Field Listing

Ports and terminals

This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered. Most ports service multiple classes of vessels including bulk carriers (dry and liquid), break bulk cargoes (goods loaded individually in bags, boxes, crates, or drums; sometimes palletized), containers, roll-on/roll-off, and passenger ships. The listing leads off with major seaports handling all types of cargo. Inland river/lake ports are listed separately along with the river or lake name. Ports configured specifically to handle bulk cargoes are designated as oil terminals or dry bulk cargo ports. LNG terminals handle liquefied natural gas (LNG) and are differentiated as either export, where the gas is chilled to a liquid state to reduce its volume for transport on specialized gas carriers, or import, where the off-loaded LNG undergoes a regasification process before entering pipelines for distribution. As break bulk cargoes are largely transported by containers today, the entry also includes a listing of major container ports with the corresponding throughput measured in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) referring to a standard container size. Some ports are significant for handling passenger traffic and are listed as cruise/ferry ports. In addition to commercial traffic, many seaports also provide important military infrastructure such as naval bases or dockyards.

  • Afghanistan

    river port(s): Kheyrabad, Shir Khan

  • Albania

    major seaport(s): Durres, Sarande, Shengjin, Vlore

  • Algeria

    major seaport(s): Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Arzew, Bethioua, Skikda

  • American Samoa

    major seaport(s): Pago Pago

  • Angola

    major seaport(s): Cabinda, Lobito, Luanda, Namibe

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Angola Soyo

  • Anguilla

    major seaport(s): Blowing Point, Road Bay

  • Antarctica

    most coastal stations have sparse and intermittent offshore anchorages; a few stations have basic wharf facilities

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    major seaport(s): Saint John's

  • Arctic Ocean

    major seaport(s): Churchill (Canada), Murmansk (Russia), Prudhoe Bay (US)

  • Argentina

    major seaport(s): Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Ushuaia

    container port(s) (TEUs): Buenos Aires (1,485,328) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Bahia Blanca

    river port(s): Arroyo Seco, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin (Parana)

  • Aruba

    major seaport(s): Barcadera, Oranjestad

    oil terminal(s): Sint Nicolaas

    cruise port(s): Oranjestad

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Atlantic Ocean

    major seaport(s): Alexandria (Egypt), Algiers (Algeria), Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Casablanca (Morocco), Colon (Panama), Copenhagen (Denmark), Dakar (Senegal), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), London (UK), Marseille (France), Montevideo (Uruguay), Montreal (Canada), Naples (Italy), New Orleans (US), New York (US), Oran (Algeria), Oslo (Norway), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Saint Petersburg (Russia), Stockholm (Sweden)

  • Australia

    major seaport(s):
    Indian Ocean:
    Adelaide, Darwin, Fremantle, Geelong, Melbourne
    Pacific Ocean: Brisbane, Cairns, Gladstone, Hobart, Newcastle, Port Port Kembla, Sydney

    container port(s) (TEUs): Melbourne (2,967,315), Sydney (2,572,714) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Australia Pacific, Barrow Island, Burrup (Pluto), Curtis Island, Darwin, Karratha, Bladin Point (Ichthys), Gladstone, Prelude (offshore FLNG), Wheatstone

    dry bulk cargo port(s): Dampier (iron ore), Dalrymple Bay (coal), Hay Point (coal), Port Hedland (iron ore), Port Walcott (iron ore)

  • Austria

    river port(s): Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna (Danube)

  • Azerbaijan

    major seaport(s): Baku (Baki) located on the Caspian Sea

  • Bahamas, The

    major seaport(s): Freeport, Nassau, South Riding Point

    cruise port(s): Nassau

    container port(s) (TEUs): Freeport (1,396,568) (2019)

  • Bahrain

    major seaport(s): Mina' Salman, Sitrah

  • Bangladesh

    major seaport(s): Chattogram (Chittagong)

    container port(s) (TEUs): Chattogram (Chittagong) (3,088,187) (2019)

    river port(s): Mongla Port (Sela River)

  • Barbados

    major seaport(s): Bridgetown

  • Belarus

    river port(s): Mazyr (Prypyats')

  • Belgium

    major seaport(s): Oostende, Zeebrugge

    container port(s) (TEUs): Antwerp (11,860,204) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Zeebrugge

    river port(s): Antwerp, Gent (Schelde River)

    Brussels (Senne River) Liege (Meuse River)

  • Belize

    major seaport(s): Belize City, Big Creek

  • Benin

    major seaport(s): Cotonou

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Cotonou

  • Bermuda

    major seaport(s): Hamilton, Ireland Island, Saint George

  • Bolivia

    river port(s): Puerto Aguirre (Paraguay/Parana)

    note: Bolivia has free port privileges in maritime ports in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    river port(s): Bosanska Gradiska, Bosanski Brod, Bosanski Samac, Brcko, Orasje (Sava River)

  • Bouvet Island

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Brazil

    major seaport(s): Belem, Itajai, Paranagua, Rio Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Sao Sebastiao, Tubarao

    oil terminal(s): DTSE/Gegua oil terminal, Ilha Grande (Gebig), Guaiba Island terminal, Guamare oil terminal

    container port(s) (TEUs): Itajai (1,223,262), Paranagua (865,110), Santos (4,165,248) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Pecem, Rio de Janiero

    river port(s): Manaus (Amazon)

    dry bulk cargo port(s): Sepetiba ore terminal, Tubarao

  • British Indian Ocean Territory

    major seaport(s): Diego Garcia

  • British Virgin Islands

    major seaport(s): Road Harbor

  • Brunei

    major seaport(s): Muara

    oil terminal(s): Lumut, Seria

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Lumut

  • Bulgaria

    major seaport(s): Burgas, Varna (Black Sea)

  • Burma

    major seaport(s): Mawlamyine (Moulmein), Sittwe

    river port(s): Rangoon (Yangon) (Rangoon River)

  • Burundi

    lake port(s): Bujumbura (Lake Tanganyika)

  • Cabo Verde

    major seaport(s): Porto Grande

  • Cambodia

    major seaport(s): Sihanoukville (Kampong Saom)

    river port(s): Phnom Penh (Mekong)

  • Cameroon

    oil terminal(s): Limboh Terminal

    river port(s): Douala (Wouri)

    Garoua (Benoue)

  • Canada

    major seaport(s): Halifax, Saint John (New Brunswick), Vancouver

    oil terminal(s): Lower Lakes terminal

    container port(s) (TEUs): Montreal (1,745,244), Vancouver (3,398,860) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Saint John

    river and lake port(s): Montreal, Quebec City, Sept-Isles (St. Lawrence)

    dry bulk cargo port(s): Port-Cartier (iron ore and grain),

    Fraser River Port (Fraser) Hamilton (Lake Ontario)

  • Cayman Islands

    major seaport(s): Cayman Brac, George Town

  • Central African Republic

    river port(s): Bangui (Oubangui)

    Nola (Sangha)

  • Chile

    major seaport(s): Coronel, Huasco, Lirquen, Puerto Ventanas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso

    container port(s) (TEUs): San Antonio (1,709,635), Valparaiso (898,715) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Mejillones, Quintero

  • China

    major seaport(s): Dalian, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin

    container port(s) (TEUs): Dalian (8,760,000), Guangzhou (23,236,200), Ningbo (27,530,000), Qingdao (21,010,000), Shanghai (43,303,000), Shenzhen (25,770,000), Tianjin (17,264,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Shanghai, Tangshan, Zhejiang

    river port(s): Guangzhou (Pearl)

  • Christmas Island

    major seaport(s): Flying Fish Cove

  • Clipperton Island

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    major seaport(s): Port Refuge

  • Colombia

    major seaport(s): Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean) - Cartagena, Santa Marta, Turbo
    Pacific Ocean - Buenaventura

    oil terminal(s): Covenas offshore terminal

    container port(s) (TEUs): Buenaventura (1,121,267), Cartagena (2,995,031) (2019)

    river port(s): Barranquilla (Rio Magdalena)

    dry bulk cargo port(s): Puerto Bolivar (coal)

    Pacific Ocean - Buenaventura

  • Comoros

    major seaport(s): Moroni, Moutsamoudou

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    major seaport(s): Banana

    river or lake port(s): Boma, Bumba, Kinshasa, Kisangani, Matadi, Mbandaka (Congo); Kindu (Lualaba); Bukavu, Goma (Lake Kivu); Kalemie (Lake Tanganyika)

  • Congo, Republic of the

    major seaport(s): Pointe-Noire

    oil terminal(s): Djeno

    river port(s): Brazzaville (Congo)

    Impfondo (Oubangi) Ouesso (Sangha) Oyo (Alima)

  • Cook Islands

    major seaport(s): Avatiu

  • Coral Sea Islands

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Costa Rica

    major seaport(s): Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean) - Puerto Limon

    Pacific Ocean - Caldera

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    major seaport(s): Abidjan, San-Pedro

    oil terminal(s): Espoir Offshore Terminal

  • Croatia

    major seaport(s): Ploce, Rijeka, Sibenik, Split

    oil terminal(s): Omisalj

    river port(s): Vukovar (Danube)

  • Cuba

    major seaport(s): Antilla, Cienfuegos, Guantanamo, Havana, Matanzas, Mariel, Nuevitas Bay, Santiago de Cuba

  • Curacao

    major seaport(s): Willemstad

    oil terminal(s): Bullen Baai (Curacao Terminal)

    bulk cargo port(s): Fuik Bay (phosphate rock)

  • Cyprus

    major seaport(s): area under government control: Larnaca, Limassol, Vasilikos

    area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Famagusta, Kyrenia

  • Czechia

    river port(s): Prague (Vltava)

    Decin, Usti nad Labem (Elbe)

  • Denmark

    major seaport(s): Baltic Sea - Aarhus, Copenhagen, Fredericia, Kalundborg

    cruise port(s): Copenhagen

    river port(s): Aalborg (Langerak)

    dry bulk cargo port(s): Ensted (coal)

    North Sea - Esbjerg,

  • Djibouti

    major seaport(s): Djibouti

  • Dominica

    major seaport(s): Portsmouth, Roseau

  • Dominican Republic

    major seaport(s): Puerto Haina, Puerto Plata, Santo Domingo

    oil terminal(s): Punta Nizao oil terminal

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Andres LNG terminal (Boca Chica)

  • Ecuador

    major seaport(s): Esmeraldas, Manta, Puerto Bolivar

    container port(s) (TEUs): Guayaquil (1,680,751) (2019)

    river port(s): Guayaquil (Guayas)

  • Egypt

    major seaport(s): Mediterranean Sea - Alexandria, Damietta, El Dekheila, Port Said

    oil terminal(s): Ain Sukhna terminal, Sidi Kerir terminal

    container port(s) (TEUs): Port Said (East) (3,816,084) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Damietta, Idku (Abu Qir Bay)

    Gulf of Suez - Suez

  • El Salvador

    major seaport(s): Puerto Cutuco

    oil terminal(s): Acajutla offshore terminal

  • Equatorial Guinea

    major seaport(s): Bata, Luba, Malabo

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Bioko Island

  • Eritrea

    major seaport(s): Assab, Massawa

  • Estonia

    major seaport(s): Kuivastu, Kunda, Muuga, Parnu Reid, Sillamae, Tallinn

  • Ethiopia

    Ethiopia is landlocked and uses the ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia

  • European Union

    major port(s): Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Braila (Romania), Bremen (Germany), Burgas (Bulgaria), Constanta (Romania), Copenhagen (Denmark), Galati (Romania), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), Marseille (France), Naples (Italy), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Riga (Latvia), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Split (Croatia), Stockholm (Sweden), Talinn (Estonia), Tulcea (Romania), Varna (Bulgaria)

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    major seaport(s): Stanley

  • Faroe Islands

    major seaport(s): Fuglafjordur, Torshavn, Vagur

  • Fiji

    major seaport(s): Lautoka, Levuka, Suva

  • Finland

    major seaport(s): Helsinki, Kotka, Naantali, Porvoo, Raahe, Rauma

  • France

    major seaport(s):
    Atlantic Ocean: Brest, Calais, Dunkerque, Le Havre, Nantes
    Mediterranean Sea: Marseille

    container port(s) (TEUs): Le Havre (2,822,910) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Fos Cavaou, Fos Tonkin, Montoir de Bretagne

    river port(s): Bordeaux (Garronne); Nantes - Saint Nazaire (Loire); Paris, Rouen (Seine); Strasbourg (Rhine)

    cruise/ferry port(s): Calais, Cherbourg, Le Havre

  • French Polynesia

    major seaport(s): Papeete

  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Gabon

    major seaport(s): Libreville, Owendo, Port-Gentil

    oil terminal(s): Gamba, Lucina

  • Gambia, The

    major seaport(s): Banjul

  • Gaza Strip

    major seaport(s): Gaza

  • Georgia

    major seaport(s): Black Sea - Bat'umi, P'ot'i

  • Germany

    major seaport(s):
    Baltic Sea: Kiel, Rostock
    North Sea: Bremerhaven, Brunsbuttel, Emden, Hamburg, Wilhelmshaven

    oil terminal(s): Brunsbuttel Canal terminals

    container port(s) (TEUs): Bremen/Bremerhaven (4,856,900), Hamburg (9,274,215) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Hamburg

    river port(s): Bremen (Weser); Bremerhaven (Geeste); Duisburg, Karlsruhe, Neuss-Dusseldorf (Rhine); Lubeck (Wakenitz); Brunsbuttel, Hamburg (Elbe)

  • Ghana

    major seaport(s): Takoradi, Tema

  • Gibraltar

    major seaport(s): Gibraltar

  • Greece

    major seaport(s): Aspropyrgos, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki

    oil terminal(s): Agioi Theodoroi

    container port(s) (TEUs): Piraeus (5,648,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Revithoussa

  • Greenland

    major seaport(s): Sisimiut

  • Grenada

    major seaport(s): Saint George's

  • Guam

    major seaport(s): Apra Harbor

  • Guatemala

    major seaport(s): Puerto Quetzal, Santo Tomas de Castilla

  • Guernsey

    major seaport(s): Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port

  • Guinea

    major seaport(s): Conakry, Kamsar

  • Guinea-Bissau

    major seaport(s): Bissau, Buba, Cacheu, Farim

  • Guyana

    major seaport(s): Georgetown

  • Haiti

    major seaport(s): Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Port-au-Prince

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Honduras

    major seaport(s): La Ceiba, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela

  • Hong Kong

    major seaport(s): Hong Kong

    container port(s) (TEUs): Hong Kong (18,361,000) (2019)

  • Hungary

    river port(s): Baja, Csepel (Budapest), Dunaujvaros, Gyor-Gonyu, Mohacs (Danube)

  • Iceland

    major seaport(s): Grundartangi, Hafnarfjordur, Reykjavik

  • India

    major seaport(s): Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru Port, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam

    container port(s) (TEUs): Jawaharal Nehru Port (5,100,891), Mundra (4,732,699) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Dabhol, Dahej, Hazira

  • Indian Ocean

    major seaport(s): Chennai (Madras, India); Colombo (Sri Lanka); Durban (South Africa); Jakarta (Indonesia); Kolkata (Calcutta, India); Melbourne (Australia); Mumbai (Bombay, India); Richards Bay (South Africa)

  • Indonesia

    major seaport(s): Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

    container port(s) (TEUs): Tanjung Perak (3,900,000), Tanjung Priok (7,600,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Bontang, Tangguh

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Arun, Lampung, West Java

  • Iran

    major seaport(s): Bandar-e Asaluyeh, Bandar Abbas, Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni

    container port(s) (TEUs): Bandar Abbas

  • Iraq

    river port(s): Al Basrah (Shatt al Arab); Khawr az Zubayr, Umm Qasr (Khawr az Zubayr waterway)

  • Ireland

    major seaport(s): Dublin, Shannon Foynes

    cruise port(s): Cork (250,000), Dublin (359,966) (2020)

    container port(s) (TEUs): Dublin (529,563) (2016)

    river port(s): Cork (Lee), Waterford (Suir)

  • Isle of Man

    major seaport(s): Douglas, Ramsey

  • Israel

    major seaport(s): Ashdod, Elat (Eilat), Hadera, Haifa

    container port(s) (TEUs): Ashdod (1,584,000) (2019)

  • Italy

    major seaport(s): Augusta, Cagliari, Genoa, Livorno, Taranto, Trieste, Venice

    oil terminal(s): Melilli (Santa Panagia) oil terminal, Sarroch oil terminal

    container port(s) (TEUs): Genoa (2,621,472), Gioia Tauro (2,523,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): La Spezia, Panigaglia, Porto Levante

  • Jamaica

    major seaport(s): Discovery Bay (Port Rhoades), Kingston, Montego Bay, Port Antonio, Port Esquivel, Port Kaiser, Rocky Point

    container port(s) (TEUs): Kingston (1,647,609) (2019)

  • Jan Mayen

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Japan

    major seaport(s): Chiba, Kawasaki, Kobe, Mizushima, Moji, Nagoya, Osaka, Tokyo, Tomakomai, Yokohama

    container port(s) (TEUs): Kobe (2,871,642), Nagoya (2,844,004), Osaka (2,456,028), Tokyo (4,510,000), Yokohama (2,990,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Chita, Fukwoke, Futtsu, Hachinone, Hakodate, Hatsukaichi, Higashi Ohgishima, Higashi Niigata, Himeiji, Joetsu, Kagoshima, Kawagoe, Kita Kyushu, Mizushima, Nagasaki, Naoetsu, Negishi, Ohgishima, Oita, Sakai, Sakaide, Senboku, Shimizu, Shin Minato, Sodegaura, Tobata, Yanai, Yokkaichi

    Okinawa - Nakagusuku

  • Jersey

    major seaport(s): Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier

  • Jordan

    major seaport(s): Al 'Aqabah

  • Kazakhstan

    major seaport(s): Caspian Sea - Aqtau (Shevchenko), Atyrau (Gur'yev)

    river port(s): Oskemen (Ust-Kamenogorsk), Pavlodar, Semey (Semipalatinsk) (Irtysh River)

  • Kenya

    major seaport(s): Kisumu, Mombasa

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Mombasa

  • Kiribati

    major seaport(s): Betio (Tarawa Atoll), Canton Island, English Harbor

  • Korea, North

    major seaport(s): Ch'ongjin, Haeju, Hungnam, Namp'o, Songnim, Sonbong (formerly Unggi), Wonsan

  • Korea, South

    major seaport(s): Busan, Incheon, Gunsan, Kwangyang, Mokpo, Pohang, Ulsan, Yeosu

    container port(s) (TEUs): Busan (21,992,001), Incheon (3,091,955), Kwangyang (2,378,337) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Incheon, Kwangyang, Pyeongtaek, Samcheok, Tongyeong, Yeosu

  • Kuwait

    major seaport(s): Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Az Zawr (Mina' Sa'ud), Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi

  • Kyrgyzstan

    lake port(s): Balykchy (Ysyk-Kol or Rybach'ye)(Lake Ysyk-Kol)

  • Latvia

    major seaport(s): Riga, Ventspils

  • Lebanon

    major seaport(s): Beirut, Tripoli

    container port(s) (TEUs): Beirut (1,229,100) (2019)

  • Liberia

    major seaport(s): Buchanan, Monrovia

  • Libya

    major seaport(s): Marsa al Burayqah (Marsa el Brega), Tripoli

    oil terminal(s): Az Zawiyah, Ra's Lanuf

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Marsa el Brega

  • Lithuania

    major seaport(s): Klaipeda

    oil terminal(s): Butinge oil terminal

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Klaipeda

  • Luxembourg

    river port(s): Mertert (Moselle)

  • Macau

    major seaport(s): Macau

  • Madagascar

    major seaport(s): Antsiranana (Diego Suarez), Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara (Tulear)

  • Malawi

    lake port(s): Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba (Lake Nyasa)

  • Malaysia

    major seaport(s): Bintulu, Johor Bahru, George Town (Penang), Pelabuhan Klang (Port Klang), Tanjung Pelepas

    container port(s) (TEUs): Port Kelang (Port Klang) (13,580,717), Tanjung Pelepas (9,100,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Bintulu (Sarawak)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Sungei Udang

  • Maldives

    major seaport(s): Male

  • Mali

    river port(s): Koulikoro (Niger)

  • Malta

    major seaport(s): Marsaxlokk (Malta Freeport), Valletta

    container port(s) (TEUs): Marsaxlokk (2,722,889) (2019)

  • Marshall Islands

    major seaport(s): Enitwetak Island, Kwajalein, Majuro

  • Mauritania

    major seaport(s): Nouadhibou, Nouakchott

  • Mauritius

    major seaport(s): Port Louis

  • Mexico

    major seaport(s): Altamira, Coatzacoalcos, Lazaro Cardenas, Manzanillo, Veracruz

    oil terminal(s): Cayo Arcas terminal, Dos Bocas terminal

    cruise port(s): Cancun, Cozumel, Ensenada

    container port(s) (TEUs): Lazaro Cardenas (1,318,732), Manzanillo (3,069,189), Veracruz (1,144,156) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Altamira, Ensenada

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    major seaport(s): Colonia (Tamil Harbor), Molsron Lele Harbor, Pohnepi Harbor

  • Monaco

    major seaport(s): Hercules Port

  • Montenegro

    major seaport(s): Bar

  • Montserrat

    major seaport(s): Little Bay, Plymouth

  • Morocco

    major seaport(s): Ad Dakhla, Agadir, Casablanca, Jorf Lasfar, Laayoune (El Aaiun), Mohammedia, Safi, Tangier

    container port(s) (TEUs): Tangier (4,801,713) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Jorf Lasfar (planned)

  • Mozambique

    major seaport(s): Beira, Maputo, Nacala

  • Namibia

    major seaport(s): Luderitz, Walvis Bay

  • Nauru

    major seaport(s): Nauru

  • Navassa Island

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Netherlands

    major seaport(s): IJmuiden, Vlissingen

    container port(s) (TEUs): Rotterdam (14,810,804) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Rotterdam

    river port(s): Amsterdam (Nordsee Kanaal); Moerdijk (Hollands Diep River); Rotterdam (Rhine River); Terneuzen (Western Scheldt River)

  • New Caledonia

    major seaport(s): Noumea

  • New Zealand

    major seaport(s): Auckland, Lyttelton, Manukau Harbor, Marsden Point, Tauranga, Wellington

  • Nicaragua

    major seaport(s): Bluefields, Corinto

  • Nigeria

    major seaport(s): Bonny Inshore Terminal, Calabar, Lagos

    oil terminal(s): Bonny Terminal, Brass Terminal, Escravos Terminal, Forcados Terminal, Pennington Terminal, Qua Iboe Terminal

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Bonny Island

  • Niue

    major seaport(s): Alofi

  • Norfolk Island

    major seaport(s): Kingston

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    major seaport(s): Saipan, Tinian, Rota

  • Norway

    major seaport(s): Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Kamoy, Kollsnes, Melkoya Island

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Fredrikstad, Mosjoen

  • Oman

    major seaport(s): Mina' Qabus, Salalah, Suhar

    container port(s) (TEUs): Salalah (4,109,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Qalhat

  • Pacific Ocean

    major seaport(s): Bangkok (Thailand), Hong Kong (China), Kao-hsiung (Taiwan), Los Angeles (US), Manila (Philippines), Pusan (South Korea), San Francisco (US), Seattle (US), Shanghai (China), Singapore, Sydney (Australia), Vladivostok (Russia), Wellington (NZ), Yokohama (Japan)

  • Pakistan

    major seaport(s): Karachi, Port Muhammad Bin Qasim

    container port(s) (TEUs): Karachi (2,097,855) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Port Qasim

  • Palau

    major seaport(s): Koror

  • Panama

    major seaport(s): Balboa, Colon, Cristobal

    container port(s) (TEUs): Balboa (2,894,654), Colon (4,379,477) (2019)

  • Papua New Guinea

    major seaport(s): Kimbe, Lae, Madang, Rabaul, Wewak

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Port Moresby

  • Paracel Islands

    small Chinese port facilities on Woody Island and Duncan Island

  • Paraguay

    river port(s): Asuncion, Villeta, San Antonio, Encarnacion (Parana)

  • Peru

    major seaport(s): Callao, Matarani, Paita

    oil terminal(s): Conchan oil terminal, La Pampilla oil terminal

    container port(s) (TEUs): Callao (2,313,907) (2019)

    river port(s): Iquitos, Pucallpa, Yurimaguas (Amazon)

  • Philippines

    major seaport(s): Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila

    container port(s) (TEUs): Manila (5,315,500) (2019)

  • Pitcairn Islands

    major seaport(s): Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)

  • Poland

    major seaport(s): Gdansk, Gdynia, Swinoujscie

    container port(s) (TEUs): Gdansk (2,073,215) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Swinoujscie

    river port(s): Szczecin (River Oder)

  • Portugal

    major seaport(s): Leixoes, Lisbon, Setubal, Sines

    container port(s) (TEUs): Sines (1,420,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Sines

  • Puerto Rico

    major seaport(s): Ensenada Honda, Mayaguez, Playa de Guayanilla, Playa de Ponce, San Juan

    container port(s) (TEUs): San Juan (2,142,662) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Guayanilla Bay

  • Qatar

    major seaport(s): Doha, Musay'id, Ra's Laffan

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Ras Laffan

  • Romania

    major seaport(s): Constanta, Midia

    river port(s): Braila, Galati (Galatz), Mancanului (Giurgiu), Tulcea (Danube River)

  • Russia

    major seaport(s):
    Arctic Ocean:
    Arkhangelsk, Murmansk
    Baltic Sea:
    Kaliningrad, Primorsk, Saint Petersburg
    Black Sea: Novorossiysk
    Pacific Ocean: Nakhodka, Vladivostok, Vostochnyy

    oil terminal(s): Kavkaz oil terminal, Primorsk

    container port(s) (TEUs): Saint Petersburg (2,221,724) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Sabetta, Sakhalin Island

    river port(s): Astrakhan, Kazan (Volga River); Rostov-on-Don (Don River); Saint Petersburg (Neva River)

  • Rwanda

    lake port(s): Cyangugu, Gisenyi, Kibuye (Lake Kivu)

  • Saint Barthelemy

    major seaport(s): Gustavia

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    major seaport(s): Saint Helena

    Saint Helena: Jamestown

    Ascension Island: Georgetown

    Tristan da Cunha: Calshot Harbor (Edinburgh)

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    major seaport(s): Basseterre, Charlestown

  • Saint Lucia

    major seaport(s): Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    major seaport(s): Saint-Pierre

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    major seaport(s): Kingstown

  • Samoa

    major seaport(s): Apia

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    major seaport(s): Sao Tome

  • Saudi Arabia

    major seaport(s): Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Jeddah, King Abdulla, Yanbu'

    container port(s) (TEUs): Ad Dammam (1,822,642), Jeddah (4,433,991), King Abdulla (2,020,683) (2019)

  • Senegal

    major seaport(s): Dakar

  • Serbia

    river port(s): Belgrade (Danube)

  • Seychelles

    major seaport(s): Victoria

  • Sierra Leone

    major seaport(s): Freetown, Pepel, Sherbro Islands

  • Singapore

    major seaport(s): Singapore

    container port(s) (TEUs): Singapore (37,195,636) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Singapore

  • Sint Maarten

    major seaport(s): Philipsburg

    oil terminal(s): Coles Bay oil terminal

  • Slovakia

    river port(s): Bratislava, Komarno (Danube)

  • Slovenia

    major seaport(s): Koper

  • Solomon Islands

    major seaport(s): Honiara, Malloco Bay, Viru Harbor, Tulagi

  • Somalia

    major seaport(s): Berbera, Kismaayo

  • South Africa

    major seaport(s): Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha Bay

    container port(s) (TEUs): Durban (2,769,869) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Mossel Bay

  • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

    major seaport(s): Grytviken

  • Southern Ocean

    major seaport(s): McMurdo, Palmer, and offshore anchorages in Antarctica

    note: few ports or harbors exist on the southern side of the Southern Ocean; ice conditions limit use of most to short periods in midsummer; even then some cannot be entered without icebreaker escort; most Antarctic ports are operated by government research stations and, except in an emergency, are not open to commercial or private vessels

  • Spain

    major seaport(s):
    Atlantic Ocean: Bilbao, Huelva; Las Palmas, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (in the Canary Islands)
    Mediterranean Sea: Algeciras, Barcelona, Cartagena, Tarragona, Valencia 

    container port(s) (TEUs): Algeciras (5,125,385), Barcelona (3,324,650), Valencia (5,439,827) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Barcelona, Bilbao, Cartagena, Huelva, Mugardos, Sagunto

    river port(s): Seville (Guadalquivir River)

  • Spratly Islands

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Sri Lanka

    major seaport(s): Colombo

    container port(s) (TEUs): Colombo (7,228,337) (2019)

  • Sudan

    major seaport(s): Port Sudan

  • Suriname

    major seaport(s): Paramaribo, Wageningen

  • Svalbard

    major seaport(s): Barentsburg, Longyearbyen, Ny-Alesund, Pyramiden

  • Sweden

    major seaport(s): Brofjorden, Goteborg, Helsingborg, Karlshamn, Lulea, Malmo, Stockholm, Trelleborg, Visby

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Brunnsviksholme, Lysekil

  • Switzerland

    river port(s): Basel (Rhine)

  • Syria

    major seaport(s): Baniyas, Latakia, Tartus

  • Taiwan

    major seaport(s): Keelung (Chi-lung), Kaohsiung, Hualian, Taichung

    container port(s) (TEUs): Kaohsiung (10,428,634), Taichung (1,793,966), Taipei (1,620,392) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Yung An (Kaohsiung), Taichung

  • Tanzania

    major seaport(s): Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar

  • Thailand

    major seaport(s): Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Map Ta Phut, Prachuap Port, Si Racha

    container port(s) (TEUs): Laem Chabang (8,106,928) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Map Ta Phut

  • Timor-Leste

    major seaport(s): Dili

  • Togo

    major seaport(s): Kpeme, Lome

  • Tokelau

    none; offshore anchorage only

  • Tonga

    major seaport(s): Nuku'alofa, Neiafu, Pangai

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    major seaport(s): Point Fortin, Point Lisas, Port of Spain, Scarborough

    oil terminal(s): Galeota Point terminal

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Port Fortin

  • Tunisia

    major seaport(s): Bizerte, Gabes, Rades, Sfax, Skhira

  • Turkey

    major seaport(s): Aliaga, Ambarli, Diliskelesi, Eregli, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Mersin (Icel), Limani, Yarimca

    container port(s) (TEUs): Ambarli (3,104,882), Mersin (Icel) (1,854,312), Izmet (1,715,193) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Izmir Aliaga, Marmara Ereglisi

  • Turkmenistan

    major seaport(s): Caspian Sea - Turkmenbasy

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    major seaport(s): Cockburn Harbour, Grand Turk, Providenciales

  • Tuvalu

    major seaport(s): Funafuti

  • Uganda

    lake port(s): Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell (Lake Victoria)

  • Ukraine

    major seaport(s): Feodosiya (Theodosia), Chornomosk (Illichivsk), Mariupol, Mykolayiv, Odesa, Yuzhnyy

    river port(s): Kherson, Kyiv (Dnieper River), Mykolayiv (Buh River)

  • United Arab Emirates

    major seaport(s): Al Fujayrah, Mina' Jabal 'Ali (Dubai), Khor Fakkan (Khawr Fakkan) (Sharjah), Mubarraz Island (Abu Dhabi), Mina' Rashid (Dubai), Mina' Saqr (Ra's al Khaymah)

    container port(s) (TEUs): Dubai Port (14,111,000) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Das Island

  • United Kingdom

    major seaport(s): Dover, Felixstowe, Immingham, Liverpool, London, Southampton, Teesport (England); Forth Ports (Scotland); Milford Haven (Wales)

    oil terminal(s): Fawley Marine terminal, Liverpool Bay terminal (England); Braefoot Bay terminal, Finnart oil terminal, Hound Point terminal (Scotland)

    container port(s) (TEUs): Felixstowe (3,584,000), London (2,790,000), Southampton (1,924,847) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Isle of Grain, Milford Haven, Teesside

  • United States

    major seaport(s):
    Atlantic Ocean:
    Charleston, Hampton Roads, New York/New Jersey, Savannah
    Pacific Ocean: Long Beach, Los Angeles, Oakland, Seattle/Tacoma
    Gulf of Mexico: Houston

    oil terminal(s): LOOP terminal, Haymark terminal

    container port(s) (TEUs): Charleston (2,436,185), Hampton Roads (2,937,962), Houston (2,987,291), Long Beach (7,632,032), Los Angeles (9,337,632), New York/New Jersey (7,471,131), Oakland (2,500,431), Savannah (4,599,177), Seattle/Tacoma (3,775,303) (2019)

    LNG terminal(s) (export): Cameron (LA), Corpus Christi (TX), Cove Point (MD), Elba Island (GA), Freeport (TX), Sabine Pass (LA)
    note - two additional export facilities are under construction and expected to begin commercial operations in 2023-2024

    LNG terminal(s) (import): Cove Point (MD), Elba Island (GA), Everett (MA), Freeport (TX), Golden Pass (TX), Hackberry (LA), Lake Charles (LA), Neptune (offshore), Northeast Gateway (offshore), Pascagoula (MS), Sabine Pass (TX)

    river port(s): Baton Rouge, Plaquemines, New Orleans (Mississippi River)

    cargo ports: Baton Rouge, Corpus Christi, Hampton Roads, Houston, Long Beach, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, Plaquemines (LA), Tampa, Texas City

    cruise departure ports (passengers): Miami, Port Everglades, Port Canaveral, Seattle, Long Beach

  • United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges

    major seaport(s): Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands, and Kingman Reef

    Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands, and Kingman Reef: none; offshore anchorage only

    Johnston Atoll: Johnston Island

    Midway Islands: Sand Island

    Palmyra Atoll: West Lagoon

  • Uruguay

    major seaport(s): Montevideo

  • Uzbekistan

    river port(s): Termiz (Amu Darya)

  • Vanuatu

    major seaport(s): Forari Bay, Luganville (Santo, Espiritu Santo), Port-Vila

  • Venezuela

    major seaport(s): La Guaira, Maracaibo, Puerto Cabello, Punta Cardon

    oil terminal(s): Jose terminal

  • Vietnam

    major seaport(s): Cam Pha Port, Da Nang, Haiphong, Phu My, Quy Nhon

    container port(s) (TEUs): Saigon (7,220,377), Cai Mep (3,742,384), Haiphong (5,133,150) (2019)

    river port(s): Ho Chi Minh (Mekong)

  • Virgin Islands

    major seaport(s): Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted, Cruz Bay, Frederiksted, Limetree Bay

  • Wake Island

    none; two offshore anchorages for large ships

  • Wallis and Futuna

    major seaport(s): Leava, Mata-Utu

  • World

    top twenty container ports as measured by Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units (TEUs) throughput: Shanghai (China) - 43,303,000; Singapore (Singapore) - 37,195,636; Ningbo (China) - 27,530,000; Shenzhen (China) - 25,770,000; Guangzhou (China) - 23,236,200; Busan (South Korea) - 21,992,001; Qingdao (China) - 21,010,000; Hong Kong (China) - 18,361,000; Tianjin (China) - 17,264,000; Rotterdam (Netherlands) - 14,810,804; Dubai (UAE) - 14,111,000; Port Kelang (Malaysia) - 13,580,717; Antwerp (Belgium) - 11,860,204; Xiamen (China) - 11,122,200; Kaohsiung (Taiwan) - 10,428,634; Los Angeles (US) - 9,337,632; Hamburg (Germany) - 9,274,215; Tanjung Pelepas (Malaysia) - 9,100,000; Dalian (China) - 8,760,000; Laem Chabang (Thailand) - 8,106,928 (2019)

  • Yemen

    major seaport(s): Aden, Al Hudaydah, Al Mukalla

  • Zambia

    river port(s): Mpulungu (Zambezi)

  • Zimbabwe

    river port(s): Binga, Kariba (Zambezi)