2022 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Saint Pierre and Miquelon Island were first settled by the French in the early 17th century. The islands attained the status of a French overseas collectivity in 2003.

Geography

Area

total: 242 sq km

land: 242 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Climate

cold and wet, with considerable mist and fog; spring and autumn are often windy

Natural resources

fish, deepwater ports

People and Society

Population

5,257 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Languages

French (official)

Religions

Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%

Population growth rate

-1.2% (2022 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary democracy (Territorial Council); overseas collectivity of France

Capital

name: Saint-Pierre

Executive branch

chief of state: President Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017); represented by Prefect Christian POUGET (since 6 January 2021)

head of government: President of Territorial Council Bernard BRIAND (since 13 October 2020)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Territorial Council or Conseil Territorial (19 seats - Saint Pierre 15, Miquelon 4; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed to serve 6-year terms);
Saint Pierre and Miquelon indirectly elects 1 senator to the French Senate by an electoral college to serve a 6-year term and directly elects 1 deputy to the French National Assembly by absolute majority vote to serve a 5-year term

Economy

Economic overview

high-income, French North American territorial economy; primarily fishing exports; substantial French Government support; highly seasonal labor force; euro user; increasing tourism and aquaculture investments

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$261.3 million (2015 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$46,200 (2006 est.)

Agricultural products

vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish

Industries

fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

Exports

$6.641 million (2010 est.)

Exports - partners

Canada 79%, France 8%, Belgium 6% (2019)

Exports - commodities

crustaceans, fish, medical instruments, electrical parts, pasta (2019)

Imports

$95.35 million (2010 est.)

Imports - partners

France 69%, Canada 22% (2019)

Imports - commodities

food preparation, packaged medicines, low-voltage protection equipment, cars, computers, iron structures (2019)


Page last updated: Friday, May 13, 2022