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North America :: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
(territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Page last updated on July 30, 2015
 
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Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Introduction :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.
  • Geography :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
    46 50 N, 56 20 W
    North America
    total: 242 sq km
    land: 242 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
    country comparison to the world: 214
    one and half times the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    120 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    cold and wet, with considerable mist and fog; spring and autumn are often windy
    mostly barren rock
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
    fish, deepwater ports
    agricultural land: 8.7%
    arable land 8.7%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
    forest: 12.5%
    other: 78.8% (2011 est.)
    NA
    persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
    recent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon may bring future development that would impact the environment
    vegetation scanty
  • People and Society :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
    adjective: French
    Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)
    French (official)
    Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
    5,657 (July 2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 228
    0-14 years: 15.96% (male 465/female 438)
    15-24 years: 8.75% (male 256/female 239)
    25-54 years: 42.87% (male 1,199/female 1,226)
    55-64 years: 13.68% (male 404/female 370)
    65 years and over: 18.74% (male 443/female 617) (2015 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total: 44.6 years
    male: 44.2 years
    female: 45 years (2014 est.)
    -1.08% (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 230
    7.42 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 223
    9.72 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 62
    -8.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 209
    urban population: 90.4% of total population (2015)
    rate of urbanization: 0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    SAINT-PIERRE (capital) 5,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
    total: 6.78 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 7.87 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 5.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 162
    total population: 80.39 years
    male: 78.06 years
    female: 82.85 years (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 31
    1.56 children born/woman (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 184
    NA
    NA
    NA
  • Government :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
    conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
    local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
    local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
    self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France
    parliamentary representative democracy
    name: Saint-Pierre
    geographic coordinates: 46 46 N, 56 11 W
    time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
    none (territorial overseas collectivity of France); note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 2 communes at the second order - Saint Pierre, Miquelon
    none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)
    Fete de la Federation, 14 July (1789)
    4 October 1958 (French Constitution) (2013)
    French civil law
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012); represented by Prefect Jean-Christophe BOUVIER (since September 2014)
    head of government: President of the Territorial Council Stephane ARTANO (since 31 March 2006)
    cabinet: NA
    elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held on 6 May 2012 (next to be held in 2017); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Council elected by the members of the council
    description: unicameral Territorial Council or Conseil Territorial (19 seats - 15 from Saint Pierre and 4 from Miquelon; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote to serve 6-year terms)
    note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect one member to the French Senate; elections last held on 28 September 2014 (next to be held not later than September 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AD 1 (affiliated with UMP); Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects one member to the French National Assembly; elections last held on 17 June 2012 (next to be held by June 2017); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Ensemble pour l'Avenir 1 (affiliated with PRG)
    elections: elections last held on 18 March 2012 (next to be held in March 2018)
    election results: percent of vote by party - AD 52.5%, Ensemble pour l'Avenir 47.5%; seats by party - AD 14, Ensemble pour l'Avenir 5
    highest court(s): Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel (composition NA)
    judge selection and term of office: judge selection and tenure NA
    subordinate courts: NA
    Archipelago Tomorrow or AD [Stephane ARTANO] (affiliated with UMP)
    Ensemble pour l'Avenir [Annick GIRARDIN] (affiliated with PRG)
    NA
    UPU, WFTU (NGOs)
    none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
    none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
    a yellow three-masted sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a blue background with scattered, white, wavy lines under the ship; a continuous black-over-white wavy line divides the ship from the white wavy lines; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy; the blue on the main portion of the flag symbolizes the Atlantic Ocean and the stylized ship represents the Grande Hermine in which Jacques Cartier "discovered" the islands in 1536
    note: the flag of France used for official occasions
    16th-century sailing ship
    note: as a collectivity of France, "La Marseillaise" is official (see France)
  • Economy :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992, an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 sq km to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada, although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. France heavily subsidizes the islands to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects. Fish farming, crab fishing, and agriculture are being developed to diversify the local economy. Recent test drilling for oil may pave the way for development of the energy sector.
    $215.3 million (2006 est.)
    note: supplemented by annual payments from France of about $60 million
    country comparison to the world: 218
    $215.3 million (2006 est.)
    NA%
    $34,900 (2006 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    agriculture: 2%
    industry: 15%
    services: 83% (2006 est.)
    vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
    fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
    NA%
    3,194 (2006)
    country comparison to the world: 224
    agriculture: 18%
    industry: 41%
    services: 41% (1996 est.)
    9.9% (2008 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 112
    NA%
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $70 million
    expenditures: $60 million (1996 est.)
    32.5% of GDP (1996)
    country comparison to the world: 78
    4.6% of GDP (1996)
    country comparison to the world: 8
    calendar year
    4.5% (2010)
    8.1% (2005)
    $6.641 million (2010 est.)
    $5.5 million (2005 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 216
    fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
    $95.35 million (2010 est.)
    $68.2 million (2005 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 213
    meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
    $NA
    euros (EUR) per US dollar -
    0.7489 (2014 est.)
    0.7634 (2013 est.)
    0.78 (2012 est.)
    0.7185 (2011 est.)
    0.755 (2010 est.)
  • Energy :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • 42 million kWh (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 210
    39.06 million kWh (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 210
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    26,600 kW (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    97.7% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 56
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 173
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 195
    2.3% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 74
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 211
    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 116
    0 bbl (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 182
    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    1,010 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 203
    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    584 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 125
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    151,100 Mt (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
  • Communications :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • 4,800 (2010)
    country comparison to the world: 209
    general assessment: adequate
    international: country code - 508; radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; satellite earth station - 1 in French domestic satellite system
    2 TV stations with a third repeater station, all part of the French Overseas Network; radio stations on St. Pierre and on Miquelon are part of the French Overseas Network (2007)
    AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
    0 (2 repeaters rebroadcast programs from France, Canada, and the US) (1997)
    .pm
    15 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 224
  • Transportation :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • 2 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    total: 2
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)
    total: 117 km
    paved: 80 km
    unpaved: 37 km (2009)
    country comparison to the world: 215
    major seaport(s): Saint-Pierre
  • Military :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • males age 16-49: 1,064
    females age 16-49: 1,069 (2010 est.)
    male: 34
    female: 32 (2010 est.)
    defense is the responsibility of France
  • Transnational Issues :: SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON

  • none
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