Field Listing

Debt – external

This entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.

Country Comparison Ranking

  • Afghanistan

    $284 million (FY10/11)

  • Albania

    $9.505 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $8.421 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Algeria

    $6.26 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $5.088 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • American Samoa

    NA

  • Andorra

    $0 (2016)

  • Angola

    $42.08 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $27.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Anguilla

    $41.04 million (31 December 2013)

    $8.8 million (1998)

  • Antigua and Barbuda

    $441.2 million (31 December 2012)

    $458 million (June 2010)

  • Argentina

    $214.9 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $190.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Armenia

    $10.41 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $8.987 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Aruba

    $693.2 million (31 December 2014 est.)

    $666.4 million (31 December 2013 est.)

  • Australia

    $1.714 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.547 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Austria

    $630.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $679.3 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Azerbaijan

    $17.41 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $13.83 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Bahamas, The

    $17.56 billion (31 December 2013 est.)

    $16.35 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

  • Bahrain

    $52.15 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $42.55 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Bangladesh

    $50.26 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $41.85 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Barbados

    $4.49 billion (2010 est.)

    $668 million (2003 est.)

  • Belarus

    $39.92 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $37.74 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Belgium

    $1.281 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $1.214 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Belize

    $1.315 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.338 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Benin

    $2.804 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.476 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Bermuda

    $2.515 billion (2017 est.)

    $2.435 billion (2015 est.)

  • Bhutan

    $2.671 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.355 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Bolivia

    $12.81 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $7.268 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    $10.87 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $10.64 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Botswana

    $2.187 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.421 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Brazil

    $547.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $548.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • British Virgin Islands

    $36.1 million (1997)

  • Brunei

    $0 (2014)

    $0 (2013)

    note: public external debt only; private external debt unavailable

  • Bulgaria

    $42.06 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $35.98 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Burkina Faso

    $3.056 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.88 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Burma

    $6.594 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $8.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Burundi

    $610.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $622.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Cabo Verde

    $1.713 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.688 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Cambodia

    $11.87 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $10.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Cameroon

    $9.375 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $7.364 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Canada

    $1.608 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $1.55 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Central African Republic

    $779.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $691.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Chad

    $1.724 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.281 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Chile

    $183.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $158.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • China

    $1.598 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.429 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Colombia

    $124.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $115 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Comoros

    $199.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $132 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the

    $4.963 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $5.35 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Congo, Republic of the

    $4.605 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $4.721 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Cook Islands

    $141 million (1996 est.)

  • Costa Rica

    $26.83 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $24.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Cote d'Ivoire

    $13.07 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $11.02 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Croatia

    $48.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $46.96 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Cuba

    $30.06 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $29.89 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Cyprus

    $95.28 billion (31 December 2013 est.)

    $103.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

  • Czechia

    $205.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $138 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Denmark

    $484.8 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $519.8 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Djibouti

    $1.954 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.519 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Dominica

    $280.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $314.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)

  • Dominican Republic

    $29.16 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $27.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Ecuador

    $39.29 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $38.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Egypt

    $77.47 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $62.38 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • El Salvador

    $15.51 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $16.32 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Equatorial Guinea

    $1.211 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.074 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Eritrea

    $792.7 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $875.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Estonia

    $19.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

    $18.3 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

  • Eswatini

    $526.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $468.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Ethiopia

    $26.05 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $24.82 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • European Union

    $29.27 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

    $28.68 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)

  • Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    $0 (2017 est.)

    $0 (2016 est.)

  • Faroe Islands

    $387.6 million (2012)

    $274.5 million (2010)

  • Fiji

    $1.022 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $696.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Finland

    $150.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

    $147.8 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

  • France

    $5.36 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $5.25 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • French Polynesia

    NA

  • Gabon

    $6.49 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $5.321 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Gambia, The

    $586.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $571.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Gaza Strip

    see entry for the West Bank

  • Georgia

    $16.99 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $14.08 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Germany

    $5.326 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $5.21 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Ghana

    $22.14 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $16.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Gibraltar

    NA

  • Greece

    $506.6 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $468.2 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Greenland

    $36.4 million (2010)

    $58 million (2009)

  • Grenada

    $793.5 million (2017 est.)

    $682.3 million (2016 est.)

  • Guam

    NA

  • Guatemala

    $22.92 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $21.45 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Guernsey

    NA

  • Guinea

    $1.458 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.462 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Guinea-Bissau

    $1.095 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

    $941.5 million (31 December 2000 est.)

  • Guyana

    $1.69 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.542 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Haiti

    $2.762 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.17 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Honduras

    $8.625 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $7.852 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Hong Kong

    $633.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.349 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Hungary

    $138.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $131.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Iceland

    $21.7 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $25.02 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • India

    $501.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $456.4 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Indonesia

    $344.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

  • Iran

    $7.995 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $8.196 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Iraq

    $73.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $64.16 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Ireland

    $2.47 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $2.35 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Isle of Man

    NA

  • Israel

    $88.66 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $87.96 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Italy

    $2.444 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $2.3 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Jamaica

    $14.94 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $10.24 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Japan

    $3.24 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $2.83 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Jersey

    NA

  • Jordan

    $29.34 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $26.38 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Kazakhstan

    $167.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $163.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Kenya

    $27.59 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $37.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Kiribati

    $40.9 million (2016 est.)

    $32.3 million (2015 est.)

  • Korea, North

    $5 billion (2013 est.)

  • Korea, South

    $384.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $384.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Kosovo

    $506 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $448 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Kuwait

    $47.24 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $38.34 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Kyrgyzstan

    $8.164 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $8.182 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Laos

    $14.9 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $12.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Latvia

    $40.02 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $38.19 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Lebanon

    $39.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $36.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Lesotho

    $934.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $921.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Liberia

    $1.036 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $938.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Libya

    $3.02 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $3.116 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Liechtenstein

    $0 (2015 est.)

    note: public external debt only; private external debt unavailable

  • Lithuania

    $34.48 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $31.6 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Luxembourg

    $3.781 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $3.806 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Macau

    $0 (31 December 2013)

    $0 (31 December 2012)

  • Madagascar

    $4.089 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $3.425 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Malawi

    $2.102 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.5 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Malaysia

    $217.2 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $195.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Maldives

    $848.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)

    $696.2 million (31 December 2015 est.)

  • Mali

    $4.192 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $3.981 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Malta

    $90.98 billion (September 2016 est.)

    $99.02 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

  • Marshall Islands

    $97.96 million (2013 est.)

    $87 million (2008 est.)

  • Mauritania

    $4.15 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $3.899 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Mauritius

    $19.99 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $14.34 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Mexico

    $445.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $450.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Micronesia, Federated States of

    $93.6 million (2013 est.)

    $93.5 million (2012 est.)

  • Moldova

    $6.549 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $6.138 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Monaco

     NA

  • Mongolia

    $25.33 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $24.63 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Montenegro

    $2.516 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.224 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Montserrat

    $8.9 million (1997)

  • Morocco

    $51.48 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $44.65 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Mozambique

    $10.91 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $10.48 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Namibia

    $7.969 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $6.904 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Nauru

    $33.3 million (2004 est.)

  • Nepal

    $5.849 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $4.321 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Netherlands

    $4.063 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

    $4.054 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)

  • New Caledonia

    $112 million (31 December 2013 est.)

    $79 million (31 December 1998 est.)

  • New Zealand

    $91.62 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $84.03 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Nicaragua

    $11.31 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $10.87 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Niger

    $3.728 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.926 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Nigeria

    $40.96 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $31.41 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Niue

    $418,000 (2002 est.)

  • Norfolk Island

    NA

  • North Macedonia

    $8.79 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $7.685 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    NA

  • Norway

    $642.3 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $640.1 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

    note: Norway is a net external creditor

  • Oman

    $46.27 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $27.05 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Pakistan

    $82.19 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $70.45 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Palau

    $18.38 billion (31 December 2014 est.)

    $16.47 billion (31 December 2013 est.)

  • Panama

    $91.53 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $83.81 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Papua New Guinea

    $17.94 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $18.28 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Paraguay

    $17.7 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $16.48 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Peru

    $66.25 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $66.76 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Philippines

    $76.18 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $74.76 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Poland

    $241 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $347.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Portugal

    $449 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $447 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Puerto Rico

    $56.82 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

    $52.98 billion (31 December 2009 est.)

  • Qatar

    $167.8 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $157.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Romania

    $95.97 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $93.71 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Russia

    $539.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $434.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Rwanda

    $3.258 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.611 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

    NA

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis

    $201.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $187.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Saint Lucia

    $570.6 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $529 million (31 December 2015 est.)

  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

    NA

  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

    $362.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $330.8 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Samoa

    $447.2 million (31 December 2013 est.)

  • San Marino

    NA

  • Sao Tome and Principe

    $292.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $308.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Saudi Arabia

    $205.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $189.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Senegal

    $8.571 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $6.327 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Serbia

    $29.5 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $30.38 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Seychelles

    $2.559 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $2.651 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Sierra Leone

    $1.615 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.503 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Singapore

    $566.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $464.1 billion (30 September 2017 est.)

  • Slovakia

    $75.04 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $74.19 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Slovenia

    $46.3 billion (31 January 2017 est.)

    $48.2 billion (31 January 2016 est.)

  • Solomon Islands

    $757 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $643 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Somalia

    $5.3 billion (31 December 2014 est.)

  • South Africa

    $156.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $144.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Spain

    $2.094 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.963 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Sri Lanka

    $51.72 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $45.26 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Sudan

    $56.05 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $51.26 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Suriname

    $1.7 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.436 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Sweden

    $939.9 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $929.4 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Switzerland

    $1.664 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $1.663 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • Syria

    $4.989 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $5.085 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Taiwan

    $181.9 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $172.2 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Tajikistan

    $5.75 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $5.495 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Tanzania

    $17.66 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $15.21 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Thailand

    $132 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $130.6 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Timor-Leste

    $311.5 million (31 December 2014 est.)

    $687 million (31 December 2013 est.)

  • Togo

    $1.442 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $1.22 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Tonga

    $189.9 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $198.2 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Trinidad and Tobago

    $8.238 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $8.746 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Tunisia

    $30.19 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $28.95 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Turkey

    $452.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $404.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Turkmenistan

    $539.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $425.3 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Turks and Caicos Islands

    NA

  • Tuvalu

    NA

  • Uganda

    $10.8 billion (22 March 2018 est.)

    $11.54 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $6.241 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Ukraine

    $130 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $121.1 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • United Arab Emirates

    $237.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $218.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • United Kingdom

    $8.126 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $8.642 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

  • United States

    $17.91 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $17.85 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)

    note: approximately 4/5ths of US external debt is denominated in US dollars; foreign lenders have been willing to hold US dollar denominated debt instruments because they view the dollar as the world's reserve currency

  • Uruguay

    $28.37 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $27.9 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Uzbekistan

    $16.9 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $16.76 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Vanuatu

    $200.5 million (31 December 2017 est.)

    $182.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Venezuela

    $100.3 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $109.8 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Vietnam

    $96.58 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $84.34 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Virgin Islands

    NA

  • Wallis and Futuna

    $3.67 million (2004)

  • West Bank

    $1.662 billion (31 March 2016 est.)

    $1.467 billion (31 March 2015 est.)

    note: data include the Gaza Strip

  • World

    $76.56 trillion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $75.09 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)

    note: this figure is the sum total of all countries' external debt, both public and private

  • Yemen

    $7.068 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $7.181 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Zambia

    $11.66 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $9.562 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

  • Zimbabwe

    $9.357 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

    $10.14 billion (31 December 2016 est.)