# Gini Index coefficient - distribution of family income

This entry measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of (a) the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to (b) the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its Lorenz curve to the 45 degree line and the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the farther its Lorenz curve from the 45 degree line and the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50.

### Albania

29.4 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Angola

51.3 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Argentina

40.7 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Armenia

27.9 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Australia

34.3 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Austria

30.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Bangladesh

33.4 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Belarus

24.4 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Belgium

26.6 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Benin

34.4 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Bhutan

28.5 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Bolivia

40.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Botswana

53.3 (2015 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Brazil

52 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Bulgaria

39 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Burkina Faso

37.4 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Burma

30.7 (2017 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Burundi

37.5 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Cabo Verde

42.4 (2015 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Cameroon

42.2 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Canada

31.7 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Central African Republic

43 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Chad

37.4 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Chile

43 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### China

37.1 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Colombia

54.8 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Comoros

45.3 (2014 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Congo, Democratic Republic of the

44.7 (2020 est.)### Costa Rica

47.2 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Cote d'Ivoire

35.3 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Croatia

28.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Cyprus

31.3 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Czechia

26.2 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Denmark

28.3 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Djibouti

41.6 (2017 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Dominican Republic

37 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Ecuador

45.5 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Egypt

31.9 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### El Salvador

38.8 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Estonia

31.8 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Eswatini

54.6 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Ethiopia

35 (2015 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### European Union

30.8 (2016 est.)### Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

36 (2015)### Fiji

30.7 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Finland

27.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### France

31.5 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Gabon

38 (2017 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Gambia, The

38.8 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Gaza Strip

33.7 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality; entry includes West Bank and Gaza Strip

### Georgia

34.2 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Germany

31.7 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Ghana

43.5 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Greece

32.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Greenland

33.9 (2015 est.)### Grenada

43.8 (2018 est.)### Guatemala

48.3 (2014 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Guinea

29.6 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Guinea-Bissau

33.4 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Haiti

(2012)### Honduras

48.2 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Hong Kong

53.9 (2016 est.)### Hungary

29.2 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Iceland

26.1 (2017 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### India

32.8 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Indonesia

38.3 (2023 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Iran

34.8 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Iraq

(2012 est.)### Ireland

30.1 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Israel

37.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Italy

34.8 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Jamaica

40.2 (2021 est.)### Jersey

0.3 (2014 est.)### Kazakhstan

29.2 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Kenya

38.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Kiribati

27.8 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Korea, South

31.4 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Kosovo

29 (2017 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Kyrgyzstan

28.8 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Laos

38.8 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Latvia

34.3 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Lesotho

44.9 (2017 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Liberia

35.3 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Lithuania

36.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Luxembourg

32.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Malawi

38.5 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Malaysia

40.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Maldives

29.3 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Mali

35.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Malta

31.4 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Marshall Islands

35.5 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Mauritania

32 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Mauritius

36.8 (2017 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Mexico

43.5 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Moldova

25.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Mongolia

31.4 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Montenegro

34.3 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Mozambique

50.5 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Namibia

59.1 (2015 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Netherlands

25.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Nicaragua

46.2 (2014 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Niger

32.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Nigeria

35.1 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### North Macedonia

33.5 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Norway

27.7 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Pakistan

29.6 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Panama

48.9 (2023 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Paraguay

45.1 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Peru

40.3 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Philippines

40.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Poland

28.5 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Portugal

34.6 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Romania

33.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Russia

36 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Rwanda

43.7 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Saint Lucia

51.2 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Sao Tome and Principe

40.7 (2017 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Senegal

36.2 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Serbia

33.1 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Seychelles

32.1 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Sierra Leone

35.7 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Singapore

45.9 (2017)### Slovakia

24.1 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Slovenia

24.3 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Solomon Islands

(2013)### Somalia

36.8 (2017 est.)### South Africa

63 (2014 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### South Sudan

44.1 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Spain

33.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Sri Lanka

37.7 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Sudan

34.2 (2014 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Suriname

39.2 (2022 est.)### Sweden

29.8 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Switzerland

33.7 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Syria

26.6 (2022 est.)### Taiwan

33.6 (2014)### Tajikistan

34 (2015 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Tanzania

40.5 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Thailand

34.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Timor-Leste

28.7 (2014 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Togo

37.9 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Tonga

27.1 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Tunisia

33.7 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Turkey (Turkiye)

44.4 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Uganda

42.7 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Ukraine

25.6 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### United Arab Emirates

26 (2018 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### United Kingdom

32.4 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### United States

39.8 (2021 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Uruguay

40.6 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Uzbekistan

31.2 (2022 est.)### Vanuatu

32.3 (2019 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Vietnam

36.1 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### West Bank

33.7 (2016 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality; entry includes West Bank and Gaza Strip

### World

(2012)### Yemen

36.7 (2014 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Zambia

51.5 (2022 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality

### Zimbabwe

50.3 (2020 est.)**note:**index (0-100) of income distribution; higher values represent greater inequality