Field Listing


This entry provides the identifying terms for citizens - noun and adjective.

  • Afghanistan

    noun: Afghan(s)

    adjective: Afghan

  • Albania

    noun: Albanian(s)

    adjective: Albanian

  • Algeria

    noun: Algerian(s)

    adjective: Algerian

  • American Samoa

    noun: American Samoan(s) (US nationals)

    adjective: American Samoan

  • Andorra

    noun: Andorran(s)

    adjective: Andorran

  • Angola

    noun: Angolan(s)

    adjective: Angolan

  • Anguilla

    noun: Anguillan(s)

    adjective: Anguillan

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s)

    adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan

  • Argentina

    noun: Argentine(s)

    adjective: Argentine

  • Armenia

    noun: Armenian(s)

    adjective: Armenian

  • Aruba

    noun: Aruban(s)

    adjective: Aruban; Dutch

  • Australia

    noun: Australian(s)

    adjective: Australian

  • Austria

    noun: Austrian(s)

    adjective: Austrian

  • Azerbaijan

    noun: Azerbaijani(s)

    adjective: Azerbaijani

  • Bahamas, The

    noun: Bahamian(s)

    adjective: Bahamian

  • Bahrain

    noun: Bahraini(s)

    adjective: Bahraini

  • Bangladesh

    noun: Bangladeshi(s)

    adjective: Bangladeshi

  • Barbados

    noun: Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial)

    adjective: Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)

  • Belarus

    noun: Belarusian(s)

    adjective: Belarusian

  • Belgium

    noun: Belgian(s)

    adjective: Belgian

  • Belize

    noun: Belizean(s)

    adjective: Belizean

  • Benin

    noun: Beninese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Beninese

  • Bermuda

    noun: Bermudian(s)

    adjective: Bermudian

  • Bhutan

    noun: Bhutanese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Bhutanese

  • Bolivia

    noun: Bolivian(s)

    adjective: Bolivian

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    noun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)

    adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian

  • Botswana

    noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

    adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

  • Brazil

    noun: Brazilian(s)

    adjective: Brazilian

  • British Virgin Islands

    noun: British Virgin Islander(s)

    adjective: British Virgin Islander

  • Brunei

    noun: Bruneian(s)

    adjective: Bruneian

  • Bulgaria

    noun: Bulgarian(s)

    adjective: Bulgarian

  • Burkina Faso

    noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)

    adjective: Burkinabe

  • Burma

    noun: Burmese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Burmese

  • Burundi

    noun: Burundian(s)

    adjective: Burundian

  • Cabo Verde

    noun: Cabo Verdean(s)

    adjective: Cabo Verdean

  • Cambodia

    noun: Cambodian(s)

    adjective: Cambodian

  • Cameroon

    noun: Cameroonian(s)

    adjective: Cameroonian

  • Canada

    noun: Canadian(s)

    adjective: Canadian

  • Cayman Islands

    noun: Caymanian(s)

    adjective: Caymanian

  • Central African Republic

    noun: Central African(s)

    adjective: Central African

  • Chad

    noun: Chadian(s)

    adjective: Chadian

  • Chile

    noun: Chilean(s)

    adjective: Chilean

  • China

    noun: Chinese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Chinese

  • Christmas Island

    noun: Christmas Islander(s)

    adjective: Christmas Island

  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    noun: Cocos Islander(s)

    adjective: Cocos Islander

  • Colombia

    noun: Colombian(s)

    adjective: Colombian

  • Comoros

    noun: Comoran(s)

    adjective: Comoran

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    noun: Congolese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Congolese or Congo

  • Congo, Republic of the

    noun: Congolese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Congolese or Congo

  • Cook Islands

    noun: Cook Islander(s)

    adjective: Cook Islander

  • Costa Rica

    noun: Costa Rican(s)

    adjective: Costa Rican

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    noun: Ivoirian(s)

    adjective: Ivoirian

  • Croatia

    noun: Croat(s), Croatian(s)

    adjective: Croatian

    note: the French designation of "Croate" to Croatian mercenaries in the 17th century eventually became "Cravate" and later came to be applied to the soldiers' scarves - the cravat; Croatia celebrates Cravat Day every 18 October

  • Cuba

    noun: Cuban(s)

    adjective: Cuban

  • Curacao

    noun: Curacaoan

    adjective: Curacaoan; Dutch

  • Cyprus

    noun: Cypriot(s)

    adjective: Cypriot

  • Czechia

    noun: Czech(s)

    adjective: Czech

  • Denmark

    noun: Dane(s)

    adjective: Danish

  • Djibouti

    noun: Djiboutian(s)

    adjective: Djiboutian

  • Dominica

    noun: Dominican(s)

    adjective: Dominican

  • Dominican Republic

    noun: Dominican(s)

    adjective: Dominican

  • Ecuador

    noun: Ecuadorian(s)

    adjective: Ecuadorian

  • Egypt

    noun: Egyptian(s)

    adjective: Egyptian

  • El Salvador

    noun: Salvadoran(s)

    adjective: Salvadoran

  • Equatorial Guinea

    noun: Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)

    adjective: Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean

  • Eritrea

    noun: Eritrean(s)

    adjective: Eritrean

  • Estonia

    noun: Estonian(s)

    adjective: Estonian

  • Eswatini

    noun: liSwati (singular), emaSwati (plural); note - former term, Swazi(s), still used among English speakers

    adjective: Swati; note - former term, Swazi, still used among English speakers

  • Ethiopia

    noun: Ethiopian(s)

    adjective: Ethiopian

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    noun: Falkland Islander(s)

    adjective: Falkland Island

  • Faroe Islands

    noun: Faroese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Faroese

  • Fiji

    noun: Fijian(s)

    adjective: Fijian

  • Finland

    noun: Finn(s)

    adjective: Finnish

  • France

    noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

    adjective: French

  • French Polynesia

    noun: French Polynesian(s)

    adjective: French Polynesian

  • Gabon

    noun: Gabonese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Gabonese

  • Gambia, The

    noun: Gambian(s)

    adjective: Gambian

  • Gaza Strip

    noun: NA

    adjective: NA

  • Georgia

    noun: Georgian(s)

    adjective: Georgian

  • Germany

    noun: German(s)

    adjective: German

  • Ghana

    noun: Ghanaian(s)

    adjective: Ghanaian

  • Gibraltar

    noun: Gibraltarian(s)

    adjective: Gibraltar

  • Greece

    noun: Greek(s)

    adjective: Greek

  • Greenland

    noun: Greenlander(s)

    adjective: Greenlandic

  • Grenada

    noun: Grenadian(s)

    adjective: Grenadian

  • Guam

    noun: Guamanian(s) (US citizens)

    adjective: Guamanian

  • Guatemala

    noun: Guatemalan(s)

    adjective: Guatemalan

  • Guernsey

    noun: Channel Islander(s)

    adjective: Channel Islander

  • Guinea

    noun: Guinean(s)

    adjective: Guinean

  • Guinea-Bissau

    noun: Bissau-Guinean(s)

    adjective: Bissau-Guinean

  • Guyana

    noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Guyanese

  • Haiti

    noun: Haitian(s)

    adjective: Haitian

  • Holy See (Vatican City)

    noun: none

    adjective: none

  • Honduras

    noun: Honduran(s)

    adjective: Honduran

  • Hong Kong

    noun: Chinese/Hong Konger

    adjective: Chinese/Hong Kong

  • Hungary

    noun: Hungarian(s)

    adjective: Hungarian

  • Iceland

    noun: Icelander(s)

    adjective: Icelandic

  • India

    noun: Indian(s)

    adjective: Indian

  • Indonesia

    noun: Indonesian(s)

    adjective: Indonesian

  • Iran

    noun: Iranian(s)

    adjective: Iranian

  • Iraq

    noun: Iraqi(s)

    adjective: Iraqi

  • Ireland

    noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)

    adjective: Irish

  • Isle of Man

    noun: Manxman(men), Manxwoman(women)

    adjective: Manx

  • Israel

    noun: Israeli(s)

    adjective: Israeli

  • Italy

    noun: Italian(s)

    adjective: Italian

  • Jamaica

    noun: Jamaican(s)

    adjective: Jamaican

  • Japan

    noun: Japanese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Japanese

  • Jersey

    noun: Channel Islander(s)

    adjective: Channel Islander

  • Jordan

    noun: Jordanian(s)

    adjective: Jordanian

  • Kazakhstan

    noun: Kazakhstani(s)

    adjective: Kazakhstani

  • Kenya

    noun: Kenyan(s)

    adjective: Kenyan

  • Kiribati

    noun: I-Kiribati (singular and plural)

    adjective: I-Kiribati

  • Korea, North

    noun: Korean(s)

    adjective: Korean

  • Korea, South

    noun: Korean(s)

    adjective: Korean

  • Kosovo

    noun: Kosovan

    adjective: Kosovan

    note: Kosovo, a neutral term, is sometimes also used as a noun or adjective as in Kosovo Albanian, Kosovo Serb, Kosovo minority, or Kosovo citizen

  • Kuwait

    noun: Kuwaiti(s)

    adjective: Kuwaiti

  • Kyrgyzstan

    noun: Kyrgyzstani(s)

    adjective: Kyrgyzstani

  • Laos

    noun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s)

    adjective: Lao or Laotian

  • Latvia

    noun: Latvian(s)

    adjective: Latvian

  • Lebanon

    noun: Lebanese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Lebanese

  • Lesotho

    noun: Mosotho (singular), Basotho (plural)

    adjective: Basotho

  • Liberia

    noun: Liberian(s)

    adjective: Liberian

  • Libya

    noun: Libyan(s)

    adjective: Libyan

  • Liechtenstein

    noun: Liechtensteiner(s)

    adjective: Liechtenstein

  • Lithuania

    noun: Lithuanian(s)

    adjective: Lithuanian

  • Luxembourg

    noun: Luxembourger(s)

    adjective: Luxembourg

  • Macau

    noun: Chinese

    adjective: Chinese

  • Madagascar

    noun: Malagasy (singular and plural)

    adjective: Malagasy

  • Malawi

    noun: Malawian(s)

    adjective: Malawian

  • Malaysia

    noun: Malaysian(s)

    adjective: Malaysian

  • Maldives

    noun: Maldivian(s)

    adjective: Maldivian

  • Mali

    noun: Malian(s)

    adjective: Malian

  • Malta

    noun: Maltese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Maltese

  • Marshall Islands

    noun: Marshallese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Marshallese

  • Mauritania

    noun: Mauritanian(s)

    adjective: Mauritanian

  • Mauritius

    noun: Mauritian(s)

    adjective: Mauritian

  • Mexico

    noun: Mexican(s)

    adjective: Mexican

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    noun: Micronesian(s)

    adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese

  • Moldova

    noun: Moldovan(s)

    adjective: Moldovan

  • Monaco

    noun: Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)

    adjective: Monegasque or Monacan

  • Mongolia

    noun: Mongolian(s)

    adjective: Mongolian

  • Montenegro

    noun: Montenegrin(s)

    adjective: Montenegrin

  • Montserrat

    noun: Montserratian(s)

    adjective: Montserratian

  • Morocco

    noun: Moroccan(s)

    adjective: Moroccan

  • Mozambique

    noun: Mozambican(s)

    adjective: Mozambican

  • Namibia

    noun: Namibian(s)

    adjective: Namibian

  • Nauru

    noun: Nauruan(s)

    adjective: Nauruan

  • Nepal

    noun: Nepali (singular and plural)

    adjective: Nepali

  • Netherlands

    noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)

    adjective: Dutch

  • New Caledonia

    noun: New Caledonian(s)

    adjective: New Caledonian

  • New Zealand

    noun: New Zealander(s)

    adjective: New Zealand

  • Nicaragua

    noun: Nicaraguan(s)

    adjective: Nicaraguan

  • Niger

    noun: Nigerien(s)

    adjective: Nigerien

  • Nigeria

    noun: Nigerian(s)

    adjective: Nigerian

  • Niue

    noun: Niuean(s)

    adjective: Niuean

  • Norfolk Island

    noun: Norfolk Islander(s)

    adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)

  • North Macedonia

    noun: Macedonian(s)

    adjective: Macedonian

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    noun: NA (US citizens)

    adjective: NA

  • Norway

    noun: Norwegian(s)

    adjective: Norwegian

  • Oman

    noun: Omani(s)

    adjective: Omani

  • Pakistan

    noun: Pakistani(s)

    adjective: Pakistani

  • Palau

    noun: Palauan(s)

    adjective: Palauan

  • Panama

    noun: Panamanian(s)

    adjective: Panamanian

  • Papua New Guinea

    noun: Papua New Guinean(s)

    adjective: Papua New Guinean

  • Paraguay

    noun: Paraguayan(s)

    adjective: Paraguayan

  • Peru

    noun: Peruvian(s)

    adjective: Peruvian

  • Philippines

    noun: Filipino(s)

    adjective: Philippine

  • Pitcairn Islands

    noun: Pitcairn Islander(s)

    adjective: Pitcairn Islander

  • Poland

    noun: Pole(s)

    adjective: Polish

  • Portugal

    noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Portuguese

  • Puerto Rico

    noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)

    adjective: Puerto Rican

  • Qatar

    noun: Qatari(s)

    adjective: Qatari

  • Romania

    noun: Romanian(s)

    adjective: Romanian

  • Russia

    noun: Russian(s)

    adjective: Russian

  • Rwanda

    noun: Rwandan(s)

    adjective: Rwandan

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    noun: Saint Helenian(s)

    adjective: Saint Helenian

    note: referred to locally as "Saints"

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)

    adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian

  • Saint Lucia

    noun: Saint Lucian(s)

    adjective: Saint Lucian

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

    adjective: French

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)

    adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian

  • Samoa

    noun: Samoan(s)

    adjective: Samoan

  • San Marino

    noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Sammarinese

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    noun: Sao Tomean(s)

    adjective: Sao Tomean

  • Saudi Arabia

    noun: Saudi(s)

    adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian

  • Senegal

    noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Senegalese

  • Serbia

    noun: Serb(s)

    adjective: Serbian

  • Seychelles

    noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)

    adjective: Seychellois

  • Sierra Leone

    noun: Sierra Leonean(s)

    adjective: Sierra Leonean

  • Singapore

    noun: Singaporean(s)

    adjective: Singapore

  • Slovakia

    noun: Slovak(s)

    adjective: Slovak

  • Slovenia

    noun: Slovene(s)

    adjective: Slovenian

  • Solomon Islands

    noun: Solomon Islander(s)

    adjective: Solomon Islander

  • Somalia

    noun: Somali(s)

    adjective: Somali

  • South Africa

    noun: South African(s)

    adjective: South African

  • South Sudan

    noun: South Sudanese (singular and plural)

    adjective: South Sudanese

  • Spain

    noun: Spaniard(s)

    adjective: Spanish

  • Sri Lanka

    noun: Sri Lankan(s)

    adjective: Sri Lankan

  • Sudan

    noun: Sudanese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Sudanese

  • Suriname

    noun: Surinamer(s)

    adjective: Surinamese

  • Sweden

    noun: Swede(s)

    adjective: Swedish

  • Switzerland

    noun: Swiss (singular and plural)

    adjective: Swiss

  • Syria

    noun: Syrian(s)

    adjective: Syrian

  • Taiwan

    noun: Taiwan (singular and plural)

    adjective: Taiwan (or Taiwanese)

    note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan

  • Tajikistan

    noun: Tajikistani(s)

    adjective: Tajikistani

  • Tanzania

    noun: Tanzanian(s)

    adjective: Tanzanian

  • Thailand

    noun: Thai (singular and plural)

    adjective: Thai

  • Timor-Leste

    noun: Timorese

    adjective: Timorese

  • Togo

    noun: Togolese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Togolese

  • Tokelau

    noun: Tokelauan(s)

    adjective: Tokelauan

  • Tonga

    noun: Tongan(s)

    adjective: Tongan

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    noun: Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)

    adjective: Trinidadian, Tobagonian

    note: Trinbagonian is used on occasion to describe a citizen of the country without specifying the island of origin

  • Tunisia

    noun: Tunisian(s)

    adjective: Tunisian

  • Turkey

    noun: Turk(s)

    adjective: Turkish

  • Turkmenistan

    noun: Turkmenistani(s)

    adjective: Turkmenistani

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    noun: none

    adjective: none

  • Tuvalu

    noun: Tuvaluan(s)

    adjective: Tuvaluan

  • Uganda

    noun: Ugandan(s)

    adjective: Ugandan

  • Ukraine

    noun: Ukrainian(s)

    adjective: Ukrainian

  • United Arab Emirates

    noun: Emirati(s)

    adjective: Emirati

  • United Kingdom

    noun: Briton(s), British (collective plural)

    adjective: British

  • United States

    noun: American(s)

    adjective: American

  • Uruguay

    noun: Uruguayan(s)

    adjective: Uruguayan

  • Uzbekistan

    noun: Uzbekistani

    adjective: Uzbekistani

  • Vanuatu

    noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)

    adjective: Ni-Vanuatu

  • Venezuela

    noun: Venezuelan(s)

    adjective: Venezuelan

  • Vietnam

    noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)

    adjective: Vietnamese

  • Virgin Islands

    noun: Virgin Islander(s) (US citizens)

    adjective: Virgin Islander

  • Wallis and Futuna

    noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders

    adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna Islander

  • West Bank

    noun: NA

    adjective: NA

  • Yemen

    noun: Yemeni(s)

    adjective: Yemeni

  • Zambia

    noun: Zambian(s)

    adjective: Zambian

  • Zimbabwe

    noun: Zimbabwean(s)

    adjective: Zimbabwean