Field Listing

Major rivers (by length in km)

This entry describes one of the two major surface hydrological features of a country: large flowing bodies of water termed rivers (the other feature is lakes). The entry includes a list of major rivers, defined as having a length of 1,000 km or greater. These rivers constitute major drainage basins or watersheds that capture the flow of the majority of surface water flow. Taken together with major lakes, these features constitute the primary sources of surface freshwater.
note[s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Afghanistan

    Amu Darya (shared with Tajikistan [s], Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan [m]) - 2,620 km; Helmand river source (shared with Iran) - 1,130 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Angola

    Zambezi (shared with Zambia [s], Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique [m]) - 2,740 km; Okavango river source (shared with Namibia and Botswana [m]) - 1,600 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Argentina

    Rio de la Plata/Parana river mouth (shared with Brazil [s], Paraguay, and Uruguay) - 4,880 km; Paraguay (shared with Brazil [s], and Paraguay [m]) - 2,549 km; Uruguay (shared with Brazil [s] and Uruguay [m]) - 1,610 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Australia

    River Murray - 2,508 km; Darling River - 1,545 km; Murrumbidgee River - 1,485 km; Lachlan River - 1,339 km; Cooper Creek - 1,113 km; Flinders River - 1,004 km

  • Austria

    Danube (shared with Germany [s], Slovakia, Czechia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania [m]) - 2,888 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Bangladesh

    Brahmaputra river mouth (shared with China [s] and India) - 3,969 km; Ganges river mouth (shared with India [s]) - 2,704 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Belarus

    Dnieper (shared with Russia [s] and Ukraine [m]) - 2,287 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Bhutan

    Brahmaputra (shared with India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and China) - 3,969 km

  • Bolivia

    Rio de la Plata/Parana (shared with Brazil [s], Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay [m]) - 4,880 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Botswana

    Zambezi (shared with Zambia [s]), Angola, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique [m]) - 2,740 km; Limpopo (shared with South Africa [s], Zimbabwe, and Mozambique [m]) - 1,800 km; Okavango river mouth (shared with Angola [s], and Namibia) - 1,600 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Brazil

    Amazon river mouth (shared with Peru [s]) - 6,400 km; Rio de la Plata/Parana river source (shared with Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay [m]) - 4,880 km; Tocantins - 3,650 km; Sao Francisco - 3,180 km; Paraguay river source (shared with Argentina and Paraguay [m]) - 2,549 km; Rio Negro (shared with Colombia [s] and Venezuela) - 2,250 km; Uruguay river source (shared with Argentina and Uruguay [m]) - 1,610 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Bulgaria

    Danube (shared with Germany [s], Austria, Slovakia, Czechia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania [m]) - 2,888 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Burkina Faso

    Volta river source (shared with Ghana [m]) - 1,600 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Burma

    Mekong (shared with China [s], Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam [m]) - 4,350 km; Salween river mouth (shared with China [s] and Thailand) - 3,060 km; Irrawaddy river mouth (shared with China [s]) - 2,809 km; Chindwin - 1,158 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Burundi

    Nile (shared with Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, and Tanzania) - 6,650 km;

  • Cambodia

    Mekong (shared with China [s], Burma, Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam [m]) - 4,350 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Canada

    Mackenzie - 4, 241 km; Yukon river source (shared with the US [m]) - 3,185 km; Nelson - 2,570 km; Columbia river source (shared with the US [m]) - 1,953 km; Churchill - 1,600 km; Fraser - 1,368 km; Ottawa - 1,271 km; Athabasca - 1,231 km; North Saskatchewan - 1,220 km; Liard - 1,115 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Central African Republic

    Ubangi river source (shared with Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Congo [m]) - 2,270 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • China

    Yangtze - 6,300 km; Huang He - 5,464 km; Amur river source (shared with Mongolia and Russia [m]) - 4,444 km; Mekong river source (shared with Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam [m]) - 4,350 km; Brahmaputra river source (shared with India and Bangladesh [m]) - 3,969 km; Indus river source (shared with India and Pakistan [m]) - 3,610 km; Salween river source (shared with Thailand and Burma [m]) - 3,060 km; Irrawaddy river source (shared with Burma [m]) - 2,809 km; Pearl (shared with Vietnam [s]) - 2,200 km; Red river source (shared with Vietnam [m]) - 1,149 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Colombia

    Rio Negro river source (shared with Venezuela and Brazil [m]) - 2,250 km; Orinoco (shared with Venezuela [s]) - 2,101 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    Congo river mouth (shared with Zambia [s], Angola, and Republic of Congo) - 4,700 km; Ubangi river mouth (shared with Central African Republic [s] and Republic of Congo) - 2,270 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Congo, Republic of the

    Ubangi (shared with Central African Republic [s] and Democratic Republic of Congo [m]) - 2,270 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Croatia

    Danube (shared with Germany [s], Austria, Slovakia, Czechia, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania [m]) - 2,888 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Czechia

    Danube (shared with Germany [s], Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania [m]) - 2,888 km; Elbe river source (shared with Germany [m]) - 1,252 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Egypt

    Nile river mouth (shared with Rwanda [s], Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, and Sudan) - 6,650 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Eritrea

    Nile (shared with Sudan, South Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania) - 6,650 km;

  • Ethiopia

    Blue Nile river source (shared with Sudan [m]) - 1,600 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • France

    Rhine  (shared with Switzerland [s], Germany, and Netherlands [m]) - 1,233 km;  Loire - 1,012 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Gambia, The

    Gambia river mouth (shared with Senegal and Guinea [s]) - 1,094 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Germany

    Danube river source (shared with Austria, Slovakia, Czechia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania [m]) - 2,888 km; Elbe river mouth (shared with Czechia [s]) - 1,252 km; Rhine  (shared with Switzerland [s], France, and Netherlands [m]) - 1,233 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Ghana

    Volta river mouth (shared with Burkina Faso [s]) - 1,600 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Guinea

    Niger river source (shared with Mali, and Nigeria [m]) - 4,200 km; Gambia river source (shared with Senegal and The Gambia [m]) - 1,094 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Guyana

    Orinoco (shared with Colombia and Venezuela) - 2,101 km; 

  • Hungary

    Danube (shared with Germany [s], Austria, Slovakia, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Moldova, and Romania [m]) - 2,888 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • India

    Brahmaputra (shared with China [s] and Bangladesh [m]) - 3,969 km; Indus (shared with China [s] and Pakistan [m]) - 3,610 km; Ganges river source (shared with Bangladesh [m]) - 2,704 km; Godavari - 1,465 km; Sutlej (shared with China [s] and Pakistan [m]) - 1,372 km; Yamuna - 1,370 km; Narmada - 1,289 km; Chenab river source (shared with Pakistan [m]) - 1,086 km; Ghaghara river mouth (shared with China [s] and Nepal) - 1,080 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Indonesia

    Sepik (shared with Papua New Guinea [s]) - 1,126 km; Fly (shared with Papua New Guinea [s]) - 1,050 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Iran

    Euphrates (shared with Turkey [s], Syria, and Iraq [m]) - 3,596 km; Tigris (shared with Turkey, Syria, and Iraq [m]) - 1,950 km; Helmand (shared with Afghanistan [s]) - 1,130 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Iraq

    Euphrates river mouth (shared with Turkey[s], Syria, and Iran) - 3,596 km; Tigris river mouth (shared with Turkey[s], Syria, and Iran) - 1,950 km; the Tigris and Euphrates join to form the Shatt al Arab
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Kazakhstan

    Syr Darya (shared with Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan) - 3,078 km; 

  • Kyrgyzstan

    Syr Darya (shared with Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan) - 3,078 km; 

  • Laos

    Mekong (shared with China [s], Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam [m]) - 4,350 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Lesotho

    Orange river source (shared with South Africa and Namibia [m]) - 2,092 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Malawi

    Zambezi (shared with Angola, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia, Tanzania, and Namibia) - 2,740 km

  • Mali

    Niger (shared with Guinea, Niger, and Nigeria) - 4,200 km; Senegal (shared with Senegal and Mauritania) - 1,641 km; 

  • Mauritania

    Senegal (shared with Senegal and Mali) - 1,641 km; 

  • Moldova

    Danube (shared with Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Czechia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Ukraine) - 2,888 km; Dniester (shared with Ukraine) - 1,411 km

  • Mongolia

    Amur (shared with Russia and China) - 4,444 km

  • Morocco

    Draa - 1,100 km

  • Mozambique

    Zambezi river mouth (shared with Zambia [s]), Angola, Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe) - 2,740 km; Limpopo river mouth (shared with South Africa [s], Botswana, and Zimbabwe) - 1,800 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Namibia

    Zambezi (shared with Zambia [s]), Angola, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique [m]) - 2,740 km; Orange river mouth (shared with Lesotho [s], and South Africa) - 2,092 km; Okavango (shared with Angola [s], and Botswana [m]) - 1,600 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Nepal

    Brahmaputra (shared with India, China, Bangladesh, and Bhutan) - 3,969 km; Ganges (shared with Bangladesh and India) - 2,704 km

  • Netherlands

    Rhine  (shared with Switzerland, Germany, and France) - 1,233 km; 

  • Niger

    Niger (shared with Guinea, Mali, and Nigeria) - 4,200 km;  

  • Nigeria

    Niger (shared with Guinea, Mali, and Niger) - 4,200 km;  

  • Pakistan

    Indus (shared with India and China) - 3,610 km; Sutlej (shared with India) - 1,372 km; Chenab (shared with India) - 1,086 km

  • Papua New Guinea

    Sepik (shared with Indonesia) - 1,126 km; Fly (shared with Indonesia) - 1,050 km

  • Paraguay

    Rio de la Plata/Parana (shared with Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Bolivia) - 4,880 km; Paraguay (shared with Brazil and Argentina) - 2,549 km

  • Peru

    Amazon (shared with Brazil) - 6,400 km;

  • Poland

    Vistula (shared with Belarus and Ukraine) - 1,213 km

  • Romania

    Danube (shared with Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Czechia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Moldova, and Ukraine) - 2,888 km;

  • Russia

    Yenisey - 5,539 km; Ob' - 5,410 km;  Amur (shared with China and Mongolia) - 4,444 km; Lena - 4,400 km; Volga - 3,645 km; Kolyma - 2,513 km; Ural (shared with Kazakhstan) - 2,428 km; Dnieper (shared with Ukraine and Belarus) - 2,287 km; Don (shared with Ukraine) - 1,870 km; Pechora - 1,809 km

  • Rwanda

    Nile river source (shared with Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, Sudan, and Egypt [m]) - 6,650 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Senegal

    Senegal (shared with Mauritania and Mali) - 1,641 km; Gambia (shared with Guinea and The Gambia) - 1,094 km

  • Serbia

    Danube (shared with Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Czechia, Hungary, Croatia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine) - 2,888 km;

  • Slovakia

    Danube (shared with Germany, Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, and Ukraine) - 2,888 km; 

  • South Africa

    Orange (shared with Lesotho [s], and Namibia [m]) - 2,092 km; Limpopo river source (shared with Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique [m]) - 1,800 km; Vaal [s] - 1,210 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • South Sudan

    Nile (shared with Rwanda [s], Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan, and Egypt [m]) - 6,650 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Spain

    Tagus (shared with Portugal) - 1,006;

  • Sudan

    Nile (shared with Rwanda [s], Tanzania, Uganda, South Sudan, and Egypt [m]) - 6,650 km; Blue Nile (shared with Ethiopia [s]) - 1,600 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Switzerland

    Rhine  (shared with Germany, France, and Netherlands) - 1,233 km;  

  • Syria

    Euphrates (shared with Turkey [s], Iran, and Iraq [m]) - 3,596 km; Tigris (shared with Turkey, Iran, and Iraq [m]) - 1,950 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Tajikistan

    Syr Darya (shared with Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan) - 3,078 km; Amu Darya (shared with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Afghanistan) - 2,620 km; 

  • Tanzania

    Nile (shared with Rwanda [s], Uganda, South Sudan, Sudan, and Egypt [m]) - 6,650 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Thailand

    Mekong (shared with Burma, Laos, China, Cambodia, and Vietnam) - 4,350 km; Salween (shared with China and Burma) - 3,060 km; Mun - 1,162 km

  • Turkey

    Euphrates river source (shared with Syria, Iran, and Iraq [m]) - 3,596 km; Tigris river source (shared with Syria, Iran, and Iraq [m]) - 1,950 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Turkmenistan

    Amu Darya (shared with Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan) - 2,620 km; 

  • Uganda

    Nile (shared with Rwanda [s], Tanzania, South Sudan, Sudan, and Egypt [m]) - 6,650 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Ukraine

    Danube (shared with Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Czechia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Moldova) - 2,888 km; Dnieper (shared with Russia and Belarus) - 2,287 km; Don (shared with Russia) - 1,870 km; Dniester (shared with Moldova) - 1,411 km; Vistula (shared with Poland and Belarus) - 1,213 km

  • United States

    Missouri - 3,768 km; Mississippi (shared with Canada) - 3,544 km; Yukon (shared with Canada) - 3,190 km; Saint Lawrence (shared with Canada) - 3,058 km; Rio Grande (shared with Mexico) - 3,057 km; Colorado (shared with Mexico) - 2,333 km; Arkansas - 2,348 km; Columbia (shared with Canada) - 2,250 km; Red - 2,188 km; Ohio - 2,102 km; Snake - 1,670 km

  • Uruguay

    Rio de la Plata/Parana (shared with Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Bolivia) - 4,880 km; Uruguay (shared with Brazil and Argentina) - 1,610 km

  • Uzbekistan

    Syr Darya (shared with Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan) - 3,078 km; Amu Darya (shared with Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan) - 2,620 km; 

  • Venezuela

    Negro (shared with Colombia and Brazil) - 2,250 km; Orinoco (shared with Colombia and Guyana) - 2,101 km;

  • Vietnam

    Mekong (shared with Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and China) - 4,350 km; Pearl (shared with China) - 2,200 km; Red (shared with China) - 1,149 km

  • World

    top ten longest rivers: Nile (Africa) 6,693 km; Amazon (South America) 6,436 km; Mississippi-Missouri (North America) 6,238 km; Yenisey-Angara (Asia) 5,981 km; Ob-Irtysh (Asia) 5,569 km; Yangtze (Asia) 5,525 km; Yellow (Asia) 4,671 km; Amur (Asia) 4,352 km; Lena (Asia) 4,345 km; Congo (Africa) 4,344 km

    note: there are 20 countries without rivers: 3 in Africa (Comoros, Djibouti, Libya), 1 in the Americas (Bahamas), 8 in Asia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Maldives, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen), 3 in Europe (Malta, Monaco, Holy See), 5 in Oceania (Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Tonga, Tuvalu); these countries also do not have natural lakes

  • Zambia

    Congo river source (shared with Angola, Republic of Congo, and Democratic Republic of Congo [m]) - 4,700 km; Zambezi river source (shared with Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique [m]) - 2,740 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth

  • Zimbabwe

    Zambezi (shared with Zambia [s]), Angola, Namibia, Botswana, and Mozambique [m]) - 2,740 km; Limpopo (shared with South Africa [s], Botswana, and Mozambique [m]) - 1,800 km
    note – [s] after country name indicates river source; [m] after country name indicates river mouth