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Military expenditures

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This entry gives estimates on spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP). For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police.

  • Afghanistan

    3.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $2.35 billion)

    3.2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $2.31 billion)

    3.3% of GDP (2017) (approximately $2.34 billion)

    3.1% of GDP (2016) (approximately $2.6 billion)

    2.9% of GDP (2015) (approximately $2.22 billion)

  • Albania

    1.6% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2021)

    1.3% of GDP (2020)

    1.5% of GDP (2019) (approximately $360 million)

    1.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $330 million)

  • Algeria

    5.6% of GDP (2021 est.)

    6.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    6% of GDP (2019) (approximately $19.2 billion)

    5.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $17.9 billion)

    5.9% of GDP (2017) (approximately $18.8 billion)

  • Angola

    1.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $2.7 billion)

    2.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $3.02 billion)

    2.6% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $3.65 billion)

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    not available

  • Argentina

    0.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2020)

    0.7% of GDP (2019) (approximately $5 billion)

    0.8% of GDP (2018) (approximately $5.3 billion)

    0.9% of GDP (2017) (approximately $5.95 billion)

  • Armenia

    4.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    5.3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $1.82 billion)

    4.6% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately 1.6 billion)

    4.4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $1.43 billion)

  • Australia

    2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2021)

    2.1% of GDP (2020)

    2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $31.5 billion)

    1.9% of GDP (2018) (approximately $29.8 billion)

  • Austria

    0.9% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.7% of GDP (2020)

    0.7% of GDP (2019) (approximately $3.78 billion)

    0.7% of GDP (2018) (approximately $3.82 billion)

    0.8% of GDP (2017) (approximately $3.71 billion)

  • Azerbaijan

    5.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    5.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $3.4 billion)

    3.6% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $3.2 billion)

    3.8% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $3.26 billion)

  • Bahamas, The

    0.8% of GDP (2022 est.)

    0.9% of GDP (2021)

    0.9% of GDP (2020)

    0.7% of GDP (2019)

    0.7% of GDP (2018)

  • Bahrain

    3.6% of GDP (2021 est.)

    4.2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $2.09 billion)

    4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $2.08 billion)

    4.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $2.18 billion)

  • Bangladesh

    1.1% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2020)

    1.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $5.12 billion)

    1.4% of GDP (2018) (approximately $4.57 billion)

  • Barbados

    0.8% of GDP (2022 est.)

    0.9% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.9% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $35 million)

    0.8% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $40 million)

  • Belarus

    1.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $2.11 billion)

    1.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $2.05 billion)

    1.5% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $1.98 billion)

  • Belgium

    1.2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2021)

    1% of GDP (2020)

    0.9% of GDP (2019) (approximately $5.54 billion)

    0.9% of GDP (2018) (approximately $5.43 billion)

  • Belize

    1.2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $35 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $35 million)

  • Benin

    0.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $130 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $140 million)

    0.9% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $160 million)

  • Bolivia

    1.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $980 million)

    1.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $1 billion)

    1.5% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $1.01 billion)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    0.9% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.9% of GDP (2020)

    0.8% of GDP (2019) (approximately $370 million)

    0.9% of GDP (2018) (approximately $370 million)

    0.9% of GDP (2017) (approximately $360 million)

  • Botswana

    3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.8% of GDP (2019) (approximately $760 million)

    2.8% of GDP (2018) (approximately $730 million)

    2.9% of GDP (2017) (approximately $740 million)

  • Brazil

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2020)

    1.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $35.6 billion)

    1.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $36 billion)

    1.4% of GDP (2017) (approximately $34.4 billion)

  • Brunei

    3.1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $870 million)

    2.7% of GDP (2018) (approximately $720 million)

    2.8% of GDP (2017) (approximately $750 million)

  • Bulgaria

    1.7% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2021)

    1.6% of GDP (2020)

    3.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $2.95 billion)

    1.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.72 billion)

  • Burkina Faso

    2.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $450 million)

    1.9% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $370 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $260 million)

  • Burma

    3.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    4.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $7.7 billion)

    4.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $8.1 billion)

    4.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $7.8 billion)

  • Burundi

    2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $120 million)

    2.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $100 million)

    2.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $95 million)

  • Cabo Verde

    0.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $20 million)

    0.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $20 million)

    0.5% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $20 million)

  • Cambodia

    2.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $1.2 billion)

    2.2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $1.13 billion)

    2.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $1.02 billion)

  • Cameroon

    1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $710 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $710 million)

    1.5% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $710 million)

  • Canada

    1.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2020)

    1.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $26 billion)

    1.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $25.7 billion)

    1.4% of GDP (2017) (approximately $27.6 billion)

  • Central African Republic

    1.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $50 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $40 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $40 million)

  • Chad

    2.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.9% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $320 million)

    2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $310 million)

    2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $310 million)

  • Chile

    2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2% of GDP (2020)

    1.9% of GDP (2019) (approximately $7.33 billion)

    1.9% of GDP (2018) (approximately $7.2 billion)

    2% of GDP (2017) (approximately $7.1 billion)

  • China

    1.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2019) (approximately $290 billion)

    1.7% of GDP (2018) (approximately $265 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2017) (approximately $260 billion)

  • Colombia

    3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $19.6 billion)

    3.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $18.6 billion)

    3.2% of GDP (2017) (approximately $18.3 billion)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    0.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.9% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $570 million)

    0.8% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $520 million)

    0.9% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $550 million)

  • Congo, Republic of the

    2.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3.2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $350 million)

    2.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $330 million)

    3.6% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $580 million)

  • Costa Rica

    0.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.7% of GDP (2019) (approximately $630 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2018) (approximately $610 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2017) (approximately $600 million)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    1.1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $710 million)

    1.2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $780 million)

    1.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $720 million)

  • Croatia

    2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2021)

    1.7% of GDP (2020)

    1.6% of GDP (2019) (approximately $1.62 billion)

    1.6% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.52 billion)

  • Cuba

    4.2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $5.9 billion)

    2.9% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $5.6 billion)

    2.9% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $5.5 billion)

    3.1% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $5.5 billion)

  • Cyprus

    2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2019) (approximately $610 million)

    1.8% of GDP (2018) (approximately $650 million)

    1.6% of GDP (2017) (approximately $540 million)

  • Czechia

    1.5% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2021)

    1.3% of GDP (2020)

    1.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $4.05 billion)

    1.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $3.8 billion)

  • Denmark

    1.4% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2021)

    1.4% of GDP (2020)

    1.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $5.02 billion)

    1.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $4.8 billion)

  • Djibouti

    3.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $180 million)

    3.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $160 million)

    3.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $150 million)

    2.7% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $120 million)

    2.5% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $110 million)

  • Dominican Republic

    0.7% of GDP (2022 est.)

    0.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.7% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $1.43 billion)

    0.7% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $1.33 billion)

  • Ecuador

    2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $2.98 billion)

    2.4% of GDP (2018) (approximately $3.14 billion)

    2.4% of GDP (2017) (approximately $3.1 billion)

  • Egypt

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2020)

    1.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $15.8 billion)

    1.4% of GDP (2018) (approximately $15.9 billion)

    1.6% of GDP (2017) (approximately $16.7 billion)

  • El Salvador

    1.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2020)

    1.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $570 million)

    1.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $540 million)

    1% of GDP (2017) (approximately $500 million)

  • Equatorial Guinea

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $270 million)

    1.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $230 million)

    1.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $250 million)

  • Eritrea

    10% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $640 million)

    10.2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $630 million)

    10.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $630 million)

    10.4% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $640 million)

    10.6% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $600 million)

  • Estonia

    2.35% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2021)

    2.4% of GDP (2020)

    2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $850 million)

    2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $800 million)

  • Eswatini

    1.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.9% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $140 million)

    2.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $150 million)

    2.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $140 million)

  • Ethiopia

    0.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $970 million)

    0.6% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $950 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $930 million)

  • European Union

    1.6% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2020)

    1.4% of GDP (2019)

    1.4% of GDP (2018)

    1.35% of GDP (2017)

    note 1: the European Defense Fund (EDF) has a budget of  approximately $8 billion for 2021-2027; about $2.7 billion is devoted to funding collaborative defense research while about $5.3 billion is allocated for collaborative capability development projects that complement national contributions; EDF "categories for action" include areas such as information air and missile defense, cyber and information security, digital transformation, force protection, medical services, space, training, and air, ground, and naval combat capabilities 

    note 2: NATO is resourced through the direct and indirect contributions of its members; NATO’s common funds are direct contributions to collective budgets, capabilities and programs, which equate to only 0.3% of total NATO defense spending (approximately 3.3 billion USD for 2023) to develop capabilities and run NATO, its military commands, capabilities, and infrastructure; NATO's 2014 Defense Investment Pledge calls for NATO members to meet the 2% of GDP guideline for defense spending and the 20% of annual defense expenditure on major new equipment by 2024; since Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, a majority of the NATO countries have committed to investing more in defense and at a more rapid pace 

  • Fiji

    1.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $160 million)

    1.6% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $160 million)

    1.5% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $150 million)

  • Finland

    2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2020)

    1.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $4.18 billion)

    1.4% of GDP (2018) (approximately $4.02 billion)

    1.3% of GDP (2017) (approximately $3.8 billion)

  • France

    1.9% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.9% of GDP (2021)

    2% of GDP (2020)

    1.8% of GDP (2019) (approximately $59.1 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2018) (approximately $57 billion)

  • Gabon

    1.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $450 million)

    1.6% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $440 million)

    1.8% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $480 million)

  • Gambia, The

    0.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $25 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $20 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $20 million)

  • Gaza Strip

    not available

  • Georgia

    1.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2019) (approximately $780 million)

    1.9% of GDP (2018) (approximately $760 million)

    1.9% of GDP (2017) (approximately $750 million)

  • Germany

    1.5% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2021)

    1.5% of GDP (2020)

    1.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $60.1 billion)

    1.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $55.4 billion)

    note: in 2022, the German Government said defense spending would reach 2% of GDP by 2025

  • Ghana

    0.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $360 million)

    0.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $330 million)

    0.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $300 million)

  • Greece

    3.8% of GDP (2022 est.)

    3.6% of GDP (2021)

    2.9% of GDP (2020)

    2.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $7.95 billion)

    2.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $8.31 billion)

  • Guatemala

    0.4% of GDP (2022 est.)

    0.4% of GDP (2021)

    0.4% of GDP (2020)

    0.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $530 million)

    0.4% of GDP (2018) (approximately $470 million)

  • Guinea

    1.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $270 million)

    1.8% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $280 million)

    1.8% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $260 million)

  • Guinea-Bissau

    1.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.9% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $50 million)

    1.7% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $45 million)

    1.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $45 million)

  • Guyana

    1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $95 million)

    1.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $85 million)

    1.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $80 million)

  • Haiti

    not available

  • Honduras

    1.6% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $510 million)

    1.6% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $500 million)

    1.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $510 million)

  • Hungary

    1.7% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2021)

    1.8% of GDP (2020)

    1.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $3.02 billion)

    1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $2.4 billion)

  • India

    2.1% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.6% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.4% of GDP (2019 est.)

    2.4% of GDP (2018 est.)

  • Indonesia

    0.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2020)

    0.8% of GDP (2019) (approximately $15.5 billion)

    0.7% of GDP (2018) (approximately $14.5 billion)

    0.9% of GDP (2017) (approximately $15.5 billion)

  • Iran

    2.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $22.8 billion)

    3.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $29.1 billion)

    3.4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $31.2 billion)

  • Iraq

    3.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    4.1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $14.6 billion)

    4.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $16 billion)

    6% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $20.4 billion)

  • Ireland

    0.3% of GDP (2021)

    0.3% of GDP (2020)

    0.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $1.27 billion)

    0.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.25 billion

    0.3% of GDP (2017) (approximately $1.21 billion)

  • Israel

    5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    5.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $20 billion)

    5.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $19.9 billion)

    5.5% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $19.7 billion)

  • Italy

    1.55% of GDP (2022)

    1.5% of GDP (2021)

    1.6% of GDP (2020)

    1.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $30.1 billion)

    1.2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $31 billion)

  • Jamaica

    1.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $300 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $260 million)

    1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $190 million)

  • Japan

    1% of GDP (2022)

    1% of GDP (2021)

    1% of GDP (2020)

    0.9% of GDP (2019)

    0.9% of GDP (2018)

    note: the Japanese Government in 2022 pledged to increase defense expenditures to 2% of GDP in line with NATO standards; if the planned increase occurs, Japan would have one of the world's largest defense budgets

  • Jordan

    5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    5.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $5.18 billion)

    5.6% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $5.14 billion)

    5.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $5.18 billion)

  • Kazakhstan

    1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $3.6 billion)

    0.9% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $3.06 billion)

    0.8% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $2.85 billion)

  • Kenya

    1.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2020)

    1.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $1.21 billion)

    1.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.24 billion)

    1.4% of GDP (2017) (approximately $1.19 billion)

  • Korea, North

    between 2010 and 2019, military expenditures accounted for an estimated 20-25% of North Korea's GDP annually; North Korea in the 2010s and 2020s has increasingly relied on illicit activities — including cybercrime — to generate revenue for its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile programs to evade US and UN sanctions

  • Korea, South

    2.6% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.6% of GDP (2021)

    2.6% of GDP (2020)

    2.7% of GDP (2019) (approximately $58.1 billion)

    2.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $55.8 billion)

  • Kosovo

    1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $160 million)

    0.8% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $150 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $130 million)

  • Kuwait

    6.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    6.3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    5.6% of GDP (2019) (approximately $10.2 billion)

    5.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $9.25 billion)

    5.6% of GDP (2017) (approximately $10 billion)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    1.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $410 million)

    2.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $400 million)

    2.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $390 million)

  • Laos

    0.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $120 million)

    0.2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $110 million)

    0.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $100 million)

    0.2% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $95 million)

    0.2% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $85 million)

  • Latvia

    2.1% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2021)

    2.2% of GDP (2020)

    2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $920 million)

    2.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $900 million)

  • Lebanon

    3.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    4.7% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $3.6 billion)

    5.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $4.1 billion)

    4.6% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $3.95 billion)

  • Lesotho

    1.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $60 million)

    2.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $65 million)

    2.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $70 million)

  • Liberia

    0.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $25 million)

    0.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $20 million)

    0.4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $19 million)

  • Libya

    not available

  • Lithuania

    2.5% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2020)

    2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $1.7 billion)

    2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.59 billion)

  • Luxembourg

    0.6% of GDP (2022 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2021)

    0.6% of GDP (2020)

    0.5% of GDP (2019) (approximately $420 million)

    0.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $380 million)

  • Madagascar

    0.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.7% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $130 million)

    0.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $130 million)

    0.5% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $120 million)

  • Malawi

    0.9% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.9% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $90 million)

    0.8% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $70 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $60 million)

  • Malaysia

    1% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1% of GDP (2021)

    1.1% of GDP (2020)

    1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $7.84 billion)

    1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $7.63 billion)

  • Maldives

    not available

  • Mali

    3.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $630 million)

    3.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $600 million)

    3.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $600 million)

  • Malta

    0.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.6% of GDP (2020)

    0.5% of GDP (2019) (approximately $110 million)

    0.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $110 million)

    0.5% of GDP (2017) (approximately $110 million)

  • Mauritania

    2.5% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $440 million)

    2.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $430 million)

  • Mauritius

    0.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $80 million)

    0.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $80 million)

    0.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $80 million)

  • Mexico

    0.8% of GDP (2022 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2021)

    0.6% of GDP (2020)

    0.5% of GDP (2019) (approximately $13.4 billion)

    0.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $12.5 billion)

  • Moldova

    0.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $160 million)

    0.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $130 million)

    0.4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $120 million)

  • Mongolia

    0.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.7% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $240 million)

    0.7% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $240 million)

    0.8% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $110 million)

  • Montenegro

    1.8% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2021)

    1.7% of GDP (2020)

    1.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $130 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2018) (approximately $120 million)

  • Morocco

    4.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    4.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $7.46 billion)

    3.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $7.12 billion)

    3.4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $7.08 billion)

  • Mozambique

    1.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $220 million)

    1.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $210 million)

    0.9% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $170 million)

  • Namibia

    3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $620 million)

    3.4% of GDP (2018) (approximately $640 million)

    3.6% of GDP (2017) (approximately $670 million)

  • Nepal

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $1.1 billion)

    2.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.11 billion)

    2.6% of GDP (2017) (approximately $1.12 billion)

  • Netherlands

    1.7% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2021)

    1.4% of GDP (2020)

    1.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $13.6 billion)

    1.2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $12.3 billion)

  • New Zealand

    1.4% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2021)

    1.5% of GDP (2020)

    1.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $3.1 billion)

    1.2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $2.62 billion)

  • Nicaragua

    0.6% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.6% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.6% of GDP (2019) (approximately $170 million)

    0.6% of GDP (2018) (approximately $180 million)

    0.6% of GDP (2017) (approximately $190 million)

  • Niger

    1.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $260 million)

    1.9% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $270 million)

    2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $270 million)

  • Nigeria

    0.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.6% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.5% of GDP (2019) (approximately $3.53 billion)

    0.5% of GDP (2018) (approximately $3.72 billion)

    0.5% of GDP (2017) (approximately $3.42 billion)

  • North Macedonia

    1.8% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2021)

    1.3% of GDP (2020)

    1.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $310 million)

    0.9% of GDP (2018) (approximately $280 million)

  • Norway

    1.6% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2021)

    2% of GDP (2020)

    1.9% of GDP (2019) (approximately $8.66 billion)

    1.7% of GDP (2018) (approximately $8.02 billion)

  • Oman

    8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    11% of GDP (2020 est.)

    11.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $12.1 billion)

    11.2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $11.8 billion)

    12.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $12.7 billion)

  • Pakistan

    4% of GDP (2022 est.)

    4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    4.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $21.6 billion)

    4.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $21.6 billion)

  • Panama

    1.2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $1.38 billion)

    1.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.33 billion)

  • Papua New Guinea

    0.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $100 million)

    0.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $100 million)

    0.3% of GDP (2017) (approximately $110 million)

  • Paraguay

    1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $590 million)

    1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $590 million)

    0.9% of GDP (2017) (approximately $550 million)

  • Peru

    1.1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $3.87 billion)

    1.2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $3.83 billion)

    1.2% of GDP (2017) (approximately $3.86 billion)

  • Philippines

    1.1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2020)

    1.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $6.19 billion)

    1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $5.31 billion)

    1.3% of GDP (2017) (approximately $6.21 billion)

  • Poland

    2.4% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.3% of GDP (2021)

    2.2% of GDP (2020)

    2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $17.5 billion)

    2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $16.8 billion)

    note: in 2022, the Polish Government announced plans to increase defense spending to 3% of GDP for 2023

  • Portugal

    1.5% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2021)

    1.4% of GDP (2020)

    1.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $4.31 billion)

    1.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $4.06 billion)

  • Qatar

    4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $8.44 billion)

    3.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $8.23 billion)

    3.4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $8.22 billion)

  • Romania

    2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2% of GDP (2021)

    2% of GDP (2020)

    1.8% of GDP (2019) (approximately $7.47 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2018) (approximately $6.9 billion)

  • Russia

    4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $104 billion)

    3.7% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $100 billion)

    4.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $104 billion)

  • Rwanda

    1.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $220 million)

    1.2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $200 million)

    1.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $190 million)

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    Not available

  • Saudi Arabia

    6% of GDP (2021 est.)

    7.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    8.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $92.2 billion)

    10% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $103 billion)

    11.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $111 billion)

  • Senegal

    1.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2020)

    1.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $490 million)

    1.6% of GDP (2018) (approximately $490 million)

    1.5% of GDP (2017) (approximately $430 million)

  • Serbia

    1.9% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2019) (approximately $1.83 billion)

    1.6% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.43 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2017) (approximately $1.47 billion)

  • Seychelles

    1.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2019 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2018 est.)

    1.5% of GDP (2017 est.)

  • Sierra Leone

    0.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    0.3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $35 million)

    0.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $45 million)

    0.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $40 million)

  • Singapore

    3.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3% of GDP (2020)

    2.9% of GDP (2019) (approximately $15 billion)

    2.9% of GDP (2018) (approximately $14.8 billion)

    3% of GDP (2017) (approximately $14.8 billion)

  • Slovakia

    2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2021)

    2% of GDP (2020)

    1.7% of GDP (2019) (approximately $2.34 billion)

    1.2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $1.72 billion)

  • Slovenia

    1.2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2021)

    1% of GDP (2020)

    1.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $800 million)

    1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $750 million)

  • Somalia

    5.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $120 million)

    6% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $120 million)

    5.9% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $110 million)

    6% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $110 million)

    5.9% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $110 million)

  • South Africa

    0.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2020)

    1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $4.84 billion)

    1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $4.86 billion)

    1% of GDP (2017) (approximately $5.04 billion)

  • South Sudan

    2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $1.62 billion)

    3.2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $1.54 billion)

    2.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $660 million)

  • Spain

    1% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1% of GDP (2021)

    1% of GDP (2020)

    0.9% of GDP (2019) (approximately $16.8 billion)

    0.9% of GDP (2018) (approximately $16.7 billion)

  • Sri Lanka

    1.9% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.9% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $5.9 billion)

    1.9% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $5.6 billion)

  • Sudan

    1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $2.08 billion)

    2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $2.08 billion)

    3.6% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $2.75 billion)

    note: many defense expenditures are probably off-budget

  • Suriname

    1.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $100 million)

    1.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $95 million)

    1.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $95 million)

    1.2% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $85 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $110 million)

  • Sweden

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2020)

    1.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $6.78 billion)

    1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $6.26 billion)

    1% of GDP (2017) (approximately $6.04 billion)

  • Switzerland

    0.7% of GDP (2021 est.)

    0.8% of GDP (2020)

    0.7% of GDP (2019) (approximately $5.26 billion)

    0.7% of GDP (2018) (approximately $4.72 billion)

    0.7% of GDP (2017) (approximately $4.67 billion)

  • Syria

    6.5% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $2.9 billion)

    6.7% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $2.8 billion)

    6.8% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $2.7 billion)

    6.9% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $2.85 billion)

    7.2% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $3.3 billion)

  • Taiwan

    2.2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2021)

    2.1% of GDP (2020)

    1.8% of GDP (2019) (approximately $23.6 billion)

    1.7% of GDP (2018) (approximately $21.9 billion)

  • Tajikistan

    1.2% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $360 million)

    2.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $350 million)

    2.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $330 million)

  • Tanzania

    1.1% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $810 million)

    1.2% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $800 million)

    1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $690 million)

  • Thailand

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.4% of GDP (2020)

    1.3% of GDP (2019) (approximately $14.6 billion)

    1.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $14.2 billion)

    1.4% of GDP (2017) (approximately $13.8 billion)

  • Timor-Leste

    1.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.8% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $45 million)

    1.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $30 million)

    1.6% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $35 million)

  • Togo

    1.8% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $190 million)

    1.9% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $140 million)

    1.9% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $130 million)

  • Tonga

    2.1% of GDP (2020 est.) (approximately $10 million)

    2.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $12 million)

    1.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $7.1 million)

    2.1% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $10 million)

    1.7% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $7.6 million)

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    1% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $350 million)

    1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $340 million)

    1.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $420 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $460 million)

  • Tunisia

    3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $2.81 billion)

    3.9% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $2.84 billion)

    4% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $2.81 billion)

  • Turkey (Turkiye)

    1.2% of GDP (2022 est.)

    1.6% of GDP (2021)

    1.9% of GDP (2020)

    1.9% of GDP (2019) (approximately $36.3 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2018) (approximately $37.2 billion)

  • Turkmenistan

    1.9% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $1.54 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $1.45 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $1.32 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $1.3 billion)

    1.5% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $1.1 billion)

  • Uganda

    2.5% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.5% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.7% of GDP (2019) (approximately $870 million)

    1.2% of GDP (2018) (approximately $640 million)

    1.2% of GDP (2017) (approximately $610 million)

  • Ukraine

    4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    3.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $9.7 billion)

    3.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $8.87 billion)

    3.1% of GDP (2017) (approximately $8.54 billion)

  • United Arab Emirates

    5.6% of GDP (2020 est.)

    5.4% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $29 billion)

    5.5% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $28.7 billion)

    5.2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $26.9 billion)

    6% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $30 billion)

  • United Kingdom

    2.1% of GDP (2022 est.)

    2.5% of GDP (2021)

    2.3% of GDP (2020)

    2.1% of GDP (2019) (approximately $68.4 billion)

    2.1% of GDP (2018) (approximately $67.8 billion)

  • United States

    3.5% of GDP (2022 est.)

    3.6% of GDP (2021)

    3.7% of GDP (2020)

    3.4% of GDP (2019) (approximately $730 billion)

    3.3% of GDP (2018) (approximately $685 billion)

  • Uruguay

    2.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.1% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $1.47 billion)

    2.1% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $1.51 billion)

    2% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $1.38 billion)

  • Uzbekistan

    2.8% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $3 billion)

    2.9% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $2.88 billion)

    2.7% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $2.65 billion)

    2.5% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $2.49 billion)

    2.5% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $2.4 billion)

  • Venezuela

    5.2% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $7.5 billion)

    4.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $9.9 billion)

    2.9% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $8.5 billion)

    2.2% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $7.7 billion)

    1.8% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $9.3 billion)

  • Vietnam

    2.4% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $11.2 billion)

    2.3% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $10.5 billion)

    2.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $9.85 billion)

  • West Bank

    not available

  • World

    2.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    2.4% of GDP (2020 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2019 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2018 est.)

    2.2% of GDP (2017 est.)

    note: in 2021, the world's largest defense budgets belonged to the US, China, India, the UK, and Russia; total global military expenditures were estimated at more than $2 trillion

  • Yemen

    prior to the start of the civil war in 2014, annual military expenditures were approximately 4-5% of Yemen's GDP 

  • Zambia

    1.3% of GDP (2021 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2020 est.)

    1.3% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $450 million)

    1.4% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $470 million)

    1.3% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $420 million)

  • Zimbabwe

    2.6% of GDP (2019 est.) (approximately $650 million)

    1.7% of GDP (2018 est.) (approximately $510 million)

    1.5% of GDP (2017 est.) (approximately $450 million)

    1.8% of GDP (2016 est.) (approximately $480 million)

    1.9% of GDP (2015 est.) (approximately $490 million)