2023 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

The French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule -- mostly by military governments -- civilian rule was established in 1993 but lasted only a decade. Peace agreements between the government and armed factions have had little effect, and armed groups operate openly. 

Geography

Area

total: 622,984 sq km
land: 622,984 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

Natural resources

diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

People and Society

Population

total: 5,650,957
male: 2,814,497
female: 2,836,460 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Baya 28.8%, Banda 22.9%, Mandjia 9.9%, Sara 7.9%, M'Baka-Bantu 7.9%, Arab-Fulani (Peuhl) 6%, Mbum 6%, Ngbanki 5.5%, Zande-Nzakara 3%, other Central African Republic ethnic groups 2%, non-Central African Republic ethnic groups .1% (2003 est.)

Languages

French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages

Religions

Roman Catholic 34.6%, Protestant 15.7%, other Christian 22.9%, Muslim 13.8%, ethnic religionist 12%, Baha'i 0.2%, agnostic/atheist 0.7% (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

1.76% (2024 est.)

Government

Government type

presidential republic

Capital

name: Bangui

Executive branch

chief of state: President Faustin-Archange TOUADERA (since 30 March 2016)
head of government: Prime Minister Felix MOLOUA (since 7 February 2022); note - Prime Minister Henri-Marie DONDRA resigned on 2 February 2022

Legislative branch

description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (140 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote with a second round if needed; members serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

enormous natural resources; extreme poverty; weak public institutions and infrastructure; political and gender-based violence have led to displacement of roughly 25% of population; Bangui-Douala corridor blockade reduced activity and tax collection; strong agricultural performance offset COVID-19 downturn

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$4.597 billion (2022 est.)
$4.574 billion (2021 est.)
$4.53 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$800 (2022 est.)
$800 (2021 est.)
$800 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

cassava, groundnuts, yams, coffee, maize, sesame seeds, bananas, taro, sugarcane, beef (2022)

Industries

gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, sugar refining

Exports

$293.074 million (2022 est.)
$332.869 million (2021 est.)
$353.021 million (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

UAE 40%, Italy 11%, Pakistan 10%, China 10%, France 6% (2022)

Exports - commodities

gold, wood, diamonds, vehicle parts/accessories, electrical machinery (2022)

Imports

$784.669 million (2022 est.)
$778.395 million (2021 est.)
$799.195 million (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

Cameroon 28%, US 8%, China 7%, France 6%, South Korea 5% (2022)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, engines, aircraft, prefabricated buildings, packaged medicine (2022)

Exchange rates

Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
623.76 (2022 est.)
554.531 (2021 est.)
575.586 (2020 est.)
585.911 (2019 est.)
555.446 (2018 est.)


Page last updated: Thursday, June 13, 2024