Field Listing

National symbol(s)

A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.

  • Afghanistan

    lion; national colors: red, green, black

  • Albania

    black double-headed eagle; national colors: red, black

  • Algeria

    five-pointed star between the extended horns of a crescent moon, fennec fox; national colors: green, white, red

  • American Samoa

    a fue (coconut fiber fly whisk; representing wisdom) crossed with a to'oto'o (staff; representing authority); national colors: red, white, blue

  • Andorra

    red cow (breed unspecified); national colors: blue, yellow, red

  • Angola

    Palanca Negra Gigante (giant black sable antelope); national colors: red, black, yellow

  • Anguilla

    dolphin

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    fallow deer; national colors: red, white, blue, black, yellow

  • Argentina

    Sun of May (a sun-with-face symbol); national colors: sky blue, white

  • Armenia

    Mount Ararat, eagle, lion; national colors: red, blue, orange

  • Aruba

    Hooiberg (Haystack) Hill; national colors: blue, yellow, red, white

  • Australia

    Commonwealth Star (seven-pointed Star of Federation), golden wattle tree (Acacia pycnantha Benth), kangaroo, emu; national colors: green, gold

  • Austria

    eagle, edelweiss, Alpine gentian; national colors: red, white

  • Azerbaijan

    flames of fire; national colors: blue, red, green

  • Bahamas, The

    blue marlin, flamingo, Yellow Elder flower; national colors: aquamarine, yellow, black

  • Bahrain

    a red field surmounted by a white serrated band with five white points; national colors: red, white

  • Bangladesh

    Bengal tiger, water lily; national colors: green, red

  • Barbados

    Neptune's trident, pelican, Red Bird of Paradise flower (also known as Pride of Barbados); national colors: blue, yellow, black

  • Belarus

    no clearly defined current national symbol, the mounted knight known as Pahonia (the Chaser) is the traditional Belarusian symbol; national colors: green, red, white

  • Belgium

    golden rampant lion; national colors: red, black, yellow

  • Belize

    Baird's tapir (a large, browsing, forest-dwelling mammal), keel-billed toucan, Black Orchid; national colors: red, blue

  • Benin

    leopard; national colors: green, yellow, red

  • Bermuda

    red lion

  • Bhutan

    thunder dragon known as Druk Gyalpo; national colors: orange, yellow

  • Bolivia

    llama, Andean condor, two national flowers: the cantuta and the patuju; national colors: red, yellow, green

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    golden lily; national colors: blue, yellow, white

  • Botswana

    zebra; national colors: light blue, white, black

  • Brazil

    Southern Cross constellation; national colors: green, yellow, blue

  • British Virgin Islands

    zenaida dove, white cedar flower; national colors: yellow, green, red, white, blue

  • Brunei

    royal parasol; national colors: yellow, white, black

  • Bulgaria

    lion; national colors: white, green, red

  • Burkina Faso

    white stallion; national colors: red, yellow, green

  • Burma

    chinthe (mythical lion); national colors: yellow, green, red, white

  • Burundi

    lion; national colors: red, white, green

  • Cabo Verde

    ten, five-pointed, yellow stars; national colors: blue, white, red, yellow

  • Cambodia

    Angkor Wat temple, kouprey (wild ox); national colors: red, blue

  • Cameroon

    lion; national colors: green, red, yellow

  • Canada

    maple leaf, beaver; national colors: red, white

  • Cayman Islands

    green sea turtle

  • Central African Republic

    elephant; national colors: blue, white, green, yellow, red

  • Chad

    goat (north), lion (south); national colors: blue, yellow, red

  • Chile

    huemul (mountain deer), Andean condor; national colors: red, white, blue

  • China

    dragon, giant panda; national colors: red, yellow

  • Christmas Island

    golden bosun bird

  • Colombia

    Andean condor; national colors: yellow, blue, red

  • Comoros

    four five-pointed stars and crescent moon; national colors: green, white

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    leopard; national colors: sky blue, red, yellow

  • Congo, Republic of the

    lion, elephant; national colors: green, yellow, red

  • Cook Islands

    a circle of 15, five-pointed, white stars on a blue field, Tiare maori (Gardenia taitensis) flower; national colors: green, white

  • Costa Rica

    yiguirro (clay-colored robin); national colors: blue, white, red

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    elephant; national colors: orange, white, green

  • Croatia

    red-white checkerboard; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Cuba

    royal palm; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Curacao

    laraha (citrus tree); national colors: blue, yellow, white

  • Cyprus

    Cypriot mouflon (wild sheep), white dove; national colors: blue, white

  • Czechia

    silver (or white), double-tailed, rampant lion; national colors: white, red, blue

  • Denmark

    lion, mute swan; national colors: red, white

  • Djibouti

    red star; national colors: light blue, green, white, red

  • Dominica

    Sisserou parrot, Carib Wood flower; national colors: green, yellow, black, white, red

  • Dominican Republic

    palmchat (bird); national colors: red, white, blue

  • Ecuador

    Andean condor; national colors: yellow, blue, red

  • Egypt

    golden eagle, white lotus; national colors: red, white, black

  • El Salvador

    turquoise-browed motmot (bird); national colors: blue, white

  • Equatorial Guinea

    silk cotton tree; national colors: green, white, red, blue

  • Eritrea

    camel; national colors: green, red, blue

  • Estonia

    barn swallow, cornflower; national colors: blue, black, white

  • Eswatini

    lion, elephant; national colors: blue, yellow, red

  • Ethiopia

    Abyssinian lion (traditional), yellow pentagram with five rays of light on a blue field (promoted by current government); national colors: green, yellow, red

  • European Union

    a circle of 12, five-pointed, golden yellow stars on a blue field; union colors: blue, yellow

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    ram

  • Faroe Islands

    ram; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Fiji

    Fijian canoe; national color: light blue

  • Finland

    lion; national colors: blue, white

  • France

    Gallic rooster, fleur-de-lis, Marianne (female personification); national colors: blue, white, red

  • French Polynesia

    outrigger canoe, Tahitian gardenia (Gardenia taitensis) flower; national colors: red, white

  • Gabon

    black panther; national colors: green, yellow, blue

  • Gambia, The

    lion; national colors: red, blue, green, white

  • Georgia

    Saint George, lion; national colors: red, white

  • Germany

    eagle; national colors: black, red, yellow

  • Ghana

    black star, golden eagle; national colors: red, yellow, green, black

  • Gibraltar

    Barbary macaque; national colors: red, white, yellow

  • Greece

    Greek cross (white cross on blue field, arms equal length); national colors: blue, white

  • Greenland

    polar bear; national colors: red, white

  • Grenada

    Grenada dove, bougainvillea flower; national colors: red, yellow, green

  • Guam

    coconut tree; national colors: deep blue, red

  • Guatemala

    quetzal (bird); national colors: blue, white

  • Guernsey

    Guernsey cow, donkey; national colors: red, white, yellow

  • Guinea

    elephant; national colors: red, yellow, green

  • Guinea-Bissau

    black star; national colors: red, yellow, green, black

  • Guyana

    Canje pheasant (hoatzin), jaguar, Victoria Regia water lily; national colors: red, yellow, green, black, white

  • Haiti

    Hispaniolan trogon (bird), hibiscus flower; national colors: blue, red

  • Holy See (Vatican City)

    crossed keys beneath a papal tiara; national colors: yellow, white

  • Honduras

    scarlet macaw, white-tailed deer; national colors: blue, white

  • Hong Kong

    orchid tree flower; national colors: red, white

  • Hungary

    Holy Crown of Hungary (Crown of Saint Stephen); national colors: red, white, green

  • Iceland

    gyrfalcon; national colors: blue, white, red

  • India

    the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; Bengal tiger; lotus flower; national colors: saffron, white, green

  • Indonesia

    garuda (mythical bird); national colors: red, white

  • Iran

    lion; national colors: green, white, red

  • Iraq

    golden eagle; national colors: red, white, black

  • Ireland

    harp, shamrock (trefoil); national colors: blue, green

  • Isle of Man

    triskelion (a motif of three legs); national colors: red, white

  • Israel

    Star of David (Magen David), menorah (seven-branched lampstand); national colors: blue, white

  • Italy

    white, five-pointed star (Stella d'Italia); national colors: red, white, green

  • Jamaica

    green-and-black streamertail (bird), Guaiacum officinale (Guaiacwood); national colors: green, yellow, black

  • Japan

    red sun disc, chrysanthemum; national colors: red, white

  • Jersey

    Jersey cow; national colors: red, white

  • Jordan

    eagle; national colors: black, white, green, red

  • Kazakhstan

    golden eagle; national colors: blue, yellow

  • Kenya

    lion; national colors: black, red, green, white

  • Kiribati

    frigatebird; national colors: red, white, blue, yellow

  • Korea, North

    red star, chollima (winged horse); national colors: red, white, blue

  • Korea, South

    taegeuk (yin yang symbol), Hibiscus syriacus (Rose of Sharon), Siberian tiger; national colors: red, white, blue, black

  • Kosovo

    six, five-pointed, white stars; national colors: blue, gold, white

  • Kuwait

    golden falcon; national colors: green, white, red, black

  • Kyrgyzstan

    white falcon; national colors: red, yellow

  • Laos

    elephant; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Latvia

    white wagtail (bird); national colors: maroon, white

  • Lebanon

    cedar tree; national colors: red, white, green

  • Lesotho

    mokorotio (Basotho hat); national colors: blue, white, green, black

  • Liberia

    white star; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Libya

    star and crescent, hawk; national colors: red, black, green

  • Liechtenstein

    princely hat (crown); national colors: blue, red

  • Lithuania

    mounted knight known as Vytis (the Chaser), white stork; national colors: yellow, green, red

  • Luxembourg

    red, rampant lion; national colors: red, white, light blue

  • Macau

    lotus blossom; national colors: green, white, yellow

  • Madagascar

    traveller's palm, zebu; national colors: red, green, white

  • Malawi

    lion; national colors: black, red, green

  • Malaysia

    tiger, hibiscus; national colors: gold, black

  • Maldives

    coconut palm, yellowfin tuna; national colors: red, green, white

  • Mali

    Great Mosque of Djenne; national colors: green, yellow, red

  • Malta

    Maltese eight-pointed cross; national colors: red, white

  • Marshall Islands

    a 24-rayed star; national colors: blue, white, orange

  • Mauritania

    five-pointed star between the horns of a horizontal crescent moon; national colors: green, yellow

  • Mauritius

    dodo bird, Trochetia Boutoniana flower; national colors: red, blue, yellow, green

  • Mexico

    golden eagle; national colors: green, white, red

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    four, five-pointed, white stars on a light blue field, hibiscus flower; national colors: light blue, white

  • Moldova

    aurochs (a type of wild cattle); national colors: blue, yellow, red

  • Monaco

    red and white lozenges (diamond shapes); national colors: red, white

  • Mongolia

    soyombo emblem; national colors: red, blue, yellow

  • Montenegro

    double-headed eagle; national colors: red, gold

  • Morocco

    pentacle symbol, lion; national colors: red, green

  • Mozambique

    national colors: green, black, yellow, white, red

  • Namibia

    oryx (antelope); national colors: blue, red, green, white, yellow

  • Nauru

    frigatebird, calophyllum flower; national colors: blue, yellow, white

  • Nepal

    rhododendron blossom; national color: red

  • Netherlands

    lion, tulip; national color: orange

  • New Caledonia

    fleche faitiere (native rooftop adornment), kagu bird; national colors: gray, red

  • New Zealand

    Southern Cross constellation (four, five-pointed stars), kiwi (bird), silver fern; national colors: black, white, red (ochre)

  • Nicaragua

    turquoise-browed motmot (bird); national colors: blue, white

  • Niger

    zebu; national colors: orange, white, green

  • Nigeria

    eagle; national colors: green, white

  • Niue

    yellow, five-pointed star; national color: yellow

  • Norfolk Island

    Norfolk Island pine

  • North Macedonia

    eight-rayed sun; national colors: red, yellow

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    latte stone; national colors: blue, white

  • Norway

    lion; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Oman

    khanjar dagger superimposed on two crossed swords; national colors: red, white, green

  • Pakistan

    five-pointed star between the horns of a waxing crescent moon, jasmine; national colors: green, white

  • Palau

    bai (native meeting house); national colors: blue, yellow

  • Panama

    harpy eagle; national colors: blue, white, red

  • Papua New Guinea

    bird of paradise; national colors: red, black

  • Paraguay

    lion; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Peru

    vicuna (a camelid related to the llama); national colors: red, white

  • Philippines

    three stars and sun, Philippine eagle; national colors: red, white, blue, yellow

  • Poland

    white crowned eagle; national colors: white, red

  • Portugal

    armillary sphere (a spherical astrolabe modeling objects in the sky and representing the Republic); national colors: red, green

  • Puerto Rico

    Puerto Rican spindalis (bird), coqui (frog); national colors: red, white, blue

  • Qatar

    a maroon field surmounted by a white serrated band with nine white points; national colors: maroon, white

  • Romania

    golden eagle; national colors: blue, yellow, red

  • Russia

    bear, double-headed eagle; national colors: white, blue, red

  • Rwanda

    traditional woven basket with peaked lid; national colors: blue, yellow, green

  • Saint Barthelemy

    pelican

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    Saint Helena plover (bird)

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    brown pelican, royal poinciana (flamboyant) tree; national colors: green, yellow, red, black, white

  • Saint Lucia

    twin pitons (volcanic peaks), Saint Lucia parrot; national colors: cerulean blue, gold, black, white

  • Saint Martin

    brown pelican

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    16th-century sailing ship

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    Saint Vincent parrot; national colors: blue, gold, green

  • Samoa

    Southern Cross constellation (five, five-pointed stars); national colors: red, white, blue

  • San Marino

    three peaks each displaying a tower; national colors: white, blue

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    palm tree; national colors: green, yellow, red, black

  • Saudi Arabia

    palm tree surmounting two crossed swords; national colors: green, white

  • Senegal

    lion; national colors: green, yellow, red

  • Serbia

    white double-headed eagle; national colors: red, blue, white

  • Seychelles

    coco de mer (sea coconut); national colors: blue, yellow, red, white, green

  • Sierra Leone

    lion; national colors: green, white, blue

  • Singapore

    lion, merlion (mythical half lion-half fish creature), orchid; national colors: red, white

  • Sint Maarten

    brown pelican, yellow sage (flower); national colors: red, white, blue

  • Slovakia

    double-barred cross (Cross of St. Cyril and St. Methodius) surmounting three peaks; national colors: white, blue, red

  • Slovenia

    Mount Triglav; national colors: white, blue, red

  • Solomon Islands

    national colors: blue, yellow, green, white

  • Somalia

    leopard; national colors: blue, white

  • South Africa

    springbok (antelope), king protea flower; national colors: red, green, blue, yellow, black, white

  • South Sudan

    African fish eagle; national colors: red, green, blue, yellow, black, white

  • Spain

    Pillars of Hercules; national colors: red, yellow

  • Sri Lanka

    lion, water lily; national colors: maroon, yellow

  • Sudan

    secretary bird; national colors: red, white, black, green

  • Suriname

    royal palm, faya lobi (flower); national colors: green, white, red, yellow

  • Sweden

    three crowns, lion; national colors: blue, yellow

  • Switzerland

    Swiss cross (white cross on red field, arms equal length); national colors: red, white

  • Syria

    hawk; national colors: red, white, black, green

  • Taiwan

    white, 12-rayed sun on blue field; national colors: blue, white, red

  • Tajikistan

    crown surmounted by an arc of seven, five-pointed stars; snow leopard; national colors: red, white, green

  • Tanzania

    Uhuru (Freedom) torch, giraffe; national colors: green, yellow, blue, black

  • Thailand

    garuda (mythical half-man, half-bird figure), elephant; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Timor-Leste

    Mount Ramelau; national colors: red, yellow, black, white

  • Togo

    lion; national colors: green, yellow, red, white

  • Tokelau

    tuluma (fishing tackle box); national colors: blue, yellow, white

  • Tonga

    red cross on white field, arms equal length; national colors: red, white

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    scarlet ibis (bird of Trinidad), cocrico (bird of Tobago), Chaconia flower; national colors: red, white, black

  • Tunisia

    encircled red crescent moon and five-pointed star; national colors: red, white

  • Turkey (Turkiye)

    vertical crescent moon with adjacent five-pointed star; national colors: red, white

  • Turkmenistan

    Akhal-Teke horse; national colors: green, white

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    conch shell, Turk's cap cactus

  • Tuvalu

    maneapa (native meeting house); national colors: light blue, yellow

  • Uganda

    grey crowned crane; national colors: black, yellow, red

  • Ukraine

    tryzub (trident), sunflower; national colors: blue, yellow

  • United Arab Emirates

    golden falcon; national colors: green, white, black, red

  • United Kingdom

    lion (Britain in general); lion, Tudor rose, oak (England); lion, unicorn, thistle (Scotland); dragon, daffodil, leek (Wales); shamrock, flax (Northern Ireland); national colors: red, white, blue (Britain in general); red, white (England); blue, white (Scotland); red, white, green (Wales)

  • United States

    bald eagle; national colors: red, white, blue

  • Uruguay

    Sun of May (a sun-with-face symbol); national colors: blue, white, yellow

  • Uzbekistan

    khumo (mythical bird); national colors: blue, white, red, green

  • Vanuatu

    boar's tusk with crossed fern fronds; national colors: red, black, green, yellow

  • Venezuela

    troupial (bird); national colors: yellow, blue, red

  • Vietnam

    yellow, five-pointed star on red field; lotus blossom; national colors: red, yellow

  • Wallis and Futuna

    red saltire (Saint Andrew's Cross) on a white square on a red field; national colors: red, white

  • Yemen

    golden eagle; national colors: red, white, black

  • Zambia

    African fish eagle; national colors: green, red, black, orange

  • Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe bird symbol, African fish eagle, flame lily; national colors: green, yellow, red, black, white