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This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. The four typical types of gauges are: broad, standard, narrow, and dual. Other gauges are listed in a note. Some 60% of the world's railways use the standard gauge of 1.4 m (4.7 ft). Gauges vary by country and sometimes within countries. The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in response to local conditions and the intent of the builder. Narrow-gauge railways were cheaper to build and could negotiate sharper curves, broad-gauge railways gave greater stability and permitted higher speeds. Standard-gauge railways were a compromise between narrow and broad gauges.

  • Albania

    total: 424 km (2017)

    2021-All the trains in the country suspended

  • Algeria

    total: 4,020 km (2019)

  • Angola

    total: 2,761 km (2022)

    narrow gauge: 2,638 km (2022) 1.067-m gauge

    123 km 0.600-mm gauge

  • Argentina

    total: 17,866 km (2018)

  • Armenia

    total: 686 km (2017)

  • Australia

    total: 36,064 km (2022) 3,448 km electrified

    standard gauge: 18,007 km (2022) 1.435 mm

    narrow gauge: 11,914 km (2022) 1.067 mm

    broad gauge: 2,685 km (2022) 1.600 mm

  • Austria

    total: 6,123 km (2022) 3,523 km electrified

  • Azerbaijan

    total: 2,944.3 km (2017)

    broad gauge: 2,944.3 km (2017) 1.520-m gauge (approx. 1,767 km electrified)

  • Bangladesh

    total: 2,460 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,801 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

    broad gauge: 659 km (2014) 1.676-m gauge

  • Belarus

    total: 5,528 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 25 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

    broad gauge: 5,503 km (2014) 1.520-m gauge (874 km electrified)

  • Belgium

    total: 3,602 km (2020) 3,160 km electrified

  • Benin

    total: 438 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 438 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

  • Bolivia

    total: 3,960 km (2019)

    narrow gauge: 3,960 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    total: 965 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 965 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (565 km electrified)

  • Botswana

    total: 888 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 888 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

  • Brazil

    total: 29,849.9 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 194 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 23,341.6 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge (24 km electrified)

    broad gauge: 5,822.3 km (2014) 1.600-m gauge (498.3 km electrified)

    dual gauge: 492 km (2014) 1.600-1.000-m gauge

  • Bulgaria

    total: 4,029 km (2020) 2,871 km electrified

  • Burkina Faso

    total: 622 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 622 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

    note: another 660 km of this railway extends into Cote d'Ivoire

  • Burma

    total: 5,031 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 5,031 km (2008) 1.000-m gauge

  • Cambodia

    total: 642 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 642 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

    note: under restoration

  • Cameroon

    total: 987 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 987 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

    note: railway connections generally efficient but limited; rail lines connect major cities of Douala, Yaounde, Ngaoundere, and Garoua; passenger and freight service provided by CAMRAIL

  • Canada

    total: 49,422 km (2021) note: 129 km electrified (2021)

    standard gauge: 49,422 km (2021) 1.435-m gauge

  • Chile

    total: 7,281.5 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,853.5 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

    broad gauge: 3,428 km (2014) 1.676-m gauge (1,691 km electrified)

  • China

    total: 150,000 km (2021) 1.435-m gauge (100,000 km electrified); 104,0000 traditional, 40,000 high-speed

  • Christmas Island

    total: 18 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 18 km (2017) 1.435-m (not in operation)

    note: the 18-km Christmas Island Phosphate Company Railway between Flying Fish Cove and South Point was decommissioned in 1987; some tracks and scrap remain in place

  • Colombia

    total: 2,141 km (2019)

    standard gauge: 150 km (2019) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 1,991 km (2019) 0.914-m gauge

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    total: 4,007 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,882 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge (858 km electrified)

    125 1.000-mm gauge

  • Congo, Republic of the

    total: 510 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 510 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

  • Costa Rica

    total: 278 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 278 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

    note: the entire rail network fell into disrepair and out of use at the end of the 20th century; since 2005, certain sections of rail have been rehabilitated

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    total: 660 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 660 km (2008) 1.000-m gauge

    note: an additional 622 km of this railroad extends into Burkina Faso

  • Croatia

    total: 2,617 km (2020) 980 km electrified

  • Cuba

    total: 8,367 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 8,195 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge (124 km electrified)

    narrow gauge: 172 km (2017) 1.000-m gauge

    note: As of 2013, 70 km of standard gauge and 12 km of narrow gauge track were not for public use

  • Czechia

    total: 9,548 km (2020) 3,242 km electrified

  • Denmark

    total: 2,682 km (2020) 876 km electrified

  • Djibouti

    total: 97 km (2017) (Djibouti segment of the 756 km Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway)

    standard gauge: 97 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge

  • Dominican Republic

    total: 496 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 354 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 142 km (2014) 0.762-m gauge

  • Ecuador

    total: 965 km (2022)

    narrow gauge: 965 km (2022) 1.067-m gauge

    note: passenger service limited to certain sections of track, mostly for tourist trains

  • Egypt

    total: 5,085 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 5,085 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (62 km electrified)

  • El Salvador

    total: 12.5 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 12.5 km (2014) 0.914-mm gauge

  • Eritrea

    total: 306 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 306 km (2018) 0.950-m gauge

  • Estonia

    total: 1,441 km (2020) 225 km electrified

  • Eswatini

    total: 301 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 301 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

  • Ethiopia

    total: 659 km (2017) (Ethiopian segment of the 756 km Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad)

    standard gauge: 659 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge

    note: electric railway with redundant power supplies; under joint control of Djibouti and Ethiopia and managed by a Chinese contractor

  • European Union

    total: (2013) 230,548 km

  • Fiji

    total: 597 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 597 km (2008) 0.600-m gauge

    note: belongs to the government-owned Fiji Sugar Corporation; used to haul sugarcane during the harvest season, which runs from May to December

  • Finland

    total: 5,918 km (2020) 3,349 km electrified

  • France

    total: 27,860 km (2020) 16,660 km electrified

    narrow gauge: -5 km

  • Gabon

    total: 649 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 649 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

  • Georgia

    total: 1,363 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 37 km (2014) 0.912-m gauge (37 km electrified)

    broad gauge: 1,326 km (2014) 1.520-m gauge (1,251 km electrified)

  • Germany

    total: 39,379 km (2020) 20,942 km electrified

    15 km 0.900-mm gauge, 24 km 0.750-mm gauge (2015)

  • Ghana

    total: 947 km (2022)

    narrow gauge: 947 km (2022) 1.067-m gauge

  • Greece

    total: 2,345 km (2020) 731 km electrified

  • Guatemala

    total: 800 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 800 km (2018) 0.914-m gauge

    note: despite the existence of a railway network, all rail service was suspended in 2007 and no passenger or freight train currently runs in the country (2018)

  • Guinea

    total: 1,086 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 279 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 807 km (2017) 1.000-m gauge

  • Honduras

    total: 699 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 164 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

    115 km 1.057-mm gauge
    420 km 0.914-mm gauge

  • Hungary

    total: 7,687 km (2020) 3,111 km electrified

  • India

    total: 65,554 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,604 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

    broad gauge: 63,950 km (2014) (39, 329 km electrified)

  • Indonesia

    total: 8,159 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 8,159 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge (565 km electrified)

    note: 4,816 km operational

  • Iran

    total: 8,483.5 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 8,389.5 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (189.5 km electrified)

    broad gauge: 94 km (2014) 1.676-m gauge

  • Iraq

    total: 2,272 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 2,272 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

  • Ireland

    total: 1,688 km (2020) 53 km electrified

  • Isle of Man

    total: 63 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 6 km (2008) 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified)

    57 0.914-mm gauge (29 km electrified) note: primarily summer tourist attractions

  • Israel

    total: 1,384 km (2019) (2019)

    standard gauge: 1,384 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

  • Italy

    total: 18,475 km (2020) 12,936 km electrified

    1289.3 0.950-mm gauge (151.3 km electrified)

  • Japan

    total: 27,311 km (2015)

    standard gauge: 4,800 km (2015) 1.435-m gauge (4,800 km electrified)

    narrow gauge: 124 km (2015) 1.372-m gauge (124 km electrified)

    dual gauge: 132 km (2015) 1.435-1.067-m gauge (132 km electrified)

    22,207 km 1.067-mm gauge (15,430 km electrified)
    48 km 0.762-m gauge (48 km electrified)

  • Jordan

    total: 509 km (2020)

    narrow gauge: 509 km (2014) 1.050-m gauge

  • Kazakhstan

    total: 16,636 km (2020)

    broad gauge: 16,636 km (2020) 1.520-m gauge (4,237 km electrified)

  • Kenya

    total: 3,819 km (2018)

    standard gauge: 485 km (2018) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 3,334 km (2018) 1.000-m gauge

  • Korea, North

    total: 7,435 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 7,435 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (5,400 km electrified)

    note: figures are approximate; some narrow-gauge railway also exists

  • Korea, South

    total: 3,979 km (2016)

    standard gauge: 3,979 km (2016) 1.435-m gauge (2,727 km electrified)

  • Kosovo

    total: 437 km (2020)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    total: 424 km (2022)

    broad gauge: 424 km (2018) 1.520-m gauge

  • Latvia

    total: 2,216 km (2020) 257 km electrified

  • Lebanon

    total: 401 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 319 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 82 km (2017) 1.050-m gauge

    note: rail system is still unusable due to damage sustained from fighting in the 1980s and in 2006

  • Liberia

    total: 429 km (2008)

    standard gauge: 345 km (2008) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 84 km (2008) 1.067-m gauge

    note: most sections of the railways inoperable due to damage sustained during the civil wars from 1980 to 2003, but many are being rebuilt

  • Liechtenstein

    total: 9 km (2018)

    standard gauge: 9 km (2018) 1.435-m gauge (electrified)

    note: belongs to the Austrian Railway System connecting Austria and Switzerland

  • Lithuania

    total: 1,911 km (2020) 152 km electrified

  • Luxembourg

    total: 271 km (2020) 262 km electrified

  • Madagascar

    total: 836 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 836 km (2018) 1.000-m gauge

  • Malawi

    total: 767 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 767 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

  • Malaysia

    total: 1,851 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 59 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (59 km electrified)

    narrow gauge: 1,792 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge (339 km electrified)

  • Mali

    total: 593 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 593 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

  • Mauritania

    total: 728 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 728 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

  • Mexico

    total: 23,389 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 23,389 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge (27 km electrified)

  • Moldova

    total: 1,171 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 14 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

    broad gauge: 1,157 km (2014) 1.520-m gauge

  • Monaco

    note: Monaco has a single railway station but does not operate its own train service;  the French operator SNCF operates rail services in Monaco

  • Mongolia

    total: 1,815 km (2017)

    broad gauge: 1,815 km (2017) 1.520-m gauge

    note: national operator Ulaanbaatar Railway is jointly owned by the Mongolian Government and by the Russian State Railway

  • Montenegro

    total: 250 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 250 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge (224 km electrified)

  • Morocco

    total: 2,067 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 2,067 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (1,022 km electrified)

  • Mozambique

    total: 4,787 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 4,787 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

  • Namibia

    total: 2,628 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 2,628 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

  • Nepal

    total: 59 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 59 km (2018) 0.762-m gauge

  • Netherlands

    total: 3,055 km (2020) 2,310 km electrified

  • New Zealand

    total: 4,128 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 4,128 km (2018) 1.067-m gauge (506 km electrified)

  • Nigeria

    total: 3,798 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 293 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 3,505 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

    note: as of the end of 2018, there were only six operational locomotives in Nigeria primarily used for passenger service; the majority of the rail lines are in a severe state of disrepair and need to be replaced

  • North Macedonia

    total: 699 km (2020) 313 km electrified

  • Norway

    total: 3,848 km (2020) 2,482 km electrified

  • Pakistan

    total: 11,881 km (2021)

    narrow gauge: 389 km (2021) 1.000-m gauge

    broad gauge: 11,492 km (2021) 1.676-m gauge (286 km electrified)

  • Panama

    total: 77 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 77 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

  • Paraguay

    total: 30 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 30 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

  • Peru

    total: 1,854.4 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 1,730.4 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (34 km electrified)

    narrow gauge: 124 km (2014) 0.914-m gauge

  • Philippines

    total: 77 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 49 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 28 km (2017) 1.067-m gauge

  • Poland

    total: 19,461 km (2020) 11,946 km electrified

  • Portugal

    total: 2,526 km (2020) 1,696 km electrified

  • Romania

    total: 10,628 km (2020) 4,030 km electrified

  • Russia

    total: 85,494 km (2019)

    narrow gauge: 957 km

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    total: 50 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 50 km (2008) 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts for tourists

  • Saudi Arabia

    total: 5,410 km (2016)

    standard gauge: 5,410 km (2016) 1.435-m gauge (with branch lines and sidings)

  • Senegal

    total: 906 km (2017) (713 km operational in 2017)

    narrow gauge: 906 km (2017) 1.000-m gauge

  • Serbia

    total: 3,333 km (2020) 1,274 km electrified

  • Slovakia

    total: 3,627 km (2020) 1,585 km electrified

  • Slovenia

    total: 1,207 km (2020) 609 km electrified

  • South Africa

    total: 20,986 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 80 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (80 km electrified)

    narrow gauge: 19,756 km (2014) 1.065-m gauge (8,271 km electrified)

    other: (2014) 1,150 km (passenger rail, gauge unspecified, 1,115.5 km electrified)

  • South Sudan

    total: 248 km (2018)

    note: a narrow gauge, single-track railroad between Babonosa (Sudan) and Wau, the only existing rail system, was repaired in 2010 with $250 million in UN funds, but is not currently operational

  • Spain

    total: 15,489 km (2020) 9,953 km electrified

  • Sri Lanka

    total: 1,562 km (2016)

    broad gauge: 1,562 km (2016) 1.676-m gauge

  • Sudan

    total: 7,251 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 5,851 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

    1,400 km 0.600-m gauge for cotton plantations

  • Sweden

    total: 10,910 km (2020) 8,184 km electrified

    narrow gauge: 65 km

  • Switzerland

    total: 5,296 km (2020) 5,296 km electrified; Switzerland remains the only country with a fully electrified network

  • Syria

    total: 2,052 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 1,801 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 251 km (2014) 1.050-m gauge

  • Taiwan

    total: 1,613.1 km (2018)

    standard gauge: 345 km (2018) 1.435-m gauge (345 km electrified)

    narrow gauge: 1,118.1 km (2018) 1.067-m gauge (793.9 km electrified)

    150 0.762-m gauge note: the 0.762-gauge track belongs to three entities: the Forestry Bureau, Taiwan Cement, and TaiPower

  • Tajikistan

    total: 680 km (2014)

    broad gauge: 680 km (2014) 1.520-m gauge

  • Tanzania

    total: 4,097 km (2022)

    standard gauge: 421 km (2022)

    narrow gauge: 969 km (2022) 1.067 m gauge

    broad gauge: 2,707 km (2022) 1.000 m guage

  • Thailand

    total: 4,127 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 84 km (2017) 1.435-m gauge (84 km electrified)

    narrow gauge: 4,043 km (2017) 1.000-m gauge

  • Togo

    total: 568 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 568 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

  • Tunisia

    total: 2,173 km (2014) (1,991 in use)

    standard gauge: 471 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

    narrow gauge: 1,694 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge (65 km electrified)

    dual gauge: 8 km (2014) 1.435-1.000-m gauge

  • Turkey (Turkiye)

    total: 11,497 km (2018)

    standard gauge: 11,497 km (2018) 1.435-m gauge (1.435 km high speed train)

  • Turkmenistan

    total: 5,113 km (2017)

    broad gauge: 5,113 km (2017) 1.520-m gauge

  • Uganda

    total: 1,244 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,244 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

  • Ukraine

    total: 21,733 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 49 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (49 km electrified)

    broad gauge: 21,684 km (2014) 1.524-m gauge (9,250 km electrified)

  • United Kingdom

    total: 16,390 km (2020) 6,167 km electrified

  • United States

    total: 293,564.2 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 293,564.2 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge

  • Uruguay

    total: 1,673 km (2016) (operational; government claims overall length is 2,961 km)

    standard gauge: 1,673 km (2016) 1.435-m gauge

  • Uzbekistan

    total: 4,642 km (2018)

    broad gauge: 4,642 km (2018) 1.520-m gauge (1,684 km electrified)

  • Venezuela

    total: 447 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 447 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge (41.4 km electrified)

  • Vietnam

    total: 2,600 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 178 km (2014) 1.435-m gauge; 253 km mixed gauge

    narrow gauge: 2,169 km (2014) 1.000-m gauge

  • World

    total: 1,148,186 km (2013)

  • Zambia

    total: 3,126 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,126 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge

    note: includes 1,860 km of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA)

  • Zimbabwe

    total: 3,427 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,427 km (2014) 1.067-m gauge (313 km electrified)