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Central America and Caribbean :: Turks and Caicos Islands
(overseas territory of the UK)
Page last updated on May 14, 2015
 
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Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Introduction :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.
  • Geography :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti
    21 45 N, 71 35 W
    Central America and the Caribbean
    total: 948 sq km
    land: 948 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    country comparison to the world: 186
    2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
    0 km
    389 km
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
    low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Flamingo Hill 48 m
    spiny lobster, conch
    arable land: 1.05%
    permanent crops: 0%
    other: 98.95% (2012 est.)
    NA
    frequent hurricanes
    limited natural freshwater resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
    about 40 islands (eight inhabited)
  • People and Society :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • noun: none
    adjective: none
    black 87.6%, white 7.9%, mixed 2.5%, East Indian 1.3%, other 0.7% (2006)
    English (official)
    Protestant 72.8% (Baptist 35.8%, Church of God 11.7%, Anglican 10%, Methodist 9.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%), Roman Catholic 11.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.8%, other 14%
    49,070 (July 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 212
    0-14 years: 22.1% (male 5,536/female 5,332)
    15-24 years: 14.8% (male 3,552/female 3,715)
    25-54 years: 53.5% (male 13,333/female 12,931)
    55-64 years: 5.3% (male 1,434/female 1,188)
    65 years and over: 4.2% (male 910/female 1,139) (2014 est.)
    population pyramid:
    total: 31.9 years
    male: 32.2 years
    female: 31.5 years (2014 est.)
    2.58% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 27
    16.61 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 119
    3.08 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 221
    12.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 12
    urban population: 91.8% of total population (2014)
    rate of urbanization: 2.48% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
    GRAND TURK (capital) 5,000 (2014)
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
    total: 10.97 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 8.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 131
    total population: 79.55 years
    male: 76.8 years
    female: 82.42 years (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 43
    1.7 children born/woman (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    improved:
    urban: 87% of population
    rural: 87% of population
    total: 87.1% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 13% of population
    rural: 13% of population
    total: 12.9% of population (2007 est.)
    improved:
    urban: 81.4% of population
    rural: 81.4% of population
    total: 81.4% of population
    unimproved:
    urban: 18.6% of population
    rural: 18.6% of population
    total: 18.6% of population (2007 est.)
    NA
    NA
    NA
    NA
    destination and transit point for illegal Haitian immigrants bound for the Turks and Caicos Islands, The Bahamas, and the US
  • Government :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands
    abbreviation: TCI
    overseas territory of the UK
    NA
    name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
    geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 W
    time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
    several previous; latest signed 7 August 2012, effective 15 October 2012 (Turks and Caicos Constitution Order 2011) (2012)
    mixed legal system of English common law and civil law
    18 years of age; universal
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Peter BECKINGHAM (since 9 October 2013)
    head of government: Premier Rufus EWING (since 13 November 2012)
    cabinet: Cabinet consists of the governor, deputy governor, the premier, no more than six other ministers appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly, and the attorney general
    elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed premier by the governor
    note: the UK foreign minister determined that sufficient progress had been made to reinstate local government under a new constitution (effective October 2012)
    description: unicameral House of Assembly (19 seats; 15 members in multi-seat constituencies and a single all-islands constituency directly elected by simple majority vote and 4 appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier and opposition party; members serve 4-year terms)
    elections: last held on 9 November 2012 (next to be held in 2016)
    election results: percent of vote - NA; seats by party - PNP 8, PDM 7
    highest resident court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and such number of other judges as determined by the governor); Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 2 justices); note - appeals beyond the Supreme Court are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in London
    judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court and Appeals Court judges appointed by the governor in accordance with the Judicial Service Commission, a 3-member body of high level judicial officials; Supreme Court judges appointed until mandatory retirement at age 65, but can be extended to age 70; Appeals Court judge tenure determined by individual terms of appointment
    subordinate courts: magistrates' courts
    People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Oswald SKIPPINGS]
    People's Progressive Party
    Progressive National Party or PNP [Rufus EWING]
    NA
    Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    none (overseas territory of the UK)
    blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and displays a conch shell, a spiny lobster, and Turks Head cactus - three common elements of the islands' biota
    conch shell, Turks Head cactus
    name: "This Land of Ours"
    lyrics/music: Conrad HOWELL
    note: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is the official anthem (see United Kingdom)
  • Economy :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, offshore financial services, and fishing. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than three-quarters of the 175,000 visitors that arrived in 2004. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
    $632 million (2007 est.)
    $568.3 million (2006 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 209
    $NA
    11.2% (2007 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 2
    $29,100 (2007 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 57
    household consumption: 23.4%
    government consumption: 18.9%
    investment in fixed capital: 57.6%
    investment in inventories: 0%
    exports of goods and services: 76.2%
    imports of goods and services: -76.1%
    (2014 est.)
    agriculture: 1.1%
    industry: 23.3%
    services: 75.7% (2014 est.)
    corn, beans, cassava (manioc, tapioca), citrus fruits; fish
    tourism, offshore financial services
    3% (2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 94
    4,848 (1990 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 221
    note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services
    10% (1997 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 113
    NA%
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%
    revenues: $451.5 million
    expenditures: $468.2 million (2014 est.)
    calendar year
    2.5% (2014 est.)
    2.5% (2013 est.)
    $24.77 million (2008 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 205
    lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
    $591.3 million (2008 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 190
    food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials
    $NA
    the US dollar is used
  • Energy :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • 185 million kWh (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 186
    172.1 million kWh (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 191
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 202
    0 kWh (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 207
    48,000 kW (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    100% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 35
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 187
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 128
    0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    0 bbl (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 197
    990 bbl/day (2013 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 204
    0 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 133
    1,063 bbl/day (2010 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 194
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 196
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 197
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    0 cu m (2012 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 135
    0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 198
    159,400 Mt (2012 est.)
  • Communications :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • general assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialing
    domestic: full range of services available; GSM wireless service available
    international: country code - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic telecommunications submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)
    no local terrestrial TV stations, broadcasts from the Bahamas can be received and multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; government-run radio network operates alongside private broadcasters with a total of about 15 stations (2007)
    AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2003)
    0 (broadcasts received from The Bahamas; 2 cable television networks) (2003)
    .tc
    73,217 (2012)
    country comparison to the world: 86
  • Transportation :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • 8 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 162
    total: 6
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
    914 to 1,523 m: 1
    under 914 m: 1 (2013)
    total: 2
    under 914 m:
    2 (2013)
    total: 121 km
    paved: 24 km
    unpaved: 97 km (2003)
    country comparison to the world: 213
    major seaport(s): Cockburn Harbour, Grand Turk, Providenciales
  • Military :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • males age 16-49: 11,842
    females age 16-49: 11,755 (2010 est.)
    male: 338
    female: 342 (2010 est.)
    defense is the responsibility of the UK
  • Transnational Issues :: TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

  • have received Haitians fleeing economic and civil disorder
    transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
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