Field Listing

Net migration rate

This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. The net migration rate does not distinguish between economic migrants, refugees, and other types of migrants nor does it distinguish between lawful migrants and undocumented migrants.

Country Comparison Ranking

  • Afghanistan

    -0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Albania

    -3.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Algeria

    -0.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • American Samoa

    -32.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Andorra

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Angola

    -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Anguilla

    10.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    2.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Argentina

    -0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Armenia

    -5.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Aruba

    8.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands

    3.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Australia

    7.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Austria

    3.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Azerbaijan

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Bahamas, The

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Bahrain

    -0.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Bangladesh

    -2.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Barbados

    -0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Belarus

    0.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Belgium

    4.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Belize

    -0.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Benin

    0.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Bermuda

    1.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Bhutan

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Bolivia

    -0.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    -0.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Botswana

    2.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Brazil

    -0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • British Virgin Islands

    13.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Brunei

    2.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Bulgaria

    -0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Burkina Faso

    -0.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Burma

    -1.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Burundi

    7.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cabo Verde

    -0.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cambodia

    -0.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cameroon

    -0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Canada

    5.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cayman Islands

    12.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

    note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US

  • Central African Republic

    -3.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Chad

    -0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Chile

    0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • China

    -0.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    NA (2021 est.)

  • Colombia

    -0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Comoros

    -2.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    -0.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Congo, Republic of the

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cook Islands

    -28.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Coral Sea Islands

    0.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Costa Rica

    0.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    1.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Croatia

    -0.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cuba

    -3.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Curacao

    -1.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Cyprus

    7.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Czechia

    2.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Denmark

    2.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Djibouti

    4.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Dominica

    -5.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Dominican Republic

    -2.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Ecuador

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Egypt

    -0.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • El Salvador

    -5.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Equatorial Guinea

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Eritrea

    -10.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Estonia

    -2.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Eswatini

    -6.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Ethiopia

    -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • European Union

    -2.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population 2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    NA

  • Faroe Islands

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Fiji

    -6.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Finland

    2.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • France

    1.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • French Polynesia

    -0.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Gabon

    3.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Gambia, The

    -1.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Gaza Strip

    -4.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Georgia

    0.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Germany

    1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Ghana

    -0.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Gibraltar

    -3.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Greece

    0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Greenland

    -5.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Grenada

    -2.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Guam

    -10.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Guatemala

    -1.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Guernsey

    1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Guinea

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Guinea-Bissau

    -3.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Guyana

    -7.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Haiti

    -1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Honduras

    -1.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Hong Kong

    1.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Hungary

    1.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Iceland

    3.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • India

    -0.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Indonesia

    -0.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Iran

    -0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Iraq

    -0.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Ireland

    3.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Isle of Man

    5.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Israel

    2.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Italy

    3.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Jamaica

    -7.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Japan

    0.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Jersey

    2.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Jordan

    -11.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Kazakhstan

    0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Kenya

    -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Kiribati

    -2.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Korea, North

    -0.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Korea, South

    2.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Kosovo

    -1.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Kuwait

    -3.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    -4.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Laos

    -0.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Latvia

    -5.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Lebanon

    -0.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Lesotho

    -4.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Liberia

    -2.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Libya

    -1.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Liechtenstein

    4.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Lithuania

    -4.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Luxembourg

    12.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Macau

    3.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Madagascar

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Malawi

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Malaysia

    1.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Maldives

    -12.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Mali

    -3.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Malta

    6.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Marshall Islands

    -4.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Mauritania

    -0.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Mauritius

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Mexico

    -1.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    -20.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Moldova

    -8.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Monaco

    9.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Mongolia

    -0.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Montenegro

    -4.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Montserrat

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Morocco

    -1.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

    note: does not include data from the former Western Sahara

  • Mozambique

    -1.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Namibia

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Nauru

    -11.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Nepal

    -4.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Netherlands

    1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • New Caledonia

    3.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

    note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia

  • New Zealand

    6.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Nicaragua

    -2.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Niger

    -0.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Nigeria

    -0.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Niue

    -0.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • North Macedonia

    0.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    -13.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Norway

    3.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Oman

    -0.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Pakistan

    -0.92 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Palau

    0.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Panama

    -0.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Papua New Guinea

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Paracel Islands

    -0.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Paraguay

    -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Peru

    -1.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Philippines

    -1.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Poland

    -0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Portugal

    0.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Puerto Rico

    -13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Qatar

    4.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Romania

    -0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Russia

    1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Rwanda

    -3.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Saint Barthelemy

    -2.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    1.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Saint Lucia

    -1.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Saint Martin

    -6.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    -7.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    -6.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Samoa

    -7.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • San Marino

    6.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    -7.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Saudi Arabia

    5.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Senegal

    -1.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Serbia

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Seychelles

    0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Sierra Leone

    -0.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Singapore

    4.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Sint Maarten

    5.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Slovakia

    0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Slovenia

    1.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Solomon Islands

    -1.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Somalia

    -2.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • South Africa

    -0.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

    5.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • South Sudan

    22.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Spain

    1.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Spratly Islands

    0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Sri Lanka

    -1.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Sudan

    -1.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Suriname

    0.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Svalbard

    -5.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Sweden

    4.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Switzerland

    4.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Syria

    34.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population NA (2021 est.)

  • Taiwan

    0.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Tajikistan

    -1.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Tanzania

    -0.44 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Thailand

    -0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Timor-Leste

    -3.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Togo

    -1.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Tokelau

    -3.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Tonga

    -17.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    -5.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Tunisia

    -1.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Turkey

    -1.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Turkmenistan

    -1.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    8.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Tuvalu

    -6.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Uganda

    -3.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Ukraine

    -0.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • United Arab Emirates

    -3.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • United Kingdom

    2.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • United States

    3.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Uruguay

    -0.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Uzbekistan

    -1.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Vanuatu

    -1.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Venezuela

    14.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Vietnam

    -0.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Virgin Islands

    -7.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Wallis and Futuna

    -4.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

    note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia

  • West Bank

    -4.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Yemen

    -0.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Zambia

    0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)

  • Zimbabwe

    -4.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)