Field Listing

Ports and terminals

236 Results

This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered. Most ports service multiple classes of vessels including bulk carriers (dry and liquid), break bulk cargoes (goods loaded individually in bags, boxes, crates, or drums; sometimes palletized), containers, roll-on/roll-off, and passenger ships. The listing leads off with major seaports handling all types of cargo. Inland river/lake ports are listed separately along with the river or lake name. Ports configured specifically to handle bulk cargoes are designated as oil terminals or dry bulk cargo ports. LNG terminals handle liquefied natural gas (LNG) and are differentiated as either export, where the gas is chilled to a liquid state to reduce its volume for transport on specialized gas carriers, or import, where the off-loaded LNG undergoes a regasification process before entering pipelines for distribution. As break bulk cargoes are largely transported by containers today, the entry also includes a listing of major container ports with the corresponding throughput measured in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) referring to a standard container size. Some ports are significant for handling passenger traffic and are listed as cruise/ferry ports. In addition to commercial traffic, many seaports also provide important military infrastructure such as naval bases or dockyards.


river port(s): Hairatan, Qizil Qal`ah (Amu Darya)


major seaport(s): Durres, Sarande, Shengjin, Vlore


major seaport(s): Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda

LNG terminal(s) (export): Arzew, Bethioua, Skikda

American Samoa

major seaport(s): Pago Pago


major seaport(s): Cabinda, Lobito, Luanda, Namibe

LNG terminal(s) (export): Angola Soyo


major seaport(s): Blowing Point, Road Bay


most coastal stations have sparse and intermittent offshore anchorages; a few stations have basic wharf facilities

Antigua and Barbuda

major seaport(s): Saint John's

cruise port(s): St. John's

Arctic Ocean

major seaport(s): Churchill (Canada), Murmansk (Russia), Prudhoe Bay (US)


major seaport(s): Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Ushuaia

container port(s) (TEUs): Buenos Aires (1,446,452) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Bahia Blanca

river port(s): Arroyo Seco, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin (Parana)


major seaport(s): Barcadera, Oranjestad

oil terminal(s): Sint Nicolaas

cruise port(s): Oranjestad

Ashmore and Cartier Islands

none; offshore anchorage only

Atlantic Ocean

major seaport(s): Alexandria (Egypt), Algiers (Algeria), Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Casablanca (Morocco), Colon (Panama), Copenhagen (Denmark), Dakar (Senegal), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), London (UK), Marseille (France), Montevideo (Uruguay), Montreal (Canada), Naples (Italy), New Orleans (US), New York (US), Oran (Algeria), Oslo (Norway), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Saint Petersburg (Russia), Stockholm (Sweden)


major seaport(s):
Indian Ocean:
Adelaide, Darwin, Fremantle, Geelong, Melbourne
Pacific Ocean: Brisbane, Cairns, Gladstone, Hobart, Newcastle, Port Port Kembla, Sydney

container port(s) (TEUs): Melbourne (2,909,288), Sydney (2,761,648) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Australia Pacific, Barrow Island, Burrup (Pluto), Curtis Island, Darwin, Karratha, Bladin Point (Ichthys), Gladstone, Prelude (offshore FLNG), Wheatstone

dry bulk cargo port(s): Dampier (iron ore), Dalrymple Bay (coal), Hay Point (coal), Port Hedland (iron ore), Port Walcott (iron ore)


river port(s): Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna (Danube)


major seaport(s): Baku (Baki) located on the Caspian Sea

Bahamas, The

major seaport(s): Freeport, Nassau, South Riding Point

cruise port(s): Freeport, Half Moon Cay, Nassau

container port(s) (TEUs): Freeport (1,642,780) (2021)


major seaport(s): Mina' Salman, Sitrah


major seaport(s): Chattogram (Chittagong)

container port(s) (TEUs): Chattogram (Chittagong) (3,214,548) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Moheshkhali (2 FSRU)

river port(s): Mongla Port (Sela River)


major seaport(s): Bridgetown


river port(s): Mazyr (Prypyats')


major seaport(s): Oostende, Zeebrugge

container port(s) (TEUs): Antwerp (12,020,000) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Zeebrugge

river port(s): Antwerp, Gent (Schelde River)

Brussels (Senne River) Liege (Meuse River)


major seaport(s): Belize City, Big Creek


major seaport(s): Cotonou

LNG terminal(s) (import): Cotonou


major seaport(s): Hamilton, Ireland Island, Saint George


river port(s): Puerto Aguirre (Paraguay/Parana)

note: Bolivia has free port privileges in maritime ports in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay

Bosnia and Herzegovina

river port(s): Bosanska Gradiska, Bosanski Brod, Bosanski Samac, Brcko, Orasje (Sava River)

Bouvet Island

none; offshore anchorage only


major seaport(s): Belem, Itajai, Paranagua, Rio Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Sao Sebastiao, Tubarao

oil terminal(s): DTSE/Gegua oil terminal, Ilha Grande (Gebig), Guaiba Island terminal, Guamare oil terminal

container port(s) (TEUs): Itajai (1,610,092), Paranagua (1,044,157), Santos (4,442,876) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Pecem, Rio de Janiero

river port(s): Manaus (Amazon)

dry bulk cargo port(s): Sepetiba ore terminal, Tubarao

British Indian Ocean Territory

major seaport(s): Diego Garcia

British Virgin Islands

major seaport(s): Road Harbor

cruise port(s): Tortola


major seaport(s): Muara

oil terminal(s): Lumut, Seria

LNG terminal(s) (export): Lumut


major seaport(s): Burgas, Varna (Black Sea)


major seaport(s): Mawlamyine (Moulmein), Sittwe

river port(s): Rangoon (Yangon) (Rangoon River)


lake port(s): Bujumbura (Lake Tanganyika)

Cabo Verde

major seaport(s): Porto Grande


major seaport(s): Sihanoukville (Kampong Saom)

river port(s): Phnom Penh (Mekong)


oil terminal(s): Limboh Terminal

river port(s): Douala (Wouri)

Garoua (Benoue)


major seaport(s): Halifax, Saint John (New Brunswick), Vancouver

oil terminal(s): Lower Lakes terminal

container port(s) (TEUs): Montreal (1,585,465), Vancouver (3,678,952) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Saint John

river and lake port(s): Montreal, Quebec City, Sept-Isles (St. Lawrence)

dry bulk cargo port(s): Port-Cartier (iron ore and grain),

Fraser River Port (Fraser) Hamilton (Lake Ontario)

Cayman Islands

major seaport(s): Cayman Brac, George Town

cruise port(s): George Town, Grand Cayman

Central African Republic

river port(s): Bangui (Oubangui)

Nola (Sangha)


major seaport(s): Coronel, Huasco, Lirquen, Puerto Ventanas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso

container port(s) (TEUs): San Antonio (1,840,458), Valparaiso (793,118) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Mejillones, Quintero


major seaport(s): Dalian, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Xiamen

container port(s) (TEUs): Dalian (3,672,000), Guangzhou (24,180,000), Ningbo (31,070,000), Qingdao (23,710,000), Shanghai (47,030,300), Shenzhen (28,767,600), Tianjin (20,269,400), Xiamen (12,045,700) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Shanghai, Tangshan, Zhejiang

river port(s): Guangzhou (Pearl)

Christmas Island

major seaport(s): Flying Fish Cove

Clipperton Island

none; offshore anchorage only

Cocos (Keeling) Islands

major seaport(s): Port Refuge


major seaport(s): Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean) - Cartagena, Santa Marta, Turbo
Pacific Ocean - Buenaventura

oil terminal(s): Covenas offshore terminal

container port(s) (TEUs): Buenaventura (1,082,746), Cartagena (3,343,810) (2021)

river port(s): Barranquilla (Rio Magdalena)

dry bulk cargo port(s): Puerto Bolivar (coal)

Pacific Ocean - Buenaventura


major seaport(s): Moroni, Moutsamoudou

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

major seaport(s): Banana

river or lake port(s): Boma, Bumba, Kinshasa, Kisangani, Matadi, Mbandaka (Congo); Kindu (Lualaba); Bukavu, Goma (Lake Kivu); Kalemie (Lake Tanganyika)

Congo, Republic of the

major seaport(s): Pointe-Noire

oil terminal(s): Djeno

river port(s): Brazzaville (Congo)

Impfondo (Oubangui) Ouesso (Sangha) Oyo (Alima)

Cook Islands

major seaport(s): Avatiu

Coral Sea Islands

none; offshore anchorage only

Costa Rica

major seaport(s): Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean) - Puerto Limon

container port(s) (TEUs): Puerto Limon (1,319,372)

Pacific Ocean - Caldera

Cote d'Ivoire

major seaport(s): Abidjan, San-Pedro

oil terminal(s): Espoir Offshore Terminal


major seaport(s): Ploce, Rijeka, Sibenik, Split

oil terminal(s): Omisalj

LNG terminal(s) (import): Krk Island

river port(s): Vukovar (Danube)


major seaport(s): Antilla, Cienfuegos, Guantanamo, Havana, Matanzas, Mariel, Nuevitas Bay, Santiago de Cuba


major seaport(s): Willemstad

oil terminal(s): Bullen Baai (Curacao Terminal)

cruise port(s): Willemstad

bulk cargo port(s): Fuik Bay (phosphate rock)


major seaport(s): area under government control: Larnaca, Limassol, Vasilikos

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Famagusta, Kyrenia


river port(s): Prague (Vltava)

Decin, Usti nad Labem (Elbe)


major seaport(s): Baltic Sea - Aarhus, Copenhagen, Fredericia, Kalundborg

cruise port(s): Copenhagen

river port(s): Aalborg (Langerak)

dry bulk cargo port(s): Ensted (coal)

North Sea - Esbjerg,


major seaport(s): Djibouti


major seaport(s): Portsmouth, Roseau

Dominican Republic

major seaport(s): Puerto Haina, Puerto Plata, Santo Domingo

oil terminal(s): Punta Nizao oil terminal

cruise port(s): La Romana

container port(s) (TEUs): Caucedo (1,265,459); Haina (495,243)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Andres LNG terminal (Boca Chica)


major seaport(s): Esmeraldas, Manta, Puerto Bolivar

container port(s) (TEUs): Guayaquil (2,163,151) (2021)

river port(s): Guayaquil (Guayas)


major seaport(s): Mediterranean Sea - Alexandria, Damietta, El Dekheila, Port Said

oil terminal(s): Ain Sukhna terminal, Sidi Kerir terminal

container port(s) (TEUs): Port Said (East) (4,764,583) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Damietta, Idku (Abu Qir Bay), Sumed

Gulf of Suez - Suez

El Salvador

major seaport(s): Puerto Cutuco

oil terminal(s): Acajutla offshore terminal

Equatorial Guinea

major seaport(s): Bata, Luba, Malabo

LNG terminal(s) (export): Bioko Island


major seaport(s): Assab, Massawa


major seaport(s): Kuivastu, Kunda, Muuga, Parnu Reid, Sillamae, Tallinn


Ethiopia is landlocked and uses the ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia

European Union

major port(s): Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Braila (Romania), Bremen (Germany), Burgas (Bulgaria), Constanta (Romania), Copenhagen (Denmark), Galati (Romania), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), Marseille (France), Naples (Italy), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Riga (Latvia), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Split (Croatia), Stockholm (Sweden), Talinn (Estonia), Tulcea (Romania), Varna (Bulgaria)

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

major seaport(s): Stanley

Faroe Islands

major seaport(s): Fuglafjordur, Torshavn, Vagur


major seaport(s): Lautoka, Levuka, Suva


major seaport(s): Helsinki, Kotka, Naantali, Porvoo, Raahe, Rauma

LNG terminal(s) (import): Hamina, Inkoo (operational 2023), Pori, Tornio Manga


major seaport(s):
Atlantic Ocean: Brest, Calais, Dunkerque, Le Havre, Nantes
Mediterranean Sea: Marseille

container port(s) (TEUs): Le Havre (3,018,550) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Dunkerque, Fos Cavaou, Fos Tonkin, Montoir de Bretagne

river port(s): Bordeaux (Garronne); Nantes - Saint Nazaire (Loire); Paris, Rouen (Seine); Strasbourg (Rhine)

cruise/ferry port(s): Calais, Cherbourg, Le Havre

French Polynesia

major seaport(s): Papeete

French Southern and Antarctic Lands

none; offshore anchorage only


major seaport(s): Libreville, Owendo, Port-Gentil

oil terminal(s): Gamba, Lucina

Gambia, The

major seaport(s): Banjul

Gaza Strip

major seaport(s): Gaza


major seaport(s): Black Sea - Batumi, Poti


major seaport(s):
Baltic Sea: Kiel, Rostock
North Sea: Bremerhaven, Brunsbuttel, Emden, Hamburg, Wilhelmshaven

oil terminal(s): Brunsbuttel Canal terminals

container port(s) (TEUs): Bremen/Bremerhaven (5,018,900), Hamburg (8,715,000) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Hamburg; Brunsbuettel (FSRU); Lubmin (FSRU); Wilhelmshaven (FSRU)

river port(s): Bremen (Weser); Bremerhaven (Geeste); Duisburg, Karlsruhe, Neuss-Dusseldorf (Rhine); Lubeck (Wakenitz); Brunsbuttel, Hamburg (Elbe)


major seaport(s): Takoradi, Tema


major seaport(s): Gibraltar


major seaport(s): Aspropyrgos, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki

oil terminal(s): Agioi Theodoroi

container port(s) (TEUs): Piraeus (5,311,810) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Revithoussa


major seaport(s): Sisimiut


major seaport(s): Saint George's


major seaport(s): Apra Harbor


major seaport(s): Puerto Quetzal, Santo Tomas de Castilla


major seaport(s): Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port


major seaport(s): Conakry, Kamsar


major seaport(s): Bissau, Buba, Cacheu, Farim


major seaport(s): Georgetown


major seaport(s): Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Port-au-Prince

Heard Island and McDonald Islands

none; offshore anchorage only


major seaport(s): La Ceiba, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela

Hong Kong

major seaport(s): Hong Kong

container port(s) (TEUs): Hong Kong (17,798,000) (2021)


river port(s): Baja, Csepel (Budapest), Dunaujvaros, Gyor-Gonyu, Mohacs (Danube)


major seaport(s): Grundartangi, Hafnarfjordur, Reykjavik


major seaport(s): Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru Port, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam

container port(s) (TEUs): Jawaharal Nehru Port (5,630,000), Mundra (6,660,000) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Dabhol, Dahej, Dhamra, Ennore, Hazira, Kochi, Mundra

Indian Ocean

major seaport(s): Chennai (Madras, India); Colombo (Sri Lanka); Durban (South Africa); Jakarta (Indonesia); Kolkata (Calcutta, India); Melbourne (Australia); Mumbai (Bombay, India); Richards Bay (South Africa)


major seaport(s): Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok

container port(s) (TEUs): Tanjung Perak (3,901,215), Tanjung Priok (6,849,227) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Bontang, Tangguh

LNG terminal(s) (import): Arun, Lampung, West Java


major seaport(s): Bandar-e Asaluyeh, Bandar Abbas, Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni

container port(s) (TEUs): Bandar Abbas


river port(s): Al Basrah (Shatt al Arab); Khawr az Zubayr, Umm Qasr (Khawr az Zubayr waterway)


major seaport(s): Dublin, Shannon Foynes

cruise port(s): Cork (250,000), Dublin (359,966) (2020)

container port(s) (TEUs): Dublin (529,563) (2016)

river port(s): Cork (Lee), Waterford (Suir)

Isle of Man

major seaport(s): Douglas, Ramsey


major seaport(s): Ashdod, Elat (Eilat), Hadera, Haifa

container port(s) (TEUs): Ashdod (1,584,000) (2019)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Hadera


major seaport(s): Augusta, Cagliari, Genoa, Livorno, Taranto, Trieste, Venice

oil terminal(s): Melilli (Santa Panagia) oil terminal, Sarroch oil terminal

container port(s) (TEUs): Genoa (2,557,847), Gioia Tauro (3,146,553) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Panigaglia (La Spezia), Adriatic (Porto Levante), Oristano (Sardinia), Ravenna, Toscana (Livorno)


major seaport(s): Discovery Bay (Port Rhoades), Kingston, Montego Bay, Port Antonio, Port Esquivel, Port Kaiser, Rocky Point

cruise port(s): Falmouth, Montego Bay, Port Antonio, Ocho Rios,

container port(s) (TEUs): Kingston (2,004,302) (2021)

Jan Mayen

none; offshore anchorage only


major seaport(s): Chiba, Kawasaki, Kobe, Mizushima, Moji, Nagoya, Osaka, Tokyo, Tomakomai, Yokohama

container port(s) (TEUs): Kobe (2,823,774), Nagoya (2,725,597), Osaka (2,425,638), Tokyo (4,325,956), Yokohama (2,861,197) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Chita, Chita Midorihama, Fukuoka, Futtsu, Hachinone, Hakodate, Hatsukaichi, Higashi Ohgishima, Higashi Niigata, Himeiji, Hitachi, Ishikari, Joetsu, Kagoshima, Kawagoe, Hibiki, Mitzushima, Nagasaki, Naoetsu, Negishi, Ohgishima, Oita, Sakai, Sakaide, Senboku, Shin Minato, Shin-Sendai, Sodeshi Shimizu, Sodegaura, Soma, Tobata, Toyama Shinko, Yanai, Yokkaichi, Yoshinoura

Okinawa - Nakagusuku


major seaport(s): Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier


major seaport(s): Al 'Aqabah


major seaport(s): Caspian Sea - Aqtau (Shevchenko), Atyrau (Gur'yev)

river port(s): Oskemen (Ust-Kamenogorsk), Pavlodar, Semey (Semipalatinsk) (Irtysh River)


major seaport(s): Kisumu, Mombasa

LNG terminal(s) (import): Mombasa


major seaport(s): Betio (Tarawa Atoll), Canton Island, English Harbor

Korea, North

major seaport(s): Ch'ongjin, Haeju, Hungnam, Namp'o, Songnim, Sonbong (formerly Unggi), Wonsan

Korea, South

major seaport(s): Busan, Incheon, Gunsan, Kwangyang, Mokpo, Pohang, Ulsan, Yeosu

container port(s) (TEUs): Busan (22,706,130), Incheon (3,353,781), Kwangyang (2,122,903) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Incheon, Kwangyang, Pyeongtaek, Samcheok, Tongyeong, Yeosu


major seaport(s): Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Az Zawr (Mina' Sa'ud), Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi


lake port(s): Balykchy (Ysyk-Kol or Rybach'ye)(Lake Ysyk-Kol)


major seaport(s): Riga, Ventspils


major seaport(s): Beirut, Tripoli

container port(s) (TEUs): Beirut (1,229,100) (2019)


major seaport(s): Buchanan, Monrovia


major seaport(s): Marsa al Burayqah (Marsa el Brega), Tripoli

oil terminal(s): Az Zawiyah, Ra's Lanuf

LNG terminal(s) (export): Marsa el Brega


major seaport(s): Klaipeda

oil terminal(s): Butinge oil terminal

LNG terminal(s) (import): Klaipeda


river port(s): Mertert (Moselle)


major seaport(s): Macau


major seaport(s): Antsiranana (Diego Suarez), Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara (Tulear)


lake port(s): Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba (Lake Nyasa)


major seaport(s): Bintulu, Johor Bahru, George Town (Penang), Pelabuhan Klang (Port Klang), Tanjung Pelepas

container port(s) (TEUs): Port Kelang (Port Klang) (13,724,460), Tanjung Pelepas (11,200,000) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Bintulu (Sarawak)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Sungei Udang


major seaport(s): Male


river port(s): Koulikoro (Niger)


major seaport(s): Marsaxlokk (Malta Freeport), Valletta

container port(s) (TEUs): Marsaxlokk (2,967,765) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Delimara

Marshall Islands

major seaport(s): Enitwetak Island, Kwajalein, Majuro


major seaport(s): Nouadhibou, Nouakchott


major seaport(s): Port Louis


major seaport(s): Altamira, Coatzacoalcos, Lazaro Cardenas, Manzanillo, Veracruz

oil terminal(s): Cayo Arcas terminal, Dos Bocas terminal

cruise port(s): Cancun, Cozumel, Ensenada

container port(s) (TEUs): Lazaro Cardenas (1,686,076), Manzanillo (3,371,400), Veracruz (1,165,043) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Altamira, Ensenada

Micronesia, Federated States of

major seaport(s): Colonia (Tamil Harbor), Molsron Lele Harbor, Pohnepi Harbor


major seaport(s): Hercules Port


major seaport(s): Bar


major seaport(s): Little Bay, Plymouth


major seaport(s): Ad Dakhla, Agadir, Casablanca, Jorf Lasfar, Laayoune (El Aaiun), Mohammedia, Safi, Tangier

container port(s) (TEUs): Tangier (7,173,870) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Jorf Lasfar (planned)


major seaport(s): Beira, Maputo, Nacala

LNG terminal(s) (export): Coral Sul (FLNG)


major seaport(s): Luderitz, Walvis Bay


major seaport(s): Nauru

Navassa Island

none; offshore anchorage only


major seaport(s): IJmuiden, Vlissingen

container port(s) (TEUs): Rotterdam (15,300,000) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Gate (Rotterdam)

river port(s): Amsterdam (Nordsee Kanaal); Moerdijk (Hollands Diep River); Rotterdam (Rhine River); Terneuzen (Western Scheldt River)

New Caledonia

major seaport(s): Noumea

New Zealand

major seaport(s): Auckland, Lyttelton, Manukau Harbor, Marsden Point, Tauranga, Wellington


major seaport(s): Bluefields, Corinto


major seaport(s): Bonny Inshore Terminal, Calabar, Lagos

oil terminal(s): Bonny Terminal, Brass Terminal, Escravos Terminal, Forcados Terminal, Pennington Terminal, Qua Iboe Terminal

LNG terminal(s) (export): Bonny Island


major seaport(s): Alofi

Norfolk Island

major seaport(s): Kingston

Northern Mariana Islands

major seaport(s): Saipan, Tinian, Rota


major seaport(s): Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture

LNG terminal(s) (export): Kamoy, Kollsnes, Melkoya Island, Tjeldbergodden

LNG terminal(s) (import): Fredrikstad, Mosjoen


major seaport(s): Mina' Qabus, Salalah, Suhar

container port(s) (TEUs): Salalah (4,510,000) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Qalhat

Pacific Ocean

major seaport(s): Bangkok (Thailand), Hong Kong (China), Kao-hsiung (Taiwan), Los Angeles (US), Manila (Philippines), Pusan (South Korea), San Francisco (US), Seattle (US), Shanghai (China), Singapore, Sydney (Australia), Vladivostok (Russia), Wellington (NZ), Yokohama (Japan)


major seaport(s): Karachi, Port Muhammad Bin Qasim

container port(s) (TEUs): Karachi (2,097,855) (2019)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Port Qasim


major seaport(s): Koror


major seaport(s): Balboa, Colon, Cristobal

container port(s) (TEUs): Balboa (3,561,432), Colon (4,915,975) (2021)

Papua New Guinea

major seaport(s): Kimbe, Lae, Madang, Rabaul, Wewak

LNG terminal(s) (export): Port Moresby

Paracel Islands

small Chinese port facilities on Woody Island and Duncan Island


river port(s): Asuncion, Villeta, San Antonio, Encarnacion (Parana)


major seaport(s): Callao, Matarani, Paita

oil terminal(s): Conchan oil terminal, La Pampilla oil terminal

container port(s) (TEUs): Balboa (3,563,432); Callao (2,486,425) (2021)

river port(s): Iquitos, Pucallpa, Yurimaguas (Amazon)


major seaport(s): Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila

container port(s) (TEUs): Manila (4,976,014) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Batangas

Pitcairn Islands

major seaport(s): Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)


major seaport(s): Gdansk, Gdynia, Swinoujscie

container port(s) (TEUs): Gdansk (2,117,829) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Swinoujscie

river port(s): Szczecin (River Oder)


major seaport(s): Leixoes, Lisbon, Setubal, Sines

container port(s) (TEUs): Sines (1,420,000) (2019)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Sines

Puerto Rico

major seaport(s): Ensenada Honda, Mayaguez, Playa de Guayanilla, Playa de Ponce, San Juan

container port(s) (TEUs): San Juan (1,438,218) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Guayanilla Bay


major seaport(s): Doha, Musay'id, Ra's Laffan

LNG terminal(s) (export): Ras Laffan


major seaport(s): Constanta, Midia

river port(s): Braila, Galati (Galatz), Mancanului (Giurgiu), Tulcea (Danube River)


major seaport(s):
Arctic Ocean:
Arkhangelsk, Murmansk
Baltic Sea:
Kaliningrad, Primorsk, Saint Petersburg
Black Sea: Novorossiysk
Pacific Ocean: Nakhodka, Vladivostok, Vostochnyy

oil terminal(s): Kavkaz oil terminal, Primorsk

container port(s) (TEUs): Saint Petersburg (2,042,358) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Sabetta, Sakhalin Island

river port(s): Astrakhan, Kazan (Volga River); Rostov-on-Don (Don River); Saint Petersburg (Neva River)


lake port(s): Cyangugu, Gisenyi, Kibuye (Lake Kivu)

Saint Barthelemy

major seaport(s): Gustavia

Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

major seaport(s): Saint Helena

Saint Helena: Jamestown

Ascension Island: Georgetown

Tristan da Cunha: Calshot Harbor (Edinburgh)

Saint Kitts and Nevis

major seaport(s): Basseterre, Charlestown

Saint Lucia

major seaport(s): Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

major seaport(s): Saint-Pierre

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

major seaport(s): Kingstown


major seaport(s): Apia

Sao Tome and Principe

major seaport(s): Sao Tome

Saudi Arabia

major seaport(s): Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Jeddah, King Abdulla, Yanbu'

container port(s) (TEUs): Ad Dammam (1,770,000), Jeddah (4,882,342), King Abdulla (2,813,920) (2021)


major seaport(s): Dakar


river port(s): Belgrade (Danube)


major seaport(s): Victoria

Sierra Leone

major seaport(s): Freetown, Pepel, Sherbro Islands


major seaport(s): Singapore

container port(s) (TEUs): Singapore (37,470,000) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Singapore

Sint Maarten

major seaport(s): Philipsburg

oil terminal(s): Coles Bay oil terminal


river port(s): Bratislava, Komarno (Danube)


major seaport(s): Koper

Solomon Islands

major seaport(s): Honiara, Malloco Bay, Viru Harbor, Tulagi


major seaport(s): Berbera, Kismaayo

South Africa

major seaport(s): Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha Bay

container port(s) (TEUs): Durban (2,430,295) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Mossel Bay

South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands

major seaport(s): Grytviken

Southern Ocean

major seaport(s): McMurdo, Palmer, and offshore anchorages in Antarctica

note: few ports or harbors exist on the southern side of the Southern Ocean; ice conditions limit use of most to short periods in midsummer; even then some cannot be entered without icebreaker escort; most Antarctic ports are operated by government research stations and, except in an emergency, are not open to commercial or private vessels


major seaport(s):
Atlantic Ocean: Bilbao, Huelva; Las Palmas, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (in the Canary Islands)
Mediterranean Sea: Algeciras, Barcelona, Cartagena, Tarragona, Valencia

container port(s) (TEUs): Algeciras (4,799,497), Barcelona (3,531,762), Valencia (5,604,478) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Barcelona, Bilbao, Cartagena, El Musel, Huelva, Mugardos, Sagunto

river port(s): Seville (Guadalquivir River)

Spratly Islands

none; offshore anchorage only

Sri Lanka

major seaport(s): Colombo

container port(s) (TEUs): Colombo (7,250,000) (2021)


major seaport(s): Port Sudan


major seaport(s): Paramaribo, Wageningen


major seaport(s): Barentsburg, Longyearbyen, Ny-Alesund, Pyramiden


major seaport(s): Brofjorden, Goteborg, Helsingborg, Karlshamn, Lulea, Malmo, Stockholm, Trelleborg, Visby

LNG terminal(s) (import): Brunnsviksholme, Lysekil


river port(s): Basel (Rhine)


major seaport(s): Baniyas, Latakia, Tartus


major seaport(s): Keelung (Chi-lung), Kaohsiung, Hualian, Taichung

container port(s) (TEUs): Kaohsiung (9,864,448), Taichung (1,979,222), Taipei (2,091,132) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Yung An (Kaohsiung), Taichung


major seaport(s): Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar


major seaport(s): Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Map Ta Phut, Prachuap Port, Si Racha

container port(s) (TEUs): Laem Chabang (8,335,384) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Map Ta Phut


major seaport(s): Dili


major seaport(s): Kpeme, Lome

container port(s) (TEUs): Lome (1,962,304) (2021)


none; offshore anchorage only


major seaport(s): Nuku'alofa, Neiafu, Pangai

Trinidad and Tobago

major seaport(s): Point Fortin, Point Lisas, Port of Spain, Scarborough

oil terminal(s): Galeota Point terminal

LNG terminal(s) (export): Port Fortin


major seaport(s): Bizerte, Gabes, Rades, Sfax, Skhira

Turkey (Turkiye)

major seaport(s): Aliaga, Ambarli, Diliskelesi, Eregli, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Mersin (Icel), Limani, Yarimca

container port(s) (TEUs): Ambarli (2,942,550), Mersin (Icel) (2,106,937), Izmet (1,967,946) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Aliaga, Dortyol, Ekti (Izmir), Marmara Ereglisi


major seaport(s): Caspian Sea - Turkmenbasy

Turks and Caicos Islands

major seaport(s): Cockburn Harbour, Grand Turk, Providenciales


major seaport(s): Funafuti


lake port(s): Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell (Lake Victoria)


major seaport(s): Feodosiia, Chornomorsk, Mariupol, Mykolaiv, Odesa, Yuzhne

river port(s): Kherson, Kyiv (Dnieper River), Mykolaiv (Pivdennyy Buh River)

United Arab Emirates

major seaport(s): Al Fujayrah, Mina' Jabal 'Ali (Dubai), Khor Fakkan (Khawr Fakkan) (Sharjah), Mubarraz Island (Abu Dhabi), Mina' Rashid (Dubai), Mina' Saqr (Ra's al Khaymah)

container port(s) (TEUs): Dubai Port (13,742,000) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Das Island

United Kingdom

major seaport(s): Dover, Felixstowe, Immingham, Liverpool, London, Southampton, Teesport (England); Forth Ports (Scotland); Milford Haven (Wales)

oil terminal(s): Fawley Marine terminal, Liverpool Bay terminal (England); Braefoot Bay terminal, Finnart oil terminal, Hound Point terminal (Scotland)

container port(s) (TEUs): Felixstowe (3,700,000), London (3,111,000), Southampton (1,871,081) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (import): Dragon, Isle of Grain, South Hook, Teesside

United States

major seaport(s):
Atlantic Ocean:
Charleston, Hampton Roads, New York/New Jersey, Savannah
Pacific Ocean: Long Beach, Los Angeles, Oakland, Seattle/Tacoma
Gulf of Mexico: Houston

oil terminal(s): LOOP terminal, Haymark terminal

container port(s) (TEUs): Charleston (2,751,442), Hampton Roads (3,522,834), Houston (3,453,220), Long Beach (9,384,368), Los Angeles (10,677,610), New York/New Jersey (8,985,929), Oakland (2,448,243), Savannah (5,613,163), Seattle/Tacoma (3,736,206) (2021)

LNG terminal(s) (export): Calcasieu Pass (LA), Cameron (LA), Corpus Christi (TX), Cove Point (MD), Elba Island (GA), Freeport (TX), Sabine Pass (LA)
note - two additional export facilities are under construction and expected to begin commercial operations in 2023-2024

LNG terminal(s) (import): Cove Point (MD), Elba Island (GA), Everett (MA), Freeport (TX), Golden Pass (TX), Hackberry (LA), Lake Charles (LA), Neptune (offshore), Northeast Gateway (offshore), Pascagoula (MS), Sabine Pass (TX)

river port(s): Baton Rouge, Plaquemines, New Orleans (Mississippi River)

cargo ports: Baton Rouge, Corpus Christi, Hampton Roads, Houston, Long Beach, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, Plaquemines (LA), Tampa, Texas City

cruise departure ports (passengers): Miami, Port Everglades, Port Canaveral, Seattle, Long Beach

United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges

major seaport(s): Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands, and Kingman Reef


major seaport(s): Montevideo


river port(s): Termiz (Amu Darya)


major seaport(s): Forari Bay, Luganville (Santo, Espiritu Santo), Port-Vila


major seaport(s): La Guaira, Maracaibo, Puerto Cabello, Punta Cardon

oil terminal(s): Jose terminal


major seaport(s): Cam Pha Port, Da Nang, Haiphong, Phu My, Quy Nhon

container port(s) (TEUs): Saigon (7,956,133), Cai Mep (5,385,289), Haiphong (5,695,839) (2021)

river port(s): Ho Chi Minh (Mekong)

Virgin Islands

major seaport(s): Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted, Cruz Bay, Frederiksted, Limetree Bay

Wake Island

none; two offshore anchorages for large ships

Wallis and Futuna

major seaport(s): Leava, Mata-Utu


top twenty container ports as measured by Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units (TEUs) throughput: Shanghai (China) - 47,030,300; Singapore (Singapore) - 37,470,000; Ningbo (China) - 31,070,000; Shenzhen (China) - 28,767,600; Guangzhou (China) - 24,180,000; Qingdao (China) - 23,710,000; Busan (South Korea) - 22,706,130; Tianjin (China) - 20,269,400; Hong Kong (China) - 17,798,000; Rotterdam (Netherlands) - 15,300,000; Dubai (UAE) - 13,742,000; Port Kelang (Malaysia) - 13,724,460; Xiamen (China) - 12,045,700; Antwerp (Belgium) - 12,020,000; Tanjung Pelepas (Malaysia) - 11,200,000; Los Angeles (US) - 10,677,610; Kaohsiung (Taiwan) - 9,864,448; Long Beach (US) - 9,384,368; New York/New Jersey (US) - 8,985,929; Hamburg (Germany) - 8,715,000 (2021)


major seaport(s): Aden, Al Hudaydah, Al Mukalla


river port(s): Mpulungu (Zambezi)


river port(s): Binga, Kariba (Zambezi)