Field Listing

Military deployments

This entry lists military forces deployed to other countries or territories abroad. The World Factbook defines deployed as a permanently-stationed force or a temporary deployment of greater than six months.  Deployments smaller than 100 personnel or paramilitaries, police, contractors, mercenaries, or proxy forces are not included. Numbers provided are estimates only and should be considered paper strengths, not necessarily the current number of troops on the ground.  In addition, some estimates, such as those by the US military, are significantly influenced by deployment policies, contingencies, or world events and may change suddenly. Where available, the organization or mission that at least some of the forces are deployed under is listed. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: 

AMISOM - Africa Union (AU) Mission in Somalia; UN-supported, AU-operated peacekeeping mission

BATUS - British Army Training Unit Suffield, Canada

BATUK - British Army Training Unit, Kenya

CSTO - Collective Security Treaty Organization

ECOMIG - ECOWUS Mission in The Gambia; Africa Union-European Union peacekeeping, stabilization, and training mission in Gambia

EUTM - European Union Training Mission

EUFOR - European Union Force Bosnia and Herzegovina (also known as Operation Althea)

EuroCorps - European multi-national corps headquartered in Strasbourg, France, consisting of troops from Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, and Spain; Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania and Turkey are Associated Nations of EuroCorps

G5 Joint Force - G5 Sahel Cross-Border Joint Force comprised of troops from Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger

KFOR - the Kosovo Force; a NATO-led international peacekeeping force in Kosovo

MFO - Multinational Force & Observers Sinai, headquartered in Rome

MINOSCO - United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

MINUSCA - United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic

MINUSMA - United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali

MNJTF - Multinational Joint Task Force Against Boko Haram comprised of troops from Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria with the mission of fighting Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin

NATO - North American Treaty Organization, headquartered in Brussels, Belgium

Operation Barkhane - French-led counterinsurgency and counter-terrorism mission in the Sahel alongside the G5 Joint Force; headquartered in N’Djamena, Chad and supported by Canada, Denmark, Estonia, the European Union, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the US

Operation Inherent Resolve - US-led coalition to counter the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and provide assistance and training to Iraqi security forces

UNAFIL - United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNAMID - African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur, Sudan

UNDOF - United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, Golan (Israel-Syria border)

UNFICYP - United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus

UNISFA - United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (Sudan-South Sudan border)

UNMISS - United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan

UNSOM - United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia

  • Albania

    100 Afghanistan (NATO) (2021)

  • Argentina

    250 Cyprus (UNFICYP) (Jan 2021)

  • Armenia

    120 Afghanistan (NATO); contributes troops to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2021)

  • Australia

    approximately 700 Middle East (2021)

  • Austria

    300 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR stabilization force); 320 Kosovo (NATO); 180 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (March 2021)

  • Azerbaijan

    120 Afghanistan (NATO) (2021)

  • Bangladesh

    1,300 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,675 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 115 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,350 Mali (MINUSMA); 1,550 South Sudan (UNMISS) (Jan 2021)

  • Belarus

    contributes forces to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2020)

  • Belgium

    125 France (contributing member of EuroCorps); 100 Mali (EUTM/MINUSMA); est. 260 Baltic States (NATO) (2020)

  • Benin

    250 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Bulgaria

    120 Afghanistan (NATO) (2021)

  • Burkina Faso

    1,075 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Burundi

    750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 5,400 Somalia (AMISOM) (Feb 2021)

  • Cambodia

    200 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 175 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 290 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Cameroon

    750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (Jan 2021)

    note: Cameroon has committed approximately 2,000-2,500 troops to the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) against Boko Haram; national MNJTF troop contingents are deployed within their own country territories, although cross‐border operations occur occasionally

  • Canada

    540 Latvia (NATO); up to 200 Ukraine; up to 850 Middle East (multiple missions, including support to the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS and NATO assistance mission Iraq) (2021)

  • Chad

    1,800 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

    note(s): Chad is part of a five-nation anti-jihadist task force known as the G5 Sahel Group, set up in 2014 with Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger; Chad has committed 550 troops and 100 gendarmes to the force; in early 2020, G5 Sahel military chiefs of staff agreed to allow defense forces from each of the states to pursue terrorist fighters up to 100 km into neighboring countries; the G5 force is backed by the UN, US, and France; G5 troops periodically conduct joint operations with French forces deployed to the Sahel under Operation Barkhane; Chad hosts the headquarters of Operation Barkhane in N’Djamena

    Chad has committed approximately 1,000-1,500 troops to the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) against Boko Haram; national MNJTF troop contingents are deployed within their own territories, although cross‐border operations are conducted periodically; in 2019, Chad sent more than 1,000 troops to Nigeria’s Borno State to fight BH as part of the MNJTF mission

  • China

    425 Mali (MINUSMA); 225 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 320 Sudan (UNAMID); 420 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,000 South Sudan (UNMISS); up to 2,000 Djibouti (Jan 2021)

  • Colombia

    275 Egypt (MFO) (2021)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    800 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Denmark

    140 Middle East/Iraq (NATO/Operation Inherent Resolve) (2021)

  • Djibouti

    960 Somalia (AMISOM) (2021)

  • Egypt

    1,000 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,050 Mali (MINUSMA); 150 Sudan (UNAMID) (Jan 2021)

  • El Salvador

    170 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Estonia

    approximately 100 Mali (Operation Barkhane/MINUSMA/EUTM) (2021)

  • Ethiopia

    estimated 10,000 Somalia (4,500 for AMISOM); 800 Sudan (UNAMID); 3,200 Sudan (UNISFA); 2,100 South Sudan (UNMISS) (Jan 2021)

  • European Union

    since 2003, the EU has launched more than 30 civilian and military crisis-management, advisory, and training missions in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, as well as counter-piracy operations off the coast of Somalia and a naval operation in the Mediterranean to disrupt human smuggling and trafficking networks and prevent the loss of life at sea

  • Fiji

    170 Egypt (MFO); 160 Iraq (UNAMI); 130 Golan Heights (UNDOF) (Jan 2021)

  • Finland

    200 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (2021)

  • France

    5,100 Burkina Faso/Chad/Mali/Niger (Operation Barkhane, Task Force Takuba; note - in July 2021, France announced that it would withdraw about 2,000 personnel from this force by the beginning of 2022); approximately 300 Central African Republic; 900 Cote D'Ivoire; 1,400 Djibouti; 300 Baltics (NATO); 2,000 French Guyana; 900 French Polynesia; 1,000 French West Indies; 350 Gabon; est. 500 Middle East (Iraq/Jordan/Syria); 950 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 1,400-1,500 New Caledonia; 1,700 Reunion Island; 350 Senegal; 650 United Arab Emirates (2020-2021)

    note - France has been a contributing member of the EuroCorps since 1992

  • Gabon

    450 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (Jan 2021)

  • Gambia, The

    130 Sudan (UNAMID) (Jan 2021)

  • Georgia

    860 Afghanistan (NATO) (2021)

  • Germany

    approximately 500 Middle East (NATO/Counter-ISIS campaign); 130 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 500 Lithuania (NATO); 800 Mali (MINUSMA/EUTM); note - Germany is a contributing member of the EuroCorps (2021)

  • Ghana

    150 Mali (MINUSMA); 875 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 850 South Sudan (UNMISS) (Jan 2021)

    note: Ghana has pledged to maintain about 1,000 military personnel in readiness for UN peacekeeping missions

  • Greece

    approximately 1,000 Cyprus; 110 Kosovo (NATO); 150 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (Jan 2021)

  • Guatemala

    150 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (Jan 2021)

  • Guinea

    660 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Hungary

    160 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR stabilization force); 150 Iraq (counter-ISIS coalition); 430 Kosovo (NATO/KFOR) (2021)

  • India

    1,900 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 200 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 780 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 2,350 South Sudan (UNMISS) (Jan 2021)

  • Indonesia

    200 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,025 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 1,250 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (Jan 2021)

  • Iran

    est. 1,000 Syria (2020)

    note: Iran has recruited, trained, and funded thousands of Syrian and foreign fighters to support the ASAD regime during the Syrian civil war

  • Ireland

    130 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 340 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (Jan 2021)

  • Italy

    120 Djibouti; 1,100 Middle East/Iraq/Kuwait (NATO, counter-ISIS campaign, European Assistance Mission Iraq); 630 Kosovo (NATO/KFOR); 200 Latvia (NATO); 1,200 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 400 Libya; 290 Niger; 150 Somalia (EUTM) (2021)

  • Japan

    approximately 170 Djibouti (2020 )

  • Jordan

    100 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Kazakhstan

    120 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (Jan 2021)

    Note: Kazakhstan contributes forces to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force

  • Kenya

    3,650 Somalia (AMISOM) (2021)

  • Korea, South

    250 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 250 South Sudan (UNMISS); 170 United Arab Emirates; note - since 2009, the ROK has kept a naval flotilla with approximately 300 personnel in the waters off of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula (Jan 2021)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    contributes forces to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2021)

  • Liberia

    150 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Lithuania

    contributes about 350-550 troops to the Lithuania, Poland, and Ukraine joint military brigade (LITPOLUKRBRIG), which was established in 2014; the brigade is headquartered in Warsaw and is comprised of an international staff, three battalions, and specialized units

  • Malawi

    700 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (Jan 2021)

  • Malaysia

    825 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (March 2021)

  • Mauritania

    450 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (Jan 2021)

  • Mongolia

    860 South Sudan (UNMISS); 230 Afghanistan (NATO) (Jan 2021)

  • Morocco

    750 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 925 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (Jan 2021)

  • Nepal

    725 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 880 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 400 Golan Heights (UNDOF); 870 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 230 Liberia (UNSMIL); 150 Mali (MINUSMA); 1,725 South Sudan (UNMISS) (Jan 2021)

  • Netherlands

    270 Lithuania (NATO) (2021)

  • New Zealand

    up to 220 Antarctica (summer season only) (2021)

  • Niger

    870 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Nigeria

    200 Ghana (ECOMIG); MNJTF (1 brigade or approximately 3,000 troops committed; note - the national MNJTF troop contingents are deployed within their own country territories, although cross‐border operations are conducted periodically) (2021)

  • Norway

    120 Lithuania (NATO) (2021)

  • Pakistan

    1,240 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,950 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 150 Mali (MINUSMA); 900 Sudan (UNAMID) (Jan 2021)

  • Peru

    200 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (Jan 2021)

  • Poland

    240 Kosovo (NATO/KFOR); up to 175 Latvia (NATO); 250 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (June 2021)

    note: Poland contributes about 2,500 troops to the Lithuania, Poland, and Ukraine joint military brigade (LITPOLUKRBRIG), which was established in 2014; the brigade is headquartered in Warsaw and is comprised of an international staff, three battalions, and specialized units

  • Portugal

    200 Central African Republic (MINUSCA/EUTM); up to 120 Baltic States (NATO) (2021)

  • Romania

    up to 120 Poland (NATO) (2021)

  • Russia

    est. 3,000-5,000 Armenia; est. 1,500 Belarus; est. 7,000-10,000 Georgia; est. 100-200 Central African Republic; est. 500 Kyrgyzstan; est. 1,500 Moldova; est. 3,000-5,000 Syria; est. 5,000-7,000 Tajikistan; est. 25,000-30,000 Ukraine (includes Crimea) (2020)

    note(s): since November 2020, Russia has deployed about 2,000 peacekeeping troops to the area in and around Nagorno-Karabakh as part of a truce agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan; fighting erupted between the two countries over the Nagorno-Karabakh region in September of 2020

    as of the Fall of 2020, a Russian Government-backed private military company was assessed to have about 2,000 personnel in Libya supporting Libyan National Army forces; in addition, there were approximately 2,000 Russian-backed Syrian fighters in Libya

    Russia contributes approximately 8,000 personnel to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force

  • Rwanda

    1,370 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 1,125 Sudan (UNAMID); 2,750 South Sudan (UNMISS) (2021)

  • Saudi Arabia

    est. 2,500-5,000 Yemen (varies depending on operations, which continued into 2021) (2021)

  • Senegal

    750 Gambia; 1,000 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Serbia

    200 Lebanon (UNIFIL) (March 2021)

  • Singapore

    maintains permanent training bases and detachments of military personnel in Australia, France, and the US (2020)

  • Slovakia

    240 Cyprus (UNFICYP); up to 150 Latvia (NATO) (Jan 2021)

  • Slovenia

    230 Kosovo (NATO) (2021)

  • South Africa

    1,050 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (Jan 2021)

  • Spain

    approximately 200 Iraq (training mission, counter-ISIS coalition); 350 Latvia (NATO); 625 Lebanon (UNIFIL); approximately 400 Mali (EUTM); 150 Turkey (NATO) (2021)

  • Sri Lanka

    110 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 125 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 240 Mali (MINUSMA); 170 South Sudan (UNMISS) (Jan 2021)

  • Sudan

    est. 1,000-3,000 Libya; est. 1,000-2,000 Yemen (2020)

  • Sweden

    approximately 450 Mali (EUTM, MINUSMA, Task Force Takuba) (Jan 2021)

  • Switzerland

    165 Kosovo (NATO/KFOR) (2021)

  • Tajikistan

    contributes troops to CSTO's Rapid Reaction Force (2021)

  • Tanzania

    450 Central African Republic (MINUSCA); 775 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO); 120 Lebanon (UNIFIL); 330 Sudan (UNAMID) (Jan 2021)

  • Thailand

    275 South Sudan (UNMISS) (Jan 2021)

  • Togo

    925 Mali (MINUSMA) (Jan 2021)

  • Turkey

    600 Afghanistan (NATO); est. 200 (Azerbaijan; monitoring cease-fire, clearing mines); 250 Bosnia-Herzegovina (EUFOR); est. 25-35,000 Cyprus; 300 Kosovo (NATO/KFOR); est. 3-5,000 Qatar; est. 200 Somalia (training mission); est. 10-20,000 Syria (2021)

    note(s): between 2016 and 2020, Turkey conducted four major military campaigns in northern Syria; Turkey has deployed troops into northern Iraq on numerous occasions to combat the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK), including large operations involving thousands of troops in 2007, 2011, and 2018; its most recent incursions were smaller-scale raids in April and February of 2021; in 2020, Turkey deployed an undetermined number of Turkish military troops and an estimated 3,500-5,000 Syrian fighters to Libya to support the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA)

  • Uganda

    6,200 Somalia (AMISOM); 620 Somalia (UNSOM); 250 Equatorial Guinea (Jan 2021)

  • Ukraine

    250 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (2021)

    note - Ukraine contributes about 500 troops to the Lithuania, Poland, and Ukraine joint military brigade (LITPOLUKRBRIG), which was established in 2014; the brigade is headquartered in Warsaw and is comprised of an international staff, three battalions, and specialized units

  • United Arab Emirates

    est. a few thousand Yemen (2021)

  • United Kingdom

    approximately 1,000 Brunei; approximately 400 Canada (BATUS); approximately 2,200 Cyprus; 250 Cyprus (UNFICYP); 850 Estonia (NATO); approx. 1,200 Falkland Islands; est. 200 Germany (note - previously about 2,500, but the UK withdrew all but 200 troops by the end of 2020); 570 Gibraltar; approx. 1,400 Middle East (coalition against ISIS; NATO); up to 350 Kenya (BATUK); approx. 400 Mali (EUTM, MINUSMA, and Operation Barkhane); 150 Poland (NATO) (2021)

  • United States

    approximately 1,000 Afghanistan (NATO); 5,000 Africa (mostly in Djibouti, with approximately 700-1,000 in other countries of East Africa and about 700 in West Africa); 1,000 Australia; 1,150 Belgium; 150 Bulgaria; 250 Diego Garcia; 150 Canada; 750 Cuba; 270 Egypt (MFO); 34,000 Germany; 400 Greece; 150 Greenland; 6,000 Guam; 380 Honduras; 12,000 Italy; 54,000 Japan; 630 Kosovo (NATO/KFOR); approximately 10-15,000 assigned with an additional estimated 20-30,000 deployed in the Middle East (Bahrain/Iraq/Israel/Jordan/Kuwait/Oman/Qatar/Saudi Arabia/Syria/United Arab Emirates); 400 Netherlands; 700 Norway; 200 Philippines; 4,500 Poland; 250 Portugal; 26,500 Republic of Korea; 1,100 Romania; 200 Singapore; 3,200 Spain; 100 Thailand; 1,700 Turkey; 9,300 United Kingdom (2021)

    US military rotational policies affect deployed numbers; for example, the US deploys ground and air units to select countries for 6-12 month rotational assignments on a continuous basis; in South Korea, for example, the US continuously rotates combat brigades (3,000-4,000 personnel) for 9 months at a time; contingencies also affect US troop deployments; for example, in 2019, the US deployed more than 15,000 additional military personnel to the Middle East for an extended period of time; in addition, some overseas US naval bases, such as the headquarters of US Naval Forces Central Command (USNAVCENT) in Manama, Bahrain, are frequented by the crews of US ships on 6-9 month deployments; a US carrier strike group with an air wing and supporting ships typically includes over 6-7,000 personnel

  • Uruguay

    925 Democratic Republic of the Congo (MINUSCO); 210 Golan Heights (UNDOF) (Jan 2021)

  • Zambia

    920 Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (Jan 2021)