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Australia - Oceania :: Wallis and Futuna Print
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  • Introduction :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Background field listing
    The Futuna island group was discovered by the Dutch in 1616 and Wallis by the British in 1767, but it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842, and took official control of them between 1886 and 1888. Notably, Wallis and Futuna was the only French colony to side with the Vichy regime during World War II, a phase that ended in May of 1942 with the arrival of 2,000 American troops. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory and officially assumed that status in 1961. In 2003, Wallis and Futuna's designation changed to that of an overseas collectivity.
  • Geography :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Location field listing
    Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
    Geographic coordinates field listing
    13 18 S, 176 12 W
    Map references field listing
    Area field listing
    total: 142 sq km
    land: 142 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets

    country comparison to the world: 221
    Area - comparative field listing
    1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
    Land boundaries field listing
    0 km
    Coastline field listing
    129 km
    Maritime claims field listing
    territorial sea: 12 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    Climate field listing
    tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 250-300 cm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees Celsius
    Terrain field listing
    volcanic origin; low hills
    Elevation field listing
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna) 522 m
    Natural resources field listing
    Land use field listing
    agricultural land: 42.8% (2011 est.)
    arable land: 7.1% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 35.7% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
    forest: 41.9% (2011 est.)
    other: 15.3% (2011 est.)
    Irrigated land field listing
    0 sq km (2012)
    Natural hazards field listing
    cyclones; tsunamis
    Environment - current issues field listing
    deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural freshwater resources; lack of soil fertility on the islands of Uvea and Futuna negatively impacts agricultural producitivity
    Geography - note field listing
    both island groups have fringing reefs; Wallis contains several prominent crater lakes
  • People and Society :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Population field listing
    15,854 (July 2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 221
    Nationality field listing
    noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders
    adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna Islander
    Ethnic groups field listing
    Languages field listing
    Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language) 58.9%, Futunian 30.1%, French (official) 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)
    Religions field listing
    Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
    Age structure field listing
    0-14 years: 20.58% (male 1,702/female 1,561)
    15-24 years: 14.72% (male 1,238/female 1,095)
    25-54 years: 43.55% (male 3,529/female 3,376)
    55-64 years: 9.92% (male 742/female 830)
    65 years and over: 11.23% (male 856/female 925) (2020 est.)
    population pyramid: population pyramid
    Median age field listing
    total: 34 years
    male: 33.1 years
    female: 35.1 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 93
    Population growth rate field listing
    0.28% (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 174
    Birth rate field listing
    12.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 151
    Death rate field listing
    5.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 179
    Net migration rate field listing
    -4.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)

    note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia

    country comparison to the world: 192
    Urbanization field listing
    urban population: 0% of total population (2020)
    rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
    Major urban areas - population field listing
    1,000 MATA-UTU (capital) (2018)
    Sex ratio field listing
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
    15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
    25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
    55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
    Infant mortality rate field listing
    total: 4.2 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 189
    Life expectancy at birth field listing
    total population: 80.2 years
    male: 77.2 years
    female: 83.4 years (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    Total fertility rate field listing
    1.71 children born/woman (2020 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 172
    Drinking water source field listing
    improved: rural: 100% of population
    total: 100% of population
    unimproved: rural: 0% of population
    total: 0% of population (2017)
    Physicians density field listing
    Sanitation facility access field listing
    improved: rural: 96% of population (2008 est.)
    total: 96% of population (2008 est.)
    unimproved: rural: 4% of population (2008 est.)
    total: 4% of population (2008 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate field listing
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS field listing
    HIV/AIDS - deaths field listing
    Major infectious diseases field listing
    degree of risk: high (2020)
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
    vectorborne diseases: malaria
    Education expenditures field listing
  • Government :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Country name field listing
    conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
    conventional short form: Wallis and Futuna
    local long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna
    local short form: Wallis et Futuna
    former: Hoorn Islands is the former name of the Futuna Islands
    etymology: Wallis Island is named after British Captain Samuel WALLIS, who discovered it in 1767; Futuna is derived from the native word "futu," which is the name of the fish-poison tree found on the island
    Dependency status field listing
    overseas collectivity of France
    Government type field listing
    parliamentary democracy (Territorial Assembly); overseas collectivity of France
    Capital field listing
    name: Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)
    geographic coordinates: 13 57 S, 171 56 W
    time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
    Administrative divisions field listing
    3 administrative precincts (circonscriptions, singular - circonscription) Alo, Sigave, Uvea
    Independence field listing
    none (overseas collectivity of France)
    National holiday field listing
    Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
    Constitution field listing
    history: 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
    amendments: French constitution amendment procedures apply
    Citizenship field listing
    see France
    Suffrage field listing
    18 years of age; universal
    Executive branch field listing
    chief of state: President Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017); represented by High Administrator Thierry QUEFFELEC (since 7 January 2019)
    head of government: President of the Territorial Assembly David VERGE (since 4 April 2017)
    cabinet: Council of the Territory appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly
    elections/appointments: French president elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly elected by assembly members

    note: there are 3 traditional kings with limited powers

    Legislative branch field listing
    description: unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats - Wallis 13, Futuna 7; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by party-list proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)
    Wallis and Futuna indirectly elects 1 senator to the French Senate by an electoral college by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 6-year term, and directly elects 1 deputy to the French National Assembly by absolute majority vote for a 5-year term
    elections: Territorial Assembly - last held on 26 March 2017 (next to be held in March 2022)
    French Senate - last held on 28 September 2014 (next to be held by September 2020)
    French National Assembly - last held on 11 June 2017 (next to be held in June 2022)
    election results: Territorial Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - 2 members are elected from the list Fia gaue fakatahi kihe kaha'u e lelei and 1 each from 18 other lists; composition - men 14, women 6, percent of women 30%
    French Senate - LR 1
    French National Assembly - independent 1
    Judicial branch field listing
    highest courts: Court of Assizes or Cour d'Assizes (consists of 1 judge; court hears primarily serious criminal cases); note - appeals beyond the Court of Assizes are heard before the Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel (in Noumea, New Caledonia)
    judge selection and term of office: NA
    subordinate courts: courts of first instance; labor court; note - justice generally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the 3 traditional kings administer customary law, and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu
    Political parties and leaders field listing
    Left Radical Party or PRG [Guillaume LACROIX] (formerly Radical Socialist Party or PRS and the Left Radical Movement or MRG)
    Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians) (leader NA)
    Rally for Wallis and Futuna-The Republicans (Rassemblement pour Wallis and Futuna) or RPWF-LR [Clovis LOGOLOGOFOLAU]
    Socialist Party or PS
    Taumu'a Lelei [Soane Muni UHILA]
    Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF
    International organization participation field listing
    PIF (observer), SPC, UPU
    Diplomatic representation in the US field listing
    none (overseas collectivity of France)
    Diplomatic representation from the US field listing
    none (overseas collectivity of France)
    Flag description field listing
    unofficial, local flag has a red field with four white isosceles triangles in the middle, representing the three native kings of the islands and the French administrator; the apexes of the triangles are oriented inward and at right angles to each other; the flag of France, outlined in white on two sides, is in the upper hoist quadrant

    note: the design is derived from an original red banner with a white cross pattee that was introduced in the 19th century by French missionaries; the flag of France is used for official occasions

    National symbol(s) field listing
    red saltire (Saint Andrew's Cross) on a white square on a red field; national colors: red, white
    National anthem field listing

    note: as a territory of France, "La Marseillaise" is official (see France)

  • Economy :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Economy - overview field listing

    The economy is limited to traditional subsistence agriculture, with about 80% of labor force earnings coming from agriculture (coconuts and vegetables), livestock (mostly pigs), and fishing. However, roughly 70% of the labor force is employed in the public sector, although only about a third of the population is in salaried employment.

    Revenues come from French Government subsidies, licensing of fishing rights to Japan and South Korea, import taxes, and remittances from expatriate workers in New Caledonia. France directly finances the public sector and health-care and education services. It also provides funding for key development projects in a range of areas, including infrastructure, economic development, environmental management, and health-care facilities.

    A key concern for Wallis and Futuna is an aging population with consequent economic development issues. Very few people aged 18-30 live on the islands due to the limited formal employment opportunities. Improving job creation is a current priority for the territorial government.

    GDP (purchasing power parity) field listing
    $60 million (2004 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 225
    GDP (official exchange rate) field listing
    $195 million (2005) (2005)
    GDP - real growth rate field listing


    GDP - per capita (PPP) field listing
    $3,800 (2004 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 181
    GDP - composition, by end use field listing
    household consumption: 26% (2005)
    government consumption: 54% (2005)
    GDP - composition, by sector of origin field listing
    agriculture: NA
    industry: NA
    services: NA
    Agriculture - products field listing
    coconuts, breadfruit, yams, taro, bananas; pigs, goats; fish
    Industries field listing
    copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber
    Industrial production growth rate field listing
    Labor force field listing
    4,482 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 223
    Labor force - by occupation field listing
    agriculture: 74%
    industry: 3%
    services: 23% (2015 est.)
    Unemployment rate field listing
    8.8% (2013 est.)
    12.2% (2008 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 126
    Population below poverty line field listing
    Household income or consumption by percentage share field listing
    lowest 10%: NA
    highest 10%: NA
    Budget field listing
    revenues: 32.54 million NA (2015 est.)
    expenditures: 34.18 million NA (2015 est.)
    Taxes and other revenues field listing
    16.7% (of GDP) NA (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 175
    Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) field listing
    -0.8% (of GDP) NA (2015 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 70
    Public debt field listing
    5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)

    note: offical data; data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data include debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctions

    country comparison to the world: 204
    Fiscal year field listing
    calendar year
    Inflation rate (consumer prices) field listing
    0.9% (2015)
    2.8% (2005)
    country comparison to the world: 48
    Exports field listing
    $47,450 (2004 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 222
    Exports - commodities field listing
    copra, chemicals, construction materials
    Imports field listing
    $61.17 million (2004 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 220
    Imports - commodities field listing
    chemicals, machinery, consumer goods
    Debt - external field listing
    $3.67 million (2004)
    country comparison to the world: 201
    Exchange rates field listing
    Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar -
    110.2 (2015 est.)
    89.8 (2014 est.)
    89.85 (2013 est.)
    90.56 (2012 est.)
  • Communications :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Telephones - fixed lines field listing
    total subscriptions: 3,132
    subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 20 (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    Telecommunication systems field listing
    general assessment: 2G widespread; bandwidth is limited; mobile subscriber numbers are higher than fixed-line and better suited for islands; good mobile coverage in the capital cities and also reasonable coverage across more remote atolls; recent international interest in infrastructure development; increase in demand for mobile broadband as mobile services serve as primary source for Internet access; Kacific-1 broadband satellite launched in 2019 to improve costs and capability (2020)
    international: country code - 681; landing point for the Tui-Samoa submarine cable network connecting Wallis & Futuna, Samoa and Fiji (2020)
    the COVID-19 outbreak is negatively impacting telecommunications production and supply chains globally; consumer spending on telecom devices and services has also slowed due to the pandemic's effect on economies worldwide; overall progress towards improvements in all facets of the telecom industry - mobile, fixed-line, broadband, submarine cable and satellite - has moderated
    Broadcast media field listing
    the publicly owned French Overseas Network (RFO), which broadcasts to France's overseas departments, collectivities, and territories, is carried on the RFO Wallis and Fortuna TV and radio stations (2019)
    Internet country code field listing
    Internet users field listing
    total: 3,450
    percent of population: 22.1% (July 2016 est.)
    country comparison to the world: 217
  • Military and Security :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Military - note field listing
    defense is the responsibility of France
  • Transportation :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Airports field listing
    2 (2013)
    country comparison to the world: 208
    Airports - with paved runways field listing
    total: 2 (2019)
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m: 1
    Ports and terminals field listing
    major seaport(s): Leava, Mata-Utu
  • Transnational Issues :: Wallis and Futuna
  • Disputes - international field listing