Field Listing

GDP – composition, by end use

This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete.

household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit institutions that serve households, on goods and services that are consumed by individuals. This includes consumption of both domestically produced and foreign goods and services.

government consumption consists of government expenditures on goods and services. These figures exclude government transfer payments, such as interest on debt, unemployment, and social security, since such payments are not made in exchange for goods and services supplied.

investment in fixed capital consists of total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production. It is measured gross of the depreciation of the assets, i.e., it includes investment that merely replaces worn-out or scrapped capital. Earlier editions of The World Factbook referred to this concept as Investment (gross fixed) and that data now have been moved to this new field.

investment in inventories consists of net changes to the stock of outputs that are still held by the units that produce them, awaiting further sale to an end user, such as automobiles sitting on a dealer’s lot or groceries on the store shelves. This figure may be positive or negative. If the stock of unsold output increases during the relevant time period, investment in inventories is positive, but, if the stock of unsold goods declines, it will be negative. Investment in inventories normally is an early indicator of the state of the economy. If the stock of unsold items increases unexpectedly – because people stop buying - the economy may be entering a recession; but if the stock of unsold items falls - and goods "go flying off the shelves" - businesses normally try to replace those stocks, and the economy is likely to accelerate.

exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, gifts, or grants of goods and services from residents to nonresidents.

imports of goods and services consist of purchases, barter, or receipts of gifts, or grants of goods and services by residents from nonresidents. Exports are treated as a positive item, while imports are treated as a negative item. In a purely accounting sense, imports have no direct impact on GDP, which only measures output of the domestic economy. Imports are entered as a negative item to offset the fact that the expenditure figures for consumption, investment, government, and exports also include expenditures on imports. These imports contribute directly to foreign GDP but only indirectly to domestic GDP. Because of this negative offset for imports of goods and services, the sum of the other five items, excluding imports, will always total more than 100 percent of GDP. A surplus of exports of goods and services over imports indicates an economy is investing abroad, while a deficit indicates an economy is borrowing from abroad.

  • Afghanistan

    household consumption: 81.6% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 12% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.2% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 30% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 6.7% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -47.6% (2016 est.)

  • Albania

    household consumption: 78.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 25.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 31.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -46.6% (2017 est.)

  • Algeria

    household consumption: 42.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 38.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 11.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 23.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -35.8% (2017 est.)

  • American Samoa

    household consumption: 66.4% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 49.7% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 7.3% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 5.1% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 65% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -93.5% (2016 est.)

  • Angola

    household consumption: 80.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 10.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 25.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -30.7% (2017 est.)

  • Anguilla

    household consumption: 74.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 26.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 48.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -67.4% (2017 est.)

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    household consumption: 53.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 73.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -66.5% (2017 est.)

  • Argentina

    household consumption: 65.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 14.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 11.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -13.8% (2017 est.)

  • Armenia

    household consumption: 76.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 4.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 38.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -50.4% (2017 est.)

  • Aruba

    household consumption: 60.3% (2014 est.)

    government consumption: 25.3% (2015 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.3% (2014 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2015 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 70.5% (2015 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -76.6% (2015 est.)

  • Australia

    household consumption: 56.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 21.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -21% (2017 est.)

  • Austria

    household consumption: 52.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.6% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 54.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -50.7% (2017 est.)

  • Azerbaijan

    household consumption: 57.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 48.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -42% (2017 est.)

  • Bahamas, The

    household consumption: 68% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 26.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 33.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -41.8% (2017 est.)

  • Bahrain

    household consumption: 45.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 26.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 80.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -67.9% (2017 est.)

  • Bangladesh

    household consumption: 68.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 30.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 15% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -20.3% (2017 est.)

  • Barbados

    household consumption: 84.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 31.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -47% (2017 est.)

  • Belarus

    household consumption: 54.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 5.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 67% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -67% (2017 est.)

  • Belgium

    household consumption: 51.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 23.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 85.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -84.4% (2017 est.)

  • Belize

    household consumption: 75.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 49.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -63.2% (2017 est.)

  • Benin

    household consumption: 70.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 27.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 31.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -43% (2017 est.)

  • Bermuda

    household consumption: 51.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 13.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 49.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -30.4% (2017 est.)

  • Bhutan

    household consumption: 58% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 47.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 26% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -48% (2017 est.)

  • Bolivia

    household consumption: 67.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 21.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -31.3% (2017 est.)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    household consumption: 77.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 38.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -55.1% (2017 est.)

  • Botswana

    household consumption: 48.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 29% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 39.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -33.9% (2017 est.)

  • Brazil

    household consumption: 63.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 15.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 12.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -11.6% (2017 est.)

  • British Virgin Islands

    household consumption: 25.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 7.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 20.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 94.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -69.4% (2017 est.)

  • Brunei

    household consumption: 25% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 32.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 8.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 45.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -36.8% (2017 est.)

  • Bulgaria

    household consumption: 61.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 66.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -64.8% (2017 est.)

  • Burkina Faso

    household consumption: 56.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 23.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 28.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -34.4% (2017 est.)

  • Burma

    household consumption: 59.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 33.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 21.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -28.6% (2017 est.)

  • Burundi

    household consumption: 83% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 5.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -25.3% (2017 est.)

  • Cabo Verde

    household consumption: 50.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 32.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.9% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 48.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -51.1% (2017 est.)

  • Cambodia

    household consumption: 76% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 5.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 68.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -73% (2017 est.)

  • Cameroon

    household consumption: 66.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 21.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -20.9% (2017 est.)

  • Canada

    household consumption: 57.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 30.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -33.2% (2017 est.)

  • Cayman Islands

    household consumption: 62.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 65.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -64.2% (2017 est.)

  • Central African Republic

    household consumption: 95.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 8.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 13.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 12% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -29.5% (2017 est.)

  • Chad

    household consumption: 75.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 4.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 35.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -39.4% (2017 est.)

  • Chile

    household consumption: 62.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 28.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -27% (2017 est.)

  • China

    household consumption: 39.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 42.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 20.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -18.4% (2017 est.)

  • Colombia

    household consumption: 68.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 14.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -19.7% (2017 est.)

  • Comoros

    household consumption: 92.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -3.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 17.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -47.1% (2017 est.)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    household consumption: 78.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 15.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 25.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -32.8% (2017 est.)

  • Congo, Republic of the

    household consumption: 47.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 9.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 42.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 62.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -62.7% (2017 est.)

  • Costa Rica

    household consumption: 64.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 33.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -32.9% (2017 est.)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    household consumption: 61.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 30.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -30.1% (2017 est.)

  • Croatia

    household consumption: 57.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 51.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -48.8% (2017 est.)

  • Cuba

    household consumption: 57% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 31.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 9.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 14.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -12.7% (2017 est.)

  • Curacao

    household consumption: 66.9% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 33.6% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.4% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 17.5% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -37.5% (2016 est.)

  • Cyprus

    household consumption: 68.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 63.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -67.8% (2017 est.)

  • Czechia

    household consumption: 47.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 79.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -72.3% (2017 est.)

  • Denmark

    household consumption: 48% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 25.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 54.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -47.5% (2017 est.)

  • Djibouti

    household consumption: 56.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 29.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 41.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 38.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -66.4% (2017 est.)

  • Dominica

    household consumption: 60.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 26.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 54.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -62.7% (2017 est.)

  • Dominican Republic

    household consumption: 69.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 24.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -28.1% (2017 est.)

  • Ecuador

    household consumption: 60.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 20.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -21.3% (2017 est.)

  • Egypt

    household consumption: 86.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 10.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 14.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 16.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -28.5% (2017 est.)

  • El Salvador

    household consumption: 84.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 27.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -44.9% (2017 est.)

  • Equatorial Guinea

    household consumption: 50% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 21.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 10.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 56.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -39% (2017 est.)

  • Eritrea

    household consumption: 80.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 6.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 10.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -22.5% (2017 est.)

  • Estonia

    household consumption: 50.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 77.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -74% (2017 est.)

  • Eswatini

    household consumption: 64% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 21.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 13.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 47.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -46.3% (2017 est.)

  • Ethiopia

    household consumption: 69.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 10% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 43.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 8.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -31.2% (2017 est.)

  • European Union

    household consumption: 54.4% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 20.4% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.8% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.4% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43.9% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -40.5% (2016 est.)

  • Faroe Islands

    household consumption: 52% (2013)

    government consumption: 29.6% (2013)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.4% (2013)

  • Fiji

    household consumption: 81.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 29% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -51.6% (2017 est.)

  • Finland

    household consumption: 54.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 22.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 38.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -38.2% (2017 est.)

  • France

    household consumption: 54.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 23.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.9% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 30.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -32% (2017 est.)

  • French Polynesia

    household consumption: 66.9% (2014 est.)

    government consumption: 33.6% (2014 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.4% (2014 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2014 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 17.5% (2014 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -37.5% (2014 est.)

  • Gabon

    household consumption: 37.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 29% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.6% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 46.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -26.8% (2017 est.)

  • Gambia, The

    household consumption: 90.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -2.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 20.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -40% (2017 est.)

  • Gaza Strip

    household consumption: 88.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 26.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 18.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -55.6% (2017 est.)

    note: data exclude the West Bank

  • Georgia

    household consumption: 62.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 29.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 50.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -62.2% (2017 est.)

  • Germany

    household consumption: 53.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 47.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -39.7% (2017 est.)

  • Ghana

    household consumption: 80.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 8.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 13.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -46.5% (2017 est.)

  • Greece

    household consumption: 69.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 12.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 33.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -34.7% (2017 est.)

  • Greenland

    household consumption: 68.1% (2015 est.)

    government consumption: 28% (2015 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 14.3% (2015 est.)

    investment in inventories: -13.9% (2015 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 18.2% (2015 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -28.6% (2015 est.)

  • Grenada

    household consumption: 63% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 60% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -55% (2017 est.)

  • Guam

    household consumption: 56.2% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 55% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20.6% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: (2016 est.) NA

    exports of goods and services: 19.4% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -51.2% (2016 est.)

  • Guatemala

    household consumption: 86.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 9.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 12.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 18.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -26.9% (2017 est.)

  • Guinea

    household consumption: 80.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 6.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 9.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 18.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 21.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -36.9% (2017 est.)

  • Guinea-Bissau

    household consumption: 83.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 4.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 26.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -26.5% (2017 est.)

  • Guyana

    household consumption: 71.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 25.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 47.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -63% (2017 est.)

  • Haiti

    household consumption: 99.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 10% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 32.6% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 20% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -60.3% (2017 est.)

    note: figure for household consumption also includes government consumption

  • Honduras

    household consumption: 77.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -58.9% (2017 est.)

  • Hong Kong

    household consumption: 67% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 9.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 188% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -187.1% (2017 est.)

  • Hungary

    household consumption: 49.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 90.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -82.4% (2017 est.)

  • Iceland

    household consumption: 50.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 23.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 47% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -42.8% (2017 est.)

  • India

    household consumption: 59.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 28.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3.9% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 19.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -22% (2017 est.)

  • Indonesia

    household consumption: 57.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 9.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 32.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 20.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -19.2% (2017 est.)

  • Iran

    household consumption: 49.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 14.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 26% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -24.9% (2017 est.)

  • Iraq

    household consumption: 50.4% (2013 est.)

    government consumption: 22.9% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20.6% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 32.5% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -40.9% (2016 est.)

  • Ireland

    household consumption: 34% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 10.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 119.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -89.7% (2017 est.)

  • Israel

    household consumption: 55.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 22.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 28.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -27.5% (2017 est.)

  • Italy

    household consumption: 61% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 31.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -28.3% (2017 est.)

  • Jamaica

    household consumption: 81.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 30.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -47.1% (2017 est.)

  • Japan

    household consumption: 55.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 17.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -16.8% (2017 est.)

  • Jordan

    household consumption: 80.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 34.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -58% (2017 est.)

  • Kazakhstan

    household consumption: 53.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 4.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 35.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -27.1% (2017 est.)

  • Kenya

    household consumption: 79.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 13.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -25.5% (2017 est.)

  • Korea, North

    household consumption: (2014 est.) NA

    government consumption: (2014 est.) NA

    investment in fixed capital: (2014 est.) NA

    investment in inventories: (2014 est.) NA

    exports of goods and services: 5.9% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -11.1% (2016 est.)

  • Korea, South

    household consumption: 48.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 31.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -37.7% (2017 est.)

  • Kosovo

    household consumption: 84.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 29% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 27% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -53.8% (2017 est.)

  • Kuwait

    household consumption: 43.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 26.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 49.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -47% (2017 est.)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    household consumption: 85.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 33.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 39.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -79% (2017 est.)

  • Laos

    household consumption: 63.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 30.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 34.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -43.2% (2017 est.)

  • Latvia

    household consumption: 61.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 60.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -61.9% (2017 est.)

  • Lebanon

    household consumption: 87.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 23.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -46.4% (2017 est.)

  • Lesotho

    household consumption: 69.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 26.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 31.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -13.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 40.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -54.4% (2017 est.)

  • Liberia

    household consumption: 128.8% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 16.7% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.5% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 6.7% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 17.5% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -89.2% (2016 est.)

  • Libya

    household consumption: 71.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 2.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.3% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 38.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -33.8% (2017 est.)

  • Lithuania

    household consumption: 63.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 81.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -79.3% (2017 est.)

  • Luxembourg

    household consumption: 30.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 230% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -194% (2017 est.)

  • Macau

    household consumption: 24.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 9.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 79.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -32% (2017 est.)

  • Madagascar

    household consumption: 67.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 15.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 8.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 31.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -33.7% (2017 est.)

  • Malawi

    household consumption: 84.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 15.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 27.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -43.8% (2017 est.)

  • Malaysia

    household consumption: 55.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 25.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 71.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -64.4% (2017 est.)

  • Maldives

    household consumption: (2016 est.) NA

    government consumption: (2016 est.) NA

    investment in fixed capital: (2016 est.) NA

    investment in inventories: (2016 est.) NA

    exports of goods and services: 93.6% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: 89% (2016 est.)

  • Mali

    household consumption: 82.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 22.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -41.1% (2017 est.)

  • Malta

    household consumption: 45.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 136.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -117.9% (2017 est.)

  • Marshall Islands

    government consumption: 50% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.8% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.2% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 52.9% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -102.3% (2016 est.)

  • Mauritania

    household consumption: 64.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 21.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 56.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -3.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 39% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -78.6% (2017 est.)

  • Mauritius

    household consumption: 81% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 42.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -55.1% (2017 est.)

  • Mexico

    household consumption: 67% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 37.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -39.7% (2017 est.)

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    household consumption: 83.5% (2013 est.)

    government consumption: 48.4% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 29.5% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.9% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 27.5% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -77% (2016 est.)

  • Moldova

    household consumption: 85.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 42.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -70.7% (2017 est.)

  • Mongolia

    household consumption: 49.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 12.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 59.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -57.1% (2017 est.)

  • Montenegro

    household consumption: 76.8% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 19.6% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.2% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2.9% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 40.5% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -63% (2016 est.)

  • Montserrat

    household consumption: 90.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 50.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 29.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -88.6% (2017 est.)

  • Morocco

    household consumption: 58% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 28.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 4.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 37.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -46.6% (2017 est.)

  • Mozambique

    household consumption: 69.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 27.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 13.9% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 38.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -70.6% (2017 est.)

  • Namibia

    household consumption: 68.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.6% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 36.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -47.5% (2017 est.)

  • Nauru

    household consumption: 98% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 37.6% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 42.2% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 11.2% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -89.1% (2016 est.)

  • Nepal

    household consumption: 78% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 33.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 8.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 9.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -42% (2017 est.)

  • Netherlands

    household consumption: 44.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 83% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -72.3% (2017 est.)

  • New Caledonia

    household consumption: 64.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 38.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 18.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -45.5% (2017 est.)

  • New Zealand

    household consumption: 57.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 27% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -26.1% (2017 est.)

  • Nicaragua

    household consumption: 69.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 28.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 41.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -55.4% (2017 est.)

  • Niger

    household consumption: 70.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 9.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 38.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 16.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -34.6% (2017 est.)

  • Nigeria

    household consumption: 80% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 5.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 14.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 11.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -13.2% (2017 est.)

  • North Macedonia

    household consumption: 65.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 13.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 20.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 54% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -69% (2017 est.)

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    household consumption: 43.1% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 28.9% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 26.3% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: (2016 est.) NA

    exports of goods and services: 73.6% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -71.9% (2016 est.)

  • Norway

    household consumption: 44.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 4.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 35.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -33.2% (2017 est.)

  • Oman

    household consumption: 36.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 26.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 27.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 51.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -46.6% (2017 est.)

  • Pakistan

    household consumption: 82% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 14.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.6% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 8.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -17.6% (2017 est.)

  • Palau

    household consumption: 60.5% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 27.2% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.7% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.9% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 55.2% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -67.6% (2016 est.)

  • Panama

    household consumption: 45.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 10.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 42.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 41.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -44.2% (2017 est.)

  • Papua New Guinea

    household consumption: 43.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 10% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 49.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -22.3% (2017 est.)

  • Paraguay

    household consumption: 66.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 46.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -42.2% (2017 est.)

  • Peru

    household consumption: 64.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 24% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -22% (2017 est.)

  • Philippines

    household consumption: 73.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 25.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 31% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -40.9% (2017 est.)

  • Poland

    household consumption: 58.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 54% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -49.9% (2017 est.)

  • Portugal

    household consumption: 65.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -42.1% (2017 est.)

  • Puerto Rico

    household consumption: 87.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 11.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 117.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -129.8% (2017 est.)

  • Qatar

    household consumption: 24.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 43.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 51% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -37.3% (2017 est.)

  • Romania

    household consumption: 70% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 7.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.9% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 41.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -43.6% (2017 est.)

  • Russia

    household consumption: 52.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 26.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -20.6% (2017 est.)

  • Rwanda

    household consumption: 75.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 22.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 18.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -32.8% (2017 est.)

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    household consumption: 41.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 25.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 30.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 62.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -60.4% (2017 est.)

  • Saint Lucia

    household consumption: 66.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 62.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -56.9% (2017 est.)

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    household consumption: 87.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 10.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 37.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -51.7% (2017 est.)

  • Samoa

    household consumption: NA

    government consumption: NA

    investment in fixed capital: NA

    investment in inventories: NA

    exports of goods and services: 27.2% (2015 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -50.5% (2015 est.)

  • San Marino

    household consumption: (2011 est.) NA

    government consumption: (2011 est.) NA

    investment in fixed capital: (2011 est.) NA

    investment in inventories: (2011 est.) NA

    exports of goods and services: 176.6% (2011)

    imports of goods and services: -153.3% (2011)

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    household consumption: 81.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 33.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 7.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -40.4% (2017 est.)

  • Saudi Arabia

    household consumption: 41.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 4.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 34.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -28.6% (2017 est.)

  • Senegal

    household consumption: 71.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 15.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 25.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 27% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -42.8% (2017 est.)

  • Serbia

    household consumption: 78.2% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 10.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 52.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -61.3% (2017 est.)

  • Seychelles

    household consumption: 52.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 34.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 26.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 79.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -93.2% (2017 est.)

  • Sierra Leone

    household consumption: 97.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 26.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -55.3% (2017 est.)

  • Singapore

    household consumption: 35.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 10.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 173.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -149.1% (2017 est.)

  • Slovakia

    household consumption: 54.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 21.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 96.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -92.9% (2017 est.)

  • Slovenia

    household consumption: 52.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 82.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -72.6% (2017 est.)

  • Solomon Islands

    household consumption: NA

    government consumption: NA

    investment in fixed capital: NA

    investment in inventories: NA

    exports of goods and services: 25.8% (2011 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -49.6% (2011 est.)

  • Somalia

    household consumption: 72.6% (2015 est.)

    government consumption: 8.7% (2015 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20% (2015 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.8% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 0.3% (2015 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -1.6% (2015 est.)

  • South Africa

    household consumption: 59.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 29.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -28.4% (2017 est.)

  • South Sudan

    household consumption: 34.9% (2011 est.)

    government consumption: 17.1% (2011 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 10.4% (2011 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 64.9% (2011 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -27.2% (2011 est.)

  • Spain

    household consumption: 57.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.6% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 34.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -31.4% (2017 est.)

  • Sri Lanka

    household consumption: 62% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 8.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 26.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 10.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 21.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -29.1% (2017 est.)

  • Sudan

    household consumption: 77.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 5.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.6% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 9.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -11.8% (2017 est.)

  • Suriname

    household consumption: 27.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 52.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 26.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 68.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -60.6% (2017 est.)

  • Sweden

    household consumption: 44.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 26% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 45.3% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -41.1% (2017 est.)

  • Switzerland

    household consumption: 53.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 65.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -54% (2017 est.)

  • Syria

    household consumption: 73.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 26% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 18.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 12.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 16.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -46.1% (2017 est.)

  • Taiwan

    household consumption: 53% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 20.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 65.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -52.6% (2017 est.)

  • Tajikistan

    household consumption: 98.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 13.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 11.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2.5% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 10.7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -36.6% (2017 est.)

  • Tanzania

    household consumption: 62.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 36.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -8.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 18.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -20.5% (2017 est.)

  • Thailand

    household consumption: 48.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 68.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -54.6% (2017 est.)

  • Timor-Leste

    household consumption: 33% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 30% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 10.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 78.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -52% (2017 est.)

  • Togo

    household consumption: 84.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 11.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -61% (2017 est.)

  • Tonga

    household consumption: 99.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 21.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 22.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -68.5% (2017 est.)

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    household consumption: 78.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 8.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.6% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 45.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -48.7% (2017 est.)

  • Tunisia

    household consumption: 71.7% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 19.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -55.2% (2017 est.)

  • Turkey (Turkiye)

    household consumption: 59.1% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 29.8% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 24.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -29.4% (2017 est.)

  • Turkmenistan

    household consumption: 50% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 10% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 28.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 26.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -14.3% (2017 est.)

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    household consumption: 49% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 21.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 69.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -56.4% (2017 est.)

  • Tuvalu

    government consumption: 87% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.3% (2016 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43.7% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -66.1% (2016 est.)

  • Uganda

    household consumption: 74.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 8% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 18.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -25.1% (2017 est.)

  • Ukraine

    household consumption: 66.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 20.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 4.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 47.9% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -55.6% (2017 est.)

  • United Arab Emirates

    household consumption: 34.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 12.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 100.4% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -72.4% (2017 est.)

  • United Kingdom

    household consumption: 65.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 18.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 30.2% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -31.5% (2017 est.)

  • United States

    household consumption: 68.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 17.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0.1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 12.1% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -15% (2017 est.)

  • Uruguay

    household consumption: 66.8% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 14.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 16.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: -1% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 21.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -18.4% (2017 est.)

  • Uzbekistan

    household consumption: 59.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 25.3% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 3% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 19% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -20% (2017 est.)

  • Vanuatu

    household consumption: 59.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.4% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 28.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 42.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -48.5% (2017 est.)

  • Venezuela

    household consumption: 68.5% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 19.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 13.9% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.7% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 7% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -10.7% (2017 est.)

  • Vietnam

    household consumption: 66.9% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 6.5% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 24.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 2.8% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 100% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -101% (2017 est.)

  • Virgin Islands

    household consumption: 68.2% (2016 est.)

    government consumption: 26.8% (2016 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 7.5% (2016 est.)

    investment in inventories: 15% (2016 est.) NA

    exports of goods and services: 46.7% (2016 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -64.3% (2016 est.)

  • Wallis and Futuna

    household consumption: 26% (2005)

    government consumption: 54% (2005)

  • West Bank

    household consumption: 91.3% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 26.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 23% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 20% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -61% (2017 est.)

    note: excludes Gaza Strip

  • World

    household consumption: 56.4% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 16.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 25.7% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.4% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 28.8% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -28.3% (2017 est.)

  • Yemen

    household consumption: 116.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 17.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 2.2% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 7.5% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -43.9% (2017 est.)

  • Zambia

    household consumption: 52.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 21% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 27.1% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 1.2% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 43% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -44.9% (2017 est.)

  • Zimbabwe

    household consumption: 77.6% (2017 est.)

    government consumption: 24% (2017 est.)

    investment in fixed capital: 12.6% (2017 est.)

    investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)

    exports of goods and services: 25.6% (2017 est.)

    imports of goods and services: -39.9% (2017 est.)