Population field listing
    3,294,626 (July 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 134
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
    adjective: Puerto Rican
    Ethnic groups field listing
    white 75.8%, black/African American 12.4%, other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3% (2010 est.)

    note: 99% of the population is Latino

    Languages field listing
    Spanish, English
    Religions field listing
    Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 15.25% (male 256,866 /female 245,518)
    15-24 years: 13.39% (male 224,434 /female 216,664)
    25-54 years: 37.99% (male 595,818 /female 655,890)
    55-64 years: 13.14% (male 198,577 /female 234,490)
    65 years and over: 20.23% (male 286,630 /female 379,739) (2018 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Dependency ratios field listing
    total dependency ratio: 49.6 (2015 est.)
    youth dependency ratio: 27.9 (2015 est.)
    elderly dependency ratio: 21.7 (2015 est.)
    potential support ratio: 4.6 (2015 est.)
    Median age field listing
    total: 42.2 years
    male: 40.2 years
    female: 43.9 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 34
    Population growth rate field listing
    -1.7% (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 232
    Birth rate field listing
    8 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 222
    Death rate field listing
    8.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 65
    Net migration rate field listing
    -16.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 217
    Population distribution field listing
    population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is low
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 93.6% of total population (2018)
    rate of urbanization: -0.14% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    2.454 million SAN JUAN (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    55-64 years: 0.83 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
    Maternal mortality rate field listing
    14 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 138
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 6.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    male: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    female: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 165
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 81 years (2018 est.)
    male: 77.7 years (2018 est.)
    female: 84.5 years (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    Total fertility rate field listing
    1.21 children born/woman (2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 220
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: urban: 93.6% of population (2001 est.)
    rural: 93.6% of population (2001 est.)
    total: 93.6% of population (2001 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)
    rural: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)
    total: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: urban: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 99.3% of population (2015 est.)
    unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
    rural: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
    total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    NA
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    NA
    Major infectious diseases field listing

    note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

    Education expenditures field listing
    6% of GDP (2014)
    country comparison to the world: 36
    Literacy field listing
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
    total population: 93.3% (2015 est.)
    male: 92.8% (2015 est.)
    female: 93.8% (2015 est.)
    School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) field listing
    total: 14 years (2014)
    male: 13 years (2014)
    female: 15 years (2014)
    Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 field listing
    total: 26.6% (2012 est.)
    male: 28.9% (2012 est.)
    female: 23.1% (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
  • Government :: Puerto Rico
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
    conventional short form: Puerto Rico
    abbreviation: PR
    etymology: Christopher COLUMBUS named the island San Juan Bautista (Saint John the Baptist) and the capital city and main port Cuidad de Puerto Rico (Rich Port City); over time, however, the names were shortened and transposed and the island came to be called Puerto Rico and its capital San Juan
    Dependency status field listing
    unincorporated organized territory of the US; policy relations between Puerto Rico and the US conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of the President
    Government type field listing
    presidential democracy; a self-governing commonwealth in political association with the US
    Capital field listing
    name: San Juan
    geographic coordinates: 18 28 N, 66 07 W
    time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions field listing
    none (territory of the US with commonwealth status); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 78 municipalities (municipios, singular - municipio) at the second order; Adjuntas, Aguada, Aguadilla, Aguas Buenas, Aibonito, Anasco, Arecibo, Arroyo, Barceloneta, Barranquitas, Bayamon, Cabo Rojo, Caguas, Camuy, Canovanas, Carolina, Catano, Cayey, Ceiba, Ciales, Cidra, Coamo, Comerio, Corozal, Culebra, Dorado, Fajardo, Florida, Guanica, Guayama, Guayanilla, Guaynabo, Gurabo, Hatillo, Hormigueros, Humacao, Isabela, Jayuya, Juana Diaz, Juncos, Lajas, Lares, Las Marias, Las Piedras, Loiza, Luquillo, Manati, Maricao, Maunabo, Mayaguez, Moca, Morovis, Naguabo, Naranjito, Orocovis, Patillas, Penuelas, Ponce, Quebradillas, Rincon, Rio Grande, Sabana Grande, Salinas, San German, San Juan, San Lorenzo, San Sebastian, Santa Isabel, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Trujillo Alto, Utuado, Vega Alta, Vega Baja, Vieques, Villalba, Yabucoa, Yauco
    Independence field listing
    none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)
    National holiday field listing
    US Independence Day, 4 July (1776)Puerto Rico Constitution Day, 25 July (1952)
    Constitution field listing
    history: previous 1900 (Organic Act, or Foraker Act); latest ratified by referendum 3 March 1952, approved 3 July 1952, effective 25 July 1952 (2018)
    amendments: proposed by a concurrent resolution of at least two-thirds majority by the total Legislative Assembly membership; approval requires at least two-thirds majority vote by the membership of both houses and approval by a majority of voters in a special referendum; if passed by at least three-fourths Assembly vote, the referendum can be held concurrently with the next general election; constitutional articles such as the republican form of government or the bill of rights cannot be amended; amended 1952 (2018)
    Citizenship field listing
    see United States
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal; note - island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President Donald J. TRUMP (since 20 January 2017); Vice President Michael R. PENCE (since 20 January 2017)
    head of government: Governor Ricardo ROSSELLO (since 2 January 2017)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by governor with the consent of the Legislative Assembly
    elections/appointments: president and vice president indirectly elected on the same ballot by an Electoral College of 'electors' chosen from each state; president and vice president serve a 4-year term (eligible for a second term); under the US Constitution, residents of Puerto Rico do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican party presidential primary elections; governor directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 4-year term (no term limits); election last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held in November 2020)
    election results: Ricardo ROSSELLO elected governor; percent of vote - Ricardo ROSSELLO (PNP) 41.8%, David BERNIER (PPD) 38.9%, Alexandra LUGARO (independent) 11.1%, Manuel CIDRE (independent) 5.7%
    Legislative branch field listing
    description: bicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa consists of:
    Senate or Senado (30 seats; 16 members directly elected in 8 2-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 14 at-large members directly elected by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms)
    House of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (51 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms)
    elections:
    Senate - last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held on 3 November 2020)
    House of Representatives - last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held on 3 November 2020)
    election results:
    Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PNP 21, PPD 7, PIP 1, Independent 1
    House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PNP 34, PPD 16, PIP 1
    note: Puerto Rico directly elects 1 member by simple majority vote to serve a 4-year term as a commissioner to the US House of Representatives; the commissioner can vote when serving on a committee and when the House meets as the Committee of the Whole House but not when legislation is submitted for a 'full floor' House vote; election of commissioner last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held on 6 November 2018)
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 8 associate justices)
    judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the governor and confirmed by majority Senate vote; judges serve until compulsory retirement at age 70
    subordinate courts: Court of Appeals; First Instance Court comprised of superior and municipal courts
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    National Democratic Party [Charlie RODRIGUEZ]
    National Republican Party of Puerto Rico [Jenniffer GONZALEZ]
    New Progressive Party or PNP [Ricardo ROSSELLO] (pro-US statehood)
    Popular Democratic Party or PPD [Alejandro GARCIA Padillo] (pro-commonwealth)
    Puerto Rican Independence Party or PIP [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez] (pro-independence)
    International organization participation field listing
    AOSIS (observer), Caricom (observer), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNWTO (associate), UPU, WFTU (NGOs)
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    none (territory of the US)
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)
    Flag description field listing
    five equal horizontal bands of red (top, center, and bottom) alternating with white; a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bears a large, white, five-pointed star in the center; the white star symbolizes Puerto Rico; the three sides of the triangle signify the executive, legislative and judicial parts of the government; blue stands for the sky and the coastal waters; red symbolizes the blood shed by warriors, while white represents liberty, victory, and peace

    note: design initially influenced by the US flag, but similar to the Cuban flag, with the colors of the bands and triangle reversed

    National symbol(s) field listing
    Puerto Rican spindalis (bird), coqui (frog); national colors: red, white, blue
    National anthem field listing
    name: "La Borinquena" (The Puerto Rican)
    lyrics/music: Manuel Fernandez JUNCOS/Felix Astol ARTES

    note: music adopted 1952, lyrics adopted 1977; the local anthem's name is a reference to the indigenous name of the island, Borinquen; the music was originally composed as a dance in 1867 and gained popularity in the early 20th century; there is some evidence that the music was written by Francisco RAMIREZ; as a commonwealth of the US, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is official (see United States)

  • Economy :: Puerto Rico
  • Economy - overview field listing

    Puerto Rico had one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region until 2006; however, growth has been negative for each of the last 11 years. The downturn coincided with the phaseout of tax preferences that had led US firms to invest heavily in the Commonwealth since the 1950s, and a steep rise in the price of oil, which generates most of the island's electricity.

    Diminished job opportunities prompted a sharp rise in outmigration, as many Puerto Ricans sought jobs on the US mainland. Unemployment reached 16% in 2011, but declined to 11.5% in December 2017. US minimum wage laws apply in Puerto Rico, hampering job expansion. Per capita income is about two-thirds that of the US mainland.

    The industrial sector greatly exceeds agriculture as the locus of economic activity and income. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income with estimated arrivals of more than 3.6 million tourists in 2008. Puerto Rico's merchandise trade surplus is exceptionally strong, with exports nearly 50% greater than imports, and its current account surplus about 10% of GDP.

    Closing the budget deficit while restoring economic growth and employment remain the central concerns of the government. The gap between revenues and expenditures amounted to 0.6% of GDP in 2016, although analysts believe that not all expenditures have been accounted for in the budget and a better accounting of costs would yield an overall deficit of roughly 5% of GDP. Public debt remained steady at 92.5% of GDP in 2017, about $17,000 per person, or nearly three times the per capita debt of the State of Connecticut, the highest in the US. Much of that debt was issued by state-run schools and public corporations, including water and electric utilities. In June 2015, Governor Alejandro GARCIA Padilla announced that the island could not pay back at least $73 billion in debt and that it would seek a deal with its creditors.

    Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico square on in September 2017, causing electrical power outages to 90% of the territory, as well as extensive loss of housing and infrastructure and contamination of potable water. Despite massive efforts, more than 40% of the territory remained without electricity as of yearend 2017. As a result of the destruction, many Puerto Ricans have emigrated to the US mainland.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $130 billion (2017 est.)
    $133.1 billion (2016 est.)
    $134.9 billion (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 81
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $104.2 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing
    -2.4% (2017 est.)
    -1.3% (2016 est.)
    -1% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 207
    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $39,400 (2017 est.)
    $39,000 (2016 est.)
    $38,800 (2015 est.)

    note: data are in 2017 dollars

    country comparison to the world: 47
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 87.7% (2017 est.)
    government consumption: 12.2% (2017 est.)
    investment in fixed capital: 11.7% (2017 est.)
    investment in inventories: 0.5% (2017 est.)
    exports of goods and services: 117.8% (2017 est.)
    imports of goods and services: -129.8% (2017 est.)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: 0.8% (2017 est.)
    industry: 50.1% (2017 est.)
    services: 49.1% (2017 est.)
    Agriculture - products field listing
    sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas; livestock products, chickens
    Industries field listing
    pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    -2.1% (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    Labor force field listing
    1.139 million (December 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 2.1%
    industry: 19%
    services: 79% (2005 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    10.8% (2017 est.)
    11.8% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 146
    Population below poverty line field listing
    NA
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: NA
    highest 10%: NA
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 9.268 billion (2017 est.)
    expenditures: 9.974 billion (2017 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    8.9% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 217
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -0.7% (of GDP) (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 68
    Public debt field listing
    51.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
    50.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 97
    Fiscal year field listing
    1 July - 30 June
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    1.8% (2017 est.)
    -0.3% (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 95
    Commercial bank prime lending rate field listing
    5% (31 December 2017 est.)
    4% (31 December 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    Market value of publicly traded shares field listing

    NA

    Current account balance field listing
    $0 (2017 est.)
    $0 (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 66
    Exports field listing
    $73.17 billion (2017 est.)
    $73.2 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 41
    Exports - commodities field listing
    chemicals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment
    Imports field listing
    $49.01 billion (2017 est.)
    $48.86 billion (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 54
    Imports - commodities field listing
    chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products
    Debt - external field listing
    $56.82 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
    $52.98 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 61
    Exchange rates field listing

    the US dollar is used

  • Energy :: Puerto Rico
  • Electricity access field listing
    population without electricity: 357,805 (2012)
    electrification - total population: 91% (2012)
    electrification - urban areas: 91% (2012)
    electrification - rural areas: 80% (2012)
    Electricity - production field listing
    20.95 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 75
    Electricity - consumption field listing
    19.48 billion kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 72
    Electricity - exports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    Electricity - imports field listing
    0 kWh (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    Electricity - installed generating capacity field listing
    6.294 million kW (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
    Electricity - from fossil fuels field listing
    94% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 47
    Electricity - from nuclear fuels field listing
    0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 168
    Electricity - from hydroelectric plants field listing
    2% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 142
    Electricity - from other renewable sources field listing
    4% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 117
    Crude oil - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    Crude oil - exports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    Crude oil - imports field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    Crude oil - proved reserves field listing
    0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    Refined petroleum products - production field listing
    0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    Refined petroleum products - consumption field listing
    98,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    Refined petroleum products - exports field listing
    18,420 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Refined petroleum products - imports field listing
    127,100 bbl/day (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 46
    Natural gas - production field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 185
    Natural gas - consumption field listing
    1.303 billion cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 86
    Natural gas - exports field listing
    0 cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 170
    Natural gas - imports field listing
    1.303 billion cu m (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    Natural gas - proved reserves field listing
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 183
    Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy field listing
    19.85 million Mt (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 87
  • Communications :: Puerto Rico
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 783,739 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 23 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 81
    Telephones - mobile cellular field listing
    total subscriptions: 3,389,402 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 101 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 137
    Telephone system field listing
    general assessment: modern system integrated with that of the US by high-capacity submarine cable and Intelsat with high-speed data capability (2016)
    domestic: digital telephone system; mobile-cellular services (2016)
    international: country code - 1-787, 939; submarine cables provide connectivity to the US, Caribbean, Central and South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (2016)
    Broadcast media field listing
    more than 30 TV stations operating; cable TV subscription services are available; roughly 125 radio stations (2007)
    Internet country code field listing
    .pr
    Internet users field listing
    total: 2,873,895 (July 2016 est.)
    percent of population: 80.3% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 98
    Broadband - fixed subscriptions field listing
    total: 660,100 (2017 est.)
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 20 (2017 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 76
  • Transportation :: Puerto Rico
  • Airports field listing
    29 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 17 (2017)
    over 3,047 m: 2 (2017)
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2017)
    914 to 1,523 m: 7 (2017)
    under 914 m: 5 (2017)
    Airports - with unpaved runways field listing
    total: 12 (2013)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)
    914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)
    under 914 m: 10 (2013)
    Roadways field listing
    total: 26,862 km (includes 454 km of expressways) (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 100
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Ensenada Honda, Mayaguez, Playa de Guayanilla, Playa de Ponce, San Juan
    container port(s) (TEUs): San Juan (1,210,503) (2015)
    LNG terminal(s) (import): Guayanilla Bay
  • Military and Security :: Puerto Rico
  • Military branches field listing
    no regular indigenous military forces; paramilitary National Guard, Police Force
    Military - note field listing
    defense is the responsibility of the US
  • Transnational Issues :: Puerto Rico
  • Disputes - international field listing
    increasing numbers of illegal migrants from the Dominican Republic cross the Mona Passage to Puerto Rico each year looking for work