Field Listing


This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output.

  • Afghanistan

    small-scale production of bricks, textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper

  • Albania

    food; footwear, apparel and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower

  • Algeria

    petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing

  • American Samoa

    tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts

  • Andorra

    tourism (particularly skiing), banking, timber, furniture

  • Angola

    petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair

  • Anguilla

    tourism, boat building, offshore financial services

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)

  • Argentina

    food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel

  • Armenia

    brandy, mining, diamond processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging and pressing machines, electric motors, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry, software, food processing

  • Aruba

    tourism, petroleum transshipment facilities, banking

  • Australia

    mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel

  • Austria

    construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and paper, electronics, tourism

  • Azerbaijan

    petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles

  • Bahamas, The

    tourism, banking, oil bunkering, maritime industries, transshipment and logistics, salt, aragonite, pharmaceuticals

  • Bahrain

    petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, Islamic and offshore banking, insurance, ship repairing, tourism

  • Bangladesh

    jute, cotton, garments, paper, leather, fertilizer, iron and steel, cement, petroleum products, tobacco, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, tea, salt, sugar, edible oils, soap and detergent, fabricated metal products, electricity, natural gas

  • Barbados

    tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export

  • Belarus

    metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, synthetic fibers, fertilizer, textiles, refrigerators, washing machines and other household appliances

  • Belgium

    engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, base metals, textiles, glass, petroleum

  • Belize

    garment production, food processing, tourism, construction, oil

  • Benin

    textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement

  • Bermuda

    international business, tourism, light manufacturing

  • Bhutan

    cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism

  • Bolivia

    mining, smelting, electricity, petroleum, food and beverages, handicrafts, clothing, jewelry

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, ammunition, domestic appliances, oil refining

  • Botswana

    diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver; beef processing; textiles

  • Brazil

    textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment

  • British Virgin Islands

    tourism, light industry, construction, rum, concrete block, offshore banking center

  • Brunei

    petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction, agriculture, aquaculture, transportation

  • Bulgaria

    electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, automotive parts, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel; outsourcing centers

  • Burkina Faso

    cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold

  • Burma

    agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; oil and natural gas; garments; jade and gems

  • Burundi

    light consumer goods (sugar, shoes, soap, beer); cement, assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing (fruits)

  • Cabo Verde

    food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair

  • Cambodia

    tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles

  • Cameroon

    petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair

  • Canada

    transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum, natural gas

  • Cayman Islands

    tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture

  • Central African Republic

    gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, sugar refining

  • Chad

    oil, cotton textiles, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials

  • Chile

    copper, lithium, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles

  • China

    world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizer; consumer products (including footwear, toys, and electronics); food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, railcars and locomotives, ships, aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites

  • Christmas Island

    tourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)

  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    copra products, tourism

  • Colombia

    textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds

  • Comoros

    fishing, tourism, perfume distillation

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    mining (copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, coltan, zinc, tin, tungsten), mineral processing, consumer products (textiles, plastics, footwear, cigarettes), metal products, processed foods and beverages, timber, cement, commercial ship repair

  • Congo, Republic of the

    petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes

  • Cook Islands

    fishing, fruit processing, tourism, clothing, handicrafts

  • Costa Rica

    medical equipment, food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, gold mining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity

  • Croatia

    chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism

  • Cuba

    petroleum, nickel, cobalt, pharmaceuticals, tobacco, construction, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, sugar

  • Curacao

    tourism, petroleum refining, petroleum transshipment, light manufacturing, financial and business services

  • Cyprus

    tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone and clay products

  • Czechia

    motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, armaments

  • Denmark

    wind turbines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, shipbuilding and refurbishment, iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products

  • Dhekelia


  • Djibouti

    construction, agricultural processing, shipping

  • Dominica

    soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes

  • Dominican Republic

    tourism, sugar processing, gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco, electrical components, medical devices

  • Ecuador

    petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals

  • Egypt

    textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures

  • El Salvador

    food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals

  • Equatorial Guinea

    petroleum, natural gas, sawmilling

  • Eritrea

    food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, light manufacturing, salt, cement

  • Estonia

    food, engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textiles; information technology, telecommunications

  • Eswatini

    soft drink concentrates, coal, forestry, sugar processing, textiles, and apparel

  • Ethiopia

    food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, garments, chemicals, metals processing, cement

  • European Union

    among the world's largest and most technologically advanced regions, the EU industrial base includes: ferrous and non-ferrous metal production and processing, metal products, petroleum, coal, cement, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, construction equipment, industrial equipment, shipbuilding, electrical power equipment, machine tools and automated manufacturing systems, electronics and telecommunications equipment, fishing, food and beverages, furniture, paper, textiles

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    fish and wool processing; tourism

  • Faroe Islands

    fishing, fish processing, tourism, small ship repair and refurbishment, handicrafts

  • Fiji

    tourism, sugar processing, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber

  • Finland

    metals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing

  • France

    machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism

  • French Polynesia

    tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates

  • Gabon

    petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement

  • Gambia, The

    peanuts, fish, hides, tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing

  • Gaza Strip

    textiles, food processing, furniture

  • Georgia

    steel, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese, copper, gold), chemicals, wood products, wine

  • Germany

    among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, automobiles, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles

  • Ghana

    mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum

  • Gibraltar

    tourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco

  • Greece

    tourism, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum

  • Greenland

    fish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); anorthosite and ruby mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards

  • Grenada

    food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction, education, call-center operations

  • Guam

    national defense, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles

  • Guatemala

    sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism

  • Guernsey

    tourism, banking

  • Guinea

    bauxite, gold, diamonds, iron ore; light manufacturing, agricultural processing

  • Guinea-Bissau

    agricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks

  • Guyana

    bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining

  • Haiti

    textiles, sugar refining, flour milling, cement, light assembly using imported parts

  • Holy See (Vatican City)

    printing; production of coins, medals, postage stamps; mosaics, staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities

  • Honduras

    sugar processing, coffee, woven and knit apparel, wood products, cigars

  • Hong Kong

    trading and logistics, financial services, professional services, tourism, cultural and creative, clothing and textiles, shipping, electronics, toys, clocks and watches

  • Hungary

    mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles

  • Iceland

    tourism, fish processing; aluminum smelting;; geothermal power, hydropower; medical/pharmaceutical products

  • India

    textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals

  • Indonesia

    petroleum and natural gas, textiles, automotive, electrical appliances, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, medical instruments and appliances, handicrafts, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, processed food, jewelry, and tourism

  • Iran

    petroleum, petrochemicals, gas, fertilizer, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and nonferrous metal fabrication, armaments

  • Iraq

    petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing

  • Ireland

    pharmaceuticals, chemicals, computer hardware and software, food products, beverages and brewing; medical devices

  • Isle of Man

    financial services, light manufacturing, tourism

  • Israel

    high-technology products (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, pharmaceuticals, construction, metal products, chemical products, plastics, cut diamonds, textiles, footwear

  • Italy

    tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics

  • Jamaica

    agriculture, mining, manufacture, construction, financial and insurance services, tourism, telecommunications

  • Japan

    among world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods

  • Jersey

    tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics

  • Jordan

    tourism, information technology, clothing, fertilizer, potash, phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing

  • Kazakhstan

    oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, uranium, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials

  • Kenya

    small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, clothing, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products, horticulture, oil refining; aluminum, steel, lead; cement, commercial ship repair, tourism, information technology

  • Kiribati

    fishing, handicrafts

  • Korea, North

    military products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, limestone, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing; tourism

  • Korea, South

    electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel

  • Kosovo

    mineral mining, construction materials, base metals, leather, machinery, appliances, foodstuffs and beverages, textiles

  • Kuwait

    petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, water desalination, food processing, construction materials

  • Kyrgyzstan

    small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, lumber, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals

  • Laos

    mining (copper, tin, gold, gypsum); timber, electric power, agricultural processing, rubber, construction, garments, cement, tourism

  • Latvia

    processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibers, electronics

  • Lebanon

    banking, tourism, real estate and construction, food processing, wine, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating

  • Lesotho

    food, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction, tourism

  • Liberia

    mining (iron ore and gold), rubber processing, palm oil processing, diamonds

  • Libya

    petroleum, petrochemicals, aluminum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement

  • Liechtenstein

    electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments

  • Lithuania

    metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, televisions, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture, textiles, food processing, fertilizer, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, lasers, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry, information technology, video game development, app/software development, biotechnology

  • Luxembourg

    banking and financial services, construction, real estate services, iron, metals, and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation and logistics, chemicals, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism, biotechnology

  • Macau

    tourism, gambling, clothing, textiles, electronics, footwear, toys

  • Madagascar

    meat processing, seafood, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism, mining

  • Malawi

    tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods

  • Malaysia

    Peninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, petroleum and natural gas, light manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, medical technology, electronics and semiconductors, timber processing;Sabah - logging, petroleum and natural gas production;Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum and natural gas production, logging

  • Maldives

    tourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining

  • Mali

    food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining

  • Malta

    tourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, footwear, clothing, tobacco, aviation services, financial services, information technology services

  • Marshall Islands

    copra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items (from seashells, wood, and pearls)

  • Mauritania

    fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, copper)

    note: gypsum deposits have never been exploited

  • Mauritius

    food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism

  • Mexico

    food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    tourism, construction; specialized aquaculture, craft items (shell and wood)

  • Moldova

    sugar processing, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles

  • Monaco

    banking, insurance, tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products

  • Mongolia

    construction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing

  • Montenegro

    steelmaking, aluminum, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism

  • Montserrat

    tourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances

  • Morocco

    automotive parts, phosphate mining and processing, aerospace, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, energy, tourism

  • Mozambique

    aluminum, petroleum products, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco, food, beverages

  • Namibia

    meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products, pasta, beverages; mining (diamonds, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)

  • Nauru

    phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products

  • Nepal

    tourism, carpets, textiles; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production

  • Netherlands

    agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing

  • New Caledonia

    nickel mining and smelting

  • New Zealand

    agriculture, forestry, fishing, logs and wood articles, manufacturing, mining, construction, financial services, real estate services, tourism

  • Nicaragua

    food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, knit and woven apparel, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood, electric wire harness manufacturing, mining

  • Niger

    uranium mining, petroleum, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses

  • Nigeria

    crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; rubber products, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel

  • Niue

    handicrafts, food processing

  • Norfolk Island

    tourism, light industry, ready mixed concrete

  • North Macedonia

    food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals, automotive parts

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    tourism, banking, construction, fishing, handicrafts, other services

  • Norway

    petroleum and gas, shipping, fishing, aquaculture, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles

  • Oman

    crude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber

  • Pakistan

    textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, surgical instruments, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp

  • Palau

    tourism, fishing, subsistence agriculture

  • Panama

    construction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling

  • Papua New Guinea

    copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining (gold, silver, copper); crude oil and petroleum products; construction, tourism, livestock (pork, poultry, cattle), dairy products, spice products (turmeric, vanilla, ginger, cardamom, chili, pepper, citronella, and nutmeg), fisheries products

  • Paraguay

    sugar processing, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, base metals, electric power

  • Peru

    mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery, electrical machinery, chemicals, furniture

  • Philippines

    semiconductors and electronics assembly, business process outsourcing, food and beverage manufacturing, construction, electric/gas/water supply, chemical products, radio/television/communications equipment and apparatus, petroleum and fuel, textile and garments, non-metallic minerals, basic metal industries, transport equipment

  • Pitcairn Islands

    postage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey

  • Poland

    machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles

  • Portugal

    textiles, clothing, footwear, wood and cork, paper and pulp, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, automobiles and auto parts, base metals, minerals, porcelain and ceramics, glassware, technology, telecommunications; dairy products, wine, other foodstuffs; ship construction and refurbishment; tourism, plastics, financial services, optics

  • Puerto Rico

    pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism

  • Qatar

    liquefied natural gas, crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizer, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair

  • Romania

    electric machinery and equipment, auto assembly, textiles and footwear, light machinery, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining, mining, timber, construction materials

  • Russia

    complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries (including radar, missile production, advanced electronic components), shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts

  • Rwanda

    cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    construction, crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing, collectible postage stamps

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages

  • Saint Lucia

    tourism; clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, lime processing, coconut processing

  • Saint Martin

    tourism, light industry and manufacturing, heavy industry

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    tourism; food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch

  • Samoa

    food processing, building materials, auto parts

  • San Marino

    tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber

  • Saudi Arabia

    crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction

  • Senegal

    agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, zircon, and gold mining, construction materials, ship construction and repair

  • Serbia

    automobiles, base metals, furniture, food processing, machinery, chemicals, sugar, tires, clothes, pharmaceuticals

  • Seychelles

    fishing, tourism, beverages

  • Sierra Leone

    diamond mining; iron ore, rutile and bauxite mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, footwear)

  • Singapore

    electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, biomedical products, scientific instruments, telecommunication equipment, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, entrepot trade

  • Sint Maarten

    tourism, light industry

  • Slovakia

    automobiles; metal and metal products; electricity, gas, coke, oil, nuclear fuel; chemicals, synthetic fibers, wood and paper products; machinery; earthenware and ceramics; textiles; electrical and optical apparatus; rubber products; food and beverages; pharmaceutical

  • Slovenia

    ferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting; electronics (including military electronics), trucks, automobiles, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools

  • Solomon Islands

    fish (tuna), mining, timber

  • Somalia

    light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication

  • South Africa

    mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair

  • Spain

    textiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment

  • Sri Lanka

    processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; tourism, shipping; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, construction

  • Sudan

    oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly, milling

  • Suriname

    gold mining, oil, lumber, food processing, fishing

  • Sweden

    iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles

  • Switzerland

    machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, insurance, pharmaceuticals

  • Syria

    petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, automobile assembly

  • Taiwan

    electronics, communications and information technology products, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals

  • Tajikistan

    aluminum, cement, coal, gold, silver, antimony, textile, vegetable oil

  • Tanzania

    agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); mining (diamonds, gold, and iron), salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer

  • Thailand

    tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts, agricultural machinery, air conditioning and refrigeration, ceramics, aluminum, chemical, environmental management, glass, granite and marble, leather, machinery and metal work, petrochemical, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, printing, pulp and paper, rubber, sugar, rice, fishing, cassava, world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer

  • Timor-Leste

    printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth

  • Togo

    phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages

  • Tokelau

    small-scale enterprises for copra production, woodworking, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing

  • Tonga

    tourism, construction, fishing

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    petroleum and petroleum products, liquefied natural gas, methanol, ammonia, urea, steel products, beverages, food processing, cement, cotton textiles

  • Tunisia

    petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate, iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages

  • Turkey

    textiles, food processing, automobiles, electronics, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper

  • Turkmenistan

    natural gas, oil, petroleum products, textiles, food processing

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    tourism, offshore financial services

  • Tuvalu


  • Uganda

    sugar processing, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production

  • Ukraine

    coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing

  • United Arab Emirates

    petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizer, commercial ship repair, construction materials, handicrafts, textiles

  • United Kingdom

    machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods

  • United States

    highly diversified, world leading, high-technology innovator, second-largest industrial output in the world; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining

  • Uruguay

    food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages

  • Uzbekistan

    textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, mining, hydrocarbon extraction, chemicals

  • Vanuatu

    food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning

  • Venezuela

    agricultural products, livestock, raw materials, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, construction materials, medical equipment, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, iron and steel products, crude oil and petroleum products

  • Vietnam

    food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones

  • Virgin Islands

    tourism, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, electronics

  • Wallis and Futuna

    copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber

  • West Bank

    small-scale manufacturing, quarrying, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs

  • World

    dominated by the onrush of technology, especially in computers, robotics, telecommunications, and medicines and medical equipment; most of these advances take place in OECD nations; only a small portion of non-OECD countries have succeeded in rapidly adjusting to these technological forces; the accelerated development of new technologies is complicating already grim environmental problems

  • Yemen

    crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles, leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; aluminum products; cement; commercial ship repair; natural gas production

  • Zambia

    copper mining and processing, emerald mining, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture

  • Zimbabwe

    mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, diamonds, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages