Field Listing

Dependency ratios

Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others. Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline and the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.

total dependency ratio - The total dependency ratio is the ratio of combined youth population (ages 0-14) and elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent.

youth dependency ratio - The youth dependency ratio is the ratio of the youth population (ages 0-14) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children.

elderly dependency ratio - The elderly dependency ratio is the ratio of the elderly population (ages 65+) per 100 people of working age (ages 15-64). Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.

potential support ratio - The potential support ratio is the number of working-age people (ages 15-64) per one elderly person (ages 65+). As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly.

  • Afghanistan

    total dependency ratio: 88.8

    youth dependency ratio: 75.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.8

    potential support ratio: 21 (2020 est.)

  • Akrotiri

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Albania

    total dependency ratio: 46.9

    youth dependency ratio: 25.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 21.6

    potential support ratio: 4.6 (2020 est.)

  • Algeria

    total dependency ratio: 60.1

    youth dependency ratio: 49.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 10.8

    potential support ratio: 9.3 (2020 est.)

  • American Samoa

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Andorra

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Angola

    total dependency ratio: 94.5

    youth dependency ratio: 90.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.3

    potential support ratio: 23.5 (2020 est.)

  • Anguilla

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    total dependency ratio: 45.3

    youth dependency ratio: 31.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.6

    potential support ratio: 7.4 (2020 est.)

  • Argentina

    total dependency ratio: 56.5

    youth dependency ratio: 38.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 17.7

    potential support ratio: 5.6 (2020 est.)

  • Armenia

    total dependency ratio: 48.4

    youth dependency ratio: 30.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 17.5

    potential support ratio: 5.7 (2020 est.)

  • Aruba

    total dependency ratio: 47

    youth dependency ratio: 25.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 21.5

    potential support ratio: 4.7 (2020 est.)

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Australia

    total dependency ratio: 55.1

    youth dependency ratio: 29.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 25.1

    potential support ratio: 4 (2020 est.)

  • Austria

    total dependency ratio: 50.6

    youth dependency ratio: 21.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 28.9

    potential support ratio: 3.5 (2020 est.)

  • Azerbaijan

    total dependency ratio: 43.4

    youth dependency ratio: 33.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 9.7

    potential support ratio: 10.3 (2020 est.)

  • Bahamas, The

    total dependency ratio: 41.5

    youth dependency ratio: 30.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 11

    potential support ratio: 9.1 (2020 est.)

  • Bahrain

    total dependency ratio: 26.5

    youth dependency ratio: 23.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 3.4

    potential support ratio: 29.8 (2020 est.)

  • Bangladesh

    total dependency ratio: 47

    youth dependency ratio: 39.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.7

    potential support ratio: 13 (2020 est.)

  • Barbados

    total dependency ratio: 50.3

    youth dependency ratio: 25.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 25.1

    potential support ratio: 4 (2020 est.)

  • Belarus

    total dependency ratio: 48.9

    youth dependency ratio: 25.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 23.2

    potential support ratio: 4.3 (2020 est.)

  • Belgium

    total dependency ratio: 57

    youth dependency ratio: 26.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 30.2

    potential support ratio: 3.3 (2020 est.)

  • Belize

    total dependency ratio: 52

    youth dependency ratio: 44.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.6

    potential support ratio: 13.1 (2020 est.)

  • Benin

    total dependency ratio: 82.6

    youth dependency ratio: 76.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 6

    potential support ratio: 16.7 (2020 est.)

  • Bermuda

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Bhutan

    total dependency ratio: 45.1

    youth dependency ratio: 36.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 9

    potential support ratio: 11.1 (2020 est.)

  • Bolivia

    total dependency ratio: 60.5

    youth dependency ratio: 48.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 12

    potential support ratio: 8.3 (2020 est.)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    total dependency ratio: 48

    youth dependency ratio: 21.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 26.5

    potential support ratio: 3.8 (2020 est.)

  • Botswana

    total dependency ratio: 61.1

    youth dependency ratio: 53.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.3

    potential support ratio: 13.8 (2020 est.)

  • Bouvet Island

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Brazil

    total dependency ratio: 43.5

    youth dependency ratio: 29.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.8

    potential support ratio: 7.3 (2020 est.)

  • British Indian Ocean Territory

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • British Virgin Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Brunei

    total dependency ratio: 38.7

    youth dependency ratio: 31

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.7

    potential support ratio: 12.9 (2020 est.)

  • Bulgaria

    total dependency ratio: 56.6

    youth dependency ratio: 23

    elderly dependency ratio: 33.6

    potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

  • Burkina Faso

    total dependency ratio: 87.9

    youth dependency ratio: 83.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.5

    potential support ratio: 22.1 (2020 est.)

  • Burma

    total dependency ratio: 46.5

    youth dependency ratio: 37.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 9.1

    potential support ratio: 10.9 (2020 est.)

  • Burundi

    total dependency ratio: 91

    youth dependency ratio: 86.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.5

    potential support ratio: 22 (2020 est.)

  • Cabo Verde

    total dependency ratio: 49

    youth dependency ratio: 41.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.1

    potential support ratio: 14 (2020 est.)

  • Cambodia

    total dependency ratio: 55.7

    youth dependency ratio: 48.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.6

    potential support ratio: 13.2 (2020 est.)

  • Cameroon

    total dependency ratio: 81.1

    youth dependency ratio: 76.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.9

    potential support ratio: 20.3 (2020 est.)

  • Canada

    total dependency ratio: 51.2

    youth dependency ratio: 23.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 27.4

    potential support ratio: 3.7 (2020 est.)

  • Cayman Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Central African Republic

    total dependency ratio: 86.4

    youth dependency ratio: 81.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.2

    potential support ratio: 19.2 (2020 est.)

  • Chad

    total dependency ratio: 96

    youth dependency ratio: 91.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.9

    potential support ratio: 20.4 (2020 est.)

  • Chile

    total dependency ratio: 45.9

    youth dependency ratio: 28.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 17.9

    potential support ratio: 5.6 (2020 est.)

  • China

    total dependency ratio: 42.2

    youth dependency ratio: 25.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 17

    potential support ratio: 5.9 (2020 est.)

    note: data do not include Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan

  • Christmas Island

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Clipperton Island

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Colombia

    total dependency ratio: 45.4

    youth dependency ratio: 32.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.2

    potential support ratio: 7.6 (2020 est.)

  • Comoros

    total dependency ratio: 75.5

    youth dependency ratio: 67.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.4

    potential support ratio: 18.6 (2020 est.)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    total dependency ratio: 95.4

    youth dependency ratio: 89.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.9

    potential support ratio: 17 (2020 est.)

  • Congo, Republic of the

    total dependency ratio: 78.7

    youth dependency ratio: 73.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.9

    potential support ratio: 20.3 (2020 est.)

  • Cook Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Coral Sea Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Costa Rica

    total dependency ratio: 45.1

    youth dependency ratio: 30.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 14.9

    potential support ratio: 6.7 (2020 est.)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    total dependency ratio: 79.8

    youth dependency ratio: 74.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.2

    potential support ratio: 19.3 (2020 est.)

  • Croatia

    total dependency ratio: 55.7

    youth dependency ratio: 22.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 33.1

    potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

  • Cuba

    total dependency ratio: 46.7

    youth dependency ratio: 23.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 23.3

    potential support ratio: 4.3 (2020 est.)

  • Curacao

    total dependency ratio: 55.9

    youth dependency ratio: 28.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 27.5

    potential support ratio: 3.6 (2020 est.)

  • Cyprus

    total dependency ratio: 44.9

    youth dependency ratio: 24

    elderly dependency ratio: 20.9

    potential support ratio: 4.8 (2020 est.)

    note: data represent the whole country

  • Czechia

    total dependency ratio: 56

    youth dependency ratio: 24.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 31.4

    potential support ratio: 3.2 (2020 est.)

  • Denmark

    total dependency ratio: 57.3

    youth dependency ratio: 25.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 31.7

    potential support ratio: 3.2 (2020 est.)

  • Dhekelia

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Djibouti

    total dependency ratio: 50.6

    youth dependency ratio: 43.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.1

    potential support ratio: 14.1 (2020 est.)

  • Dominica

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Dominican Republic

    total dependency ratio: 53.8

    youth dependency ratio: 42.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 11.6

    potential support ratio: 8.6 (2020 est.)

  • Ecuador

    total dependency ratio: 53.8

    youth dependency ratio: 42.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 11.7

    potential support ratio: 8.6 (2020 est.)

  • Egypt

    total dependency ratio: 64.6

    youth dependency ratio: 55.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.8

    potential support ratio: 11.4 (2020 est.)

  • El Salvador

    total dependency ratio: 54.4

    youth dependency ratio: 41.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.4

    potential support ratio: 7.5 (2020 est.)

  • Equatorial Guinea

    total dependency ratio: 64.4

    youth dependency ratio: 60.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 3.9

    potential support ratio: 25.5 (2020 est.)

  • Eritrea

    total dependency ratio: 83.9

    youth dependency ratio: 75.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.3

    potential support ratio: 12.1 (2020 est.)

  • Estonia

    total dependency ratio: 58.4

    youth dependency ratio: 26.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 32.3

    potential support ratio: 3.1 (2020 est.)

  • Eswatini

    total dependency ratio: 70.8

    youth dependency ratio: 64

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.9

    potential support ratio: 14.6 (2020 est.)

  • Ethiopia

    total dependency ratio: 76.8

    youth dependency ratio: 70.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.3

    potential support ratio: 16 (2020 est.)

  • European Union

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Faroe Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Fiji

    total dependency ratio: 53.4

    youth dependency ratio: 44.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.9

    potential support ratio: 11.2 (2020 est.)

  • Finland

    total dependency ratio: 62.4

    youth dependency ratio: 25.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 36.6

    potential support ratio: 2.7 (2020 est.)

  • France

    total dependency ratio: 62.4

    youth dependency ratio: 28.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 33.7

    potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

  • French Polynesia

    total dependency ratio: 45.5

    youth dependency ratio: 32.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.2

    potential support ratio: 7.6 (2020 est.)

  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Gabon

    total dependency ratio: 68.9

    youth dependency ratio: 62.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 6

    potential support ratio: 16.8 (2020 est.)

  • Gambia, The

    total dependency ratio: 86.9

    youth dependency ratio: 82.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.7

    potential support ratio: 21.1 (2020 est.)

  • Gaza Strip

    total dependency ratio: 71.2

    youth dependency ratio: 65.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.5

    potential support ratio: 18.2 (2020 est.)

    note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

  • Georgia

    total dependency ratio: 55

    youth dependency ratio: 31.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 23.6

    potential support ratio: 4.2 (2020 est.)

  • Germany

    total dependency ratio: 55.4

    youth dependency ratio: 21.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 33.7

    potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

  • Ghana

    total dependency ratio: 67.4

    youth dependency ratio: 62.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.3

    potential support ratio: 17.1 (2020 est.)

  • Gibraltar

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Greece

    total dependency ratio: 56.1

    youth dependency ratio: 21.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 34.8

    potential support ratio: 2.9 (2020 est.)

  • Greenland

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Grenada

    total dependency ratio: 50.5

    youth dependency ratio: 35.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 14.7

    potential support ratio: 6.8 (2020 est.)

  • Guam

    total dependency ratio: 52.4

    youth dependency ratio: 36.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 16.1

    potential support ratio: 6.2 (2020 est.)

  • Guatemala

    total dependency ratio: 62.3

    youth dependency ratio: 54.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.2

    potential support ratio: 12.2 (2020 est.)

  • Guernsey

    total dependency ratio: 49

    youth dependency ratio: 22.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 26.7

    potential support ratio: 3.7 (2020 est.)

    note: data represent Guernsey and Jersey

  • Guinea

    total dependency ratio: 85.2

    youth dependency ratio: 79.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.5

    potential support ratio: 18.3 (2020 est.)

  • Guinea-Bissau

    total dependency ratio: 81.2

    youth dependency ratio: 76

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.2

    potential support ratio: 19.1 (2020 est.)

  • Guyana

    total dependency ratio: 53.2

    youth dependency ratio: 42.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 10.7

    potential support ratio: 9.3 (2020 est.)

  • Haiti

    total dependency ratio: 60.4

    youth dependency ratio: 52.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.3

    potential support ratio: 13.3 (2020 est.)

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Holy See (Vatican City)

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Honduras

    total dependency ratio: 55.2

    youth dependency ratio: 47.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.7

    potential support ratio: 13 (2020 est.)

  • Hong Kong

    total dependency ratio: 44.7

    youth dependency ratio: 18.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 26.3

    potential support ratio: 3.8 (2020 est.)

  • Hungary

    total dependency ratio: 46.9

    youth dependency ratio: 22

    elderly dependency ratio: 30.8

    potential support ratio: 3.2 (2020 est.)

  • Iceland

    total dependency ratio: 54

    youth dependency ratio: 29.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 24.1

    potential support ratio: 4.2 (2020 est.)

  • India

    total dependency ratio: 48.7

    youth dependency ratio: 38.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 9.8

    potential support ratio: 10.2 (2020 est.)

  • Indonesia

    total dependency ratio: 47.5

    youth dependency ratio: 38.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 9.2

    potential support ratio: 10.8 (2020 est.)

  • Iran

    total dependency ratio: 45.6

    youth dependency ratio: 36

    elderly dependency ratio: 9.6

    potential support ratio: 14.2 (2020 est.)

  • Iraq

    total dependency ratio: 69.9

    youth dependency ratio: 64.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.9

    potential support ratio: 17.1 (2020 est.)

  • Ireland

    total dependency ratio: 54.8

    youth dependency ratio: 32.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 22.6

    potential support ratio: 4.4 (2020 est.)

  • Isle of Man

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Israel

    total dependency ratio: 67.3

    youth dependency ratio: 46.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 20.8

    potential support ratio: 4.8 (2020 est.)

  • Italy

    total dependency ratio: 57

    youth dependency ratio: 20.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 36.6

    potential support ratio: 2.7 (2020 est.)

  • Jamaica

    total dependency ratio: 48

    youth dependency ratio: 34.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.4

    potential support ratio: 7.4 (2020 est.)

  • Jan Mayen

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Japan

    total dependency ratio: 69

    youth dependency ratio: 21

    elderly dependency ratio: 48

    potential support ratio: 2.1 (2020 est.)

  • Jersey

    total dependency ratio: 49

    youth dependency ratio: 22.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 26.7

    potential support ratio: 3.7 (2020 est.)

    note: data represent Guernsey and Jersey

  • Jordan

    total dependency ratio: 58.2

    youth dependency ratio: 52

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.3

    potential support ratio: 16 (2020 est.)

  • Kazakhstan

    total dependency ratio: 58.8

    youth dependency ratio: 46.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 12.6

    potential support ratio: 8 (2020 est.)

  • Kenya

    total dependency ratio: 69.8

    youth dependency ratio: 65.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.3

    potential support ratio: 23.5 (2020 est.)

  • Kiribati

    total dependency ratio: 67

    youth dependency ratio: 60

    elderly dependency ratio: 7

    potential support ratio: 14.2 (2020 est.)

  • Korea, North

    total dependency ratio: 41.2

    youth dependency ratio: 28

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.2

    potential support ratio: 7.6 (2020 est.)

  • Korea, South

    total dependency ratio: 39.5

    youth dependency ratio: 17.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 22

    potential support ratio: 4.5 (2020 est.)

  • Kosovo

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Kuwait

    total dependency ratio: 32.4

    youth dependency ratio: 28.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 4

    potential support ratio: 24.9 (2020 est.)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    total dependency ratio: 59.7

    youth dependency ratio: 52.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.5

    potential support ratio: 13.2 (2020 est.)

  • Laos

    total dependency ratio: 56.8

    youth dependency ratio: 50.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.7

    potential support ratio: 15 (2020 est.)

  • Latvia

    total dependency ratio: 59

    youth dependency ratio: 26.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 32.9

    potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

  • Lebanon

    total dependency ratio: 48.4

    youth dependency ratio: 37.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 11.2

    potential support ratio: 8.9 (2020 est.)

  • Lesotho

    total dependency ratio: 59.2

    youth dependency ratio: 51.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.9

    potential support ratio: 12.7 (2020 est.)

  • Liberia

    total dependency ratio: 77.6

    youth dependency ratio: 71.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.9

    potential support ratio: 17 (2020 est.)

  • Libya

    total dependency ratio: 47.7

    youth dependency ratio: 41

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.7

    potential support ratio: 15 (2020 est.)

  • Liechtenstein

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Lithuania

    total dependency ratio: 56.5

    youth dependency ratio: 24.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 32.3

    potential support ratio: 3.1 (2020 est.)

  • Luxembourg

    total dependency ratio: 42.8

    youth dependency ratio: 22.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 20.5

    potential support ratio: 4.9 (2020 est.)

  • Macau

    total dependency ratio: 35.7

    youth dependency ratio: 19.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 16.2

    potential support ratio: 6.2 (2020 est.)

  • Madagascar

    total dependency ratio: 75.9

    youth dependency ratio: 70.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.5

    potential support ratio: 18.3 (2020 est.)

  • Malawi

    total dependency ratio: 83.9

    youth dependency ratio: 79.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.9

    potential support ratio: 20.6 (2020 est.)

  • Malaysia

    total dependency ratio: 44.2

    youth dependency ratio: 33.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 10.4

    potential support ratio: 9.7 (2020 est.)

  • Maldives

    total dependency ratio: 30.2

    youth dependency ratio: 25.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.7

    potential support ratio: 21.4 (2020 est.)

  • Mali

    total dependency ratio: 98

    youth dependency ratio: 93.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.9

    potential support ratio: 20.4 (2020 est.)

  • Malta

    total dependency ratio: 55.5

    youth dependency ratio: 22.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 33.2

    potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

  • Marshall Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Mauritania

    total dependency ratio: 75

    youth dependency ratio: 69.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.6

    potential support ratio: 18 (2020 est.)

  • Mauritius

    total dependency ratio: 41.5

    youth dependency ratio: 23.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 17.7

    potential support ratio: 5.6 (2020 est.)

  • Mexico

    total dependency ratio: 50.3

    youth dependency ratio: 38.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 11.4

    potential support ratio: 8.7 (2020 est.)

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    total dependency ratio: 55.2

    youth dependency ratio: 48.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.8

    potential support ratio: 14.7 (2020 est.)

  • Moldova

    total dependency ratio: 39.6

    youth dependency ratio: 22.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 17.4

    potential support ratio: 5.7 (2020 est.)

  • Monaco

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Mongolia

    total dependency ratio: 54.8

    youth dependency ratio: 48.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.7

    potential support ratio: 15 (2020 est.)

  • Montenegro

    total dependency ratio: 51.1

    youth dependency ratio: 27.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 23.8

    potential support ratio: 4.2 (2020 est.)

  • Montserrat

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Morocco

    total dependency ratio: 52.4

    youth dependency ratio: 40.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 11.6

    potential support ratio: 8.6 (2020 est.)

    note: does not include data from the former Western Sahara

  • Mozambique

    total dependency ratio: 88.4

    youth dependency ratio: 83

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.4

    potential support ratio: 18.5 (2020 est.)

  • Namibia

    total dependency ratio: 67.9

    youth dependency ratio: 61.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 6

    potential support ratio: 16.6 (2020 est.)

  • Nauru

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Navassa Island

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Nepal

    total dependency ratio: 53

    youth dependency ratio: 44.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.9

    potential support ratio: 11.2 (2020 est.)

  • Netherlands

    total dependency ratio: 55.6

    youth dependency ratio: 24.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 31.2

    potential support ratio: 3.2 (2020 est.)

  • New Caledonia

    total dependency ratio: 46.6

    youth dependency ratio: 32.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 14.2

    potential support ratio: 7 (2020 est.)

  • New Zealand

    total dependency ratio: 55.8

    youth dependency ratio: 30.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 25.5

    potential support ratio: 3.9 (2020 est.)

  • Nicaragua

    total dependency ratio: 54.3

    youth dependency ratio: 45.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.8

    potential support ratio: 11.4 (2020 est.)

  • Niger

    total dependency ratio: 109.5

    youth dependency ratio: 104.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.4

    potential support ratio: 18.4 (2020 est.)

  • Nigeria

    total dependency ratio: 86

    youth dependency ratio: 80.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.1

    potential support ratio: 19.6 (2020 est.)

  • Niue

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Norfolk Island

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • North Macedonia

    total dependency ratio: 44.5

    youth dependency ratio: 23.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 20.9

    potential support ratio: 4.8 (2020 est.)

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Norway

    total dependency ratio: 53.3

    youth dependency ratio: 26.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 26.9

    potential support ratio: 3.7 (2020 est.)

    note: data include Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands

  • Oman

    total dependency ratio: 33.3

    youth dependency ratio: 30

    elderly dependency ratio: 3.3

    potential support ratio: 29.9 (2020 est.)

  • Pakistan

    total dependency ratio: 64.4

    youth dependency ratio: 57.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.1

    potential support ratio: 14 (2020 est.)

  • Palau

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Panama

    total dependency ratio: 53.9

    youth dependency ratio: 40.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.1

    potential support ratio: 7.6 (2020 est.)

  • Papua New Guinea

    total dependency ratio: 63.2

    youth dependency ratio: 57.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.8

    potential support ratio: 17.2 (2020 est.)

  • Paracel Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Paraguay

    total dependency ratio: 55.5

    youth dependency ratio: 49.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 10.6

    potential support ratio: 9.4 (2020 est.)

  • Peru

    total dependency ratio: 50.2

    youth dependency ratio: 37.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.1

    potential support ratio: 7.6 (2020 est.)

  • Philippines

    total dependency ratio: 55.2

    youth dependency ratio: 46.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.6

    potential support ratio: 11.7 (2020 est.)

  • Pitcairn Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Poland

    total dependency ratio: 51.4

    youth dependency ratio: 23

    elderly dependency ratio: 28.4

    potential support ratio: 3.5 (2020 est.)

  • Portugal

    total dependency ratio: 55.8

    youth dependency ratio: 20.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 35.5

    potential support ratio: 2.8 (2020 est.)

  • Puerto Rico

    total dependency ratio: 57.7

    youth dependency ratio: 24.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 32.8

    potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

  • Qatar

    total dependency ratio: 18.1

    youth dependency ratio: 16.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 2

    potential support ratio: 50.1 (2020 est.)

  • Romania

    total dependency ratio: 53.3

    youth dependency ratio: 23.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 29.5

    potential support ratio: 3.4 (2020 est.)

  • Russia

    total dependency ratio: 51.2

    youth dependency ratio: 27.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 23.5

    potential support ratio: 4.3 (2020 est.)

  • Rwanda

    total dependency ratio: 74.2

    youth dependency ratio: 68.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.4

    potential support ratio: 18.4 (2020 est.)

  • Saint Barthelemy

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Saint Lucia

    total dependency ratio: 39.4

    youth dependency ratio: 25

    elderly dependency ratio: 14.4

    potential support ratio: 7 (2020 est.)

  • Saint Martin

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    total dependency ratio: 46.7

    youth dependency ratio: 32.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 14.5

    potential support ratio: 6.9 (2020 est.)

  • Samoa

    total dependency ratio: 73.3

    youth dependency ratio: 64.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.8

    potential support ratio: 11.4 (2020 est.)

  • San Marino

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    total dependency ratio: 81

    youth dependency ratio: 75.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.4

    potential support ratio: 18.4 (2020 est.)

  • Saudi Arabia

    total dependency ratio: 39.3

    youth dependency ratio: 34.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.9

    potential support ratio: 20.5 (2020 est.)

  • Senegal

    total dependency ratio: 84.2

    youth dependency ratio: 78.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.7

    potential support ratio: 17.5 (2020 est.)

  • Serbia

    total dependency ratio: 52.5

    youth dependency ratio: 23.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 29.1

    potential support ratio: 3.4 (2020 est.)

    note: data include Kosovo

  • Seychelles

    total dependency ratio: 46.7

    youth dependency ratio: 34.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 11.8

    potential support ratio: 8.5 (2020 est.)

  • Sierra Leone

    total dependency ratio: 76.3

    youth dependency ratio: 71.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.2

    potential support ratio: 19.4 (2020 est.)

  • Singapore

    total dependency ratio: 34.5

    youth dependency ratio: 16.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 18

    potential support ratio: 5.6 (2020 est.)

  • Sint Maarten

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Slovakia

    total dependency ratio: 47.6

    youth dependency ratio: 23

    elderly dependency ratio: 24.6

    potential support ratio: 4.1 (2020 est.)

  • Slovenia

    total dependency ratio: 55.9

    youth dependency ratio: 23.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 32.3

    potential support ratio: 3.1 (2020 est.)

  • Solomon Islands

    total dependency ratio: 77.6

    youth dependency ratio: 71.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.5

    potential support ratio: 15.3 (2020 est.)

  • Somalia

    total dependency ratio: 96.3

    youth dependency ratio: 90.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.7

    potential support ratio: 17.6 (2020 est.)

  • South Africa

    total dependency ratio: 52.2

    youth dependency ratio: 43.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 8.4

    potential support ratio: 11.9 (2020 est.)

  • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • South Sudan

    total dependency ratio: 80.8

    youth dependency ratio: 74.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.1

    potential support ratio: 16.5 (2020 est.)

  • Spain

    total dependency ratio: 52.4

    youth dependency ratio: 21.9

    elderly dependency ratio: 30.4

    potential support ratio: 3.3 (2020 est.)

  • Spratly Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Sri Lanka

    total dependency ratio: 53.7

    youth dependency ratio: 36.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 17.3

    potential support ratio: 5.8 (2020 est.)

  • Sudan

    total dependency ratio: 76.9

    youth dependency ratio: 70.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.5

    potential support ratio: 15.4 (2020 est.)

  • Suriname

    total dependency ratio: 51.1

    youth dependency ratio: 40.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 10.8

    potential support ratio: 9.3 (2020 est.)

  • Svalbard

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Sweden

    total dependency ratio: 61.2

    youth dependency ratio: 28.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 32.8

    potential support ratio: 3.1 (2020 est.)

  • Switzerland

    total dependency ratio: 51.6

    youth dependency ratio: 22.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 29

    potential support ratio: 3.5 (2020 est.)

  • Syria

    total dependency ratio: 55.4

    youth dependency ratio: 47.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.6

    potential support ratio: 13.2 (2020 est.)

  • Taiwan

    total dependency ratio: 40

    youth dependency ratio: 17.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 22.2

    potential support ratio: 4.5 (2020 est.)

  • Tajikistan

    total dependency ratio: 67.9

    youth dependency ratio: 62.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.3

    potential support ratio: 18.7 (2020 est.)

  • Tanzania

    total dependency ratio: 85.9

    youth dependency ratio: 81

    elderly dependency ratio: 4.9

    potential support ratio: 20.4 (2020 est.)

  • Thailand

    total dependency ratio: 41.9

    youth dependency ratio: 23.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 18.4

    potential support ratio: 5.4 (2020 est.)

  • Timor-Leste

    total dependency ratio: 90.3

    youth dependency ratio: 83.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 6.6

    potential support ratio: 15.2 (2020 est.)

  • Togo

    total dependency ratio: 77.1

    youth dependency ratio: 72

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.1

    potential support ratio: 19.4 (2020 est.)

  • Tokelau

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Tonga

    total dependency ratio: 68.6

    youth dependency ratio: 58.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 10

    potential support ratio: 10 (2020 est.)

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    total dependency ratio: 46.1

    youth dependency ratio: 29.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 16.8

    potential support ratio: 7.4 (2020 est.)

  • Tunisia

    total dependency ratio: 49.6

    youth dependency ratio: 36.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.3

    potential support ratio: 7.5 (2020 est.)

  • Turkey (Turkiye)

    total dependency ratio: 49.1

    youth dependency ratio: 35.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 13.4

    potential support ratio: 7.5 (2020 est.)

  • Turkmenistan

    total dependency ratio: 55.2

    youth dependency ratio: 47.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.4

    potential support ratio: 13.5 (2020 est.)

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Tuvalu

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Uganda

    total dependency ratio: 92.3

    youth dependency ratio: 88.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 3.8

    potential support ratio: 26.2 (2020 est.)

  • Ukraine

    total dependency ratio: 49.1

    youth dependency ratio: 23.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 25.3

    potential support ratio: 4 (2020 est.)

    note: data include Crimea

  • United Arab Emirates

    total dependency ratio: 19.2

    youth dependency ratio: 17.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 1.5

    potential support ratio: 66.4 (2020 est.)

  • United Kingdom

    total dependency ratio: 57.1

    youth dependency ratio: 27.8

    elderly dependency ratio: 29.3

    potential support ratio: 3.4 (2020 est.)

  • United States

    total dependency ratio: 53.9

    youth dependency ratio: 28.3

    elderly dependency ratio: 25.6

    potential support ratio: 3.9 (2020 est.)

  • United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Uruguay

    total dependency ratio: 54.9

    youth dependency ratio: 31.5

    elderly dependency ratio: 23.4

    potential support ratio: 4.3 (2020 est.)

  • Uzbekistan

    total dependency ratio: 50.6

    youth dependency ratio: 43.4

    elderly dependency ratio: 7.2

    potential support ratio: 13.9 (2020 est.)

  • Vanuatu

    total dependency ratio: 72.5

    youth dependency ratio: 66.2

    elderly dependency ratio: 12.3

    potential support ratio: 8.1 (2020 est.)

  • Venezuela

    total dependency ratio: 54.4

    youth dependency ratio: 42.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 12.3

    potential support ratio: 8.1 (2020 est.)

  • Vietnam

    total dependency ratio: 45.1

    youth dependency ratio: 33.6

    elderly dependency ratio: 11.4

    potential support ratio: 8.8 (2020 est.)

  • Virgin Islands

    total dependency ratio: 66

    youth dependency ratio: 32

    elderly dependency ratio: 34

    potential support ratio: 2.9 (2020 est.)

  • Wake Island

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • Wallis and Futuna

    total dependency ratio: NA

    youth dependency ratio: NA

    elderly dependency ratio: NA

    potential support ratio: NA

  • West Bank

    total dependency ratio: 71.2

    youth dependency ratio: 65.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.5

    potential support ratio: 18.2 (2020 est.)

    note: data represent Gaza Strip and the West Bank

  • World

    total dependency ratio: 53.3

    youth dependency ratio: 39

    elderly dependency ratio: 14.3

    potential support ratio: 7 (2020 est.)

  • Yemen

    total dependency ratio: 71.7

    youth dependency ratio: 66.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 5

    potential support ratio: 19.9 (2020 est.)

  • Zambia

    total dependency ratio: 85.7

    youth dependency ratio: 81.7

    elderly dependency ratio: 4

    potential support ratio: 25.3 (2020 est.)

  • Zimbabwe

    total dependency ratio: 81.6

    youth dependency ratio: 76.1

    elderly dependency ratio: 5.5

    potential support ratio: 18.3 (2020 est.)