Field Listing

Elevation

This entry includes the mean elevation and elevation extremes, lowest point and highest point.

  • Afghanistan

    mean elevation: 1,884 m

    lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m

    highest point: Noshak 7,492 m

  • Albania

    mean elevation: 708 m

    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,764 m

  • Algeria

    mean elevation: 800 m

    lowest point: Chott Melrhir -40 m

    highest point: Tahat 2,908 m

  • American Samoa

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Lata Mountain 964 m

  • Andorra

    mean elevation: 1,996 m

    lowest point: Riu Runer 840 m

    highest point: Pic de Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m

  • Angola

    mean elevation: 1,112 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Moca 2,620 m

  • Anguilla

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Crocus Hill 73 m

  • Antarctica

    mean elevation: 2,300 m

    lowest point: Denman Glacier more than -3,500 m (-11,500 ft) below sea level

    highest point: Vinson Massif 4,892 m

    note: the lowest known land point in Antarctica is hidden in the Denman Galcier; at its surface is the deepest ice yet discovered and the world's lowest elevation not under seawater

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Obama 402 m

  • Arctic Ocean

    mean depth: -1,205 m

    lowest point: Molloy Deep -5,607 m

    highest point: sea level

  • Argentina

    mean elevation: 595 m

    lowest point: Laguna del Carbon (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz) -105 m

    highest point: Cerro Aconcagua (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza; highest point in South America) 6,962 m

  • Armenia

    mean elevation: 1,792 m

    lowest point: Debed River 400 m

    highest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat' 4,090 m

  • Aruba

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Ceru Jamanota 188 m

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Cartier Island 5 m

  • Atlantic Ocean

    mean depth: -3,646 m

    lowest point: Milwaukee Deep in the Puerto Rico Trench -8,605 m

    highest point: sea level

  • Australia

    mean elevation: 330 m

    lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m

    highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,228 m

  • Austria

    mean elevation: 910 m

    lowest point: Neusiedler See 115 m

    highest point: Grossglockner 3,798 m

  • Azerbaijan

    mean elevation: 384 m

    lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m

    highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,466 m

  • Bahamas, The

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: 1.3 km NE of Old Bight on Cat Island 64 m

  • Bahrain

    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

    highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 135 m

  • Bangladesh

    mean elevation: 85 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m

  • Barbados

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m

  • Belarus

    mean elevation: 160 m

    lowest point: Nyoman River 90 m

    highest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m

  • Belgium

    mean elevation: 181 m

    lowest point: North Sea 0 m

    highest point: Botrange 694 m

  • Belize

    mean elevation: 173 m

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Doyle's Delight 1,124 m

  • Benin

    mean elevation: 273 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 m

  • Bermuda

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Town Hill 79 m

  • Bhutan

    mean elevation: 2,220 m

    lowest point: Drangeme Chhu 97 m

    highest point: Gangkar Puensum 7,570 m

  • Bolivia

    mean elevation: 1,192 m

    lowest point: Rio Paraguay 90 m

    highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    mean elevation: 500 m

    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Maglic 2,386 m

  • Botswana

    mean elevation: 1,013 m

    lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m

    highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m

  • Bouvet Island

    lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Olavtoppen (Olav Peak) 780 m

  • Brazil

    mean elevation: 320 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Pico da Neblina 2,994 m

  • British Indian Ocean Territory

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: ocean-side dunes on Diego Garcia 9 m

  • British Virgin Islands

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Sage 521 m

  • Brunei

    mean elevation: 478 m

    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

    highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m

  • Bulgaria

    mean elevation: 472 m

    lowest point: Black Sea 0 m

    highest point: Musala 2,925 m

  • Burkina Faso

    mean elevation: 297 m

    lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m

    highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m

  • Burma

    mean elevation: 702 m

    lowest point: Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal 0 m

    highest point: Gamlang Razi 5,870 m

  • Burundi

    mean elevation: 1,504 m

    lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m

    highest point: Heha 2,670 m

  • Cabo Verde

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mt. Fogo (a volcano on Fogo Island) 2,829 m

  • Cambodia

    mean elevation: 126 m

    lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m

    highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

  • Cameroon

    mean elevation: 667 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Fako on Mont Cameroun 4,045 m

  • Canada

    mean elevation: 487 m

    lowest point: Atlantic/Pacific/Arctic Oceans 0 m

    highest point: Mount Logan 5,959 m

  • Cayman Islands

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: 1 km SW of The Bluff on Cayman Brac 50 m

  • Central African Republic

    mean elevation: 635 m

    lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m

    highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,410 m

  • Chad

    mean elevation: 543 m

    lowest point: Djourab 160 m

    highest point: Emi Koussi 3,445 m

  • Chile

    mean elevation: 1,871 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,893 m (highest volcano in the world)

  • China

    mean elevation: 1,840 m

    lowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m

    highest point: Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level) 8,849 m

  • Christmas Island

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

  • Clipperton Island

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Rocher Clipperton 29 m

  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: South Point on South Island 9 m

  • Colombia

    mean elevation: 593 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Pico Cristobal Colon 5,730 m

  • Comoros

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Karthala 2,360 m

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    mean elevation: 726 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley) 5,110 m

  • Congo, Republic of the

    mean elevation: 430 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Berongou 903 m

  • Cook Islands

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Te Manga 652 m

  • Coral Sea Islands

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed location on Cato Island 9 m

  • Costa Rica

    mean elevation: 746 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Cerro Chirripo 3,819 m

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    mean elevation: 250 m

    lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m

    highest point: Monts Nimba 1,752 m

  • Croatia

    mean elevation: 331 m

    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Dinara 1,831 m

  • Cuba

    mean elevation: 108 m

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Pico Turquino 1,974 m

  • Curacao

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mt. Christoffel 372 m

  • Cyprus

    mean elevation: 91 m

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Olympus 1,951 m

  • Czechia

    mean elevation: 433 m

    lowest point: Labe (Elbe) River 115 m

    highest point: Snezka 1,602 m

  • Denmark

    mean elevation: 34 m

    lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m

    highest point: Mollehoj/Ejer Bavnehoj 171 m

  • Djibouti

    mean elevation: 430 m

    lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m

    highest point: Moussa Ali 2,021 m

  • Dominica

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Morne Diablotins 1,447 m

  • Dominican Republic

    mean elevation: 424 m

    lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m

    highest point: Pico Duarte 3,098 m

  • Ecuador

    mean elevation: 1,117 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Chimborazo 6,267

    note: because the earth is not a perfect sphere and has an equatorial bulge, the highest point on the planet farthest from its center is Mount Chimborazo not Mount Everest, which is merely the highest peak above sea level

  • Egypt

    mean elevation: 321 m

    lowest point: Qattara Depression -133 m

    highest point: Mount Catherine 2,629 m

  • El Salvador

    mean elevation: 442 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m

  • Equatorial Guinea

    mean elevation: 577 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m

  • Eritrea

    mean elevation: 853 m

    lowest point: near Kulul within the Danakil Depression -75 m

    highest point: Soira 3,018 m

  • Estonia

    mean elevation: 61 m

    lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Suur Munamagi 318 m

  • Eswatini

    mean elevation: 305 m

    lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m

    highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m

  • Ethiopia

    mean elevation: 1,330 m

    lowest point: Danakil Depression -125 m

    highest point: Ras Dejen 4,550 m

  • European Union

    lowest point: Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands -7 m

    highest point: Mont Blanc, France 4,810 m

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m

  • Faroe Islands

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Slaettaratindur 882 m

  • Fiji

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m

  • Finland

    mean elevation: 164 m

    lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Halti (alternatively Haltia, Haltitunturi, Haltiatunturi) 1,328 m

  • France

    mean elevation: 375 m

    lowest point: Rhone River delta -2 m

    highest point: Mont Blanc 4,810

    note: to assess the possible effects of climate change on the ice and snow cap of Mont Blanc, its surface and peak have been extensively measured in recent years; these new peak measurements have exceeded the traditional height of 4,807 m and have varied between 4,808 m and 4,811 m; the actual rock summit is 4,792 m and is 40 m away from the ice-covered summit

  • French Polynesia

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont Orohena 2,241 m

  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont de la Dives on Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) 867 m

    highest points throughout the French Southern and Antarctic Lands: unnamed location on Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) 272 m; Pic Marion-Dufresne in Iles Crozet 1090 m; Mont Ross in Iles Kerguelen 1850 m; unnamed location on Bassas de India (Iles Eparses) 2.4 m;24 unnamed location on Europa Island (Iles Eparses) 24 m; unnamed location on Glorioso Islands (Iles Eparses) 12 m; unnamed location on Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses) 10 m; unnamed location on Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses) 7 m

  • Gabon

    mean elevation: 377 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m

  • Gambia, The

    mean elevation: 34 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed elevation 53 m

  • Gaza Strip

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Awdah) 105 m

  • Georgia

    mean elevation: 1,432 m

    lowest point: Black Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mt'a Shkhara 5,193 m

  • Germany

    mean elevation: 263 m

    lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster -3.5 m

    highest point: Zugspitze 2,963 m

  • Ghana

    mean elevation: 190 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Afadjato 885 m

  • Gibraltar

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m

  • Greece

    mean elevation: 498 m

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Olympus 2,917

    note: Mount Olympus actually has 52 peaks but its highest point, Mytikas (meaning "nose"), rises to 2,917 meters; in Greek mythology, Olympus' Mytikas peak was the home of the Greek gods

  • Greenland

    mean elevation: 1,792 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Gunnbjorn Fjeld 3,694 m

  • Grenada

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m

  • Guam

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m

  • Guatemala

    mean elevation: 759 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Volcan Tajumulco (highest point in Central America) 4,220 m

  • Guernsey

    lowest point: English Channel 0 m

    highest point: Le Moulin on Sark 114 m

  • Guinea

    mean elevation: 472 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m

  • Guinea-Bissau

    mean elevation: 70 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed elevation in the eastern part of the country 300 m

  • Guyana

    mean elevation: 207 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Laberintos del Norte on Mount Roraima 2,775 m

  • Haiti

    mean elevation: 470 m

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Pic la Selle 2,674 m

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mawson Peak on Big Ben volcano 2,745 m

  • Holy See (Vatican City)

    lowest point: Saint Peter's Square 19 m

    highest point: Vatican Gardens (Vatican Hill) 78 m

  • Honduras

    mean elevation: 684 m

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m

  • Hong Kong

    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

    highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m

  • Hungary

    mean elevation: 143 m

    lowest point: Tisza River 78 m

    highest point: Kekes 1,014 m

  • Iceland

    mean elevation: 557 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Hvannadalshnukur (at Vatnajokull Glacier) 2,110 m

  • India

    mean elevation: 160 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,586 m

  • Indian Ocean

    mean depth: -3,741 m

    lowest point: Java Trench -7,258 m

    highest point: sea level

  • Indonesia

    mean elevation: 367 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Puncak Jaya 4,884 m

  • Iran

    mean elevation: 1,305 m

    lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m

    highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,625 m

  • Iraq

    mean elevation: 312 m

    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

    highest point: Cheekha Dar (Kurdish for "Black Tent") 3,611 m

  • Ireland

    mean elevation: 118 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

  • Isle of Man

    lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m

    highest point: Snaefell 621 m

  • Israel

    mean elevation: 508 m note - does not include elevation data from the Golan Heights

    lowest point: Dead Sea -431 m

    highest point: Mitspe Shlagim 2,224 m; note - this is the highest named point, the actual highest point is an unnamed dome slightly to the west of Mitspe Shlagim at 2,236 m; both points are on the northeastern border of Israel, along the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range

  • Italy

    mean elevation: 538 m

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc) 4,748 m

  • Jamaica

    mean elevation: 18 m

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m

  • Jan Mayen

    lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m

    highest point: Haakon VII Toppen on Beerenberg 2,277

    note: Beerenberg volcano has numerous peaks; the highest point on the volcano rim is named Haakon VII Toppen, after Norway's first king following the reestablishment of Norwegian independence in 1905

  • Japan

    mean elevation: 438 m

    lowest point: Hachiro-gata -4 m

    highest point: Mount Fuji 3,776 m

  • Jersey

    lowest point: English Channel 0 m

    highest point: Les Platons 136 m

  • Jordan

    mean elevation: 812 m

    lowest point: Dead Sea -431 m

    highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m

  • Kazakhstan

    mean elevation: 387 m

    lowest point: Vpadina Kaundy -132 m

    highest point: Khan Tangiri Shyngy (Pik Khan-Tengri) 6,995 m

  • Kenya

    mean elevation: 762 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Kenya 5,199 m

  • Kiribati

    mean elevation: 2 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed elevation on Banaba 81 m m

  • Korea, North

    mean elevation: 600 m

    lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m

    highest point: Paektu-san 2,744 m

  • Korea, South

    mean elevation: 282 m

    lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m

    highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m

  • Kosovo

    mean elevation: 450 m

    lowest point: Drini i Bardhe/Beli Drim (located on the border with Albania) 297 m

    highest point: Gjeravica/Deravica 2,656 m

  • Kuwait

    mean elevation: 108 m

    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

    highest point: 3.6 km W. of Al-Salmi Border Post 300 m

  • Kyrgyzstan

    mean elevation: 2,988 m

    lowest point: Kara-Daryya (Karadar'ya) 132 m

    highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m

  • Laos

    mean elevation: 710 m

    lowest point: Mekong River 70 m

    highest point: Phu Bia 2,817 m

  • Latvia

    mean elevation: 87 m

    lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Gaizina Kalns 312 m

  • Lebanon

    mean elevation: 1,250 m

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Qornet es Saouda 3,088 m

  • Lesotho

    mean elevation: 2,161 m

    lowest point: junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m

    highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m

  • Liberia

    mean elevation: 243 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Wuteve 1,447 m

  • Libya

    mean elevation: 423 m

    lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m

    highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

  • Liechtenstein

    lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m

    highest point: Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m

  • Lithuania

    mean elevation: 110 m

    lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Aukstojas 294 m

  • Luxembourg

    mean elevation: 325 m

    lowest point: Moselle River 133 m

    highest point: Buurgplaatz 559 m

  • Macau

    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

    highest point: Alto Coloane 172 m

  • Madagascar

    mean elevation: 615 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m

  • Malawi

    mean elevation: 779 m

    lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m

    highest point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) 3,002 m

  • Malaysia

    mean elevation: 419 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,095 m

  • Maldives

    mean elevation: 2 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: 8th tee, golf course, Villingi Island 5 m

  • Mali

    mean elevation: 343 m

    lowest point: Senegal River 23 m

    highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m

  • Malta

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Ta'Dmejrek on Dingli Cliffs 253 m

  • Marshall Islands

    mean elevation: 2 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: East-central Airik Island, Maloelap Atoll 14 m

  • Mauritania

    mean elevation: 276 m

    lowest point: Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha -5 m

    highest point: Kediet Ijill 915 m

  • Mauritius

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont Piton 828 m

  • Mexico

    mean elevation: 1,111 m

    lowest point: Laguna Salada -10 m

    highest point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba 5,636 m

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Nanlaud on Pohnpei 782 m

  • Moldova

    mean elevation: 139 m

    lowest point: Dniester (Nistru) 2 m

    highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m

  • Monaco

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Chemin des Revoires on Mont Agel 162 m

  • Mongolia

    mean elevation: 1,528 m

    lowest point: Hoh Nuur 560 m

    highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Khuiten Peak) 4,374 m

  • Montenegro

    mean elevation: 1,086 m

    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Bobotov Kuk 2,522 m

  • Montserrat

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Soufriere Hills volcano pre-eruption height was 915 m; current lava dome is subject to periodic build up and collapse; estimated dome height was 1,050 m in 2015

  • Morocco

    mean elevation: 909 m

    lowest point: Sebkha Tah -59 m

    highest point: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m

  • Mozambique

    mean elevation: 345 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m

  • Namibia

    mean elevation: 1,141 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Konigstein on Brandberg 2,573 m

  • Nauru

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Command Ridge 70 m

  • Navassa Island

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: 200 m NNW of lighthouse 85 m

  • Nepal

    mean elevation: 2,565 m

    lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m

    highest point: Mount Everest (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level) 8,849 m

  • Netherlands

    mean elevation: 30 m

    lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m

    highest point: Mount Scenery (on the island of Saba in the Caribbean, now considered an integral part of the Netherlands following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles) 862 m

    note: the highest point on continental Netherlands is Vaalserberg at 322 m

  • New Caledonia

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m

  • New Zealand

    mean elevation: 388 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Aoraki/Mount Cook 3,724 m; note - the mountain's height was 3,764 m until 14 December 1991 when it lost about 10 m in an avalanche of rock and ice; erosion of the ice cap since then has brought the height down another 30 m

  • Nicaragua

    mean elevation: 298 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mogoton 2,085 m

  • Niger

    mean elevation: 474 m

    lowest point: Niger River 200 m

    highest point: Idoukal-n-Taghes 2,022 m

  • Nigeria

    mean elevation: 380 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

  • Niue

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed elevation 1.4 km east of Hikutavake 80 m

  • Norfolk Island

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Bates 319 m

  • North Macedonia

    mean elevation: 741 m

    lowest point: Vardar River 50 m

    highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,764 m

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed elevation on Agrihan 965 m

  • Norway

    mean elevation: 460 m

    lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m

    highest point: Galdhopiggen 2,469 m

  • Oman

    mean elevation: 310 m

    lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m

    highest point: Jabal Shams 3,004 m

  • Pacific Ocean

    mean depth: -2,970 m

    lowest point: Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench -10,924 m

    highest point: sea level

  • Pakistan

    mean elevation: 900 m

    lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m

    highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

  • Palau

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Ngerchelchuus 242 m

  • Panama

    mean elevation: 360 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Volcan Baru 3,475 m

  • Papua New Guinea

    mean elevation: 667 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

  • Paracel Islands

    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

    highest point: unnamed location on Rocky Island 14 m

  • Paraguay

    mean elevation: 178 m

    lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m

    highest point: Cerro Pero 842 m

  • Peru

    mean elevation: 1,555 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,746 m

  • Philippines

    mean elevation: 442 m

    lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m

  • Pitcairn Islands

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Palwala Valley Point on Big Ridge 347 m

  • Poland

    mean elevation: 173 m

    lowest point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m

    highest point: Rysy 2,499 m

  • Portugal

    mean elevation: 372 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m

  • Puerto Rico

    mean elevation: 261 m

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,338 m

  • Qatar

    mean elevation: 28 m

    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

    highest point: Tuwayyir al Hamir 103 m

  • Romania

    mean elevation: 414 m

    lowest point: Black Sea 0 m

    highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m

  • Russia

    mean elevation: 600 m

    lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m

    highest point: Gora El'brus (highest point in Europe) 5,642 m

  • Rwanda

    mean elevation: 1,598 m

    lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m

    highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m

  • Saint Barthelemy

    lowest point: Caribbean Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Morne du Vitet 286 m

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 859 m; Green Mountain on Ascension Island 818 m; Mount Actaeon on Saint Helena Island 2,060 m

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m

  • Saint Lucia

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Gimie 948 m

  • Saint Martin

    lowest point: Caribbean Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Pic du Paradis 424 m

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: La Soufriere 1,234 m

  • Samoa

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Silisili 1,857 m

  • San Marino

    lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m

    highest point: Monte Titano 739 m

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m

  • Saudi Arabia

    mean elevation: 665 m

    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

    highest point: As Sarawat range, 3,000 m

  • Senegal

    mean elevation: 69 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed elevation 2.8 km southeast of Nepen Diaka 648 m

  • Serbia

    mean elevation: 442 m

    lowest point: Danube and Timok Rivers 35 m

    highest point: Midzor 2,169 m

  • Seychelles

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m

  • Sierra Leone

    mean elevation: 279 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m

  • Singapore

    lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m

    highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m

  • Sint Maarten

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Flagstaff 383 m

  • Slovakia

    mean elevation: 458 m

    lowest point: Bodrok River 94 m

    highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m

  • Slovenia

    mean elevation: 492 m

    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m

    highest point: Triglav 2,864 m

  • Solomon Islands

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Popomanaseu 2,335 m

  • Somalia

    mean elevation: 410 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Shimbiris 2,460 m

  • South Africa

    mean elevation: 1,034 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Ntheledi (Mafadi) 3,450 m

  • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mount Paget (South Georgia) 2,934 m

  • South Sudan

    lowest point: White Nile 381 m

    highest point: Kinyeti 3,187 m

  • Southern Ocean

    mean depth: -3,270 m

    lowest point: southern end of the South Sandwich Trench -7,235 m

    highest point: sea level

  • Spain

    mean elevation: 660 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands 3,718 m

  • Spratly Islands

    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

    highest point: unnamed location on Southwest Cay 6 m

  • Sri Lanka

    mean elevation: 228 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m

  • Sudan

    mean elevation: 568 m

    lowest point: Red Sea 0 m

    highest point: Jabal Marrah 3,042 m

  • Suriname

    mean elevation: 246 m

    lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m

    highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m

  • Svalbard

    lowest point: Arctic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Newtontoppen 1,717 m

  • Sweden

    mean elevation: 320 m

    lowest point: reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad -2.4 m

    highest point: Kebnekaise South 2,100 m

  • Switzerland

    mean elevation: 1,350 m

    lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m

    highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m

  • Syria

    mean elevation: 514 m

    lowest point: unnamed location near Lake Tiberias -208 m

    highest point: Mount Hermon (Jabal a-Shayk) 2,814 m

  • Taiwan

    mean elevation: 1,150 m

    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

    highest point: Yu Shan 3,952 m

  • Tajikistan

    mean elevation: 3,186 m

    lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m

    highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m

  • Tanzania

    mean elevation: 1,018 m

    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Kilimanjaro (highest point in Africa) 5,895 m

  • Thailand

    mean elevation: 287 m

    lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m

    highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,565 m

  • Timor-Leste

    lowest point: Timor Sea, Savu Sea, and Banda Sea 0 m

    highest point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963 m

  • Togo

    mean elevation: 236 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont Agou 986 m

  • Tokelau

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed location 5 m

  • Tonga

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Kao Volcano on Kao Island 1,046 m

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    mean elevation: 83 m

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m

  • Tunisia

    mean elevation: 246 m

    lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m

    highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m

  • Turkey

    mean elevation: 1,132 m

    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Mount Ararat 5,137 m

  • Turkmenistan

    mean elevation: 230 m

    lowest point: Vpadina Akchanaya (Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in northern Turkmenistan with a water level that fluctuates above and below the elevation of Vpadina Akchanaya, the lake has dropped as low as -110 m) -81 m

    highest point: Gora Ayribaba 3,139 m

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Blue Hill on Providenciales and Flamingo Hill on East Caicos 48 m

  • Tuvalu

    mean elevation: 2 m

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed location 5 m

  • Uganda

    lowest point: Albert Nile 614 m

    highest point: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley 5,110 m

  • Ukraine

    mean elevation: 175 m

    lowest point: Black Sea 0 m

    highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m

  • United Arab Emirates

    mean elevation: 149 m

    lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

    highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m

  • United Kingdom

    mean elevation: 162 m

    lowest point: The Fens -4 m

    highest point: Ben Nevis 1,345 m

  • United States

    mean elevation: 760 m

    lowest point: Death Valley (lowest point in North America) -86 m

    highest point: Denali 6,190 m (Mount McKinley) (highest point in North America)

    note: Denali is one of the most striking features on the entire planet; at 20,310 feet, it is the crowning peak of the Alaska Range and the highest mountain on North America; it towers three and one-half vertical miles above its base, making it a mile taller from base to summit than Mt. Everest; Denali's base sits at about 2,000 feet above sea level and rises over three and one-half miles to its 20,310 foot summit; Everest begins on a 14,000-foot high plain, then summits at 29,028 feet.
    note:
     the peak of Mauna Kea (4,207 m above sea level) on the island of Hawaii rises about 10,200 m above the Pacific Ocean floor; by this measurement, it is the world's tallest mountain - higher than Mount Everest (8,850 m), which is recognized as the tallest mountain above sea level

  • United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Baker Island, unnamed location 8 m; Howland Island, unnamed location 3 m; Jarvis Island, unnamed location 7 m; Johnston Atoll, Sand Island 10 m; Kingman Reef, unnamed location 2 m; Midway Islands, unnamed location less than 13 m; Palmyra Atoll, unnamed location 3 m

  • Uruguay

    mean elevation: 109 m

    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m

  • Uzbekistan

    lowest point: Sariqamish Kuli -12 m

    highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4,301 m

  • Vanuatu

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m

  • Venezuela

    mean elevation: 450 m

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Pico Bolivar 4,978 m

  • Vietnam

    mean elevation: 398 m

    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m

    highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m

  • Virgin Islands

    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

    highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m

  • Wake Island

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: unnamed location 8 m

  • Wallis and Futuna

    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

    highest point: Mont Singavi (on Futuna) 522 m

  • West Bank

    lowest point: Dead Sea -431 m

    highest point: Khallat al Batrakh 1,020 m

  • World

    mean elevation: 840 m

    lowest point: Denman Glacier (Antarctica) more than -3,500 m (in the oceanic realm, Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the lowest point, lying -10,924 m below the surface of the Pacific Ocean)

    highest point: Mount Everest 8,849 m

    top ten highest mountains (measured from sea level): Mount Everest (China-Nepal) 8,849 m; K2 (Pakistan) 8,611 m; Kanchenjunga (India-Nepal) 8,598 m; Lhotse (Nepal) 8,516 m; Makalu (China-Nepal) 8,463 m; Cho Oyu (China-Nepal) 8,201 m; Dhaulagiri (Nepal) 8,167 m; Manaslu (Nepal) 8,163 m; Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) 8,125 m; Anapurna (Nepal) 8,091 m; note - Mauna Kea (United States) is the world's tallest mountain as measured from base to summit; the peak of this volcanic colossus lies on the island of Hawaii, but its base begins more than 70 km offshore and at a depth of about 6,000 m; total height estimates range from 9,966 m to 10,203 m

    top ten highest island peaks: Puncak Jaya (New Guinea) 4,884 m (Indonesia)*; Mauna Kea (Hawaii) 4,207 m (United States); Gunung Kinabalu (Borneo) 4,095 m (Malaysia)*; Yu Shan (Taiwan) 3,952 (Taiwan)*; Mount Kerinci (Sumatra) 3,805 m (Indonesia); Mount Erebus (Ross Island) 3,794 (Antarctica); Mount Fuji (Honshu) 3,776 m (Japan)*; Mount Rinjani (Lombok) 3,726 m (Indonesia); Aoraki-Mount Cook (South Island) 3,724 m (New Zealand)*; Pico de Teide (Tenerife) 3,718 m (Spain)*; note - * indicates the highest peak for that Factbook entry

    highest point on each continent:
    Asia - Mount Everest (China-Nepal) 8,849 m; South America - Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 6,960 m; North America - Denali (Mount McKinley) (United States) 6,190 m; Africa - Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) 5,895 m; Europe - El'brus (Russia) 5,633 m; Antarctica - Vinson Massif 4,897 m; Australia - Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

    highest capital on each continent: South America - La Paz (Bolivia) 3,640 m; Africa - Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) 2,355 m; Asia - Thimphu (Bhutan) 2,334 m; North America - Mexico City (Mexico) 2,240 m; Europe - Andorra la Vella (Andorra) 1,023 m; Australia - Canberra (Australia) 605 m

    lowest point on each continent: Antarctica - Denman Glacier more than -3,500 m; Asia - Dead Sea (Israel-Jordan) -431 m; Africa - Lac Assal (Djibouti) -155 m; South America - Laguna del Carbon (Argentina) -105 m; North America - Death Valley (United States) -86 m; Europe - Caspian Sea (Azerbaijan-Kazakhstan-Russia) -28 m; Australia - Lake Eyre -15 m

    lowest capital on each continent: Asia - Baku (Azerbaijan) -28 m; Europe - Amsterdam (Netherlands) -2 m; Africa - Banjul (Gambia); Bissau (Guinea-Bissau), Conakry (Guinea), Djibouti (Djibouti), Libreville (Gabon), Male (Maldives), Monrovia (Liberia), Tunis (Tunisia), Victoria (Seychelles) 0 m; North America - Basseterre (Saint Kitts and Nevis), Kingstown (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines), Panama City (Panama), Port of Spain (Trinidad and Tobago), Roseau (Dominica), Saint John's (Antigua and Barbuda), Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) 0 m; South America - Georgetown (Guyana) 0 m; Australia - Canberra (Australia) 605 m

  • Yemen

    mean elevation: 999 m

    lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m

    highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3,666 m

  • Zambia

    mean elevation: 1,138 m

    lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m

    highest point: Mafinga Central 2,330 m

  • Zimbabwe

    mean elevation: 961 m

    lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save Rivers 162 m

    highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m