Field Listing

Natural resources

This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements (REEs). In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future.

  • Afghanistan

    natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land

  • Albania

    petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land

  • Algeria

    petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

  • American Samoa

    pumice, pumicite

  • Andorra

    hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead

  • Angola

    petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

  • Anguilla

    salt, fish, lobster

  • Antarctica

    iron ore, chromium, copper, gold, nickel, platinum and other minerals, and coal and hydrocarbons have been found in small noncommercial quantities; mineral exploitation except for scientific research is banned by the Environmental Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty; krill, icefish, toothfish, and crab have been taken by commercial fisheries, which are managed through the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Living Marine Resources (CCAMLR)

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism

  • Arctic Ocean

    sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, oil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales)

  • Argentina

    fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium, arable land

  • Armenia

    small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite

  • Aruba

    NEGL; white sandy beaches foster tourism

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands


  • Atlantic Ocean

    oil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales), sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, precious stones

  • Australia

    alumina, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum; note - Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports

  • Austria

    oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower

  • Azerbaijan

    petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite

  • Bahamas, The

    salt, aragonite, timber, arable land

  • Bahrain

    oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls

  • Bangladesh

    natural gas, arable land, timber, coal

  • Barbados

    petroleum, fish, natural gas

  • Belarus

    timber, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay

  • Belgium

    construction materials, silica sand, carbonates, arable land

  • Belize

    arable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower

  • Benin

    small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

  • Bermuda

    limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism

  • Bhutan

    timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate

  • Bolivia

    tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    coal, iron ore, antimony, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower

  • Botswana

    diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

  • Bouvet Island


  • Brazil

    alumina, bauxite, beryllium, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, niobium, phosphates, platinum, tantalum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

  • British Indian Ocean Territory

    coconuts, fish, sugarcane

  • British Virgin Islands

    NEGL; pleasant climate, beaches foster tourism

  • Brunei

    petroleum, natural gas, timber

  • Bulgaria

    bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land

  • Burkina Faso

    gold, manganese, zinc, limestone, marble, phosphates, pumice, salt

  • Burma

    petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower, arable land

  • Burundi

    nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone

  • Cabo Verde

    salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum

  • Cambodia

    oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land

  • Cameroon

    petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

  • Canada

    bauxite, iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, uranium, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower

  • Cayman Islands

    fish, climate and beaches that foster tourism

  • Central African Republic

    diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

  • Chad

    petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt

  • Chile

    copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

  • China

    coal, iron ore, helium, petroleum, natural gas, arsenic, bismuth, cobalt, cadmium, ferrosilicon, gallium, germanium, hafnium, indium, lithium, mercury, tantalum, tellurium, tin, titanium, tungsten, antimony, manganese, magnesium, molybdenum, selenium, strontium, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest), arable land

  • Christmas Island

    phosphate, beaches

  • Clipperton Island


  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands


  • Colombia

    petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower

  • Comoros


  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber

  • Congo, Republic of the

    petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower

  • Cook Islands

    coconuts (copra)

  • Coral Sea Islands


  • Costa Rica


  • Cote d'Ivoire

    petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower

  • Croatia

    oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

  • Cuba

    cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

  • Curacao

    calcium phosphates, protected harbors, hot springs

  • Cyprus

    copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

  • Czechia

    hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, arable land

  • Denmark

    petroleum, natural gas, fish, arable land, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand

  • Djibouti

    potential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum

  • Dominica

    timber, hydropower, arable land

  • Dominican Republic

    nickel, bauxite, gold, silver, arable land

  • Ecuador

    petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

  • Egypt

    petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc

  • El Salvador

    hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land

  • Equatorial Guinea

    petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay

  • Eritrea

    gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

  • Estonia

    oil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud

  • Eswatini

    asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

  • Ethiopia

    small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

  • European Union

    iron ore, natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, lead, zinc, bauxite, uranium, potash, salt, hydropower, arable land, timber, fish

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss

  • Faroe Islands

    fish, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas

  • Fiji

    timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower

  • Finland

    timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone

  • France

    metropolitan France: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, arable land, fish, French Guiana, gold deposits, petroleum, kaolin, niobium, tantalum, clay

  • French Polynesia

    timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower

  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands

    fish, crayfish, note, Glorioso Islands and Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses) have guano, phosphates, and coconuts

    note - in the 1950's and 1960's, several species of trout were introduced to Iles Kerguelen of which two, Brown trout and Brook trout, survived to establish wild populations; reindeer were also introduced to Iles Kerguelen in 1956 as a source of fresh meat for whaling crews, the herd today, one of two in the Southern Hemisphere, is estimated to number around 4,000

  • Gabon

    petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower

  • Gambia, The

    fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon

  • Gaza Strip

    arable land, natural gas

  • Georgia

    timber, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

  • Germany

    coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land

  • Ghana

    gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

  • Gibraltar


  • Greece

    lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential

  • Greenland

    coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas

  • Grenada

    timber, tropical fruit

  • Guam

    aquatic wildlife (supporting tourism), fishing (largely undeveloped)

  • Guatemala

    petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower

  • Guernsey


  • Guinea

    bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt

  • Guinea-Bissau

    fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum

  • Guyana

    bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish

  • Haiti

    bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands


  • Holy See (Vatican City)


  • Honduras

    timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower

  • Hong Kong

    outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar

  • Hungary

    bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land

  • Iceland

    fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite

  • India

    coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), antimony, iron ore, lead, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

  • Indian Ocean

    oil and gas fields, fish, shrimp, sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules

  • Indonesia

    petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

  • Iran

    petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

  • Iraq

    petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur

  • Ireland

    natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite

  • Isle of Man


  • Israel

    timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand

  • Italy

    coal, antimony, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, arable land

  • Jamaica

    bauxite, alumina, gypsum, limestone

  • Jan Mayen


  • Japan

    negligible mineral resources, fish, note, with virtually no natural energy resources, Japan is the world's largest importer of coal and liquefied natural gas, as well as the second largest importer of oil

  • Jersey

    arable land

  • Jordan

    phosphates, potash, shale oil

  • Kazakhstan

    major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium

  • Kenya

    limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower

  • Kiribati

    phosphate (production discontinued in 1979), coconuts (copra), fish

  • Korea, North

    coal, iron ore, limestone, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, precious metals, hydropower

  • Korea, South

    coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential

  • Kosovo

    nickel, lead, zinc, magnesium, lignite, kaolin, chrome, bauxite

  • Kuwait

    petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas

  • Kyrgyzstan

    abundant hydropower; gold, rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

  • Laos

    timber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones

  • Latvia

    peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land

  • Lebanon

    limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land

  • Lesotho

    water, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone

  • Liberia

    iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower

  • Libya

    petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

  • Liechtenstein

    hydroelectric potential, arable land

  • Lithuania

    peat, arable land, amber

  • Luxembourg

    iron ore (no longer exploited), arable land

  • Macau


  • Madagascar

    graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, rare earth elements, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower

  • Malawi

    limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite

  • Malaysia

    tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

  • Maldives


  • Mali

    gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower, note, bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

  • Malta

    limestone, salt, arable land

  • Marshall Islands

    coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals

  • Mauritania

    iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish

  • Mauritius

    arable land, fish

  • Mexico

    petroleum, silver, antimony, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate

  • Moldova

    lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, limestone, arable land

  • Monaco


  • Mongolia

    oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron

  • Montenegro

    bauxite, hydroelectricity

  • Montserrat


  • Morocco

    phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

  • Mozambique

    coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite

  • Namibia

    diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish, note, suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore

  • Nauru

    phosphates, fish

  • Navassa Island

    guano (mining discontinued in 1898)

  • Nepal

    quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

  • Netherlands

    natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land

  • New Caledonia

    nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

  • New Zealand

    natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone

  • Nicaragua

    gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

  • Niger

    uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum

  • Nigeria

    natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

  • Niue

    arable land, fish

  • Norfolk Island


  • North Macedonia

    low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    arable land, fish

  • Norway

    petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower

  • Oman

    petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

  • Pacific Ocean

    oil and gas fields, polymetallic nodules, sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, fish

  • Pakistan

    arable land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

  • Palau

    forests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals

  • Panama

    copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower

  • Papua New Guinea

    gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries

  • Paracel Islands


  • Paraguay

    hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone

  • Peru

    copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas

  • Philippines

    timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

  • Pitcairn Islands

    miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish, note, manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore

  • Poland

    coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

  • Portugal

    fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower

  • Puerto Rico

    some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil

  • Qatar

    petroleum, fish, natural gas

  • Romania

    petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

  • Russia

    wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, bauxite, reserves of rare earth elements, timber, note, formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources

  • Rwanda

    gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land

  • Saint Barthelemy

    few natural resources; beaches foster tourism

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    fish, lobster

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    arable land

  • Saint Lucia

    forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential

  • Saint Martin


  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    fish, deepwater ports

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    hydropower, arable land

  • Samoa

    hardwood forests, fish, hydropower

  • San Marino

    building stone

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    fish, hydropower

  • Saudi Arabia

    petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper

  • Senegal

    fish, phosphates, iron ore

  • Serbia

    oil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, chromite, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land

  • Seychelles

    fish, coconuts (copra), cinnamon trees

  • Sierra Leone

    diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

  • Singapore

    fish, deepwater ports

  • Sint Maarten

    fish, salt

  • Slovakia

    lignite, small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land

  • Slovenia

    lignite, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests

  • Solomon Islands

    fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

  • Somalia

    uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves

  • South Africa

    gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

  • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands


  • South Sudan

    hydropower, fertile agricultural land, gold, diamonds, petroleum, hardwoods, limestone, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver

  • Southern Ocean

    probable large oil and gas fields on the continental margin; manganese nodules, possible placer deposits, sand and gravel, fresh water as icebergs; squid, whales, and seals - none exploited; krill, fish

  • Spain

    coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land

  • Spratly Islands

    fish, guano, undetermined oil and natural gas potential

  • Sri Lanka

    limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower, arable land

  • Sudan

    petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower

  • Suriname

    timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore

  • Svalbard

    coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, phosphate, wildlife, fish

  • Sweden

    iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower

  • Switzerland

    hydropower potential, timber, salt

  • Syria

    petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower

  • Taiwan

    small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, asbestos, arable land

  • Tajikistan

    hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

  • Tanzania

    hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones (including tanzanite, found only in Tanzania), gold, natural gas, nickel

  • Thailand

    tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

  • Timor-Leste

    gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble

  • Togo

    phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land

  • Tokelau


  • Tonga

    arable land, fish

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    petroleum, natural gas, asphalt

  • Tunisia

    petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

  • Turkey

    coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower

  • Turkmenistan

    petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    spiny lobster, conch

  • Tuvalu

    fish, coconut (copra)

  • Uganda

    copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold

  • Ukraine

    iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land

  • United Arab Emirates

    petroleum, natural gas

  • United Kingdom

    coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land

  • United States

    coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber, arable land;

    note 1: the US has the world's largest coal reserves with 491 billion short tons accounting for 27% of the world's total

    note 2: the US is reliant on foreign imports for 100% of its needs for the following strategic resources - Arsenic, Cesium, Fluorspar, Gallium, Graphite, Indium, Manganese, Niobium, Rare Earths, Rubidium, Scandium, Tantalum, Yttrium; see Appendix H: Strategic Materials for further details

  • United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges

    terrestrial and aquatic wildlife

  • Uruguay

    arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fish

  • Uzbekistan

    natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum

  • Vanuatu

    manganese, hardwood forests, fish

  • Venezuela

    petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

  • Vietnam

    antimony, phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land

  • Virgin Islands

    pleasant climate, beaches foster tourism

  • Wake Island


  • Wallis and Futuna


  • West Bank

    arable land

  • World

    the rapid depletion of nonrenewable mineral resources, the depletion of forest areas and wetlands, the extinction of animal and plant species, and the deterioration in air and water quality pose serious long-term problems

  • Yemen

    petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west

  • Zambia

    copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower

  • Zimbabwe

    coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals