Field Listing

Population

This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. Note: Starting with the 1993 Factbook, demographic estimates for some countries (mostly African) have explicitly taken into account the effects of the growing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These countries are currently: The Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Country Comparison Ranking

  • Afghanistan

    37,466,414 (July 2021 est.)

  • Akrotiri

    approximately 18,195 on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 11,000 Cypriots and 7,195 Service and UK-based contract personnel and dependents (2020)

  • Albania

    3,088,385 (July 2021 est.)

  • Algeria

    43,576,691 (July 2021 est.)

  • American Samoa

    46,366 (July 2021 est.)

  • Andorra

    85,645 (July 2021 est.)

  • Angola

    33,642,646 (July 2021 est.)

    note: Angola's national statistical agency projected the country's 2017 population to be 28.4 million

  • Anguilla

    18,403 (July 2021 est.)

  • Antarctica

    no indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations

    note: 53 countries have signed the 1959 Antarctic Treaty; 30 of those operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region

    as of 2017, peak summer (December-February) maximum capacity in scientific stations - 4,877 total; Argentina 601, Australia 243, Belarus 12, Belgium 40, Brazil 66, Bulgaria 22, Chile 433, China 166, Czechia 20, Ecuador 34, Finland 17, France 90, France and Italy jointly 80, Germany 104, India 113, Italy 120, Japan 130, South Korea 130, Netherlands 10, NZ 86, Norway 70, Peru 30, Poland 40, Russia 335, South Africa 80, Spain 98, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 196, US 1,399, Uruguay 68 (2017)

    winter (June-August) maximum capacity in scientific station - 1,036 total; Argentina 221, Australia 52, Brazil 15, Chile 114, China 32, France 24, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 48, Japan 40, Netherlands 10, South Korea 25, NZ 11, Norway 7, Poland 16, Russia 125, South Africa 15, Ukraine 12, UK 44, US 215, Uruguay 8 (2017)

    research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs year-round stations - approximately 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 2, Japan 1, Netherlands 1, South Korea 2, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 2 (2017)

    a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czechia, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2017)

    in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    99,175 (July 2021 est.)

  • Argentina

    45,864,941 (July 2021 est.)

  • Armenia

    3,011,609 (July 2021 est.)

  • Aruba

    120,917 (July 2021 est.)

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands

    no indigenous inhabitants (July 2021 est.)

    note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only

  • Australia

    25,809,973 (July 2021 est.)

  • Austria

    8,884,864 (July 2021 est.)

  • Azerbaijan

    10,282,283 (July 2021 est.)

  • Bahamas, The

    352,655 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Bahrain

    1,526,929 (July 2021 est.)

    note: immigrants make up approximately 45% of the total population, according to UN data (2019)

  • Bangladesh

    164,098,818 (July 2021 est.)

  • Barbados

    301,865 (July 2021 est.)

  • Belarus

    9,441,842 (July 2021 est.)

  • Belgium

    11,778,842 (July 2021 est.)

  • Belize

    405,633 (July 2021 est.)

  • Benin

    13,301,694 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Bermuda

    72,084 (July 2021 est.)

  • Bhutan

    857,423 (July 2021 est.)

  • Bolivia

    11,758,869 (July 2021 est.)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    3,824,782 (July 2021 est.)

  • Botswana

    2,350,667 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Bouvet Island

    uninhabited

  • Brazil

    213,445,417 (July 2021 est.)

  • British Indian Ocean Territory

    no indigenous inhabitants

    note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the 1960s and 1970s; approximately 3,000 UK and US military personnel and civilian contractors living on the island of Diego Garcia (2018)

  • British Virgin Islands

    37,891 (July 2021 est.)

  • Brunei

    471,103 (July 2021 est.)

    note: immigrants make up approximately 26% of the total population, according to UN data (2019)

  • Bulgaria

    6,919,180 (July 2021 est.)

  • Burkina Faso

    21,382,659 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Burma

    57,069,099 (July 2021 est.)

  • Burundi

    12,241,065 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Cabo Verde

    589,451 (July 2021 est.)

  • Cambodia

    17,304,363 (July 2021 est.)

  • Cameroon

    28,524,175 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Canada

    37,943,231 (July 2021 est.)

  • Cayman Islands

    63,131 (July 2021 est.)

    note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman

  • Central African Republic

    5,357,984 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Chad

    17,414,108 (July 2021 est.)

  • Chile

    18,307,925 (July 2021 est.)

  • China

    1,397,897,720 (July 2021 est.)

  • Christmas Island

    2,205 (2016 est.)

  • Clipperton Island

    uninhabited

  • Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    596 (July 2014 est.)

  • Colombia

    50,355,650 (July 2021 est.)

  • Comoros

    864,335 (July 2021 est.)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    105,044,646 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Congo, Republic of the

    5,417,414 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Cook Islands

    8,327 (July 2021 est.)

    note: the Cook Islands' Ministry of Finance & Economic Management estimated the resident population to have been 11,700 in September 2016

  • Coral Sea Islands

    no indigenous inhabitants (July 2021 est.)

    note: there is a staff of four at the meteorological station on Willis Island

  • Costa Rica

    5,151,140 (July 2021 est.)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    28,088,455 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Croatia

    4,208,973 (July 2021 est.)

  • Cuba

    11,032,343 (July 2021 est.)

  • Curacao

    151,885 (July 2021 est.)

  • Cyprus

    1,281,506 (July 2021 est.)

  • Czechia

    10,702,596 (July 2021 est.)

  • Denmark

    5,894,687 (July 2021 est.)

  • Dhekelia

    approximately 15,500 on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 9,700 Cypriots and 5,800 Service and UK-based contract personnel and dependents

  • Djibouti

    938,413 (July 2021 est.)

  • Dominica

    74,584 (July 2021 est.)

  • Dominican Republic

    10,597,348 (July 2021 est.)

  • Ecuador

    17,093,159 (July 2021 est.)

  • Egypt

    106,437,241 (July 2021 est.)

  • El Salvador

    6,528,135 (July 2021 est.)

  • Equatorial Guinea

    857,008 (July 2021 est.)

  • Eritrea

    6,147,398 (July 2021 est.)

  • Estonia

    1,220,042 (July 2021 est.)

  • Eswatini

    1,113,276 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Ethiopia

    110,871,031 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • European Union

    450,131,902 (July 2021 est.)

    rank by population:

    1. Germany - 79,903,481; 
    2. France - 68,084,217; 
    3. Italy - 62,390,364; 
    4. Spain - 47,260,584; 
    5. Poland - 38,185,913; 
    6. Romania - 21,230,362; 
    7. Netherlands - 17,337,403; 
    8. Belgium - 11,778,842; 
    9. Czechia - 10,702,596; 
    10. Greece - 10,569,703; 
    11. Portugal - 10,263,850; 
    12. Sweden - 10,261,767; 
    13. Hungary - 9,728,337; 
    14. Austria - 8,884,864; 
    15. Bulgaria - 6,919,180; 
    16. Denmark - 5,894,687; 
    17. Finland - 5,587,442; 
    18. Slovakia - 5,436,066; 
    19. Ireland - 5,224,884; 
    20. Croatia - 4,208,973; 
    21. Lithuania - 2,711,566; 
    22. Slovenia - 2,102,106; 
    23. Latvia - 1,862,687; 
    24. Cyprus - 1,281,506; 
    25. Estonia - 1,220,042; 
    26. Luxembourg - 639,589; 
    27. Malta - 460,891 (July 2021 est.)

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    3,198 (2016 est.)

    note: data include all persons usually resident in the islands at the time of the 2016 census

  • Faroe Islands

    51,943 (July 2021 est.)

  • Fiji

    939,535 (July 2021 est.)

  • Finland

    5,587,442 (July 2021 est.)

  • France

    68,084,217 (July 2021 est.)

    note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233

  • French Polynesia

    297,154 (July 2021 est.)

  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands

    no indigenous inhabitants

    Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): uninhabited but has a meteorological station
    Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin for short stays
    Iles Crozet: uninhabited except for 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession
    Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen
    Bassas da India (Iles Eparses): uninhabitable
    Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island (Iles Eparses): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists
    Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses): uninhabited, except for visits by scientists

  • Gabon

    2,284,912 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Gambia, The

    2,221,301 (July 2021 est.)

  • Gaza Strip

    1,957,062 (July 2021 est.)

  • Georgia

    4,933,674 (July 2021 est.)

  • Germany

    79,903,481 (July 2021 est.)

  • Ghana

    32,372,889 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Gibraltar

    29,516 (July 2021 est.)

  • Greece

    10,569,703 (July 2021 est.)

  • Greenland

    57,799 (July 2021 est.)

  • Grenada

    113,570 (July 2021 est.)

  • Guam

    168,801 (July 2021 est.)

  • Guatemala

    17,422,821 (July 2021 est.)

  • Guernsey

    67,334 (July 2021 est.)

  • Guinea

    12,877,894 (July 2021 est.)

  • Guinea-Bissau

    1,976,187 (July 2021 est.)

  • Guyana

    787,971 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Haiti

    11,198,240 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands

    uninhabited

  • Holy See (Vatican City)

    1,000 (2019 est.)

  • Honduras

    9,346,277 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Hong Kong

    7,263,234 (July 2021 est.)

  • Hungary

    9,728,337 (July 2021 est.)

  • Iceland

    354,234 (July 2021 est.)

  • India

    1,339,330,514 (July 2021 est.)

  • Indonesia

    275,122,131 (July 2021 est.)

  • Iran

    85,888,910 (July 2021 est.)

  • Iraq

    39,650,145 (July 2021 est.)

  • Ireland

    5,224,884 (July 2021 est.)

  • Isle of Man

    90,895 (July 2021 est.)

  • Israel

    8,787,045 (includes populations of the Golan Heights or Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2021 est.)

    note: approximately 22,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2018); approximately 215,900 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2017)

  • Italy

    62,390,364 (July 2021 est.)

  • Jamaica

    2,816,602 (July 2021 est.)

  • Jan Mayen

    no indigenous inhabitants

    note: military personnel operate the the weather and coastal services radio station

  • Japan

    124,687,293 (July 2021 est.)

  • Jersey

    101,476 (July 2021 est.)

  • Jordan

    10,909,567 (July 2021 est.)

    note: increased estimate reflects revised assumptions about the net migration rate due to the increased flow of Syrian refugees

  • Kazakhstan

    19,245,793 (July 2021 est.)

  • Kenya

    54,685,051 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Kiribati

    113,001 (July 2021 est.)

  • Korea, North

    25,831,360 (July 2021 est.)

  • Korea, South

    51,715,162 (July 2021 est.)

  • Kosovo

    1,935,259 (July 2021 est.)

  • Kuwait

    3,032,065 (July 2021 est.)

    note: Kuwait's Public Authority for Civil Information estimates the country's total population to be 4,420,110 for 2019, with non-Kuwaitis accounting for nearly 70% of the population

  • Kyrgyzstan

    6,018,789 (July 2021 est.)

  • Laos

    7,574,356 (July 2021 est.)

  • Latvia

    1,862,687 (July 2021 est.)

  • Lebanon

    5,261,372 (July 2021 est.)

  • Lesotho

    2,177,740 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Liberia

    5,214,030 (July 2021 est.)

  • Libya

    7,017,224 (July 2021 est.)

    note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2019)

  • Liechtenstein

    39,425 (July 2021 est.)

    note: immigrants make up 67% of the total population, according to UN data (2019)

  • Lithuania

    2,711,566 (July 2021 est.)

  • Luxembourg

    639,589 (July 2021 est.)

  • Macau

    630,396 (July 2021 est.)

  • Madagascar

    27,534,354 (July 2021 est.)

  • Malawi

    20,308,502 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Malaysia

    33,519,406 (July 2021 est.)

  • Maldives

    390,669 (July 2021 est.)

  • Mali

    20,137,527 (July 2021 est.)

  • Malta

    460,891 (July 2021 est.)

  • Marshall Islands

    78,831 (July 2021 est.)

  • Mauritania

    4,079,284 (July 2021 est.)

  • Mauritius

    1,386,129 (July 2021 est.)

  • Mexico

    130,207,371 (July 2021 est.)

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    101,675 (July 2021 est.)

  • Moldova

    3,323,875 (July 2021 est.)

  • Monaco

    31,223 (July 2021 est.)

    note: immigrants make up almost 68% of the total population, according to UN data (2019)

  • Mongolia

    3,198,913 (July 2021 est.)

    note: Mongolia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world (2 people per sq km); twice as many ethnic Mongols (some 6 million) live in Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) in neighboring China

  • Montenegro

    607,414 (July 2021 est.)

  • Montserrat

    5,387 (July 2021 est.)

    note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995; some have returned

  • Morocco

    36,561,813 (July 2021 est.)

    note: includes Western Sahara

  • Mozambique

    30,888,034 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Namibia

    2,678,191 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Nauru

    9,770 (July 2021 est.)

  • Navassa Island

    uninhabited; transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island

  • Nepal

    30,424,878 (July 2021 est.)

  • Netherlands

    17,337,403 (July 2021 est.)

  • New Caledonia

    293,608 (July 2021 est.)

  • New Zealand

    4,991,442 (July 2021 est.)

  • Nicaragua

    6,243,931 (July 2021 est.)

  • Niger

    23,605,767 (July 2021 est.)

  • Nigeria

    219,463,862 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Niue

    2,000 (July 2021 est.)

    note: because of the island's limited economic and educational opportunities, Niueans have emigrated for decades - primarily to New Zealand, but also to Australia and other Pacific island states; Niue's population peaked in 1966 at 5,194, but by 2005 had fallen to 1,508; since then it has rebounded slightly; as of 2013, 23,883 people of Niuean ancestry lived in New Zealand - with more than 20% Niue-born; this means that there are about 15 times as many persons of Niuean ancestry living in New Zealand as in Niue, possibly the most eccentric population distribution in the world

  • Norfolk Island

    1,748 (2016 est.)

  • North Macedonia

    2,128,262 (July 2021 est.)

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    51,659 (July 2021 est.)

  • Norway

    5,509,591 (July 2021 est.)

  • Oman

    3,694,755 (July 2021 est.)

    note: immigrants make up approximately 46% of the total population (2019)

  • Pakistan

    238,181,034 (July 2021 est.)

    note: provisional results of Pakistan's 2017 national census estimate the country's total population to be 207,774,000

  • Palau

    21,613 (July 2021 est.)

  • Panama

    3,928,646 (July 2021 est.)

  • Papua New Guinea

    7,399,757 (July 2021 est.)

  • Paracel Islands

    1,440 (July 2014 est.)

    note: Chinese activity has increased in recent years, particularly on Woody Island, where the population exceeds 1,000; there are scattered Chinese garrisons on some other islands

  • Paraguay

    7,272,639 (July 2021 est.)

  • Peru

    32,201,224 (July 2021 est.)

  • Philippines

    110,818,325 (July 2021 est.)

  • Pitcairn Islands

    50 (2021 est.)

  • Poland

    38,185,913 (July 2021 est.)

  • Portugal

    10,263,850 (July 2021 est.)

  • Puerto Rico

    3,142,779 (July 2021 est.)

  • Qatar

    2,479,995 (July 2021 est.)

  • Romania

    21,230,362 (July 2021 est.)

  • Russia

    142,320,790 (July 2021 est.)

  • Rwanda

    12,943,132 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Saint Barthelemy

    7,116 (July 2021 est.)

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    7,915 (July 2021 est.)

    note: Saint Helena's Statistical Office estimated the resident population to be 4,439 in 2021; only Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited, none of the other nearby islands/islets are

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    54,149 (July 2021 est.)

  • Saint Lucia

    166,637 (July 2021 est.)

  • Saint Martin

    32,680 (July 2021 est.)

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    5,321 (July 2021 est.)

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    101,145 (July 2021 est.)

  • Samoa

    204,898 (July 2021 est.)

  • San Marino

    34,467 (July 2021 est.)

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    213,948 (July 2021 est.)

  • Saudi Arabia

    34,783,757 (July 2021 est.)

    note: immigrants make up 38.3% of the total population, according to UN data (2019)

  • Senegal

    16,082,442 (July 2021 est.)

  • Serbia

    6,974,289 (July 2021 est.)

    note: does not include the population of Kosovo

  • Seychelles

    96,387 (July 2021 est.)

  • Sierra Leone

    6,807,277 (July 2021 est.)

  • Singapore

    5,866,139 (July 2021 est.)

  • Sint Maarten

    44,564 (July 2021 est.)

  • Slovakia

    5,436,066 (July 2021 est.)

  • Slovenia

    2,102,106 (July 2021 est.)

  • Solomon Islands

    690,598 (July 2021 est.)

  • Somalia

    12,094,640 (July 2021 est.)

    note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare

  • South Africa

    56,978,635 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

    no indigenous inhabitants (July 2021 est.)

    note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew in March 2001, replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited

  • South Sudan

    10,984,074 (July 2021 est.)

  • Spain

    47,260,584 (July 2021 est.)

  • Spratly Islands

    no indigenous inhabitants (July 2021 est.)

    note: there are scattered garrisons occupied by military personnel of several claimant states

  • Sri Lanka

    23,044,123 (July 2021 est.)

  • Sudan

    46,751,152 (July 2021 est.)

  • Suriname

    614,749 (July 2021 est.)

  • Svalbard

    2,926 (January 2021 est.)

  • Sweden

    10,261,767 (July 2021 est.)

  • Switzerland

    8,453,550 (July 2021 est.)

  • Syria

    20,384,316 (July 2021 est.)

    note: approximately 22,900 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2018)

  • Taiwan

    23,572,052 (July 2021 est.)

  • Tajikistan

    8,990,874 (July 2021 est.)

  • Tanzania

    62,092,761 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Thailand

    69,480,520 (July 2021 est.)

  • Timor-Leste

    1,413,958 (July 2021 est.)

  • Togo

    8,283,189 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Tokelau

    1,647 (2019 est.)

  • Tonga

    105,780 (July 2021 est.)

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    1,221,047 (July 2021 est.)

  • Tunisia

    11,811,335 (July 2021 est.)

  • Turkey

    82,482,383 (July 2021 est.)

  • Turkmenistan

    5,579,889 (July 2021 est.)

    note: some sources suggest Turkmenistan's population could be as much as 1 to 2 million people lower than available estimates because of large-scale emigration during the last 10 years

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    57,196 (July 2021 est.)

  • Tuvalu

    11,448 (July 2021 est.)

  • Uganda

    44,712,143 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Ukraine

    43,745,640 (July 2021 est.)

  • United Arab Emirates

    9,856,612 (July 2021 est.)

    note: the UN estimated the country's total population was 9,771,000 as of mid-year 2019; immigrants make up 87.9% of the total population, according to UN data (2019)

  • United Kingdom

    67.081 million United Kingdom (June 2020 est.)

    constituent countries by percentage of total population:
    England 84.3%
    Scotland 8.1%
    Wales 4.7%
    Northern Ireland 2.8%

  • United States

    334,998,398 (July 2021 est.)

    note: the US Census Bureau's 2020 census results show the US population as 331,449,281 as of 1 April 2020

  • United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges

    no indigenous inhabitants

    note: public entry is only by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service

    Jarvis Island: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; currently unoccupied

    Johnston Atoll: in previous years, an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel were present; as of May 2005, all US Government personnel had left the island

    Midway Islands: approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll

    Palmyra Atoll: four to 20 Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife staff, and researchers

  • Uruguay

    3,398,239 (July 2021 est.)

  • Uzbekistan

    30,842,796 (July 2021 est.)

  • Vanuatu

    303,009 (July 2021 est.)

  • Venezuela

    29,069,153 (July 2021 est.)

  • Vietnam

    102,789,598 (July 2021 est.)

  • Virgin Islands

    105,870 (July 2021 est.)

  • Wake Island

    no indigenous inhabitants (2018 est.)

    note: approximately 100 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities

  • Wallis and Futuna

    15,851 (July 2021 est.)

  • West Bank

    2,949,246 (July 2021 est.)

    note: approximately 418,600 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2018); approximately 215,900 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2017)

  • World

    7,772,850,805 (July 2021 est.)

    top ten most populous countries (in millions): China 1397.89; India 1339.33; United States 334.99; Indonesia 275.12; Pakistan 238.18; Nigeria 219.47; Brazil 213.45; Bangladesh 164.1; Russia 142.32; Japan 124.69

    ten least populous countries: Holy See (Vatican City) 1,000; Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,321; Montserrat 5,387; Saint Barthelemy 7,116; Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan de Cunha 7,915; Cook Islands 8,327; Nauru 9,770; Tuvalu 11,448; Wallis and Futuna 15,851; Anguilla 18,403

    ten most densely populated countries (population per sq km): Macau 22,514; Monaco 15,611; Singapore 8,273; Hong Kong 6,769; Gaza Strip 5,436; Gibraltar 4,216; Bahrain 2,009; Malta 1,458; Bermuda 1,335; Maldives 1,311

    ten least densely populated countries (population per sq km): Greenland .027; Falkland Islands .26; Mongolia 2.1; Namibia 3.3; Australia 3.4; Iceland 3.5; Suriname 3.9; Mauritania 4; Libya 4; Guyana 4

  • Yemen

    30,399,243 (July 2021 est.)

  • Zambia

    19,077,816 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

  • Zimbabwe

    14,829,988 (July 2021 est.)

    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected