Guernsey

Country Summary

2022 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Duchy of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The Bailiwick of Guernsey is a self-governing British Crown dependency that is not part of the United Kingdom. UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation. The Bailiwick of Guernsey consists of the main island of Guernsey and a number of smaller islands including Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, Brecqhou, and Lihou

Geography

Area

total: 78 sq km

land: 78 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Climate

temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast

Natural resources

cropland

People and Society

Population

67,491 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Guernsey 53.1%, UK and Ireland 23.9%, Portugal 2.2%, Latvia 1.5%, other Europe 2.8%, other 4.4%, unspecified 11.4% (2020 est.)

Languages

English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts

Religions

Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist), Roman Catholic

Population growth rate

0.23% (2022 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary democracy (States of Deliberation)

Capital

name: Saint Peter Port

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant-Governor Vice Admiral Ian CORDER (since 14 March 2016)

head of government: Chief Minister Peter FERBRACHE (since 16 October 2020); Bailiff Richard MCMAHON (since 11 May 2020); note - the chief minister is the president of the Policy and Resources Committee and is the de facto head of government; the Policy and Resources Committee, elected by the States of Deliberation, functions as the executive; the 5 members all have equal voting rights

Legislative branch

description: unicameral States of Deliberation (40 seats; 38 People's Deputies and 2 representatives of the States of Alderney; members directly elected by majority vote to serve 4-year terms); note - non-voting members include the bailiff (presiding officer), attorney-general, and solicitor-general

Economy

Economic overview

high-income English Channel island economy; strong financial sector but stressed due to COVID-19 disruptions; manufacturing, tourism, and construction industries suffered but expected to recover; stable inflation; maintains independent taxation authority

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$3.465 billion (2015 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$52,500 (2014 est.)

Agricultural products

tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle

Industries

tourism, banking

Exports - commodities

tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables

Imports - commodities

coal, gasoline, oil, machinery, and equipment


Page last updated: Wednesday, May 11, 2022