This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. The four typical types of gauges are: broad, standard, narrow, and dual. Other gauges are listed under note. Some 60% of the world's railways use the standard gauge of 1.4 m (4.7 ft). Gauges vary by country and sometimes within countries. The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in response to local conditions and the intent of the builder. Narrow-gauge railways were cheaper to build and could negotiate sharper curves, broad-gauge railways gave greater stability and permitted higher speeds. Standard-gauge railways were a compromise between narrow and broad gauges.

Country Comparison Ranking

  • Albania

    total: 677 km (447 km of major railway lines and 230 km of secondary lines) (2015)

    standard gauge: 677 km 1.435-m gauge (2015)

  • Algeria

    total: 3,973 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 2,888 km 1.432-m gauge (283 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,085 km 1.055-m gauge (2014)

  • Angola

    total: 2,852 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 2,729 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

    123 km 0.600-m gauge

  • Argentina

    total: 36,917 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 2,745.1 km 1.435-m gauge (41.1 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 7,523.3 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 26,391 km 1.676-m gauge (149 km electrified) (2014)

    258 km 0.750-m gauge

  • Armenia

    total: 780 km (2014)

    broad gauge: 780 km 1.520-m gauge (780 km electrified) (2014)

    note: 726 km operational

  • Australia

    total: 33,343 km (2015)

    standard gauge: 17,446 km 1.435-m gauge (650 km electrified) (2015)

    narrow gauge: 12,318 km 1.067-m gauge (2,075.5 km electrified) (2015)

    broad gauge: 3,247 km 1.600-m gauge (372 km electrified) (2015)

  • Austria

    total: 5,800 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 5,300 km 1.435-m gauge (3,826 km electrified) (2016)

  • Azerbaijan

    total: 2,944 km (2017)

    broad gauge: 2,944.3 km 1.520-m gauge (approx. 1,767 km electrified) (2017)

  • Bangladesh

    total: 2,460 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,801 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 659 km 1.676-m gauge (2014)

  • Belarus

    total: 5,528 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 25 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 5,503 km 1.520-m gauge (874 km electrified) (2014)

  • Belgium

    total: 3,592 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 3,592 km 1.435-m gauge (2,960 km electrified) (2014)

  • Benin

    total: 438 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 438 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

  • Bolivia

    total: 3,960 km (2019)

    narrow gauge: 3,960 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    total: 965 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 965 km 1.435-m gauge (565 km electrified) (2014)

  • Botswana

    total: 888 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 888 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

  • Brazil

    total: 29,850 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 194 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

    narrow gauge: 23,341.6 km 1.000-m gauge (24 km electrified) (2014)

    broad gauge: 5,822.3 km 1.600-m gauge (498.3 km electrified) (2014)

    dual gauge: 492 km 1.600-1.000-m gauge (2014)

  • Bulgaria

    total: 5,114 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 4,989 km 1.435-m gauge (2,880 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 125 km 0.760-m gauge (2014)

  • Burkina Faso

    total: 622 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 622 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    note: another 660 km of this railway extends into Cote d'Ivoire

  • Burma

    total: 5,031 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 5,031 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)

  • Cambodia

    total: 642 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 642 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    note: under restoration

  • Cameroon

    total: 987 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 987 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    note: railway connections generally efficient but limited; rail lines connect major cities of Douala, Yaounde, Ngaoundere, and Garoua; passenger and freight service provided by CAMRAIL

  • Canada

    total: 77,932 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 77,932 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

  • Chile

    total: 7,282 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,853.5 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 3,428 km 1.676-m gauge (1,691 km electrified) (2014)

  • China

    total: 131,000 km 1.435-m gauge (80,000 km electrified); 102,000 traditional, 29,000 high-speed (2018)

  • Christmas Island

    total: 18 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 18 km 1.435-m (not in operation) (2017)

    note: the 18-km Christmas Island Phosphate Company Railway between Flying Fish Cove and South Point was decommissioned in 1987; some tracks and scrap remain in place

  • Colombia

    total: 2,141 km (2015)

    standard gauge: 150 km 1.435-m gauge (2015)

    narrow gauge: 1,991 km 0.914-m gauge (2015)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    total: 4,007 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,882 km 1.067-m gauge (858 km electrified) (2014)

    125 1.000-m gauge

  • Congo, Republic of the

    total: 510 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 510 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

  • Costa Rica

    total: 278 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 278 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

    note: the entire rail network fell into disrepair and out of use at the end of the 20th century; since 2005, certain sections of rail have been rehabilitated

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    total: 660 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 660 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)

    note: an additional 622 km of this railroad extends into Burkina Faso

  • Croatia

    total: 2,722 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 2,722 km 1.435-m gauge (980 km electrified) (2014)

  • Cuba

    total: 8,367 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 8,195 km 1.435-m gauge (124 km electrified) (2017)

    narrow gauge: 172 km 1.000-m gauge (2017)

    note: 82 km of standard gauge track is not for public use

  • Czechia

    total: 9,408 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 9,385 km 1.435-m gauge (3,218 km electrified) (2017)

    narrow gauge: 23 km 0.760-m gauge (2017)

  • Denmark

    total: 3,476 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 3,476 km 1.435-m gauge (1,756 km electrified) (2017)

  • Djibouti

    total: 97 km (Djibouti segment of the 756 km Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway) (2017)

    standard gauge: 97 km 1.435-m gauge (2017)

  • Dominican Republic

    total: 496 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 354 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

    narrow gauge: 142 km 0.762-m gauge (2014)

  • Ecuador

    total: 965 km (2017)

    narrow gauge: 965 km 1.067-m gauge (2017)

    note: passenger service limited to certain sections of track, mostly for tourist trains

  • Egypt

    total: 5,085 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 5,085 km 1.435-m gauge (62 km electrified) (2014)

  • El Salvador

    total: 13 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 12.5 km 0.914-m gauge (2014)

  • Eritrea

    total: 306 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 306 km 0.950-m gauge (2018)

  • Estonia

    total: 2,146 km (2016)

    broad gauge: 2,146 km 1.520-m and 1.524-m gauge (132 km electrified) (2016)

    note: includes 1,510 km public and 636 km non-public railway

  • Eswatini

    total: 301 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 301 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

  • Ethiopia

    total: 659 km (Ethiopian segment of the 756 km Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad) (2017)

    standard gauge: 659 km 1.435-m gauge (2017)

    note: electric railway with redundant power supplies; under joint control of Djibouti and Ethiopia and managed by a Chinese contractor

  • European Union

    total: 230,548 km (2013)

  • Fiji

    total: 597 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 597 km 0.600-m gauge (2008)

    note: belongs to the government-owned Fiji Sugar Corporation; used to haul sugarcane during the harvest season, which runs from May to December

  • Finland

    total: 5,926 km (2016)

    broad gauge: 5,926 km 1.524-m gauge (3,270 km electrified) (2016)

  • France

    total: 29,640 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 29,473 km 1.435-m gauge (15,561 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 167 km 1.000-m gauge (63 km electrified) (2014)

  • Gabon

    total: 649 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 649 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

  • Georgia

    total: 1,363 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 37 km 0.912-m gauge (37 km electrified) (2014)

    broad gauge: 1,326 km 1.520-m gauge (1,251 km electrified) (2014)

  • Germany

    total: 33,590 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 33,331 km 1.435-m gauge (19,973 km electrified) (2015)

    narrow gauge: 220 km 1.000-m gauge (79 km electrified)

    15 km 0.900-m gauge, 24 km 0.750-m gauge (2015)

  • Ghana

    total: 947 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 947 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

  • Greece

    total: 2,548 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-m gauge (764 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 961 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    22 0.750-m gauge

  • Guatemala

    total: 800 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 800 km 0.914-m gauge (2018)

    note: despite the existence of a railway network, all rail service was suspended in 2007 and no passenger or freight train currently runs in the country (2018)

  • Guinea

    total: 1,086 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 279 km 1.435-m gauge (2017)

    narrow gauge: 807 km 1.000-m gauge (2017)

  • Honduras

    total: 699 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 164 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

    115 km 1.057-m gauge
    420 km 0.914-m gauge

  • Hungary

    total: 8,049 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 7,794 km 1.435-m gauge (2,889 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 219 km 0.760-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 36 km 1.524-m gauge (2014)

  • India

    total: 68,525 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 9,499 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 58,404 km 1.676-m gauge (23,654 electrified) (2014)

    622 0.762-m gauge

  • Indonesia

    total: 8,159 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 8,159 km 1.067-m gauge (565 km electrified) (2014)

    note: 4,816 km operational

  • Iran

    total: 8,484 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 8,389.5 km 1.435-m gauge (189.5 km electrified) (2014)

    broad gauge: 94 km 1.676-m gauge (2014)

  • Iraq

    total: 2,272 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 2,272 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

  • Ireland

    total: 4,301 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 1,930 km 0.914-m gauge (operated by the Irish Peat Board to transport peat to power stations and briquetting plants) (2018)

    broad gauge: 2,371 km 1.600-m gauge (53 km electrified) (2018)

  • Isle of Man

    total: 63 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 6 km 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified) (2008)

    57 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified) note: primarily summer tourist attractions

  • Israel

    total: 1,384 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 1,384 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

  • Italy

    total: 20,182 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 18,770.1 km 1.435-m gauge (12,893.6 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 122.3 km 1.000-m gauge (122.3 km electrified) (2014)

    1289.3 0.950-m gauge (151.3 km electrified)

  • Japan

    total: 27,311 km (2015)

    standard gauge: 4,800 km 1.435-m gauge (4,800 km electrified) (2015)

    narrow gauge: 124 km 1.372-m gauge (124 km electrified) (2015)

    dual gauge: 132 km 1.435-1.067-m gauge (132 km electrified) (2015)

    22,207 km 1.067-m gauge (15,430 km electrified)
    48 km 0.762-m gauge (48 km electrified)

  • Jordan

    total: 509 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 509 km 1.050-m gauge (2014)

  • Kazakhstan

    total: 16,614 km (2017)

    broad gauge: 16,614 km 1.520-m gauge (4,200 km electrified) (2017)

  • Kenya

    total: 3,819 km (2018)

    standard gauge: 485 km 1.435-m gauge (2018)

    narrow gauge: 3,334 km 1.000-m gauge (2018)

  • Korea, North

    total: 7,435 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 7,435 km 1.435-m gauge (5,400 km electrified) (2014)

    note: figures are approximate; some narrow-gauge railway also exists

  • Korea, South

    total: 3,979 km (2016)

    standard gauge: 3,979 km 1.435-m gauge (2,727 km electrified) (2016)

  • Kosovo

    total: 333 km (2015)

    standard gauge: 333 km 1.435-m gauge (2015)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    total: 424 km (2018)

    broad gauge: 424 km 1.520-m gauge (2018)

  • Latvia

    total: 1,860 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 34 km 0.750-m gauge (2018)

    broad gauge: 1,826 km 1.520-m gauge (2018)

  • Lebanon

    total: 401 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 319 km 1.435-m gauge (2017)

    narrow gauge: 82 km 1.050-m gauge (2017)

    note: rail system is still unusable due to damage sustained from fighting in the 1980s and in 2006

  • Liberia

    total: 429 km (2008)

    standard gauge: 345 km 1.435-m gauge (2008)

    narrow gauge: 84 km 1.067-m gauge (2008)

    note: most sections of the railways inoperable due to damage sustained during the civil wars from 1980 to 2003, but many are being rebuilt

  • Liechtenstein

    total: 9 km (2018)

    standard gauge: 9 km 1.435-m gauge (electrified) (2018)

    note: belongs to the Austrian Railway System connecting Austria and Switzerland

  • Lithuania

    total: 1,768 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 22 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 1,746 km 1.520-m gauge (122 km electrified) (2014)

  • Luxembourg

    total: 275 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 275 km 1.435-m gauge (275 km electrified) (2014)

  • Madagascar

    total: 836 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 836 km 1.000-m gauge (2018)

  • Malawi

    total: 767 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 767 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

  • Malaysia

    total: 1,851 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 59 km 1.435-m gauge (59 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,792 km 1.000-m gauge (339 km electrified) (2014)

  • Mali

    total: 593 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 593 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

  • Mauritania

    total: 728 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 728 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

  • Mexico

    total: 20,825 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 20,825 km 1.435-m gauge (27 km electrified) (2017)

  • Moldova

    total: 1,171 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 14 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 1,157 km 1.520-m gauge (2014)

  • Monaco

    note: Monaco has a single railway station but does not operate its own train service;  the French operator SNCF operates rail services in Monaco

  • Mongolia

    total: 1,815 km (2017)

    broad gauge: 1,815 km 1.520-m gauge (2017)

    note: national operator Ulaanbaatar Railway is jointly owned by the Mongolian Government and by the Russian State Railway

  • Montenegro

    total: 250 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 250 km 1.435-m gauge (224 km electrified) (2017)

  • Morocco

    total: 2,067 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 2,067 km 1.435-m gauge (1,022 km electrified) (2014)

  • Mozambique

    total: 4,787 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 4,787 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

  • Namibia

    total: 2,628 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 2,628 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

  • Nepal

    total: 59 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 59 km 0.762-m gauge (2018)

  • Netherlands

    total: 3,058 km (2016)

    standard gauge: 3,058 km 1.435-m gauge (2,314 km electrified) (2016)

  • New Zealand

    total: 4,128 km (2018)

    narrow gauge: 4,128 km 1.067-m gauge (506 km electrified) (2018)

  • Nigeria

    total: 3,798 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 293 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,505 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

    note: as of the end of 2018, there were only six operational locomotives in Nigeria primarily used for passenger service; the majority of the rail lines are in a severe state of disrepair and need to be replaced

  • North Macedonia

    total: 925 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 925 km 1.435-m gauge (313 km electrified) (2017)

  • Norway

    total: 4,200 km (2019)

    standard gauge: 4,200 km 1.435-m gauge (2,480 km electrified) (2019)

  • Pakistan

    total: 11,881 km (2019)

    narrow gauge: 389 km 1.000-m gauge (2019)

    broad gauge: 11,492 km 1.676-m gauge (293 km electrified) (2019)

  • Panama

    total: 77 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 77 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

  • Paraguay

    total: 30 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 30 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

  • Peru

    total: 1,854 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 1,730.4 km 1.435-m gauge (34 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 124 km 0.914-m gauge (2014)

  • Philippines

    total: 77 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 49 km 1.435-m gauge (2017)

    narrow gauge: 28 km 1.067-m gauge (2017)

  • Poland

    total: 19,231 km (2016)

    standard gauge: 18,836 km 1.435-m gauge (11,874 km electrified) (2016)

    broad gauge: 395 km 1.524-m gauge (2016)

  • Portugal

    total: 3,075 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 108.1 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 2,439 km 1.668-m gauge (1,633.4 km electrified) (2014)

    other: 528 km (gauge unspecified) (2014)

  • Romania

    total: 11,268 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 10,781 km 1.435-m gauge (3,292 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 427 km 0.760-m gauge (2014)

    broad gauge: 60 km 1.524-m gauge (2014)

  • Russia

    total: 87,157 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 957 km 1.067-m gauge (on Sakhalin Island) (2014)

    broad gauge: 86,200 km 1.520-m gauge (40,300 km electrified) (2014)

    note: an additional 30,000 km of non-common carrier lines serve industries

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    total: 50 km (2008)

    narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts for tourists (2008)

  • Saudi Arabia

    total: 5,410 km (2016)

    standard gauge: 5,410 km 1.435-m gauge (with branch lines and sidings) (2016)

  • Senegal

    total: 906 km (713 km operational in 2017) (2017)

    narrow gauge: 906 km 1.000-m gauge (2017)

  • Serbia

    total: 3,809 km (2015)

    standard gauge: 3,809 km 1.435-m gauge (3,526 km one-track lines and 283 km double-track lines) out of which 1,279 km electrified (1,000 km one-track lines and 279 km double-track lines) (2015)

  • Slovakia

    total: 3,580 km (2016)

    standard gauge: 3,435 km 1.435-m gauge (1,587 km electrified) (2016)

    narrow gauge: 46 km 1.000-m or 0.750-m gauge (2016)

    broad gauge: 99 km 1.520-m gauge (2016)

  • Slovenia

    total: 1,229 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 1,229 km 1.435-m gauge (503 km electrified) (2014)

  • South Africa

    total: 20,986 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 80 km 1.435-m gauge (80 km electrified) (2014)

    narrow gauge: 19,756 km 1.065-m gauge (8,271 km electrified) (2014)

    other: 1,150 km (passenger rail, gauge unspecified, 1,115.5 km electrified) (2014)

  • South Sudan

    total: 248 km (2018)

    note: a narrow gauge, single-track railroad between Babonosa (Sudan) and Wau, the only existing rail system, was repaired in 2010 with $250 million in UN funds, but is not currently operational

  • Spain

    total: 15,333 km (9,699 km electrified) (2017)

    standard gauge: 2,571 km 1.435-m gauge (2,571 km electrified) (2017)

    narrow gauge: 1,207 km 1.000-m gauge (400 km electrified) (2017)

    broad gauge: 11,333 km 1.668-m gauge (6,538 km electrified) (2017)

    mixed gauge: 190 km 1.668-m and 1.435m gage (190.1 km electrified); 28 km 0.914-m gauge (28 km electrified); 4 km 0.600-m gauge

  • Sri Lanka

    total: 1,562 km (2016)

    broad gauge: 1,562 km 1.676-m gauge (2016)

  • Sudan

    total: 7,251 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 5,851 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

    1,400 km 0.600-m gauge for cotton plantations

  • Sweden

    total: 14,127 km (2016)

    standard gauge: 14,062 km 1.435-m gauge (12,322 km electrified) (2016)

    narrow gauge: 65 km 0.891-m gauge (65 km electrified) (2016)

  • Switzerland

    total: 5,690 km (includes 19 km in neighboring countries) (2015)

    standard gauge: 3,836 km 1.435-m gauge (3,634 km electrified) (2015)

    narrow gauge: 1,630 km 1.200-m gauge (2 km electrified) (includes 19 km in neighboring countries) (2015)

    1188 km 1.000-m gauge (1,167.3 km electrified)
    36 km 0.800-m gauge (36.4 km electrified)

  • Syria

    total: 2,052 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 1,801 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

    narrow gauge: 251 km 1.050-m gauge (2014)

  • Taiwan

    total: 1,613 km (2018)

    standard gauge: 345 km 1.435-m gauge (345 km electrified) (2018)

    narrow gauge: 1,118.1 km 1.067-m gauge (793.9 km electrified) (2018)

    150 0.762-m gauge note: the 0.762-gauge track belongs to three entities: the Forestry Bureau, Taiwan Cement, and TaiPower

  • Tajikistan

    total: 680 km (2014)

    broad gauge: 680 km 1.520-m gauge (2014)

  • Tanzania

    total: 4,567 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,860 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

    2707 km 1.000-m gauge

  • Thailand

    total: 4,127 km (2017)

    standard gauge: 84 km 1.435-m gauge (84 km electrified) (2017)

    narrow gauge: 4,043 km 1.000-m gauge (2017)

  • Togo

    total: 568 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 568 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

  • Tunisia

    total: 2,173 km (1,991 in use) (2014)

    standard gauge: 471 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,694 km 1.000-m gauge (65 km electrified) (2014)

    dual gauge: 8 km 1.435-1.000-m gauge (2014)

  • Turkey

    total: 12,710 km (2018)

    standard gauge: 11,497 km 1.435-m gauge (1.435 km high speed train) (2018)

  • Turkmenistan

    total: 5,113 km (2017)

    broad gauge: 5,113 km 1.520-m gauge (2017)

  • Uganda

    total: 1,244 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 1,244 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

  • Ukraine

    total: 21,733 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 49 km 1.435-m gauge (49 km electrified) (2014)

    broad gauge: 21,684 km 1.524-m gauge (9,250 km electrified) (2014)

  • United Kingdom

    total: 16,837 km (2015)

    standard gauge: 16,534 km 1.435-m gauge (5,357 km electrified) (2015)

    broad gauge: 303 km 1.600-m gauge (in Northern Ireland) (2015)

  • United States

    total: 293,564 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 293,564.2 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

  • Uruguay

    total: 1,673 km (operational; government claims overall length is 2,961 km) (2016)

    standard gauge: 1,673 km 1.435-m gauge (2016)

  • Uzbekistan

    total: 4,642 km (2018)

    broad gauge: 4,642 km 1.520-m gauge (1,684 km electrified) (2018)

  • Venezuela

    total: 447 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 447 km 1.435-m gauge (41.4 km electrified) (2014)

  • Vietnam

    total: 2,600 km (2014)

    standard gauge: 178 km 1.435-m gauge; 253 km mixed gauge (2014)

    narrow gauge: 2,169 km 1.000-m gauge (2014)

  • World

    total: 1,148,186 km (2013)

  • Zambia

    total: 3,126 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,126 km 1.067-m gauge (2014)

    note: includes 1,860 km of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA)

  • Zimbabwe

    total: 3,427 km (2014)

    narrow gauge: 3,427 km 1.067-m gauge (313 km electrified) (2014)