Guinea

Country Summary

2022 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Guinea is at a turning point after decades of authoritarian rule since gaining its independence from France in 1958. International investors have shown interest in Guinea's unexplored mineral reserves, which have the potential to propel Guinea's future growth.

Geography

Area

total: 245,857 sq km

land: 245,717 sq km

water: 140 sq km

Climate

generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

Natural resources

bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt

People and Society

Population

13,237,832 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Fulani (Peuhl) 33.4%, Malinke 29.4%, Susu 21.2%, Guerze 7.8%, Kissi 6.2%, Toma 1.6%, other/foreign 0.4% (2018 est.)

Languages

French (official), Pular, Maninka, Susu, other native languages

Religions

Muslim 89.1%, Christian 6.8%, animist 1.6%, other 0.1%, none 2.4% (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

2.76% (2022 est.)

Government

Government type

presidential republic

Capital

name: Conakry

Executive branch

chief of state: President Col. Mamady DOUMBOUYA (since 1 October 2021); note - on 5 September 2021, Col. Mamady DOUMBOUYA led a military coup in which President CONDE was arrested and detained, the constitution suspended, and the government and People's National Assembly dissolved; on 1 October 2021, DOUMBOUYA was sworn in as transitional president

head of government: formerly, Prime Minister Mohamed BEAVOGUI (since 6 October 2021); note - on 5 September 2021, Col. Mamady DOUMBOUYA led a military coup in which President CONDE was arrested and detained, the constitution suspended, and the government of Prime Minister Ibrahima Kassory FOFANA dissolved

Legislative branch

description: formerly the People's National Assembly;  note - on 5 September 2021, Col. Mamady DOUMBOUYA led a military coup in which President CONDE was arrested and detained, the constitution suspended, and the government and People's National Assembly dissolved; on 22 January 2022, an 81-member Transitional National Council was installed

Economy

Economic overview

growing but primarily agrarian West African economy; major mining sector; improving fiscal and debt balances prior to COVID-19; economy increasingly vulnerable to climate change; slow infrastructure improvements; gender wealth and human capital gaps

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$35.08 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$2,700 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

rice, cassava, groundnuts, maize, oil palm fruit, fonio, plantains, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, vegetables

Industries

bauxite, gold, diamonds, iron ore; light manufacturing, agricultural processing

Exports

$4.04 billion (2019 est.)

Exports - partners

United Arab Emirates 39%, China 36%, India 6% (2019)

Exports - commodities

aluminum, gold, bauxite, diamonds, fish, cashews (2019)

Imports

$4.32 billion (2019 est.)

Imports - partners

China 39%, India 8%, Netherlands 6%, Belgium 5%, United Arab Emirates 5% (2019)

Imports - commodities

rice, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, delivery trucks, cars (2019)


Page last updated: Thursday, May 12, 2022