Field Listing

Air pollutants

This entry refers to specified gases and particulates released by various sources of animals, plants, goods, and processes that can contribute to global warming, poor air quality, pollution, and climate change.

carbon dioxide emissions - This entry provides the annual quantity of carbon dioxide emissions for a country, as measured in megatons.  Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas emitted through human-influenced and natural processes. Human-influenced sources include the burning of fossil fuels (including coal, natural gas, and oil), solid waste, trees, and other biological materials, as well as certain chemical processes, such as cement production. Natural sources include decomposition, ocean release, and respiration. Carbon dioxide is a major contributor to climate warming, air quality, global warming, and pollution.

Methane emissions - This entry provides the annual quantity of methane emissions for a country, as measured in megatons. Methane is a greenhouse gas emitted from the breakdown of organic material from human-influenced and natural processes. Human-influenced sources include the production and transport of coal, natural gas, and oil; the decay of organic waste in landfills; agricultural activities; stationary and mobile combustion; waste water treatment; and certain industrial processes. Natural sources include the decay of plant material in wetlands, the seepage of gas from underground deposits, and the digestion of food by ruminants. Methane emissions cause poor air quality, health issues for animals and humans, and reduced crop yields, and are a contributor to climate change.

Particulate matter emissions - This entry provides the modeled annual mean concentration of particulate matter of less than 2.5 microns in diameter (PM2.5) measured in micrograms per cubic meter of air. Exposure to PM2.5 pollutants should not exceed an annual mean concentration of 10 micrograms per cubic meter, according to World Health Organization guidelines. Particulate matter are inhalable and respirable particles composed of sulphate, nitrates, ammonia, sodium chloride, black carbon, mineral dust, and water. Fine particles less than 2.5 microns pose the greatest health risks because they can penetrate the lungs and enter the bloodstream. Sources include combustion engines, solid-fuel combustion, and other industrial activities. Exposure to high concentrations of particulate matter is associated with increased mortality and morbidity, although even low concentrations of particulate matter can impact health. By reducing air pollution levels, countries can decrease the burden of disease from stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, and both chronic and acute respiratory diseases, including asthma.

  • Afghanistan

    particulate matter emissions: 53.17 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 8.67 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 90.98 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Albania

    particulate matter emissions: 17.87 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 4.54 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.55 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Algeria

    particulate matter emissions: 35.17 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 150.01 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 49.94 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Andorra

    particulate matter emissions: 9.95 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.47 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.05 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Angola

    particulate matter emissions: 27.95 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 34.69 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 23.28 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    particulate matter emissions: 17.92 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.56 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.22 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Argentina

    particulate matter emissions: 11.83 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 201.35 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 120.66 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Armenia

    particulate matter emissions: 30.48 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.16 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.91 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Aruba

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.88 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Australia

    particulate matter emissions: 7.19 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 375.91 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 105.01 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Austria

    particulate matter emissions: 12.43 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 61.45 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.34 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Azerbaijan

    particulate matter emissions: 18.2 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 37.62 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 44.87 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Bahamas, The

    particulate matter emissions: 17.56 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.79 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.23 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Bahrain

    particulate matter emissions: 69.04 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 31.69 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 15.47 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Bangladesh

    particulate matter emissions: 58.33 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 84.25 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 59.3 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Barbados

    particulate matter emissions: 22.24 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.28 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.35 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Belarus

    particulate matter emissions: 18.06 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 58.28 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 17.19 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Belgium

    particulate matter emissions: 12.88 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 96.89 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 7.78 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Belize

    particulate matter emissions: 21.23 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.57 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.55 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Benin

    particulate matter emissions: 33.11 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 6.48 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 5.8 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Bermuda

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.61 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Bhutan

    particulate matter emissions: 35.32 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.26 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.11 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Bolivia

    particulate matter emissions: 20.24 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 21.61 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 21.01 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    particulate matter emissions: 27.25 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 21.85 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.92 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Botswana

    particulate matter emissions: 21.24 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 6.34 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 5.73 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Brazil

    particulate matter emissions: 11.49 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 462.3 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 401.83 megatons (2020 est.)

  • British Virgin Islands

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.21 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Brunei

    particulate matter emissions: 5.78 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 7.66 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 8.4 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Bulgaria

    particulate matter emissions: 18.82 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 41.71 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.77 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Burkina Faso

    particulate matter emissions: 36.78 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 3.42 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 12.85 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Burma

    particulate matter emissions: 34.69 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 25.28 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 42.2 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Burundi

    particulate matter emissions: 35.61 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.5 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.42 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Cabo Verde

    particulate matter emissions: 31.99 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.54 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.13 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Cambodia

    particulate matter emissions: 23.98 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 9.92 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 14.88 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Cameroon

    particulate matter emissions: 65.26 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 8.29 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 30.71 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Canada

    particulate matter emissions: 6.48 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 544.89 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 101.82 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Cayman Islands

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.55 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Central African Republic

    particulate matter emissions: 49.5 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.3 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 22.44 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Chad

    particulate matter emissions: 53.01 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.02 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 30.69 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Chile

    particulate matter emissions: 21.03 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 85.82 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 15.97 megatons (2020 est.)

  • China

    particulate matter emissions: 49.16 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 9,893.04 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1,490.24 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Colombia

    particulate matter emissions: 15.24 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 97.81 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 81.52 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Comoros

    particulate matter emissions: 18.6 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.2 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.19 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    particulate matter emissions: 37.62 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.02 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 61.24 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Congo, Republic of the

    particulate matter emissions: 38.67 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 3.28 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.24 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Cook Islands

    particulate matter emissions: 12.03 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

  • Costa Rica

    particulate matter emissions: 15.85 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 8.02 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 5.61 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    particulate matter emissions: 23.72 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 9.67 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 10.3 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Croatia

    particulate matter emissions: 17.03 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 17.49 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 3.98 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Cuba

    particulate matter emissions: 18.37 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 28.28 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 9.3 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Curacao

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.39 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Cyprus

    particulate matter emissions: 16.79 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 6.63 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.86 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Czechia

    particulate matter emissions: 15.15 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 102.22 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 13.11 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Denmark

    particulate matter emissions: 10.12 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 31.79 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.54 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Djibouti

    particulate matter emissions: 40.38 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.62 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.52 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Dominica

    particulate matter emissions: 18.17 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.18 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.04 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Dominican Republic

    particulate matter emissions: 12.95 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 25.26 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 8.1 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Ecuador

    particulate matter emissions: 14.91 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 41.15 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 23.51 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Egypt

    particulate matter emissions: 79.28 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 238.56 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 59.68 megatons (2020 est.)

  • El Salvador

    particulate matter emissions: 23.42 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 7.17 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.71 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Equatorial Guinea

    particulate matter emissions: 45.9 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.65 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 11.21 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Eritrea

    particulate matter emissions: 42.4 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.71 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.48 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Estonia

    particulate matter emissions: 6.74 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 16.59 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.99 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Eswatini

    particulate matter emissions: 16.26 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.16 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.9 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Ethiopia

    particulate matter emissions: 34.36 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 14.87 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 114.21 megatons (2020 est.)

  • European Union

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2,881.62 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Faroe Islands

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.63 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Fiji

    particulate matter emissions: 10.19 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.05 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.95 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Finland

    particulate matter emissions: 5.88 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 45.87 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.46 megatons (2020 est.)

  • France

    particulate matter emissions: 11.64 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 55.99 megatons (2020 est.)

  • French Polynesia

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.77 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Gabon

    particulate matter emissions: 38.51 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.32 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.13 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Gambia, The

    particulate matter emissions: 32.2 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.53 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.96 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Gaza Strip

    carbon dioxide emissions: 3.23 megatons (2016 est.)

    note: data represent combined total from the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

  • Georgia

    particulate matter emissions: 21.2 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 10.13 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.05 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Germany

    particulate matter emissions: 11.71 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 727.97 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 49.92 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Ghana

    particulate matter emissions: 31.95 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 16.67 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 22.75 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Gibraltar

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.63 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Greece

    particulate matter emissions: 15.69 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 62.43 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 9.8 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Greenland

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.51 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Grenada

    particulate matter emissions: 21.56 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.27 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.04 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Guatemala

    particulate matter emissions: 23.59 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 16.78 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 10.7 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Guinea

    particulate matter emissions: 22.43 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 3 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 11.13 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Guinea-Bissau

    particulate matter emissions: 27.12 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.29 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.46 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Guyana

    particulate matter emissions: 20.46 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.38 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.81 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Haiti

    particulate matter emissions: 14.63 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.98 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.12 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Holy See (Vatican City)

    methane emissions: 0 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Honduras

    particulate matter emissions: 20.12 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 9.81 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 7.72 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Hong Kong

    carbon dioxide emissions: 43.64 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Hungary

    particulate matter emissions: 15.62 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 45.54 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 7.25 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Iceland

    particulate matter emissions: 5.94 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.06 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.59 megatons (2020 est.)

  • India

    particulate matter emissions: 65.2 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2,407.67 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 559.11 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Indonesia

    particulate matter emissions: 15.58 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 563.32 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 244.5 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Iran

    particulate matter emissions: 35.09 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 661.71 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 158.71 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Iraq

    particulate matter emissions: 57.73 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 190.06 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 17.44 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Ireland

    particulate matter emissions: 8.26 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 37.71 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 13.67 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Israel

    particulate matter emissions: 19.46 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 65.17 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 13.02 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Italy

    particulate matter emissions: 15.28 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 41.3 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Jamaica

    particulate matter emissions: 13.25 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 8.23 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.08 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Japan

    particulate matter emissions: 11.45 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1,135.89 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 29.99 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Jordan

    particulate matter emissions: 32.09 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 25.11 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.04 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Kazakhstan

    particulate matter emissions: 11.32 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 247.21 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 45.03 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Kenya

    particulate matter emissions: 25.85 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 17.91 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 37.65 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Kiribati

    particulate matter emissions: 10.45 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.07 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.02 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Korea, North

    particulate matter emissions: 30.4 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 28.28 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 18.68 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Korea, South

    particulate matter emissions: 24.57 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 620.3 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 30.28 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Kosovo

    carbon dioxide emissions: 8.94 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.54 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Kuwait

    particulate matter emissions: 57.17 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 98.73 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.21 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    particulate matter emissions: 18.12 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 9.79 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.47 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Laos

    particulate matter emissions: 24.49 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 17.76 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 9 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Latvia

    particulate matter emissions: 12.72 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 7 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.85 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Lebanon

    particulate matter emissions: 30.67 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 24.8 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 3.37 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Lesotho

    particulate matter emissions: 27.78 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.51 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.56 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Liberia

    particulate matter emissions: 17.19 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.39 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.56 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Libya

    particulate matter emissions: 44.17 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 50.56 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 45.76 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Liechtenstein

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.05 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.02 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Lithuania

    particulate matter emissions: 11.49 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 12.96 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 3.15 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Luxembourg

    particulate matter emissions: 10.21 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 8.99 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.61 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Macau

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.07 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Madagascar

    particulate matter emissions: 21.44 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 3.91 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 10.14 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Malawi

    particulate matter emissions: 22.14 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.3 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 11.12 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Malaysia

    particulate matter emissions: 16.04 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 248.29 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 51.51 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Maldives

    particulate matter emissions: 7.63 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.44 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.14 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Mali

    particulate matter emissions: 31.17 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 3.18 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 19.16 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Malta

    particulate matter emissions: 13.97 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.34 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.2 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Marshall Islands

    particulate matter emissions: 9.43 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.14 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.03 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Mauritania

    particulate matter emissions: 40.82 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.74 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.16 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Mauritius

    particulate matter emissions: 13.54 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 4.35 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.06 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Mexico

    particulate matter emissions: 20.08 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 486.41 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 135.77 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    particulate matter emissions: 10.23 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.14 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.02 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Moldova

    particulate matter emissions: 15.97 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.12 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 3.29 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Monaco

    particulate matter emissions: 12.2 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.05 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Mongolia

    particulate matter emissions: 40.42 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 25.37 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 13.72 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Montenegro

    particulate matter emissions: 20.17 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.02 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.75 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Morocco

    particulate matter emissions: 30.99 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 61.28 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 17.16 megatons (2020 est.)

    note:  data does not include former Western Sahara

  • Mozambique

    particulate matter emissions: 19.44 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 7.94 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 16.26 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Namibia

    particulate matter emissions: 22.59 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 4.23 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 10.4 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Nauru

    particulate matter emissions: 12.53 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.05 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.01 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Nepal

    particulate matter emissions: 94.33 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 9.11 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 41.15 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Netherlands

    particulate matter emissions: 12.07 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 170.78 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 17.79 megatons (2020 est.)

  • New Caledonia

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.33 megatons (2016 est.)

  • New Zealand

    particulate matter emissions: 5.73 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 34.38 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 34.3 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Nicaragua

    particulate matter emissions: 16.87 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.59 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 6.46 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Niger

    particulate matter emissions: 70.8 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 2.02 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 22.99 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Nigeria

    particulate matter emissions: 48.73 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 120.37 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 143.99 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Niue

    particulate matter emissions: 11.47 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

  • North Macedonia

    particulate matter emissions: 28.34 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 7.05 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.28 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Norway

    particulate matter emissions: 7.02 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 41.02 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.81 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Oman

    particulate matter emissions: 38.25 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 63.46 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 5.6 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Pakistan

    particulate matter emissions: 55.21 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 201.15 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 142.12 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Palau

    particulate matter emissions: 12.18 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.22 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.06 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Panama

    particulate matter emissions: 11.18 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 10.71 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 5.97 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Papua New Guinea

    particulate matter emissions: 10.91 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 7.54 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 11.05 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Paraguay

    particulate matter emissions: 11.16 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 7.41 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 27.65 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Peru

    particulate matter emissions: 24.27 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 57.41 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 30.17 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Philippines

    particulate matter emissions: 18.38 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 122.29 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 51.32 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Poland

    particulate matter emissions: 20.54 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 299.04 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 46.62 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Portugal

    particulate matter emissions: 7.87 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 48.74 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 10.93 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Qatar

    particulate matter emissions: 90.35 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 103.26 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 8.34 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Romania

    particulate matter emissions: 14.29 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 69.26 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 27.62 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Russia

    particulate matter emissions: 13.75 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1,732.03 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 851.52 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Rwanda

    particulate matter emissions: 40.75 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.11 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.92 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    particulate matter emissions: 12.31 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.24 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.1 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Saint Lucia

    particulate matter emissions: 21.22 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.41 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.27 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    particulate matter emissions: 21.2 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.22 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.09 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Samoa

    particulate matter emissions: 10.56 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.25 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.27 megatons (2020 est.)

  • San Marino

    particulate matter emissions: 13.45 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.02 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    particulate matter emissions: 25.66 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.12 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.04 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Saudi Arabia

    particulate matter emissions: 78.38 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 563.45 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 45.47 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Senegal

    particulate matter emissions: 37.52 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 10.9 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 11.74 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Serbia

    particulate matter emissions: 24.27 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 45.22 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 11.96 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Seychelles

    particulate matter emissions: 18.72 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.61 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.1 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Sierra Leone

    particulate matter emissions: 20.63 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.09 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 3.16 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Singapore

    particulate matter emissions: 18.26 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 37.54 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.4 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Slovakia

    particulate matter emissions: 17.54 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 32.42 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.43 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Slovenia

    particulate matter emissions: 15.81 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 12.63 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.1 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Solomon Islands

    particulate matter emissions: 10.67 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.17 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.43 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Somalia

    particulate matter emissions: 29.51 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.65 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 20.13 megatons (2020 est.)

  • South Africa

    particulate matter emissions: 23.58 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 476.64 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 55.89 megatons (2020 est.)

  • South Sudan

    particulate matter emissions: 41.12 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.73 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 7.61 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Spain

    particulate matter emissions: 9.48 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 244 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 36.94 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Sri Lanka

    particulate matter emissions: 15.25 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 23.36 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 10.95 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Sudan

    particulate matter emissions: 47.92 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 20 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 75.1 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Suriname

    particulate matter emissions: 23.6 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 1.74 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 2.28 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Sweden

    particulate matter emissions: 5.89 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 43.25 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.42 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Switzerland

    particulate matter emissions: 10.21 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 34.48 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.98 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Syria

    particulate matter emissions: 39.43 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 28.83 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 12.93 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Tajikistan

    particulate matter emissions: 40.05 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.31 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.87 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Tanzania

    particulate matter emissions: 25.59 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 11.97 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 59.08 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Thailand

    particulate matter emissions: 26.23 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 283.76 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 86.98 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Timor-Leste

    particulate matter emissions: 17.88 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.5 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 4.74 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Togo

    particulate matter emissions: 32.71 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 3 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 3.06 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Tonga

    particulate matter emissions: 10.08 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.13 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.12 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    particulate matter emissions: 22.04 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 43.87 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 1.35 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Tunisia

    particulate matter emissions: 35.66 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 29.94 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 7.89 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Turkey

    particulate matter emissions: 41.97 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 372.72 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 57.53 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Turkmenistan

    particulate matter emissions: 19.02 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 70.63 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 52.09 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.22 megatons (2016 est.)

  • Tuvalu

    particulate matter emissions: 11.42 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.01 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.01 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Uganda

    particulate matter emissions: 48.41 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.68 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 30.24 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Ukraine

    particulate matter emissions: 18.29 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 202.25 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 63.37 megatons (2020 est.)

  • United Arab Emirates

    particulate matter emissions: 39.44 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 206.32 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 56.55 megatons (2020 est.)

  • United Kingdom

    particulate matter emissions: 10.53 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 379.02 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 49.16 megatons (2020 est.)

  • United States

    particulate matter emissions: 7.4 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5,006.3 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 685.74 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Uruguay

    particulate matter emissions: 8.63 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 6.77 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 25.59 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Uzbekistan

    particulate matter emissions: 25.29 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 91.81 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 96.16 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Vanuatu

    particulate matter emissions: 10.31 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 0.15 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 0.5 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Venezuela

    particulate matter emissions: 15.82 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 164.18 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 68.66 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Vietnam

    particulate matter emissions: 29.66 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 192.67 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 110.4 megatons (2020 est.)

  • West Bank

    carbon dioxide emissions: 3.23 megatons (2016 est.)

    note: data represent combined total from the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

  • Yemen

    particulate matter emissions: 44.96 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 10.61 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 8.03 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Zambia

    particulate matter emissions: 24.7 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 5.14 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 14.1 megatons (2020 est.)

  • Zimbabwe

    particulate matter emissions: 19.35 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est.)

    carbon dioxide emissions: 10.98 megatons (2016 est.)

    methane emissions: 12.1 megatons (2020 est.)