Field Listing

Military and security service personnel strengths

This entry provides estimates of military and security services personnel strengths. The numbers are based on a wide-range of publicly available information. Unless otherwise noted, military estimates focus on the major services (army, navy, air force, and where applicable, gendarmeries) and do not account for activated reservists or delineate military service members assigned to joint staffs or defense ministries.

  • Afghanistan

    not available; in early 2022, the Taliban announced intentions to form a military of approximately 110,000 personnel; prior to August 2021, the ANDSF had approximately 300,000 personnel (180,000 Ministry of Defense; 120,000 Ministry of Interior) (2022)

  • Albania

    information varies; approximately 8,000 total active duty personnel (6,000 Army; 1,500 Navy; 500 Air Force) (2021)

  • Algeria

    approximately 140,000 ANP personnel (120,000 Army; 6,000 Navy; 14,000 Air Force); approximately 130,000 National Gendarmerie; approximately 200,000 General Directorate of National Security (2021)

  • Angola

    approximately 101,000 active troops (95,000 Army; 1,000 Navy; 5,000 Air Force); est. 10,000 Rapid Reaction Police (2021)

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    the Antigua and Barbuda Defense Force (ABDF) has approximately 200 active personnel (2021)

  • Argentina

    information varies; approximately 78,000 active duty personnel (45,000 Army; 18,000 Navy (includes about 3,000 marines); 15,000 Air Force); est. 20,000 Gendarmerie (2021)

  • Armenia

    approximately 45,000 active troops (42,000 ground; 3,000 air/defense) (2021)

  • Australia

    the Australian Defense Force has approximately 59,000 total active troops (29,000 Army; 15,000 Navy; 15,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Austria

    the Austrian Armed Forces have approximately 25,000 total active duty personnel (20,000 Army; 5,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Azerbaijan

    information varies; approximately 65,000 total active troops (55,000 Army; 2,000 Navy; 8,000 Air Force); approximately 15,000 Ministry of Internal Affairs troops (2021)

  • Bahamas, The

    the Royal Bahamas Defense Force (RBDF) has approximately 1,500 total personnel (2021)

  • Bahrain

    information varies; approximately 10,000 active personnel (7,500 Army; 1,000 Navy; 1,500 Air Force); est. 3,000 National Guard (2021)

  • Bangladesh

    information varies; approximately 165,000 total active personnel (135,000 Army; 15,000 Navy; 15,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Barbados

    the Barbados Defense Force (BDF) has approximately 600 active personnel (2021)

  • Belarus

    approximately 45,000 active duty troops; information on the individual services varies, but probably includes about 25,000 Army, 15,000 Air/Air Defense, and 5,000 Special Operations forces (2021)

  • Belgium

    the Belgian Armed Forces have approximately 26,000 active duty personnel (11,000 Land Component; 1,500 Marine Component; 5,000 Air Force Component; 1,500 Medical Service; 7,000 other, including joint staff, support, and training schools) (2021)

  • Belize

    the Belize Defense Force (BDF) has approximately 1,300 active personnel; approximately 300 Belize Coast Guard (2021)

  • Benin

    the Benin Armed Forces (FAB) are comprised of approximately 7,000 active duty troops; est. 5,000 Republican Police (2021)

  • Bermuda

    the Royal Bermuda Regiment has about 350 troops (2021)

  • Bhutan

    the Royal Bhutan Army has an estimated 8,000 personnel (2021)

  • Bolivia

    information varies widely; approximately 40,000 active troops (28,000 Army; 5,000 Navy; 7,000 Air Force); note - a considerable portion of the Navy personnel are marines and naval police; approximately 40,000 National Police (2021)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina have approximately 9,000 active duty personnel (2021)

  • Botswana

    the Botswana Defense Force (BDF) has approximately 9,000 active personnel (2021)

  • Brazil

    the Brazilian Armed Forces have approximately 360,000 active personnel (220,000 Army; 70,000 Navy; 70,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Brunei

    approximately 6,500 total active troops (4,500 Army; 1,000 Navy; 1,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Bulgaria

    approximately 30,000 active duty personnel (16,000 Army; 4,000 Navy; 7,000 Air Force; 3,000 other, joint staff, support) (2021)

  • Burkina Faso

    approximately 12,000 personnel (7,000 Army; 500 Air Force; 4,500 National Gendarmerie) (2021)

  • Burma

    estimates vary widely, from approximately 300,000 to as many as 400,000 total active duty personnel (2021)

  • Burundi

    approximately 25,000 active duty troops, the majority of which are ground forces (2021)

  • Cabo Verde

    approximately 1,200 personnel including about 100 in the Coast Guard (2021)

  • Cambodia

    information varies; approximately 100,000 total active troops including about 3,000 Navy and 1,000 Air Force; est. 10,000 Gendarmerie (2021)

  • Cameroon

    information varies widely; approximately 40,000 active duty troops; (25,000 ground forces, including the BIR and Presidential Guard; 2,000 Navy; 1,000 Air Force; 12,000 Gendarmerie) (2021)

  • Canada

    approximately 70,000 total active personnel (23,000 Army; 12,000 Navy; 12,000 Air Force; 23,000 other) (2021)

    note - the Army also has 19,000 part-time, volunteer soldiers in the Reserve Force, including about 5,500 Rangers

  • Central African Republic

    information varies; approximately 10,000 active troops, including an air component of about 200 and up to 2,000 Gendarmerie; approximately 2,000 Mixed Special Security Units (2021)

  • Chad

    limited and varied information; approximately 30,000 active personnel (20-25,000 Ground Forces; 300 Air Force; 5-10,000 General Direction of the Security Services of State Institutions); approximately 5,000 National Gendarmerie; approximately 3,000 National Nomadic Guard of Chad (2021)

  • Chile

    approximately 75,000 active armed forces personnel (45,000 Army; 20,000 Navy; 10,000 Air Force); approximately 50,000 Carabineros (2021)

  • China

    information varies; approximately 2 million total active duty troops (approximately 1 million Ground; 250,000 Navy/Marines; 350-400,000 Air Force; 120,000 Rocket Forces; 150-175,000 Strategic Support Forces); estimated 600-650,000 People’s Armed Police (2021)

  • Colombia

    estimates vary; approximately 260,000 total active troops (200,000 Army; 45,000 Navy, including about 20,000 marines; 14,000 Air Force); approximately 185,000 Colombian National Police (2021)

  • Comoros

    Comoran Defense Force has an estimated 600 personnel; est. 500 Comoran Federal Police (2021)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    limited and widely varied information; approximately 100,000 active troops (mostly Army, but includes several thousand Navy and Air Force personnel, as well as about 10,000 Republican Guard; note -  Navy personnel includes naval infantry) (2021)

  • Congo, Republic of the

    the Congolese Armed Forces (FAC) have approximately 12,000 active duty troops (8,000 Army; 800 Navy; 1,000 Air Force; 2,000 Gendarmerie) (2021)

  • Costa Rica

    12,500 Public Force personnel; approximately 500-600 Air, 500-600 Coast Guard, and 300-400 Border Police personnel (2022)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    approximately 25,000 active troops (23,000 Army, including about 2,000 Special Forces; 1,000 Navy; 1,000 Air Force); est. 5-10,000 Gendarmerie (2021)

  • Croatia

    the Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia have approximately 15,000 active duty personnel (10,000 Army; 1,500 Navy; 1,500 Air force; 2,000 joint/other) (2021)

  • Cuba

    limited available information; estimated 50,000 active personnel (approximately 40,000 Army; 3,000 Navy; 8,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Cyprus

    the Cypriot National Guard has approximately 15,000 total active duty personnel (2021)

  • Czechia

    the Czech military has approximately 26,000 active personnel (20,000 Army; 6,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Denmark

    the Danish military has approximately 17,000 active duty personnel (9,000 Army; 3,000 Navy; 3,000 Air Force; 2,000 other) (2021)

  • Djibouti

    the Djibouti Armed Forces (FAD) have approximately 10,500 active troops (8,000 Army; 250 Naval; 250 Air; 2,000 Gendarmerie) (2021)

  • Dominican Republic

    information varies; approximately 60,000 active personnel (30,000 Army; 13,000 Navy; 17,000 Air Force); approximately 30,000 National Police (2021)

  • Ecuador

    the Ecuadorian Armed Forces have approximately 40,000 active personnel (25,000 Army; 9,000 Navy; 6,000 Air Force) (2022)

  • Egypt

    information varies; approximately 450,000 total active personnel (325,000 Army; 18,000 Navy; 30,000 Air Force; 75,000 Air Defense Command); approximately 300,000 Central Security Forces (2021)

  • El Salvador

    approximately 21,000 active troops (17,000 Army; 2,000 Navy; 2,000 Air Force) (2021)

    note - in 2021, El Salvador announced intentions to double the size of the military, although no time frame was given

  • Equatorial Guinea

    approximately 1,400 active duty troops; approximately 3-400 Gendarmerie (2021)

  • Eritrea

    limited available information; estimated 150,000-200,000 personnel, including about 2,000 in the naval and air forces (2021)

  • Estonia

    the Estonian Defense Forces have approximately 6,500 active duty personnel (2021)

  • Eswatini

    approximately 3,000 active personnel (2021)

  • Ethiopia

    information varies; prior to the 2020-21 Tigray conflict, approximately 150,000 active duty troops, including about 3,000 Air Force personnel (no personnel numbers available for the newly-established Navy) (2021)

  • Fiji

    the Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF) have about 3,500 personnel (3,200 Land Force; 300 Maritime Command) (2021)

  • Finland

    information varies; approximately 22,000 total active duty personnel (15,000 Army; 4,000 Navy; 3,000 Air Force) (2021)

    note - the Army's wartime strength is about 180,000

  • France

    the French military has approximately 205,000 active duty troops (115,000 Army; 35,000 Navy; 40,000 Air Force; 15,000 other, such as joint staffs, administration, logistics, procurement, medical service, etc.); approximately 100,000 National Gendarmerie; approximately 75,000 National Guard (2021)

  • Gabon

    approximately 6,500 active duty troops including the Republican Guard and Gendarmerie (2021)

  • Gambia, The

    information varies; approximately 2,000 total active troops (2021)

  • Gaza Strip

    the military wing of HAMAS has an estimated 20-25,000 fighters (2021)

  • Georgia

    information varies; approximately 30,000 troops, including active National Guard forces (2021)

  • Germany

    approximately 184,000 active duty personnel (63,500 Army; 16,500 Navy; 27,500 Air Force; 27,000 Joint Support Service; 20,000 Medical Service, 14,500 Cyber and Information Space Command; 15,000 other) (2021)

    note - Germany in 2020 announced it planned to increase the size of the military to about 200,000 troops by 2025

  • Ghana

    approximately 14,000 active personnel (10,000 Army; 2,000 Navy; 2,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Greece

    approximately 120,000 active duty personnel (85,000 Army; 15,000 Navy; 20,000 Air Force); approximately 35,000 National Guard (2021)

  • Guatemala

    information varies; approximately 21,000 active personnel (19,000 Land Forces; 1,000 Naval Forces; 1,000 Air Forces); approximately 30,000 National Civil Police (2021)

  • Guinea

    Guinean National Armed Forces are comprised of approximately 12,000 active personnel
    (9,000 Army; 400 Navy; 800 Air Force; 300 BASP; 1,500 Gendarmerie) (2021)

  • Guinea-Bissau

    approximately 4,000 total active troops, including a few hundred air and naval personnel (2021)

  • Guyana

    information varies; approximately 4,000 active personnel (2021)

  • Haiti

    the FAdH has approximately 500 troops (the force is planned to eventually have around 5,000 personnel); approximately 16,000 National Police (2021)

  • Honduras

    the Honduran Armed Forces (FFAA) have approximately 16,000 active personnel (7,500 Army; 1,500 Navy, including about 1,000 marines; 2,000 Air Force; 5,000 Public Order Military Police); approximately 18,000 National Police (2021)

  • Hungary

    the Hungarian Defense Forces have approximately 20,000 active duty troops (15,000 Army; 5,000 Air Force) (2021)

    note - in 2017, Hungary announced plans to increase the number of active soldiers to around 37,000, but did not give a timeline

  • Iceland

    the Icelandic Coast Guard has approximately 250 personnel (2021)

  • India

    information varies; approximately 1.45 million active personnel (est. 1.25 million Army; 65,000 Navy; 140,000 Air Force; 12,000 Coast Guard) (2021)

  • Indonesia

    approximately, 400,000 active duty troops (300,000 Army; 60,000 Navy, including about 20,000 marines; 30,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Iran

    information varies; approximately 550-600,000 total active personnel; approximately 400,000 Islamic Republic of Iran Regular Forces (350,000 Ground Forces; 18,000 Navy; 40,000 Air Force/Air Defense Forces); approximately 150-190,000 Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (100-150,000 Ground Forces; 20,000 Navy; 15,000 Aerospace Force; 5-15,000 Qods Force); est. 90,000 active Basij Paramilitary Forces (2021)

  • Iraq

    information varies; approximately 200,000 personnel under the Ministry of Defense (190,000 Army/Aviation Command/Special Forces; 5,000 Navy; 5,000 Air/Air Defense Forces); approximately 25,000 National-Level Security Forces (10,000 Iraqi Counterterrorism Service; 10,000 Presidential Brigades; 5,000 Prime Minister’s Special Forces Division); Ministry of Peshmerga: approximately 150,000-plus (45-50,000 Regional Guard Brigades; 40-45,000 Unit 70 Forces; 65-70,000 Unit 80 Forces); estimated 100-160,000 Popular Mobilization Forces (2021)

  • Ireland

    the Irish Defense Forces have approximately 8,700 active duty personnel (7,000 Army; 1,000 Navy; 700 Air Force) (2021)

  • Israel

    approximately 173,000 active personnel (130,000 Ground Forces; 9,000 Naval; 34,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Italy

    approximately 175,000 active personnel (105,000 Army; 30,000 Navy; 40,000 Air Force); approximately 107,000 Carabinieri (2021)

  • Jamaica

    information varies; approximately 4,000 total active personnel (2021)

  • Japan

    the Japanese Self Defense Force (JSDF) is comprised of approximately 244,000 active personnel (150,000 Ground; 45,000 Maritime; 45,000 Air; 4,000 Joint Forces); 14,000 Coast Guard (2021)

  • Jordan

    approximately 90,000 active JAF personnel (77,000 Army; 500 Navy; 12,500 Air Force); approximately 15,000 Gendarmerie Forces (2021)

  • Kazakhstan

    information varies; approximately 40,000 active duty personnel (25,000 Land Forces; 3,000 Naval Forces; 12,000 Air and Air Defense Forces) (2021)

  • Kenya

     approximately 24,000 personnel (20,000 Army; 1,500 Navy; 2,500 Air Force) (2021)

  • Korea, North

    widely varied information and assessments; approximately 1.14 million active troops (950,000 Army; 120,000 Air Force; 60,000 Navy; 10,000 Strategic Missile Forces); est. 200,000 internal security forces (2021)

  • Korea, South

    the Republic of Korea Armed Forces have approximately 555,000 active duty personnel (420,000 Army; 70,000 Navy/Marines; 65,000 Air Force) (2021)

    note - South Korea intends to reduce the size of its military to about 522,000 by 2022

  • Kosovo

    the Kosovo Security Force (KSF) has approximately 3,500 personnel; note - Kosovo plans for the KSF to eventually number around 5,000 troops (2021)

  • Kuwait

    the Kuwaiti Armed Forces have approximately 17,000 active personnel (12,500 Army; 2,000 Navy; 2,500 Air Force); approximately 6,500 National Guard; note – Army figures include the Kuwait Emiri Guard Authority (estimated 500 personnel) and the 25th Commando Brigade (strength not available) (2021)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    the Kyrgyz Armed Forces have approximately 12,000 active duty troops (8,500 Land Forces; 2,500 Air Force/Air Defense; 1,000 National Guard) (2021)

  • Laos

    information is limited and estimates vary; approximately 30,000 active duty troops (26,000 Army; 4,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Latvia

    the National Armed Forces of Latvia have approximately 6,500 active duty troops (5,500 Land Forces; 500 Naval Force/Coast Guard; 500 Air Force; note - some Land Forces are considered joint forces); 8,200 National Guard (2021)

  • Lebanon

    approximately 80,000 active troops (77,000 Army; 1,500 Navy; 1,500 Air Force) (2021)

  • Lesotho

    approximately 2,000 personnel (2021)

  • Liberia

    approximately 2,000 personnel (2021)

  • Libya

    estimates not available

  • Lithuania

    the Lithuanian Armed Forces have approximately 16,500 active duty personnel (13,000 Army, including about 5,000 National Defense Voluntary Forces; 500 Navy; 1,000 Air Force; 2,000 other, including special operations forces, logistics support, training, etc); est. 11,000 Riflemen Union (2021)

  • Luxembourg

    the Luxembourg Army has approximately 800 active personnel (2021)

  • Madagascar

    approximately 13,000 personnel (12,000 Army; 500 Navy; 500 Air Force); est. 10,000 Gendarmerie (2021)

  • Malawi

    information varies; approximately 8,000 total personnel (including about 200 air and 200 marine forces) (2021)

  • Malaysia

    the Malaysian Armed Forces have approximately 115,000 active duty troops (80,000 Army; 18,000 Navy; 17,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Maldives

    the Maldives National Defense Force (MNDF) has approximately 2,500 personnel (2021)

  • Mali

    information varies; approximately 16,000 active personnel (15,000 Army; 1,000 Air Force); estimated 10,000 Gendarmerie and National Guard (2021)

  • Malta

    approximately 2,000 active duty personnel (2021)

  • Mauritania

    approximately 16,000 active personnel (15,000 Army; 700 Navy; 300 Air Force); est. 3,000 Gendarmerie; est. 2,000 National Guard (2021)

  • Mauritius

    approximately 1,700 Special Mobile Force; approximately 800 National Coast Guard (2021)

  • Mexico

    information varies; approximately 218,000 armed forces personnel (160,000 Army; 8,000 Air Force; 50,000 Navy, including about 20,000 marines); approximately 110,000 National Guard (2022)

  • Moldova

    approximately 6,000 active troops (2021)

  • Mongolia

    estimates vary; approximately 9,000 active duty troops (2021)

  • Montenegro

    approximately 2,000 total active duty troops (2021)

  • Morocco

    approximately 200,000 active personnel (175,000 Army; 10,000 Navy; 15,000 Air Force); est. 25,000 Gendarmerie (2021)

  • Mozambique

    information limited and varied; approximately 12,000 personnel (11,000 Army; 200 Navy; 800 Air Force) (2021)

  • Namibia

    information varies; approximately 12,500 personnel (11,000 Army; 1,000 Navy; 500 Air Force) (2021)

  • Nepal

    approximately 95,000 active troops (including a small air wing of about 500 personnel) (2021)

  • Netherlands

    the Royal Netherlands Armed Forces have approximately 40,000 active duty personnel (20,000 Army; 7,500 Navy; 6,500 Air Force; 6,000 Constabulary) (2021)

    note - the Navy includes about 2,300 marines

  • New Zealand

    the New Zealand Defense Force (NZDF) has about 9,600 active duty troops (4,700 Army; 2,300 Navy; 2,600 Air Force) (2021)

  • Nicaragua

    approximately 12,000 active personnel (10,000 Army; 800 Navy; 1,200 Air Force) (2021)

  • Niger

    information varies; approximately 10,000 active troops (est. 6,000 Army; 200 Air Force; 4,000 Gendarmerie); est. 3,000 National Guard (2021)

  • Nigeria

    information varies; approximately 135,000 active personnel (100,000 Army; 20,000 Navy/Coast Guard; 15,000 Air Force); est. 80,000 Security and Civil Defense Corps (2021)

  • North Macedonia

    the Army of the Republic of North Macedonia (ARSM) has approximately 6,000 active duty personnel (2021)

  • Norway

    the Norwegian Armed Forces have approximately 23,000 active personnel (8,500 Army; 3,500 Navy; 3,500 Air Force; 7,500 other, including special operations, cyber, joint staff, intelligence, logistics support, active Home Guard, etc.); 40,000 Home Guard (2021)

  • Oman

    approximately 40,000 total active troops (25,000 Army, 5,000 Navy; 5,000 Air Force; 5,000 Royal Guard) (2021)

  • Pakistan

    information varies; approximately 625,000 active personnel (550,000 Army; 30,000 Navy; 45,000 Air Force); approximately 150,000 paramilitary (2021)

  • Panama

    approximately 20,000 National Police; 4,000 National Border Service; 3,000 National Air-Naval Service (2021)

  • Papua New Guinea

    the Papau New Guinea Defense Force has approximately 3,000 active duty troops, including a land element of about 2,500 (2021)

  • Paraguay

    the Armed Forces of Paraguay have approximately 15,000 active personnel (10,000 Army; 3,500 Navy; 1,500 Air Force) (2021)

  • Peru

    information varies; approximately 95,000 active personnel (60,000 Army; 25,000 Navy, including about 4,000 naval infantry and 1,000 Coast Guard; 10,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Philippines

    the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) have approximately 120,000 active duty personnel (80,000 Army; 25,000 Navy, including about 9,000 marines; 15,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Poland

    approximately 120,000 total active duty personnel (approximately 60,000 Army; 7,000 Navy; 17,000 Air Force; 3,500 Special Forces; 7,500 joint service; 25,000 Territorial Defense Forces) (2021)

    note - in June 2019, the Polish Government approved a plan to increase the size of the military over a period of 10 years to over 200,000 troops, including doubling the size of the Territorial Defense Forces

  • Portugal

    the Portuguese Armed Forces have approximately 27,000 active duty personnel (14,000 Army; 7,000 Navy, inc about 1,000 marines; 6,000 Air Force); 24,500 National Republican Guard (military personnel) (2021)

  • Qatar

    information varies; approximately 15,000 active personnel (10,000 Land Force, including Emiri Guard; 3,000 Navy; 2,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Romania

    the Romanian Armed Forces have approximately 67,000 active duty personnel (50,000 Land Forces; 7,000 Naval Forces; 10,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Russia

    information varies; approximately 850,000 total active duty troops (300,000 Ground Troops; 40,000 Airborne Troops; 150,000 Navy; 160,000 Aerospace Forces; 70,000 Strategic Rocket Forces; approximately 20,000 special operations forces; approximately 100,000 other uniformed personnel (command and control, cyber, support, logistics, security, etc.); estimated 200-250,000 Federal National Guard Troops (2021)

  • Rwanda

    the Rwanda Defense Force (RDF) has approximately 33,000 active personnel (32,000 Army; 1,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    the SKNDF has approximately 400 personnel (2021)

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    the FASTP has approximately 400-500 personnel (2021)

  • Saudi Arabia

    the Saudi military forces have about 225,000 active troops; approximately 125,000 under the Ministry of Defense (75,000 Land Forces; 15,000 Naval Forces; 35,000 Air Force/Air Defense/Strategic Missile Forces) and approximately 100,000 in the Saudi Arabia National Guard (SANG) (2021)

    note - SANG also has an irregular force (Fowj), primarily Bedouin tribal volunteers, with a total strength of approximately 25,000 men

  • Senegal

    approximately 19,000 active personnel (12,000 Army; 1,000 Navy/Coast Guard; 1,000 Air Force; 5,000 National Gendarmerie) (2021)

  • Serbia

    information varies; approximately 25,000 active duty troops (15,000 Land Forces; 5,000 Air/Air Defense; 5,000 other) (2021)

  • Seychelles

    the Seychelles People’s Defense Forces (SPDF) have approximately 500 personnel (2021)

  • Sierra Leone

    the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF) have approximately 9,000 personnel, mostly ground forces (2021)

  • Singapore

    information varies; approximately 65,000 active duty troops (50,000 Army; 7,000 Navy; 8,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Slovakia

    the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic have approximately 13,000 active duty personnel (6,000 Land Forces; 4,000 Air Forces; 3,000 other, including staff, special operations, and support forces) (2021)

  • Slovenia

    the Slovenian Armed Forces have approximately 6,000 active duty troops (2021)

  • Somalia

    estimates for the size of the Somali National Army (SNA) vary widely, from a low of about 10,000 to a high of some 25,000 due to inconsistent internal reporting and the ongoing attempts to integrate various militias (2021)

    note(s) - in 2017, the Somali Government announced a plan for the SNA to eventually number about 18,000 troops; the same plan called for 32,000 federal and regional police; estimates for the number of militia forces operating in the country run as high as 50,000

  • South Africa

    the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) is comprised of approximately 75,000 personnel (40,000 Army; 7,000 Navy; 10,000 Air Force; 8,000 Military Health Service; 10,000 other, including administrative, logistics, military police); 180,000 South African Police Service (2021)

  • South Sudan

    the South Sudan People’s Defense Force (SSPDF) has an estimated 150-200,000 active personnel, mostly ground forces with small contingents of air and riverine forces (2021)

    note(s) - some active SSPDF personnel may be militia; the National Unified Forces will have about 80,000 troops from the SSPDF and armed opposition groups when it is formed

  • Spain

    the Spanish Armed Forces have approximately 120,000 active duty troops (75,000 Army; 25,000 Navy, inc about 5,000 marines; 20,000 Air Force); 80,000 Guardia Civil (2021)

  • Sri Lanka

    the Sri Lankan military has approximately 250,000 total personnel (180,000 Army; 40,000 Navy; 30,000 Air Force); approximately 11,000 Special Task Force (2021)

  • Sudan

    information varies widely, ranging from about 100,000 to more than 200,000 active personnel, including approximately 5,000 combined Navy and Air Force; approximately 30-40,000 paramilitary Rapid Support Forces; approximately 20,000 Reserve Department (formerly the paramilitary Popular Defense Forces) (2021)

  • Suriname

    the Suriname Army is comprised of approximately 2,000 active personnel (ground, air, naval, and military police) (2021)

  • Sweden

    information varies; approximately 16,000 active duty troops (7,000 Army; 3,000 Navy; 3,000 Air Force; 3,000 other, including staff, logistics, support, medical, cyber, intelligence, etc); approximately 22,000 Home Guard (2021)

  • Switzerland

    the Swiss Armed Forces maintain a full-time professional cadre of about 4,000 personnel along with approximately 18-20,000 conscripts brought in annually for 18-23 weeks of training; approximately 120,000 reserve forces (2021)

  • Syria

    current estimates not available; since the start of the civil war in 2011, the Syrian Armed Forces (SAF) have taken significant losses in personnel due to casualties and desertions; prior to the civil war, the SAF had approximately 300,000 active duty troops, including 200-225,000 Army, plus about 300,000 reserve forces (2021)

    note - pro-government and pro-Iranian militias probably number in the tens of thousands

  • Taiwan

    the Taiwan military has approximately 170,000 active duty troops (90,000 Army; 40,000 Navy, including approximately 10,000 marines; 40,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Tajikistan

    approximately 9,500 active troops (8,000 Land and Mobile Forces; 1,500 Air and Air Defense Forces) (2021)

  • Tanzania

    approximately 25,000 active personnel (21,000 Land Forces; 1,000 Naval Forces; 3,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Thailand

    estimates vary widely; approximately 300,000 active duty personnel (200,000 Army; 70,000 Navy; 30,000 Air Force); est. 20,000 Thai Rangers; est. 5,000 Internal Security Operations Command (2021)

  • Timor-Leste

    approximately 2,000 personnel (2021)

  • Togo

    approximately 9,000 personnel, including about 8,000 Army (2021)

  • Tonga

    the Tonga Defense Services have approximately 500 personnel (2021)

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    approximately 4,500 TTDF personnel; approximately 7,000 TTPS personnel (2021)

  • Tunisia

    approximately 35,000 active personnel (25,000 Army; 5,000 Navy; 5,000 Air Force); est. 10,000 National Guard (2021)

  • Turkey

    approximately 440,000 active duty personnel (345,000 Army; 45,000 Navy; 50,000 Air Force); approximately 150,000 Gendarmerie (2021)

  • Turkmenistan

    information varies; estimated 30,000 active troops (est. 25,000 National Army; 1,000 Navy; 4,000 Air and Air Defense Forces) (2021)

  • Uganda

    information varies; approximately 45-50,000 troops, including about 1,000-1,500 air and marine personnel; approximately 20,000 personnel in the Local Defense Units (2021)

    note - in 2021, the Ugandan Government announced it would recruit another 10,000 Local Defense Units personnel

  • Ukraine

    approximately 200,000 active troops (125,000 Army; 25,000 Airborne/Air Assault Forces; 2,000 Special Operations Forces; 10,000 Navy; 40,000 Air Force); approximately 50,000 National Guard (2021)

    note - in early 2022, the Ukrainian Government announced plans to add 100,000 personnel to the armed forces over three years 

  • United Arab Emirates

    approximately 65,000 total active personnel (45,000 Land Forces; 3,000 Navy; 5,000 Air Force; 12,000 Presidential Guard) (2021)

  • United Kingdom

    the British military has approximately 155,000 total active troops (85,000 Army, including about 4,000 Gurkhas; 35,000 Navy, including about 7,000 Royal Marines; 35,000 Air Force) (2021)

    note - as of 2021, the military also had approximately 40-45,000 reserves on active duty

  • United States

    the US Armed Forces have approximately 1.39 million active duty personnel (475,000 Army; 345,000 Navy; 335,000 Air Force/Space Force; 180,000 Marine Corps; 40,000 Coast Guard); 335,000 Army National Guard; 105,000 Air National Guard (2022)

  • Uruguay

    approximately 22,000 active personnel (14,000 Army; 5,000 Navy; 3,000 Air Force) (2021)

  • Uzbekistan

    information varies; approximately 60,000 total active troops, including 10-15,000 Air Force (2021)

  • Venezuela

    information varies; approximately 125-150,000 active personnel, including about 25-30,000 National Guard; approximately 200-225,000 Bolivarian Militia (2021)

    note - the Bolivarian Militia is comprised of armed civilians who receive periodic training in exchange for a small stipend

  • Vietnam

    information is limited and estimates vary; approximately 470,000 active duty troops (400,000 ground; 40,000 naval; 30,000 air); estimated 40,000 Border Defense Force and Coast Guard (2021)

  • West Bank

    the Palestinian Authority Security Forces have approximately 30,000 active personnel (2021)

  • World

    estimated 20-25 million active duty military (2020)

  • Yemen

    information limited and widely varied; ROYG: up to 300,000 estimated military, paramilitary, and militia forces; UAE- and Saudi-backed forces: 150-200,000 estimated trained fighters; Huthis: up to 200,000 estimated fighters  (2021)

  • Zambia

    the Zambia Defense Force (ZDF) has approximately 17,000 active troops (15,000 Army; 2,000 Air) (2021)

  • Zimbabwe

    information varies; approximately 30,000 active duty troops, including about 4,000 serving in the Air Force (2021)