This entry identifies the country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.

  • Afghanistan

    Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

  • Akrotiri

    Eastern Mediterranean, peninsula on the southwest coast of Cyprus

  • Albania

    Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north

  • Algeria

    Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia

  • American Samoa

    Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand

  • Andorra

    Southwestern Europe, Pyrenees mountains, on the border between France and Spain

  • Angola

    Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Anguilla

    Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

  • Antarctica

    continent mostly south of the Antarctic Circle

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico

  • Arctic Ocean

    body of water between Europe, Asia, and North America, mostly north of the Arctic Circle

  • Argentina

    Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

  • Armenia

    Southwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan; note - Armenia views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both

  • Aruba

    Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands

    Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, midway between northwestern Australia and Timor island

  • Atlantic Ocean

    body of water between Africa, Europe, the Arctic Ocean, the Americas, and the Southern Ocean

  • Australia

    Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

  • Austria

    Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia

  • Azerbaijan

    Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range

  • Bahamas, The

    chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida, northeast of Cuba

  • Bahrain

    Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia

  • Bangladesh

    Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

  • Barbados

    Caribbean, island in the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

  • Belarus

    Eastern Europe, east of Poland

  • Belgium

    Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between France and the Netherlands

  • Belize

    Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico

  • Benin

    Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo

  • Bermuda

    North America, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, east of South Carolina (US)

  • Bhutan

    Southern Asia, between China and India

  • Bolivia

    Central South America, southwest of Brazil

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia

  • Botswana

    Southern Africa, north of South Africa

  • Bouvet Island

    island in the South Atlantic Ocean, southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)

  • Brazil

    Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean

  • British Indian Ocean Territory

    archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south of India, about halfway between Africa and Indonesia

  • British Virgin Islands

    Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

  • Brunei

    Southeastern Asia, along the northern coast of the island of Borneo, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia

  • Bulgaria

    Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

  • Burkina Faso

    Western Africa, north of Ghana

  • Burma

    Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand

  • Burundi

    Central Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, west of Tanzania

  • Cabo Verde

    Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal

  • Cambodia

    Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

  • Cameroon

    Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

  • Canada

    Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US

  • Cayman Islands

    Caribbean, three-island group (Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, Little Cayman) in Caribbean Sea, 240 km south of Cuba and 268 km northwest of Jamaica

  • Central African Republic

    Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Chad

    Central Africa, south of Libya

  • Chile

    Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru

  • China

    Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

  • Christmas Island

    Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia

  • Clipperton Island

    Middle America, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,120 km southwest of Mexico

  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    Southeastern Asia, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Indonesia, about halfway between Australia and Sri Lanka

  • Colombia

    Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama

  • Comoros

    Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    Central Africa, northeast of Angola

  • Congo, Republic of the

    Central Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon

  • Cook Islands

    Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand

  • Coral Sea Islands

    Oceania, islands in the Coral Sea, northeast of Australia

  • Costa Rica

    Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia

  • Croatia

    Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

  • Cuba

    Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

  • Curacao

    Caribbean, an island in the Caribbean Sea, 55 km off the coast of Venezuela

  • Cyprus

    Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey; note - Cyprus views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both

  • Czechia

    Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria

  • Denmark

    Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes several major islands (Sjaelland, Fyn, and Bornholm)

  • Dhekelia

    Eastern Mediterranean, on the southeast coast of Cyprus near Famagusta

  • Djibouti

    Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia

  • Dominica

    Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about halfway between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago

  • Dominican Republic

    Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

  • Ecuador

    Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru

  • Egypt

    Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula

  • El Salvador

    Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

  • Equatorial Guinea

    Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon

  • Eritrea

    Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan

  • Estonia

    Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia

  • Eswatini

    Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

  • Ethiopia

    Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

  • European Union

    Europe between the North Atlantic Ocean in the west and Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine to the east

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about 500 km east of southern Argentina

  • Faroe Islands

    Northern Europe, island group between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about halfway between Iceland and Norway

  • Fiji

    Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

  • Finland

    Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia

  • France

    metropolitan France: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain;

    French Guiana: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname;

    Guadeloupe: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico;

    Martinique: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago;

    Mayotte: Southern Indian Ocean, island in the Mozambique Channel, about halfway between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique;

    Reunion: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

  • French Polynesia

    Oceania, five archipelagoes (Archipel des Tuamotu, Iles Gambier, Iles Marquises, Iles Tubuai, Society Islands) in the South Pacific Ocean about halfway between South America and Australia

  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands

    southeast and east of Africa, islands in the southern Indian Ocean, some near Madagascar and others about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia; note - French Southern and Antarctic Lands include Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island in the southern Indian Ocean, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, "Adelie Land"; the US does not recognize the French claim to "Adelie Land"

  • Gabon

    Central Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea

  • Gambia, The

    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

  • Gaza Strip

    Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Israel

  • Georgia

    Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia, with a sliver of land north of the Caucasus extending into Europe; note - Georgia views itself as part of Europe; geopolitically, it can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both

  • Germany

    Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark

  • Ghana

    Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

  • Gibraltar

    Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain

  • Greece

    Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

  • Greenland

    Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada

  • Grenada

    Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

  • Guam

    Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

  • Guatemala

    Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize

  • Guernsey

    Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France

  • Guinea

    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone

  • Guinea-Bissau

    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal

  • Guyana

    Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela

  • Haiti

    Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands

    islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica

  • Holy See (Vatican City)

    Southern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy)

  • Honduras

    Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua

  • Hong Kong

    Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China

  • Hungary

    Central Europe, northwest of Romania

  • Iceland

    Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom

  • India

    Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

  • Indian Ocean

    body of water between Africa, the Southern Ocean, Asia, and Australia

  • Indonesia

    Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

  • Iran

    Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan

  • Iraq

    Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait

  • Ireland

    Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

  • Isle of Man

    Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland

  • Israel

    Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

  • Italy

    Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia

  • Jamaica

    Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

  • Jan Mayen

    Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the Norwegian Sea, northeast of Iceland

  • Japan

    Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula

  • Jersey

    Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France

  • Jordan

    Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq

  • Kazakhstan

    Central Asia, northwest of China; a small portion west of the Ural (Zhayyq) River in easternmost Europe

  • Kenya

    Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania

  • Kiribati

    Oceania, group of 32 coral atolls and one raised coral island in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the Equator; the capital Tarawa is about halfway between Hawaii and Australia

  • Korea, North

    Eastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea

  • Korea, South

    Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

  • Kosovo

    Southeast Europe, between Serbia and Macedonia

  • Kuwait

    Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia

  • Kyrgyzstan

    Central Asia, west of China, south of Kazakhstan

  • Laos

    Southeastern Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam

  • Latvia

    Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania

  • Lebanon

    Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria

  • Lesotho

    Southern Africa, an enclave of South Africa

  • Liberia

    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone

  • Libya

    Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria

  • Liechtenstein

    Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland

  • Lithuania

    Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia, west of Belarus

  • Luxembourg

    Western Europe, between France and Germany

  • Macau

    Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China

  • Madagascar

    Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique

  • Malawi

    Southern Africa, east of Zambia, west and north of Mozambique

  • Malaysia

    Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam

  • Maldives

    Southern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India

  • Mali

    interior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria, north of Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso, west of Niger

  • Malta

    Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

  • Marshall Islands

    Oceania, consists of 29 atolls and five isolated islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia; the atolls and islands are situated in two, almost-parallel island chains - the Ratak (Sunrise) group and the Ralik (Sunset) group; the total number of islands and islets is about 1,225; 22 of the atolls and four of the islands are uninhabited

  • Mauritania

    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara

  • Mauritius

    Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, about 800 km (500 mi) east of Madagascar

  • Mexico

    North America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

  • Moldova

    Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

  • Monaco

    Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy

  • Mongolia

    Northern Asia, between China and Russia

  • Montenegro

    Southeastern Europe, between the Adriatic Sea and Serbia

  • Montserrat

    Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico

  • Morocco

    Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Mauritania

  • Mozambique

    Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania

  • Namibia

    Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

  • Nauru

    Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands

  • Navassa Island

    Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, 30 nm west of Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti

  • Nepal

    Southern Asia, between China and India

  • Netherlands

    Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

  • New Caledonia

    Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

  • New Zealand

    Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia

  • Nicaragua

    Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

  • Niger

    Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

  • Nigeria

    Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

  • Niue

    Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

  • Norfolk Island

    Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

  • North Macedonia

    Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

  • Norway

    Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

  • Oman

    Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and the UAE

  • Pacific Ocean

    body of water between the Southern Ocean, Asia, Australia, and the Western Hemisphere

  • Pakistan

    Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

  • Palau

    Oceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Philippines

  • Panama

    Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica

  • Papua New Guinea

    Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia

  • Paracel Islands

    Southeastern Asia, group of small islands and reefs in the South China Sea, about one-third of the way from central Vietnam to the northern Philippines

  • Paraguay

    Central South America, northeast of Argentina, southwest of Brazil

  • Peru

    Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

  • Philippines

    Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

  • Pitcairn Islands

    Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about midway between Peru and New Zealand

  • Poland

    Central Europe, east of Germany

  • Portugal

    Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain

  • Puerto Rico

    Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic

  • Qatar

    Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia

  • Romania

    Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine

  • Russia

    North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean

  • Rwanda

    Central Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, north of Burundi

  • Saint Barthelemy

    Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean; located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; Saint Barthelemy lies east of the US Virgin Islands

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa; Ascension Island lies 1,300 km (800 mi) northwest of Saint Helena; Tristan da Cunha lies 4,300 km (2,700 mi) southwest of Saint Helena

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago

  • Saint Lucia

    Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

  • Saint Martin

    Caribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; French part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Saint Martin lies east of the US Virgin Islands

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

  • Samoa

    Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand

  • San Marino

    Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon

  • Saudi Arabia

    Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen

  • Senegal

    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

  • Serbia

    Southeastern Europe, between Macedonia and Hungary

  • Seychelles

    archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar

  • Sierra Leone

    Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

  • Singapore

    Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

  • Sint Maarten

    Caribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Sint Maarten lies east of the US Virgin Islands

  • Slovakia

    Central Europe, south of Poland

  • Slovenia

    south Central Europe, Julian Alps between Austria and Croatia

  • Solomon Islands

    Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

  • Somalia

    Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia

  • South Africa

    Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa

  • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

    Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of the tip of South America

  • South Sudan

    East-Central Africa; south of Sudan, north of Uganda and Kenya, west of Ethiopia

  • Southern Ocean

    body of water between 60 degrees south latitude and Antarctica

  • Spain

    Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France

  • Spratly Islands

    Southeastern Asia, group of reefs and islands in the South China Sea, about two-thirds of the way from southern Vietnam to the southern Philippines

  • Sri Lanka

    Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India

  • Sudan

    north-eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea

  • Suriname

    Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

  • Svalbard

    Northern Europe, islands between the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norway

  • Sweden

    Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway

  • Switzerland

    Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy

  • Syria

    Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Lebanon and Turkey

  • Taiwan

    Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China

  • Tajikistan

    Central Asia, west of China, south of Kyrgyzstan

  • Tanzania

    Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

  • Thailand

    Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

  • Timor-Leste

    Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - Timor-Leste includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco

  • Togo

    Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana

  • Tokelau

    Oceania, group of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

  • Tonga

    Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

  • Tunisia

    Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

  • Turkey

    Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria

  • Turkmenistan

    Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti

  • Tuvalu

    Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way from Hawaii to Australia

  • Uganda

    East-Central Africa, west of Kenya, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Ukraine

    Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland, Romania, and Moldova in the west and Russia in the east

  • United Arab Emirates

    Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

  • United Kingdom

    Western Europe, islands - including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland - between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea; northwest of France

  • United States

    North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico

  • United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges

    Oceania

    Baker Island: atoll in the North Pacific Ocean 3,390 km southwest of Honolulu, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia;

    Howland Island: island in the North Pacific Ocean 3,360 km southwest of Honolulu, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia;

    Jarvis Island: island in the South Pacific Ocean 2,415 km south of Honolulu, about halfway between Hawaii and Cook Islands;

    Johnston Atoll: atoll in the North Pacific Ocean 1,330 km southwest of Honolulu, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands;

    Kingman Reef: reef in the North Pacific Ocean 1,720 km south of Honolulu, about halfway between Hawaii and American Samoa;

    Midway Islands: atoll in the North Pacific Ocean 2,335 km northwest of Honolulu near the end of the Hawaiian Archipelago, about one-third of the way from Honolulu to Tokyo;

    Palmyra Atoll: atoll in the North Pacific Ocean 1,780 km south of Honolulu, about halfway between Hawaii and American Samoa

  • Uruguay

    Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil

  • Uzbekistan

    Central Asia, north of Turkmenistan, south of Kazakhstan

  • Vanuatu

    Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia

  • Venezuela

    Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana

  • Vietnam

    Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia

  • Virgin Islands

    Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

  • Wake Island

    Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to the Northern Mariana Islands

  • Wallis and Futuna

    Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

  • West Bank

    Middle East, west of Jordan, east of Israel

  • Yemen

    Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

  • Zambia

    Southern Africa, east of Angola, south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Zimbabwe

    Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia